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"Ever since then, I have had two mothers. Well, this is a little bit unusual, but both of them are my precious mothers."
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The two may be lovers, who have now become a family through adoption, a helpful donor, or through the wonders of magic or science, with added likelihood of Patchwork Kids if the latter. The two may be close siblings (but not that close) or the best of friends, with one of them wishing to help out their single parent buddy. The two may be in that very fine line between the previous two examples, giving much Ship Tease and Ho Yay to the delight of their fans.

Whatever the reason, it's all the same: A family unit that cheerfully ignores the traditional view of a family requiring a father and mother, by having two (or more!) parents, parental figures, or Parental Substitutes of the same sex. Nevertheless, one of these characters may be referred to by the opposite gender parental term; sometimes in personal amusement, sometimes out of jest, sometimes to fit with the standard family unit. In fiction, Cast Speciation will usually result in the two parents fitting into a father and a mother role anyway. Usually, the child will be the same gender as their parents.

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Taken to its logical extreme, this trope overlaps with Homosexual Reproduction and/or Extra Parent Conception, or possibly even Conjoined Twins. Compare All Lesbians Want Kids.


Examples:

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    Advertising 
  • Finnish TV ad for a teleoperator had a little schoolboy asking tough questions of his dad. One of them was a sincerely delivered "Why does Jani have two dads — and I have only one?" Awww.
  • JC Penney has run Mother's Day and Father's Day ads depicting families with two of the appropriate gendered parents.
  • Campbell’s had a commercial for their Star Wars Soup, which had a man feeding his son while saying "I am your father". Then the camera pulls back and shows another man who goes "No no no... I am your father."

    Comedy 
  • Peter Sellers' LP sketch "Auntie Rotter" has Auntie Rotter pointing Daddy out to the children in her care and saying "Wouldn't it be lovely to have two Daddies? Well, we can arrange that!". Her unorthodox way of achieving this is to have the children chop Daddy in half.
  • A joke: "Your mom's gay!" "Which one?"
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    Comic Books 
  • In The Authority, Apollo and Midnighter are a gay couple who adopted superpowered baby girl Jenny Quantum, who refers to them as 'Daddy Midnighter' and 'Daddy Apollo'... except for once when she called Apollo 'Happy Daddy'.
  • Rafael from Dykes to Watch Out For is sometimes addressed as "Heather" by his classmates. His mothers, Toni ("Mommy") and Clarice ("Meema"), do not approve of his violent responses to this.
  • Strangers in Paradise ends with Francine and Katchoo raising their respective offspring together.
  • In Janes in Love we find out that Brain Jane has two dads (who we have every reason to believe are a couple).
  • Mystique and Destiny are like this with Rogue in X-Men.
  • Wonder Woman had an entire island of mommies and sisters who saw her as a surrogate daughter seeing as the Amazons function as a One-Gender Race. In a more clear cut version of the concept Artemis, goddess of the hunt, claims to essentially be Diana's other bio parent besides Hippolyta in the Wonder Woman (1987) version due to the nature of Diana's birth, and in several versions ("Generations", Wonder Woman (Rebirth), etc.) Philippus acts as Diana's other parent due to her relationship with Hippolyta.
  • In The Sandman, Foxglove and Hazel raise a son together (biologically Hazel's via a clueless encounter).
  • Post-Crisis Superboy's biological parents are Superman... and Lex Luthor, made through cloning. Socially speaking, he's pretty much raised by Superman and Supes's adoptive parents; Luthor is, with a few exceptions, very much the deadbeat dad.
  • In Bamse, Lille Skutt's brother lives together with another male rabbit. They (informally) adopted a foundling.
  • Amelia Rules!: Amelia Louise McBride lives with her mother (divorced) and her cool aunt Tanner.
  • Bruce Wayne and Alfred Pennyworth raised Dick Grayson together.
  • The first arc of the new Young Avengers reveals that Miss America Chavez had two mothers, who died creating paradise for her, which she rejected and struck out to hero on her own.
  • X-23 is a bizarrely complicated case. Although generally described as Wolverine's Opposite-Sex Clone, this definition is simplified to the point of inaccuracy (as noted by Sarah Kinney herself in Innocence Lost). Since she was created by duplicating Logan's X-chromosome, all of her genetic material can be traced to Elizabeth Howlett, so probably the strictest view of her genetics makes her the parthenogenetic offspring of Logan's mother (therefore his sister) gestated by Sarah Kinney as surrogate, who provided her own genetic material via maternal inheritance, therefore giving Laura two genetic mothers (the fact that it can be argued that Logan providing her genetic material directly makes him her genetic progenitor — therefore her father — just clouds this even further).
  • Sabrina the Teenage Witch is raised by her two aunts, Aunt Hilda and Aunt Zelda, but in this case, they're sisters instead of lovers. Originally Sabrina was created from a spell, making her aunts more like her mothers, but a later retcon changed them into her biological aunts.
  • In Circles, for Jason Pope it's more like a daddy and stepdaddy, er, Uncle Paulie. But then eventually, Dad.
  • In Havoc Inc, Chris and Chester have an adopted daughter, though she's at boarding school most issues.
  • In the 2017 edition of Runaways, Klara has two dads, Josh and Paul, who are so far the only non-evil parents connected to the team.
  • Young Justice ends with Anita and Cissie raising Anita's reincarnated parents together.
  • In Asterix and the Chieftain's Daughter, the eponymous daughter of Vercingtorix was raised by two Averni warriors, Monolithix and Sidekix, who call themselves her daddies. (Well, their Funetik Aksent means they call themselves her "daddiej", but that's what they mean.)

    Comic Strips 

    Film — Animation 
  • Kung Fu Panda 3 has Po finally reuniting with his biological dad Li Shan, which ruffles the feathers of Po's adopted dad, Mr. Ping, quite a bit since he believes that Li will take Po away from him. He later realizes on his own that this isn't true as Po sees them both as his dads, and then goes to comfort Li after his argument with Po, telling him how Po needs them both.
    Mr. Ping: It doesn't mean less for me, it means more for Po.
  • Sleeping Beauty has Aurora being raised by three fairy "aunts" instead of her biological parents.
  • In The LEGO Batman Movie, since Batman decides to tell him that Bruce Wayne and Batman co-adopted him, Robin spends most of the movie believing he has two dads. As in the original comics, it still counts when Alfred is considered.
    Robin: Wow! A month ago I had no dads, then I had one dad, now I have two dads! And one of them is Batman!
  • America Chavez's backstory in Marvel Rising: Secret Warriors is that she had two mothers who sacrificed themselves to save her from danger.
  • Many have seen Timon and Pumbaa The Lion King (1994) as being coded-gay. They are Heterosexual Life-Partners with flamboyant personalities, with many reading their time with Simba before Nala finds him as being comparable to gay adoption. In The Lion King 1½, Timon even refers to the part of their lives looking after Simba as "parenting."

