Creator / Astrid Lindgren

"There is very little you can beat into a child, but no limit to what you can hug out of it."
Astrid Lindgren

Astrid Anna Emilia Lindgren (born Astrid Anna Emilia Lindgren, 14 November 1907 – 28 January 2002) was a Swedish author of children's books. Her books have been translated into 85 languages, published in more than a hundred countries and sold more than 145 million copies. She has written dozens of books; some of the most famous ones are Pippi Longstocking, Mio, My Mio, and Karlsson on the Roof. They verge from the relatively mundane (The Children of Noisy Village) to children's detective stories (the Bill Bergson series) to straight-out fantasy (Ronja the Robber's Daughter, The Brothers Lionheart). A good chunk of her books have been turned into movies or TV series (most of the movies are edited from TV footage, though).

She has an asteroid named for her; on learning this, she commented that henceforth they could call her "Asteroid Lindgren". She also did narrated readings of many of her books for Swedish television and radio. And following 2016, she's now the face of the Swedish 20-crown bill. note 

She was Sweden's very own Dear Grandmother.

Works of hers on the wiki:

Astrid Lindgren's books provide examples of:

  • Accidental Tickle Torture: See Eureka Moment below.
  • Action Girl: Any girl protagonist of Lindgren has a good chance of having at least some elements of this, especially in the books with fantastic elements. Pippi and Ronja are the clearest examples, but there are many others.
  • A Girl And Her Dog: Tjorven of Vi På Saltkråkan ("Seacrow Island") and her huge St. Bernard dog, Båtsmann. While several children in other Lindgren stories have pets (most often dogs) and are very close to them, Tjorven and her dog are absolutely inseparable and their friendship very central to their story.
  • All Myths Are True: The Brothers Lionheart and Mio.
  • Annoying Younger Sibling: A few show up in the various books; most of them tend to be Breakout Characters.
    • Perhaps most straight-up example is Lotta, the Breakout Character of the Children of Troublemaker Street book, who is a real pain in the neck to her older brother and sister more often than she's not, and who completely takes over as the star of the the sequel and subsequent short stories while the older siblings only get a few cameo appearances.
    • Lisabet, the younger sister of Madicken/Mischievous Meg, also has notable traits of an Annoying Younger Sibling, though in this case the sisters are much more a double act and tend to get in trouble together. Not as much of a Breakout Character as Lotta, as Madicken herself remains the viewpoint character, but gets A Day in the Limelight fairly often.
    • Lillebror of the Karlsson on the Roof stories is definitely one in the eyes of his older siblings, though he's also the viewpoint character for the books, and compared to Karlsson he's downright angelic.
  • Author Tract: And Author Avatar, at the same time: Pomperipossa in Monismania is about a writer of children's books who lives in a country that, while mostly a fairish place to live, has quirks in the tax system that lead to the marginal tax rate being 102% for Pomperipossa. It was written in reaction to Lindgren finding out that her marginal tax rate was... 102%, as an unintended consequence of the combination of self-employment and a high income. Some Anvils Need to Be Dropped may apply; the story led to a fairly intensive debate regarding taxes, and may even have been a decisive factor in the Social Democrats losing the elections to the Riksdag that year, for the first time in 40 years.
  • Big Eater: Karlsson-on-the-roof.
  • Bittersweet Ending: Several of her short stories have these; in a few of them one or more of the protagonists either die or are heavily implied to die, but usually life for those who are left behind goes on, and sometimes even gets better:
    • In Most Beloved Sister, seven year old Barbara feels unloved and unwanted at home after the birth of her baby brother, and has magical adventures with her "secret twin sister" Lalla-Lee, who may or may not be imaginary — at the end of the story, Lalla-Lee dies and the magical world is closed off, but Barbara comes to the realization that her parents do still love her, and she gets the puppy she's always wanted.
    • In The Red Bird, orphans Matthew and Anna live a harsh life, but frequently escape to a secret place that, once again, may or may not be imaginary; a paradise where they're taken care of and loved. At the end, they choose to stay in this paradise rather than return to their dreary lives, which pretty heavily implies that they die.
    • My Nightingale is Singing features the recently-orphaned Maria, who throughout the story takes comfort and inspiration from the words of a story she hears — "my linden plays, my nightingale is singing." Though she effectively dies at the end of the story, her spirit lives on as a playing linden tree, which with its music does bring her friends at the poorhouse the beauty and joy she wanted to give them.
