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- Ambiguously Brown: She is derisively called names like "ethiope" and "tawny tartar", and the "raven" to Helena's "dove" implying that she is darker in complexion, though no exact ethnicity is specified. "Ethiope" and "tartar" refer to African and Central Asian ethnicities respectively.
- Elopement: Hermia and Lysander run off to do this, since Hermia is going to be forced into an Arranged Marriage to Demetrius (or put into a convent). However, events work out so that Demetrius cancels the wedding and the two are able to get married in Athens after all.
- Height Angst: Hermia is very self-conscious about her short stature and believes that Helena must have wooed Lysander and Demetrius with her height.
- Runaway Fiancée: To avoid marrying Demetrius, she dashes into the forest away from him before the marriage takes place.
- Tsundere: Tender to Lysander and her best friend Helena... until she thinks they've betrayed her. Then the claws come out.
- Love Martyr: At one point she claims she wouldn't mind if Demetrius treated her like a dog so long as she could be his dog. She also seems pretty unconcerned when he threatens to rape her. Granted, it's because she doesn't think he'd go through with it, but still.
- My Girl Is Not a Slut: Demetrius wants Helena to stop following him because she's in danger of rape going out at night. And this while he still hates her.
OberonThe king of the fairies, Oberon is a petty matchmaker who meddles with mortal love lives while tormenting Queen Titania over a changeling he wants to have as his henchman because... just because.
- Cleaning Up Romantic Loose Ends: Most of the play is about him trying to do this for the mortals by telling Puck to straighten out the romantic entanglements. He gets there in the end.
- The Fair Folk: Is its king and is one of the most immoral and inhumane characters in the play
- Heterosexual Life-Partners: Puck is his most trusted henchman, for all the good it does him.
- Karma Houdini: Oberon humiliates his wife for an extremely petty reason, and gets exactly what he wanted out of it. Titania doesn't seem to care at all once the spell is removed.
- Our Elves Are Better: Averted. He is just a petty and immoral sadist committing various atrocities for amusement.
- Pet the Dog: Oberon is hardly the nicest of characters, but he does feel sorry for Helena and attempts to help her by getting Demetrius to fall in love with her. Unfortunately, that just makes things worse.
- Shipper on Deck: Oberon really wants to see Helena's love for Demetrius reciprocated.
TitaniaThe queen of the fairies, this woman sticks to her guns, which results in her husband slipping her a Love Potion while she's asleep, causing her to fall in love with Bottom.
- I Gave My Word: To her friend who died in childbirth that she would raise her son. In her fight with Oberon, it could be interpreted as Honor Before Reason, considering she most likely knows it will only get worse.
- Our Elves Are Better: Played straight, she is the most positive character among the fairies.
PuckOberon's henchman who mistakenly gives the Love Potion to Lysander, and then Demetrius, causing them to fall in love with Helena. It doesn't bother him much...
- Breaking the Fourth Wall: He does so in his final speech, addressing the audience.
- Does Not Like Shoes: Some productions will have all fairies fall under this trope, but Puck in particular.
- The Gadfly: Enjoys messing with people, either for Oberon's entertainment or his own.
- Heterosexual Life-Partners: "I jest to Oberon and make him smile" pretty much sums it up. They might as well share a box of popcorn as they watch all the chaos they've caused play out.
- It Amused Me: Puck's screwing up with the love potion. Sure it was a mistake but he's enjoying the results. "Then will two at once woe one. That must needs be sport alone. All these things do best please me, that which falls preposterously."
- Baleful Polymorph: Bottom's head turned into that of an ass.
- Malaproper: He is the poster boy for this trope, saying, for example, "odious" for "odours" and "Ninny's tomb" for "Ninus' tomb" (Ninus was the legendary founder of Nineveh). Bottom goes onto say that the lion "deflowered my dear!" Instead of "devoured".
- Meaningful Name: This is a case of words not changing meaning since Shakespeare's time. Ass meant both donkey and butt/bottom then, just like now.
- Small Name, Big Ego: Nick Bottom is so confident of his abilities to the point that he believes that he can do anything. He can't.
- Amazon Chaser: Hippolyta's courtship with Thesus was based on fighting and one of his first lines is how his marriage proposal was their duel.
- Arbitrary Skepticism: Slayer of the Minotaur, son of Poseidon (and some other guy too), kinsman of Hercules, husband of the Amazon Queen... doesn't believe in fairies, apparently.
- All Amazons Want Hercules: "Hippolyta, I wooed thee with my sword/And won thy love, doing thee injuries..." Also specifically invoked when Theseus tries to impress Hippolyta with his hounds. She teasingly tells him that she went hunting with Hercules and his hounds were better. (In Greek mythology, Hippolyta was always paired with either Theseus or Hercules.)
- Archer Archetype: Hippolyta's status as this in mythology is referenced when she likens the waning moon to "a silver bow/New-bent in heaven".
- Best Her to Bed Her: Theseus "wooed her with his sword" and they're about to be married.