    Film — Live-Action 
  • Cassie Lang, the daughter of Ant-Man from the Marvel Cinematic Universe has her birth father Scott (the eponymous Ant-Man) and her stepfather Officer Paxton both being a full part of her life; notably, both men also seem to love and regard each other as brothers.
  • In Harold & Kumar Go to White Castle, Tarik, the guy Harold and Kumar meet in jail has two dads.
  • In Three Men and a Baby, the love child of one of the three bachelors arrives at their doorstep, and their parental instincts take over. (No gays involved here.)
  • The Incredibly True Adventure of Two Girls in Love is about two lesbians, one of which lives together with her aunt, her aunt's girlfriend and her aunt's ex who needs a place to stay. Three mommies!
  • Could be said to partly be the case in Junior, a comedy where a man (Arnold Schwarzenegger) becomes pregnant. Although he winds up in a relationship with the woman who (unknowingly) provided the egg, at one point the other male scientist who pioneered the technique (Danny DeVito) comments "It's my baby, too."
  • How many fathers do their characters in Twins have?
  • The Birdcage shows a later state; a boy having been raised by two gay men (two very gay men) who run and star at a drag club, has grown to be a sane, stable, heterosexual adult as the film opens. One of the men is his biological father as he was conceived during a one night, "see what those straight guys are always going on about" affair. Val (the young man in question) explains it perfectly "I'm the only guy in my fraternity who doesn't come from a broken home!"
    • Based on La Cage Aux Folles made in 1978 when the idea of two men raising a child together was a bit more unusual.
  • The 2011 Mexican drama, La orta familia (translated: The Other Family) focuses on a 7-year old boy temporarily adopted by a stable, well-to-do gay male couple.
  • In Practical Magic (both the film and the book) Gillian and Sally Owens are orphans who are raised by their aunts.
  • The Wedding Banquet ends with Wai-tung, Simon, and Wei-wei all raising the baby together.
  • Swedish comedy Patrik, Age 1.5 has a gay couple wanting to adopt a little boy and accidentally ending up with a teenager.
  • The Kids Are All Right is entirely about one of these families.
  • Used humorously at the end of Best in Show.
  • In the Icelandic film 101 Reykjavík a middle-aged lesbian couple decide they want a baby together and will use a sperm donor. Then one of the women has a drunken one-night stand with her girlfriend's son and gets pregnant. The son is dismayed but feels he can't tell his mother he's the baby's father. The women end up raising the baby together with the son as part of their household.
  • Star Trek Beyond: There's a little girl in Yorktown whose fathers are a gentleman named Ben and his husband Hikaru Sulu, helmsman of the starship Enterprise.
  • In This Film Is Not Yet Rated one of the private investigators turns out to be a lesbian mother. One of the interviewed film-makers (Jamie Babbitt, director of But I'm a Cheerleader) is a lesbian mother as well — something she rather snarkily makes note of in light of the claims of the Motion Picture Association of America's frequent claims that its ratings board was staffed by 'average' parents, suggesting that their definition of 'average' probably didn't include people like her.
  • Sleepaway Camp: Angela and Peter's father was in a relationship with another man, whose fate following Mr. Baker's death is unrevealed.
  • The Chechahcos involves two bachelor gold prospectors who wind up looking after a little girl they rescue from a sinking ferry boat. Later goes into Wife Husbandry when the girl grows up and falls in love with the younger, more handsome prospector.
  • The Grinch in How the Grinch Stole Christmas! was raised by two women, though the relationship between the two of them is never specified.
  • In Taming Crocodiles, a boy named Vítek Koudelka lives in a family with two mothers AND two fathers. Despite that, during a school trip abroad, none of those four finds the time to write him a postcard which makes him sad.
  • In Being John Malkovich, Maxine becomes pregnant with Emily from Lotte-in-Malkovich, so Lotte is seen as the other parent, and she and Maxine end up raising Emily together.
  • Princess Cyd: Ridley, who is being raised by his mother and stepmother, her wife. He was born to his mother's previous marriage with his father, before she came out as a lesbian.
  • The Final Girls: When Kurt mocks Chris by calling him gay, Chris says he is not, but he has two fathers.

    Jokes 
  • One Russian joke goes like this: it's strange to see so many homophobes in Russia, given that most people there were raised by a same-sex couple: mother and grandmother. You probably need to be Russian to understand how true both parts are.