  • Changeling Fantasy: Mio's father was not a scoundrel, he had to go away and rule his realm... and search for his son, whose mother died in childbirth, all over the world for years and years to bring him home as the prince of the Land Far Away.
  • Children Are Cruel: Several examples, though there's seldom any real malice behind their cruelty.
  • Deadpan Snarker: Quite a few characters show this from time to time, though Karlsson-on-the-Roof and Pippi Longstocking are the clearest examples.
  • Daddy's Girl: Astrid was herself a Daddy's girl to her father Samuel August, and quite a few of her characters are this as well:
    • Pippi Longstocking is very close to her father Ephraim, a pirate captain. Of course, it helps that her mother died when she was baby, so she could only get to know her father. But there still is a very close connection between them.
    • Madicken is the Tomboy older sister, who has developed a growing sense of social justice. So there is no wonder that she has a very special relationship with her socialist father, who happens to also be more lenient than her more uptight mother is.
    • Ronja is very close to her mother Lovis too, but still, it is her relationship with her father Mattis, that is the heart of the story. They do have a big falling out, but they still really love each other and reconcile in the end.
  • Death by Childbirth: The fate of Mio's mother.
  • Direct Line to the Author: The Emil books are supposedly based on the writings of Emil's mother, who meticulously wrote down all of Emil's pranks in blue notebooks. Sometimes Lindgren directly quotes from these books either before or after telling about the incident in greater detail, often adding her own thoughts about them and at one point criticizing Emil's mother for being too inaccurate and leaving out important details.
  • Downer Ending: The short story The Dragon With The Red Eyes. The baby dragon leaves forever, and the story ends with the first-person narrator crying because she'll never see him again.
  • Eureka Moment: In one of Emil's adventures, there is a part where a man buys an unshod horse. All attempts to shoe it fail due to the horse kicking, and one man remarks that the buyer was cheated - at home, they tried to shoe it twenty times. Angry, the trader says anyone can have the horse for free, but when Emil takes him up on the offer, says he'll need to get him shod first. However, the horse's reaction reminded Emil (a five years old) of his family's servant, and he realized that the horse is merely ''ticklish''. So, he manages by holding the horse's hoofs, which have no nerves by definition. The trader tries to back out of the deal, but the crowd forces him to keep his word.
  • First Name Ultimatum: "EEEEEMIIIIL!!!"
  • Frothy Mugs of Water: Averted. Alcohol is rare in Lindgren's stories, but she doesn't shy away from it or from describing its destructive effects either. For example, the family in Emil of Lönneberga is mostly sober, since the father is a deacon, but the father is clearly drunk after having been bought beer by a neighbour at the fair in Vimmerby, the farmhands drink vodka and brawl at an auction, and Emil's own experiences with his mother's cherry wine dregs take up an entire story arc.
  • The Gay '90s: While not *exactly* the same (most of the stories would take place in the early 20th century) the depiction of rural Sweden in eg. Emil of Lönneberga and Children of the Noisy Village has much in common with this trope.
  • Great Gazoo: Karlsson from the eponymous book. Not really powerful as Great Gazoos go, but still qualifies.
  • Heel–Face Turn: Not surprisingly, happens with Nicke, the kindest of the villains in Bill Bergson and the Great White Rose Rescue. It looks like it's going to be a case of Redemption Equals Death, as he is shot and wounded by his former boss, but it turns out the gunshot wasn't fatal, and he survives.
  • Imaginary Friend: Lalla-Lee, the protagonist's "secret twin sister" from the short story Most Beloved Sister, is probably one of these. Then again...
  • Intergenerational Friendship: There are a lot of them in Lindgren's books, but the quintessential example is the one between Emil and Alfred in the Emil books.
    • Another notable one is between Rasmus and Paradis-Oskar in Rasmus and the Vagabond.
  • Invisibility Cloak: Mio has one.
  • Jerk with a Heart of Gold: Karlsson-on-the-roof. He's selfish, he's vain, he sulks whenever he doesn't get his way, he has no qualms about lying, cheating or stealing. But he never means any real harm, and he does get some real Pet the Dog moments (sometimes literally, as he's shown as being quite kind to dogs).
    • Emil's father also qualifies as this. He's an insufferable cheapskate and overly temperamental, but at the end of the day he's really quite soft-hearted.
