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Basic Trope: A character is immune from crimes committed while proving innocence.

  • Straight: Bob is trying to prove that he's innocent of an accused crime, and to do so, he breaks into someone's house. He's not charged with breaking & entering after being proven innocent.
  • Exaggerated: In his quest to prove his innocence, Bob steals from people, resists arrest, kidnaps people, and even assaults a few people.
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  • Downplayed: Bob doesn't break any laws trying to prove himself innocent, though he does flout a few social mores.
  • Justified:
    • Bob didn't do that much damage, and he returned whatever he stole.
    • Bob was framed by the government and any evidence that could have exonerated him was taken as part of the cover-up. He can't prove his innocence without breaking the law because the legal system is actively trying to screw him over despite his innocence.
    • A high-ranking government official sympathetic to Bob's plight pardons him after the fact.
    • The jury pulls jury nullification during Bob's trial, unwilling to throw an innocent man back into prison.
  • Inverted: Bob is immune to crimes he commits while proving Alice's guilt.
  • Subverted:
  • Double Subverted: ...But his story has resonated with so many people that public outcry leads to his release.
  • Parodied: "But what about your escape from prison? Why are you avoiding charges for that?" "Because, shut up that's why."
  • Zig Zagged: Bob commits crimes to prove himself innocent - but is later charged with them. However he gets off from it - by blackmailing them with dirty laundry. The material comes out and he gets charged with blackmail - but he gets pardoned for uncovering the governmental conspiracy and the president in power wants to distance himself from the conspiracy as much as possible to avoid torpedoing his reelection campaign - pardoning the one who exposed it would be showing that he isn't connected to it.
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  • Averted: Bob doesn't commit any crimes to prove himself innocent.
  • Enforced: Originally Bob faced charges for escaping prison. However it fared poorly with test audiences who saw it as Diabolus ex Machina so it got dropped.
  • Lampshaded: "Well, I have to break in here to obtain proof that he wasn't where he said he was...hopefully I'll get let off for it."
  • Invoked: Tropistan's code of laws considers escaping, evading authorities, and reasonable measures legal if they can prove them-self innocent of the initial crime. The logic being that if the initial judgement wasn't wrong then they wouldn't need to commit them to prove their innocence in the first place.
  • Exploited: Bob truly is a criminal, but he knows that if he uses the "I was just proving my innocence" excuse, he'll get off scot free...
  • Defied: "I understand that you were trying to prove yourself innocent, but the laws apply to everyone no matter what."
  • Discussed: ???
  • Conversed: ???
  • Implied: Bob is shown taken back into custody after breaking out. However he is seen in events a few days after and later shows up clean on a criminal record check without any trickery.
  • Deconstructed: Bob is treated as a Karma Houdini by the people he screwed over in his attempt to prove his innocence. Alice in particular believes Bob is a Villain with Good Publicity and becomes a Vigilante Woman ready to kill him for his crimes.
  • Reconstructed: Alice starts to commit crimes to expose Bob's crimes to the public. She goes through a Heroic BSoD when she realizes she's Not So Different from Bob since now there are people wanting revenge on her the same way she wanted revenge against Bob. She decides to let go of her desire for revenge to avoid a harmful cycle of revenge, even if it means Bob faces no punishment.

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