    Literature 
  • Jenny Lives with Eric and Martin (originally Mette bor hos Morten og Erik) by Suzanne Bösche was an originally-Danish early-1980s children's book about a little girl being brought up by her father and his male partner. The revelation that a London school had a copy in its library caused outrage from the Daily Mail that played a major role in driving the creation of the notorious homophobic law known as "Clause 28", which banned "promotion" of homosexuality in schools and was repealed in 2003.
  • The Trope Namer is Heather Has Two Mommies, a children's book by Lesléa Newman and Diana Souza that drew the ire of many conservative groups for its proposed use in the New York school system to portray a lesbian couple with a child as normal, wholesome, and happy.
  • Daddy's Roommate also has a similar theme.
  • Swindapa and Marion, the interracial lesbian couple in Island in the Sea of Time, adopt an abandoned baby girl, and name her Heather. They know about the book, they just have an odd sense of humor.
  • Claudia in Interview with the Vampire has both Lestat and Louis for vampire dads.
  • In David Eddings' The Elenium stories, Sparhawk's squire dies, leaving behind a wife and several sons. His squire also has an illegitimate son with another woman, and after his death, the women move in together and raise the children. The children simply call them their mothers. There is no sexual relationship implied between the women.
  • Mercedes Lackey's Heralds of Valdemar:
    • In the Last Herald-Mage Trilogy, there are a pair of Hawkbrother mages who raise a son together. They used a fellow Hawkbrother as a surrogate mother, as she wanted a child too, and agreed to have twins (magic can guarantee that), one going with her, one going with the male couple. The biological father is the protagonist, Vanyel.
    • In the Vows and Honor stories, after retiring from mercenary work, Heterosexual Life-Partners Tarma and Kethry run a sword-and-sorcery school together and raise Kethry's kids along with Kethry's husband as a three-parent family. Because Tarma and Kethry are Blood Sisters and are all that is left of Tarma's Shin'a'in tribe (and Tarma is celibate by oath), the children are given the choice whether to join the Shin'a'in and help rebuild the tribe; Tarma is their Clanmother.
  • In Fried Green Tomatoes at the Whistle Stop Cafe, Idgie and Ruth lived together and raised Ruth's son together. The Film of the Book implied they were in love but not lovers. The book implied everything it could without saying it.
  • Cyrus Finch (CyFi) in Unwind has two dads.
  • In the Daughters (of an unusually coloured time of day) books, this is true for just about all the secondary characters, being that they're a bunch of lesbians who've gone off and colonized a distant planet. In fact, the only cast members who have a mentioned father are the Unity, and he's not mentioned after the prologue. The author really was that gay.
  • In King & King & Family, the sequel to King & King (a Dutch book that caused a lawsuit because some ass didn't like that "romantic attraction between two men is being presented to my seven-year-old as wonderful, and good and the way things should be"), the newlywed kings "find a lonely orphaned girl, whom they adopt and raise as a princess".
  • Classical Swedish picture book Aunt Green, Aunt Brown and Aunt Lavender (with sequels) has the aunts in question adopting two little orphan children.
  • Mordred from The Dark Tower sort of fits this trope. He has two dads (Roland and the Crimson King) and two moms (Susannah and the succubus Mia) plus a semen carrier/impregnator extra parent in one of the 6 elemental demons. It fits here because he inherits most of his traits from his fathers, who he calls his White Daddy and Red Daddy.
  • In Deep Secret, there's a group of background characters at Phantasmacon who consist of a trio of ambiguously-gendered people who all share duty taking care of a baby. Rupert and Maree both spend time wondering what their story is.
  • Halting State by Charles Stross casually refers early on to Sergeant Sue Smith's wife and their son, Davey.
  • A fair few in the Star Trek Novel Verse. In the Star Trek: Enterprise Relaunch, Trip Tucker's brother and his husband have adopted a son together. In Star Trek: The Lost Era: "The Buried Age," among the supporting characters, there are two female scientists who are married and raising children. In the same series, in the novel Serpents Among the Ruins, one character is shown to have two male parents, and a Romulan with an (adult) son mentions a mate of the same sex. There are also four-sexed Andorians; with two sexes looking "male" and two "female", they have both two mommies and two daddies by default, though that's cheating of course.
  • The Virgin Suicides by Jeffrey Eugenides includes a character named Trip Fontaine, a popular boy being raised by his father and his father's boyfriend, Donald.
  • In Wen Spencer's Ukiah Oregon series the main character, Ukiah Oregon, is a former feral child raised with his sister Callie by a lesbian couple.
    • Wen Spencer also wrote A Brother's Price, which takes place in a world where males are so rare that they marry every sister in a family, and no one ever speaks of just "mother", always "mothers". Men get the brunt of childcare duties, but as they are rather fragile, if a husband dies without leaving an old enough son it's left to the mothers to raise the children.
  • The children's book And Tango Makes Three is all about two male penguins at the Central Park Zoo in New York who take care of an egg, and then raise the resulting baby penguin, that another penguin couple cannot. Based on a True Story, the two penguins eventually drifted apart in Real Life.
  • The Left Behind Antichrist villain Nicolae Carpathia had two biological fathers who were both gay and was raised mostly by his mother and Viv Ivins until Nicolae and Viv had the mother disposed of. Later on in his life, Nicolae had his two fathers disposed of as well. And in the Dramatic Audio presentation of Glorious Appearing, Viv Ivins gets killed by a giant hailstone.
  • Sing You Home by Jodi Picoult is about a lesbian couple trying to use frozen embryos to have a child.
  • Ethan of Athos: Since women are not allowed on the planet Athos, every non-immigrant has two Daddies. Reproduction is handled by taking a sperm sample from the biological father and combining it with an ovum extracted from carefully preserved tissue cultures. The resulting fetus is then developed to term in a uterine replicator.
  • Isaac Asimov's The Complete Adventures of Lucky Starr: Augustus Henree and Dr Hector Conway become David's adoptive parents after his biological parents die in a Space Pirates attack. He calls each of them Uncle.
    David Starr was [Conway's] son; his and Augustus Henree's. ... They were both mother and father to him...
  • Gender Flipped in the Chaos Walking trilogy, in which the main character, due to the death of the women in the town and his biological father, is raised by an Ambiguously Gay couple. He still regards them as his real parents.
  • Jenchae's parents are both women in The Hour Before Morning, which isn't a big deal in the novel's future (though the fact that one's from The Empire and the other from La Résistance ends up being insurmountable).
  • In Weetzie Bat, Weetzie wanted to have a child, but her boyfriend refused to, so she had sex with her best friend and his boyfriend. She eventually made up with her boyfriend, but no one knew who the biological father of the child was, so the four of them raised her together.
  • In the novel (and film adaptations of) Imitation of Life, a white widow with a daughter takes in a black maid who also has a daughter and they form a Family of Choice, raising their children together. In the 1950s film, Susie actually sees Annie as more of a mother figure than her own mother.
  • A variation occurs in the Secret Series, where Cass has two grandfathers instead. (Which is to say, two grandfathers who live together and come as a pair, not in the usual sense of having both a maternal and paternal grandfather.) Neither is biologically related to her or her mother, they just like to think of each other as family.
  • Circle of Magic: Lark and Rosethorn are in a (polyamorous) relationship, and over the years foster a number of children, including the four main characters, who truly come to view them as parents.
  • The protagonist of Theirs Not to Reason Why was raised by her biomother and her stepmother, a married same-sex couple. Because Ia's home planet is newly colonized her mothers were unable to use sperm donors and instead conceived her and her two brothers through one-night-stands. The fathers are not involved in their lives (Ia and her half-twin only know the identity of theirs through Ia's ability to scry the past) and the children consider the two women their only parents.
  • The German novel Gottes Bodenpersonal: Eine Unwahrscheinliche Liebesgeschichte ("God's Ground Crew, An Unlikely Lovestory") has the two male protagonists foster a teenage boy at the end. It's implied they didn't want the hassle of formally adopting him, but it's implied that he will live with them until he's an adult, and stay part of the family forever.
  • Bruce Coville's short story Duffy's Jacket has the title character and his cousins Andrew and Marie, whose mothers are sisters and raise the trio together, with no fathers in sight.
  • In Rangers At Roadsend, Chip has two mommies. Who disowned her when she didn't stick to the career they had chosen for her. As Homosexual Reproduction is nothing extraordinary in the setting, nobody thinks it unusual for a lesbian couple to act like the standard Fantasy-Forbidding Father.
  • In The Trials of Apollo, Kayla, a background character from Percy Jackson and the Olympians, is revealed to be the daughter of the Greek god Apollo and a male archery coach named Darren Knowles. Apollo says gods are capable of many marvels.
  • In the second Apprentice Adept trilogy, Flach's parentage is... Complicated. His biological father is Bane, Stile's son. But he was (intentionally) conceived by Mach, Bane's opposite number from Proton, in Bane's body. Mach is considered Flach's "true" father and Bane his "uncle." Everyone considers Stile is his grandfather, regardless. Flach's Proton opposite, Nepe, is just as complicated, but for different reasons.
  • Please Don't Tell My Parents I'm a Supervillain and sequels: The supervillains Rage and Ruin (real names: Rachel and Ruth) live together and are raising Ruin's little sister. They say that they are Heterosexual Life-Partners.
  • In The Hitch Hikers Guide To The Galaxy, Ford Prefect lets slip that he and Zaphod Beeblebrox share seven mothers. (who has seven of the same mothers as me...). This Noodle Incident is never elaborated on.
  • Mo Dao Zu Shi is a BL web novel and features the character Lan Sizhui who has been adopted by the protagonists Wei Wuxian and Lan Wangji in all but name.
  • In Victoria, all children in Azania are this, since its Amazonian inhabitants reproduce only through eugenic cloning. Though technically, neither parent is the "mother," as the daughters are gestated in supertech cloning vats, rather than carried to term.
  • Aeon 14: The family started by Tanis, her flesh-and-blood husband Joe, and her female-personality A.I. partner Angela (who is physically located in Tanis's Brain–Computer Interface) in New Canaan. All three of them are parents to their daughters, who comprise Cary (biological daughter of Tanis and Joe), Saanvi (adopted), and Faleena (AI daughter of Tanis, Joe, and Angela, born in Orion Rising), and the girls refer to Tanis and Angela as "Moms".
  • In Unseen Academicals, Ponder Stibbons is an example of Nephewism and also this, having been brought up by multiple aunts.
  • In Renegades, Adrian was adopted by Captain Chromium and Dread Warden, a couple of Badass Gay superheroes, as a kid, and refers to them as his dads.
  • In the children's book Belinda's Bouquet, Belinda's best friend Daniel has two mothers.
  • In The Rainbow Cubby House, narrator Brenna has two mothers, while her friend Jed has two fathers.