  • Karma Houdini: Thanks to his status as Escapist Character, Karlsson-on-the-roof never suffers the consequences of any of the mischief he gets up to.
  • Kid Detective: Bill Bergson is a pretty realistic version of this. He spends more time pretending to be a great detective than actually doing any detective work, but he does have some impressive analytical skills and knowledge of real detective procedures, which he manages to employ quite effectively when confronted with a real mystery. It's Deconstructed in the second book, where he plays the cool and calculating detective for all its worth while investigating the mystery, even creating an imaginary Watson for himself that he can explain everything to... but when he actually finds evidence that someone has tried to murder his friend Eva-Lotta, he goes completely to pieces. At the end of the book he imagines up the Watson one last time to tell him that he's done trying to be a detective and from now on he's leaving detective work to the police. (In the third book, however, he's back imagining himself as the great detective — though the narrative does point out that these moments are rarer now than they once were.)
  • Leaning on the Fourth Wall: In the otherwise fairly realistic Bill Bergson and the White Rose Rescue, Bill and Anders at one point half-jokingly philosophize about the possibility of them being fictional characters in a book, and how they can't be sure they aren't, because they wouldn't have been written with the knowledge that they are.
  • Like Brother and Sister: Ronja and Birk (possible subversion, in that they decide to be brother and sister, and call each other that on several occasions, but there are hints that the relationship could grow to be something more in later years. Birk's mother is certainly convinced of that, and none too pleased about it.)
  • Mafia Princess: Ronja has some of these characteristics. When she finds out what a robber actually DOES she is quite annoyed.
  • Mordor: The dark land ruled by Kato in Mio and Karmanjaka in "The Brothers Lionheart".
  • Maybe Magic, Maybe Mundane: Several of the stories, especially the short stories, leave it fairly ambiguous whether the fantastic things are actually happening or whether it's all just a product of the child protagonist's imagination.
  • Most Writers Are Adults: Jonatan Lionheart is a prime example of this trope. He's aged up for the movie and it makes much more sense that way.
  • Mundane Afterlife: The Brothers Lionheart has an odd example. Nangijala is "The land of stories and campfires" but is generally pretty normal. Then it turns out that there may be another afterlife after that.
  • Naïve Newcomer: Mio, and Skorpan
  • Noodle Incident: The author "has been sworn to secrecy" about what Emil did on the Third of November, so she teases the readers about it at every opportunity. That was the time the villagers took up a collection to send Emil to America.
  • Not-So-Imaginary Friend: Karlsson, at least in the beginning.
  • Our Dragons Are Different: Katla is a big honking lizard, scared of loud noises and breathes fire that will kill or paralyze you.
    • The titular dragon of The Dragon With The Red Eyes is a tiny baby dragon unexpectedly born from a pig. This is never explained, nor is the baby dragon, who is quite mischievous and troublesome, but also cute and lovable in his own way.
  • Precision F-Strike: In Emil of Lönneberga, the farmhand Alfred tries for a long time to come up with a way to tell the maid Lina that he is not interested in marrying her, keeps stalling because he wants to say it in "A somewhat nice way" in order to not hurt her feelings. Ultimately, he tells her; "You know Lina, that engagement we have been talking about? I really think it's a pretty shitty idea." The narrator then explains to the reader that "I do not want to teach you any bad words, but that was really the best poor Alfred could come up with."
    • Later on, Emil goes through a number of really severe swearwords with his little sister, but does so only to teach her things she must absolutely never say.
  • Pig Latin: The Bill Bergson books invented Rövarspråket ("The Robber Language"), which has become the Swedish equivalent of Pig Latin and is still in fairly wide use 60 years later.
  • Teasing from Behind the Language Barrier: the three main characters in Bill Bergson employ this with Rövarspråket to mock the boys belonging to the Red Rose.
  • ¡Three Amigos!: Bill, Anders and Eva-Lotta in the Bill Bergson books. They can also be seen as a Freudian Trio, with Bill as the Superego, Eva-Lotta as the Ego and Anders as the Id.
  • Tortured Monster: The villain of Mio, my Mio has a heart of stone, seemingly literally. He is in constant agony from its chafing in his chest, and begs to be killed at the end.
  • Vague Age: Karlsson. Is he a child or an adult, or simply an ageless creature of fantasy? When asked, he only says that he's "a man in his prime" but doesn't elaborate further.