    Live-Action TV 
  • One episode of Amen had sisters Amelia and Cassietta deciding to co-adopt a baby, ending up with a situation like the one in Patrik, Age 1.5 above. The episode ended with their son deciding to join the military.
  • Hal from Being Human was raised by six whores in a brothel, he didn't know which one was his actual mother, but loved them all anyway.
  • The Henrickson kids on Big Love have three mommies, who often seem more emotionally involved with each other than with their mutual husband; some of the other polygamist families are even more complicated.
  • After the events of season 5 of Buffy the Vampire Slayer, Buffy's kid sis Dawn is raised by lesbian witches Willow and Tara for a good portion of season 6. Though one could make the argument that the entire Scooby Gang (including Spike, if in a Disreputable Uncle kind of way) helped, it's quite clear that Dawn sees Willow and Tara as surrogate parents - there's a reason she became their Shipper on Deck, and after Tara broke up with Willow she and Dawn met in a scene very reminiscent of a divorced parent trying to keep contact with her child. In the canonical "Season 8" comic series Dawn tells Buffy that she sees Willow as her mother-figure.
  • In The Dark Crystal: Age of Resistance, Friend to All Living Things Deet has two fathers. They don't appear very often while she's away taking part in the plot, but they clearly did a good job of raising her and her little brother.
  • Discussed in Dead to Me, when Judy thinks she might be pregnant, and worries about being a single mother, especially since she's already a tad unstable. Her best friend Jen (already a mother of two) immediately says that she'd gladly raise the baby with her. Judy seems happy with this suggestion, and the two muse on the idea of being a "mothering team." It's a fitting sentiment since Judy already lives with Jen and has a caring relationship with her sons.
  • A Discovery of Witches: Diana was raised by her lesbian aunts after losing both of her parents as a child. They appear to have served as surrogate parents ever since.
  • Doctor Who:
    • In "The Shakespeare Code", Lilith has Bloodtide and Doomfinger, and it's probably literal.
    • In "It Takes You Away", the Doctor says she had seven grandmothers. This is not elaborated on further (including how many parents she had), but it implies that at least one of her parents had at least two mothers.
  • One of the lighter elements of Drop Dead Diva is that Jane deals with Deb's mother, Bobbie, and Jane's mother, Elaine.
  • In an episode of The Flash, "Duets", set in an And You Were There fantasy world based on musicals, we discover that Millie!Iris has two fathers (Prof. Martin Stein and Joe Digby), who are a part of the imminent gang wars in a musical dream sequence.
  • The Fosters is about a lesbian couple with one biological and two adopted children that take in two additional foster children.
  • Friends has Ross's former wife Carol and her partner Susan. Ross's son Ben splits his time between his dad and moms. In one episode, Ben refers to Chandler as "Daddy." Of course, at the end of the show, it's indicated Ben ends up with three when Ross and Rachel are back together, this time for good.
    Ross: No, no — one daddy, two mommies.
  • Full House (and its Sequel Series, Fuller House). It's right there in the opening paragraph of its page.
  • Rachel Berry on Glee has two gay dads, and it is unknown which of the two is her biological father as they mixed their sperm together and used a turkey baster to impregnate her surrogate mother.
  • Played straight in Good Luck Charlie when Amy tells Bob that Charlie's newest playmate has two mommies (We later learn the girl is adopted). Bob is confused; which parent is he supposed to invite to the basement to watch sports?
  • Gotham: By the Grand Finale ("The Beginning..."), little Barbara Lee Gordon has not just a father (Jim Gordon) but two mothers: one birth mother (Barbara Kean) and one foster mother (Leslie "Lee" Gordon).
  • Sophia in Grey's Anatomy: Callie accidentally got pregnant after having a one-night stand with best friend Mark after one of her breakups with Arizona. After making up with Arizona, who later became her wife, the three of them decided to raise the baby together. This continued until season 9 when Mark was killed off after the plane crash.
  • Olivia and Natalia on Guiding Light. Started out as a platonic version of this, but has lately become something more.
  • Hannibal:
    • A rather twisted example between Hannibal Lecter and FBI special investigator Will Graham with a serial killer's daughter that the two take care of after her father tried to murder her. Will genuinely wants to protect her from the backlash of the public, the suspicions of his superiors of her part in the murders, and then partly due to guilt he feels for killing her father. Hannibal's intentions are... less noble. Mainly, making sure Abigail doesn't tell Will he was the one who called her house that day, as that would out him as the copycat killer. Exploited by Hannibal after Will finds out that Abigail killed Nicholas Boyle and Hannibal helped hide the body, which was already part of another set up. He refers to the two of them as "her fathers" which has given them the Fan Nickname "Murder Family".
    • As of season 3, the Verger family has a blood-related male heir to inherit the family estate upon Mason's death. While Mason's son, Alana Bloom impregnated herself with the sperm she obtained from him in order for her girlfriend Margot to finally kill her brother without worrying about losing the Verger fortune.
  • Heroes:
    • Mohinder and Matt raising Molly. It was... weird, and the shippers loved it.
    • Claire's biological mom moved in with her and her adoptive family. At the start of Volume Four, Claire had restored contact with the Petrelli family, resulting in Nathan Petrelli becoming her second father. Both here and in Volume Three, Claire had the unenviable distinction of having three parents involved in her life.
    • Only temporary, but Hiro and Ando looked after Baby Matt Parkman.
  • In the sixth season premiere of How I Met Your Mother, Cindy (a girl Ted struck out with on their first date) is dating another woman. In a flash-forward, the couple is seen posing for a photo with their daughter.
    "So no, that girl wasn't your mother. She ended up being someone else's mother. They both did."
    • Barney's brother and his husband adopted two children.
    • In one episode Barney proposes to Ted to adopt a child together (not because they are gay, but because they are both single middle-aged Heterosexual Life-Partners who want to have kids).
  • Kate and Allie had two divorced women living together with the combined three children from their respective marriages. Lampshaded in one episode in which the pair is Mistaken for Gay by their lesbian landlady. Initially, they play along (otherwise their rent would have doubled) but by episode's end, they convince the landlady that they are one family.
  • Law & Order: Season 5, Episode 15 "Seed" features a lesbian couple in happy expectation of their soon-to-be-born son.
  • In the first episode of the sixth season of Law & Order: Special Victims Unit, a doctor implanted an embryo of a mother into another mother, resulting in that the daughter has a biological mother and a mother who gave birth to her and raised the child. The Stinger reveals that the biological mother has three other children who were born by other mothers.
  • Less Than Perfect's Owen Pronsky was raised by his two lesbian moms.
  • Lost has a heterosexual example, after the end, Aaron has two mommies as he ends up with both Kate and Claire raising him.
  • Malcolm in the Middle briefly references a 'cousin Nancy' who has two fathers.
    Reese: Two dads as your parents? That house has to be a dude's paradise!
    • Eric, one of Francis's friends at Military School, has two dads, who are all fine with it. Hal is a bit weirded out.
  • Annie on Marry Me was raised by a gay couple, Kevin One and Kevin Two. The egg was donated by "a lesbian they're no longer talking to."
  • Merlin in the miniseries Merlin (1998) has two literal mothers, Mab, the woman who gave birth to him, and Ambrosia, the woman who raised him.
  • Modern Family is without a doubt the most famous example, with gay couple Cam and Mitchell adopting Baby Lily in the first episode.
  • Bob and David have a daughter together in the Mr. Show episode "Operation: Hell on Earth". They're never stated to be in a romantic relationship, but she is their daughter. She grows up to resent them, but probably not because they're both men but because they're Stage Dads who order her to tap dance, even as an adult.
  • In Murdoch Mysteries, Constable Crabtree was a Doorstep Baby raised by the town pastor and an unlikely number of "aunts". It's later revealed the aunts are sex workers and the pastor had helped arrange a Band of Brothels for their protection.
  • My Two Dads, a sitcom about two guys going after the same woman, who found themselves taking care of her daughter after she dies.
  • In the Newhart episode "My Three Dads", Larry, Darryl, and Darryl (three unmarried brothers) adopt a son who's a month away from legal age. And at the end of the episode, Larry considers adopting another.
  • Coop in Nurse Jackie has two mommies in the overtly lesbian sense.
  • Henry from Once Upon a Time has Emma, his biological mother, and Regina, his adopted mother. And in season 6, he gets a third mother when Regina gets split into two people by Jekyll's serum, though he only really acknowledges her after she redeems herself.
    • It reaches a point in the later seasons that if Emma, Regina, and Henry are in the same scene he'll address them both as "moms" like a child of a heterosexual couple will say "Mom, Dad."
  • There was a lot of controversy about a segment on the Australian kids show Play School that featured a girl that had "Two mummies". The little girl, Brenna Harding, then a teenager, went on to star in Puberty Blues, and thanked her mums in her speech for the Logie award she won.
  • Psych: Lassiter's mom has a female partner. Lassie apparently struggled with this initially, but it looks like he's come to terms with it since they both walked him down the aisle at his wedding in season 7.
  • As was Chuck from Pushing Daisies, although one of them actually is her mother.
  • Romey and Lisa in the original Queer as Folk, and Lindsay and Melanie in the US version. The US version also had Ben and Michael adopting Hunter, an HIV-positive teen hustler.
  • Queer as Folk (US) has Melanie and Lindsay raising Gus (Lindsay's bio-child by Brian) and Jenny Rebecca (Melanie's bio-child by Michael). Ben and Michael take in foster son Hunter. And Debbie is such a mother figure to everyone on the series that in a way every character has two mommies except, ironically, her own son Michael.
  • Raising Hope has Barney and his two mothers.
    "Mom? Put mom on."
  • In Raven's Home (Sequel Series to That's So Raven), the now-adult Raven and Chelsea are two single mothers raising their children together. They even refer to them as such (but usually their kids treat them as honorary aunts). In this case, Raven and Chelsea are just friends.
  • Red Band Society has Kara, whose mother ended up marrying her nanny.
    Charlie: Dads fall for the nanny all the time — why not moms?
  • Rizzoli & Isles:
    • In season 3, Frost's Mother and roommate come to town. The others figure out they are a couple. Towards the end of the episode, Frost toasts his mom and her partner. Mom is shocked he knew. He says why do you think I kept inviting you to Massachusetts. The partner tells her I told you you were underestimating him.
    • Maura Isles is adopted and over the course of the series connects with her birth mother.
  • Sabrina the Teenage Witch was practically raised by her two motherly aunts (they're sisters). Zelda introduces herself and Hilda as "Sabrina's aunts" at a parent-teacher meeting, then very quickly points out that they're "Sisters! Not an alternative couple!" Since they've been around for centuries, it's safe to assume they've been Mistaken for Gay at some point or another. Both have brought boyfriends home, including their fight over Mr. Kraft.
  • The Sarah Jane Adventures: Luke has Sarah Jane and Ms. Wormwood.
  • Amanita Caplan of Sense8 has three possible fathers who all had an equal part in raising her. Her mother was a hippie who really got around in her youth. None of them know which man is her biological father and none of them care. Apparently Amanita used to annoy schoolteachers by insisting on signing her work with all four surnames.
  • Franky Fitzgerald in the Third Generation of Skins kids has two ex-army dads, who already appear to be the only parents in the entire series who take an interest in their kids.
  • Cassandra Fraiser of Stargate SG-1, being rescued from a devastated homeworld and then co-parented by Sam Carter and Janet Fraiser, who wind up becoming best friends as a result.
  • In Sugar Rush Kim's next-door neighbour Tom has two dads and is constantly concerned that people will think he is also gay.
  • On more than one occasion on Switched at Birth, Kathryn and Regina have been introduced to people as Bay and/or Daphne's mothers, often leading to a case of Mistaken for Gay. note 
  • Too Cute has the episode "Kitten Cottonballs", where Tonkinese cat Queenie and her elder daughter Princess have their current litters only one day apart and raise them together.
  • The Tracey Ullman Show had a recurring skit with a teenage girl and gay dads.
  • One season of Trailer Park Boys had two women whom J-Roc and Tyrone both slept with at some point in the past show up with a kid each. Neither they nor the women know who either kid's father is, they just know it's one of them, so rather than risk their friendship over paternity testing they decide to both be co-dads to both kids. Of course, the kids are never seen or mentioned again after that season.
  • Two and a Half Men:
    • Jake lives with his mother during the week, and with his father and paternal uncle on the weekends.
    • As of Season 12, Walden and Alan get married and adopt an adorable boy named Louis.
  • The Taiwanese Series Two Fathers: Two single men raise a child together after her mother abandons her after giving birth. The mother didn't know which one was the real father, so she provided the hospital with both of their contact information.
  • Under the Dome has an interracial lesbian couple and their teenage daughter stuck in Chester's Mill after the dome comes down. It seems as if it's a fairly progressive town, as they've only been harassed over their sexuality once, and the racial aspect has yet to come up. One mommy dies in episode 7 due to running out of insulin. The second dies in season 3 when an explosion in a tunnel results in her being hit with enough debris to fatally wound her.

    Music 
  • The Mercedes Lackey song "Mis-Conception" is about a girl with a lot of daddies, as the result of an orgy. There's a unicorn, a manticore, a vampire, etc. Someone drew a picture.
  • At the end of Miike Snow's music video for "Genghis Khan", the supervillain and the secret agent are seen happily living together with the supervillain's two children from his former marriage.

    Mythology 
  • Finn MacCool, the Irish hero, was raised by a druidess and a warrior woman after his father was killed in battle.
  • The Norse God Heimdall has no fewer than nine mothers: Gjálp, Greip, Eistla, Angeyja, Ulfrún, Eyrgjafa, Imðr, Atla, and Járnsaxa. Who are not only sisters but apparently all gave birth to him. In sequence. And no, we don't get any explanation as to how this works.

    Podcasts 
  • Harmony from Sequinox has two fathers, Anthony and Charles.

    Tabletop Games 
  • Scion: One of the sample characters of the Devas is Annie X, Scion of the goddess Kali. She was conceived when Kali shapeshifted into her mortal father and impregnated her mother.

    Theatre 
  • La Cage aux folles: Georges has a son, Jean-Michel, from a one-time dalliance with a woman named Sybil. Sybil is not in the picture and hasn't seen Jean-Michel in years, but Georges' partner Albin was more than happy to raise Jean-Michel as his own. The plot kicks off when Jean-Michel gets engaged to a young woman whose father is a homophobic, conservative politician, so Jean-Michel asks Albin to pose as his "uncle" when the woman and her family come over for dinner.
  • Be More Chill: Michael, starting with the revised script for the Off-Broadway production. This is mentioned when another student derogatorily calls Michael and his best friend Jeremy "boyfriends."
    Michael: [laughing and not bothered in the slightest] My mothers would be thrilled.
  • Falsettos: Jason has three father figures, including Marvin, his biological father, and Whizzer, Marvin's boyfriend. As the musical progresses it is clear that Jason sees Whizzer as a father figure, as Whizzer is the only person who can convince Jason to go to therapy. Jason has another father figure in Mendel, however as Mendel and his mother get married it doesn't quite fit in this trope.

    Video Games 
  • Gender inverted example, Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots with Snake, Otacon, and Sunny.
  • One of the ads on a Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas radio station was for a TV sitcom featuring an orphaned girl living with her 5 adoptive "uncles". GTA being GTA, it was pretty blatant that only one guy at most was an actual uncle.
    Girl: I'm an emotionally abused orphan! Can't I get in on any of these groups hugs?
    'Uncle': No, you stupid bitch!
  • Ganondorf, the Big Bad of The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time, was raised by the Gerudo witch sisters Koume and Kotake, better known as the Twinrova sisters. Since the Gerudo are all female, except for one male every hundred years (Ganondorf being the only example shown in canon), they likely consider having two mothers to be normal. That said it's also stated the sisters are his Foster-Mothers. We don't know who his real mother is, or father for that matter.
  • In Harvest Moon DS Cute, or better yet "Sprite Station For Girl" since the "wedding" feature is absent from the non-Japanese versions, if you choose one of the 4 Best Friend choices over marriage to any of the 11 bachelors, you eventually end up with a child who has two mommies. The Harvest King magically gives you a baby.
  • In Pokémon, you can obtain Pokémon eggs by breeding any male and female Pokémon that are in the same egg group. The exception is Ditto, which can breed with nearly any Pokémon by transforming into it. Even if the other Pokémon's species only has one sex. Also, due to glitches, two Pokémon of the same sex can have eggs. For the terms of the Everstone exploit (equipping the mother Poke with an Everstone causes its nature to carry to the young), Ditto is considered the mother, even if the other Poke is female.
  • Belial and Nebiros have adopted Alice as their surrogate daughter in Shin Megami Tensei. Mess with her and you will feel their wrath.
  • Possible in The Sims series, through various means:
    • The Roaring Heights DLC for The Sims 3 has a lesbian couple (the first pre-made one in the series, no less) who are raising a child together, the flavour text mentions they used new technology in order to do so(In spite of the town supposedly being set in The Roaring '20s).
    • Another notable example is the alien-hybrid baby Tycho Curious in The Sims 2, who not only has two biological dads but is also raised by three men (his human father Pascal and Pascal's two brothers, Vidcund and Lazlo).
    • Then there's the Single Moms household in The Sims 3 which is headed by two women, Fiona McIrish and Molly French, best friends who share a house and are raising their kids (Fiona's teenage daughter River and Molly's toddler daughter Sandi) together.
    • Adoption is always available to the characters, allowing for any couple of any orientation (or even a single Sim) to get a child, with no fuss.
    • Of course, there are Game Mods that allow this for every game in the series. For example, there are mods that allow Homosexual Reproduction, as well as one that has the Sim couple mix their genetics together at a hospital, and let the doctors grow the embryo(s) offscreen.
    • An update for The Sims 4 added the feature for same-gender couples to impregnate each other.
  • Mass Effect:
    • Possible and quite common with the asari, a One-Gender Race that resembles humanoid females and appear to almost always have a feminine gender identity. They breed through melding of nervous systems and are capable of doing it with any species or gender. Their society frowns upon having two asari parents ("pureblood" is a racial slur among them), but it's not as uncommon as they would like to pretend, and females of other species are fair game, in any case. Specifically, Liara T'Soni has two asari mothers, though she never knew the one who "fathered" her, for the lack of better term. Defied in the third game when you can actually meet Liara's father. After Shepard briefly calls her Liara's "other mother", she gets annoyed and says that she's her father, not another mother; to the asari, "mother" specifically refers to the one who physically carries the child to term. note 
    Matriarch Aethyta: No, I didn't pop her out. I'm her father!
    Shepard: I'm sorry, it's just that if you had been human, you would both be considered the mother, no matter who gave birth to her.
    Aethyta: Well I'm not human, am I? Anthropocentric bag of dicks.
    • In Mass Effect: Andromeda, a male Ryder in a relationship with Gil can agree to have a child with him by way of surrogacy and raise it together as a couple. Incidentally, this marks the first time in a BioWare game where a Player Character and romance option - gay or straight - can make serious plans to have a child togethernote .
    • Angara, due to their complicated family builds, can have multiple mothers, but only one "true" (in other words, biological) mother. Angaran teammate Jaal mentions he has five mothers.
  • If you end up with Helena in Cute Knight Kingdom you may also receive a mysterious doorstop baby (with the same origin as the PC).
    • Also seen in the 'true' ending, which reveals that the PC is really an alien princess from outer space. The epilogue mentions her being introduced to her six mothers.
  • Samus in the Metroid series had two daddies when the Chozo adopted her. To clarify, she was raised by two male Chozo, Old Bird and Gray Voice. Technically, she even has two genetic daddies, since Gray Voice donated his DNA to her, making the biological child of both Gray Voice and Rodney Aran.
  • At the beginning of Golden Sun: Dark Dawn, previous heroes Isaac and Garet are have raised their respective sons Matthew and Tyrell together, and basically act as though they're a family. No moms are in sight— Matthew's (Jenna) is indicated to be alive and well in a different city, but Tyrell's isn't even mentioned. As you go through the game it seems that there's no enmity between Matthew's parents, which leads some to conclude that she's living away for her safety.
  • Blink and you'll miss it, but Magical Diary's Jacob has at least two dads. Considering the setting, it's entirely possible that they're both his biological parents but that's not known so far.
  • Diane from Shining Force has three mothers.
  • Toko Fukawa from Danganronpa: Trigger Happy Havoc has one dad and two moms. When questioned about how that works, she refuses to elaborate. It turns out to be a subversion since School Mode reveals that what she really meant was that her parents got divorced and her father remarried. She explains it even further in Danganronpa Another Episode: Ultra Despair Girls. Her father actually never married, he slept with both women and by sheer coincidence, they both gave birth at the same time in the same hospital. One of the two babies died soon after being born, but due to a mix-up by the doctors, they didn't know which baby it was. Both mothers refused to get a DNA test since they both wanted their baby to be the dead one.
  • Aura Blackquill and Metis Cykes from Phoenix Wright: Ace Attorney – Dual Destinies. The robots they jointly created previously referred them both as Mama. Until Metis was killed, which made Aura hate it. They now call her Miss Aura.
  • The player character can easily become part of such a family in The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim, as all of the potential marriage partners are seemingly bi and none of them object to adopting children once married.
  • The twins, Celeste and Saffi, from Medusa's season four in Astoria: Fate's Kiss.
  • Xenoblade Chronicles X: Mia is forever gushing about her parents and how much she desires to emulate them. It isn't until the end of her affinity mission that the player is informed that she was raised by two fathers. The game doesn't make a huge deal out of it, merely an expression of surprise on several characters when she makes the comment.
  • Lancelot from Guenevere was raised by his two mothers, Vathac and Vivien.
  • Utawarerumono: Mask of Deception: Kuon, as it turns out, was raised communally by her father's entire harem in his absence, giving her a grand total of five mothers. She refers to Eruruu, Karulau, Touka, and Ulthory as her mothers (though Karulau much prefers being called an elder sister), while her birth mother, Yuzuha, died either in childbirth or shortly thereafter. She also has two fathers: her true father Hakuowlo (whom she has never met due to him being sealed) and her uncle Oboro, who actually raised her.
  • In God of War: Ascension, Orkos is the son of Ares and the Fury Alecto. Ares disowned him because he was not warrior material. He was raised by Alecto and her Fury sisters Tisiphone and Megaera, so he calls all three of them his mothers.
  • Monster Prom: Damien mentions in a few events that he was raised by two fathers, though little else information about them is relayed besides Damien's rocky relationship with one of them due to the pressure of taking over hell.
  • Red Dead Redemption II: Characters Dutch and Hosea are explicitly called protagonist Arthur Morgan’s ‘two daddies’ (his biological dad was abusive and his mom died when he was very young). They scooped him up as a street urchin and raised him together before they started their gang. Even twenty years on, Arthur still sees them as his family and writes in his journal that he loves both of them dearly.
  • In Stardew Valley, if you marry a same-sex partner, the only difference in raising a family is that your children come from adoption instead of pregnancy.
  • In RuneScape's Player-Owned Farms, putting two same-sex animals into the breeding pen can result in "adopted" young, but it is much less likely than opposite-sex animals breeding.

    Webcomics 
  • In Abe & Kroenen, Abe suggests that they might one day adopt and raise a child. Kroenen points out the many ways in which this would be a very bad idea.
    "It would be like My Two Dads but instead of 'Dads' it is 'horrible monsters'. And instead of 'Two' it is horrible."
  • Winter from Girly has two biological female parents as described but not explained here. The epilogue has Winter and Otra's daughter setting out on her own adventure.
  • Terinu is... complicated. It's quite possible to argue that he has four "moms". His biological mother (implied as dead in a flashback), Melika, the vulpine woman who raised him from ages three to nine and whom he has the closest relationship with, Mavra Chan the Ax-Crazy Space Pirate who raised him to her personal assassin from nine to fifteen, and finally Leeza, who not only has actual legal guardianship of him, she's also his Master, since he's mentally imprinted to obey her every order. Currently, only Leeza and Melika are likely to work together to raise him, however.
  • Berlinetta of Other People's Business has two daddies.
  • Pluto from Star Guys has two mothers. Apparently making Pluto was "a long and expensive process".
  • Touhou Nekokayou has Marisa and Alice's two daughters, Shanghai Margatroid and Carroll Kirisame (complete with Heather Has Two Mommies reference). The former was "born" after Alice and Marisa finally figured out how to create an independent doll and applied it to Alice's Shanghai doll. That "birth" takes place in CSA's ending. The latter, meanwhile, was the result of magical Homosexual Reproduction, the exact details of which remain a secret.
  • Drowtales:
    • Kalki, Snadhya'rune's daughter. Her father is Mel'arnach, the protagonist Ariel's biological mother, meaning that she literally has two mommies thanks to Jaal'darya science.
    • Several examples in Drow society since Everyone Is Bi. It's implied that Ariel's sister Lael'aelle was raised by her mother Quain'tana and the Ill'haress of the Sullisin'rune, Ash'waren.
  • The son of Kronar, son of man, in Oglaf. Kronar's entire tribe has reportedly been "free of woman's taint" for generations. It's probably best not to think too hard about how.
  • While they did not consult each other on their pregnancies, the two leads from Moon Over June gave birth on the same day and are effectively raising their daughters together. There is room to dispute whether this is a good thing.
  • The adopted children of Vaarsuvius and Inkyrius from The Order of the Stick have two parents whose genders are both officially listed as "ambiguous". Does that count?
  • Leanne from the Furry Comic Rasvaar has two mothers: one her biological mother, and the other her 'mad' (a portmanteau of mum and dad).
  • Secondary character Yvette in Precocious. As explained by Chrispy Eva is her biological mother and Candy's brother was the sperm donor.
  • As revealed in the final arc of And Shine Heaven Now, the boy that will grow up to be Vampire Hunter D, genetically, is the son of Integra Hellsing and Seras Victoria. Note, however, D doesn't know this and believes Alucard is his father. Oh, and by the way, only Integra and Seras know how this happened and neither is telling.
  • Referenced in Questionable Content. Marten's divorced dad remarries, this time to a man, to which Marten's response is "Fuck yeah, two dads!" When he and his stepfather were debating how they should refer to each other, Marten decided to call Maurice, "Dad Two: Dad Harder."
    • And then Marten's mother started dating Jim from The Secret Bakery. Marten's reaction to the prospect of them marrying? "Three dads!"
  • Shortpacked! - Leslie and Robin - thanks to some Comic Book Science admittedly "inspired" by Justice League and Batman Beyond - are the biological parents of triplet girls.
  • Split Screen: Jan and her sister were raised by her mother and her "other mother", Nancy.
  • Latchkey Kingdom: Two women each claim the other stole their baby, and demand the king resolve the situation. The new king decides to marry them... to each other. Even though both women are already married.
    King: Two mommies! Twice as good!
    Woman 1: My husband's not gonna like this.
    Woman 2: I'm afraid mine will.
  • Magick Chicks: Melissa has two mothers, Anastasia and Dakota, but Dakota uses a magic artifact to make everyone think she's male. They're her biological parents due to a fusion accident. As it turns out, they decided that Melissa needed a father figure in her life, so they flipped a coin to see who would have to pretend to be male.
    Anastasia: Of course, I cheated.
    Dakota: WHAT!?
    Anastasia: It was a trick coin. I didn't even have to use magic. Really, what did you expect?
    Dakota: But... I was girly, dammit!
  • In Always Human Austen has two dads, referred to by the Spanish and Irish words for "dad".
  • Miranda Hutch in Kevin & Kell has two dads. According to the official website's unofficial FAQ, one is actually her biological uncle and the other his husband.
  • Lil Char and the Gang - In the episode "Dad vs Dad", Pidgey boasts that his dad could beat Charmander's dad in a flying race. After being cajoled into humoring their kids, Charizard ends up winning against the Pidgeot, and smugly goes back to the barbecue...until Charmander gets his attention again, points at Pidgey pushing a reluctant second Pidgeot forward, and informs him that Pidgey has two dads and he has to race the other one now.
    Pidgeot: Come on honey, Papa already raced him, can't we do something else?
    Pidgey: No! You have to win the race!
  • Wren from Pebble and Wren has two daddies, Donald and Phil.
  • El Goonish Shive has at least two ways this is possible:
    • First, it's been explicitly stated that a woman temporarily turned into a man by the TF Gun or any of its derivatives can get another woman pregnant before the transformation wears off. Note that this only works for woman-woman pairings: A man can get pregant while turned into a woman, but it triggers a magical chain-reaction that makes the transformation permanent. (This is stated to be a failsafe to prevent Mr. Seahorse Body Horror).
    • Second, Uryuom eggs will accept DNA from any combination of species and/or genders and produce a viable offspring.

    Web Original 
  • Agents Trojanhorse and Paddlebrains of the Protectors of the Plot Continuum are both women (technically — Pads is a redhaired chainsmoking female copy of Sirius Black — don't ask). They have three adopted children; two sons from mpreg fanfics, and a daughter who is a Triceratops. It Makes Sense in Context. Many of the other adopted kids in the PPC would also fit.
  • The Mother's Day PSA from Red vs. Blue: "You only have one mother. Unless you are from a progressive home like Donut." How serious this can be taken is debatable due to the out-of-canon nature of the PSAs.
  • In Code MENT, Kallen takes this trope to its logical extreme. She thinks that "dad" is a made-up word, and when asked where she thinks babies come from, she starts with "When a woman and another woman..."
    • Suzaku seems to think he's got this as well, as, at one point, he mentions that both his moms are dead. However, it's been established by other characters that this is not the case.
  • RWBY:
    • Yang Xiao Long was raised by and identifies as the daughter of Summer Rose, but she still refers to Raven Branwen (her birth mother) as her mother.
    • One of Jaune's older sisters has a wife and son.
  • The season two finale of Camp Camp reveals that Ered, one of the campers, is the adopted daughter of a male married couple of FBI Agents.
  • The Spanish edutainment music video "¡Buenos días! Song to learn Spanish greetings and daily routines" has an animation featuring a little girl with two mothers.
  • In Crypt TV comic, "Lexi's Vengeance", Eric is a young boy with two moms. It's unclear whether he's adopted or if his moms are simply bisexual, but it earns him no end of derision from his peers who mock him for not having a dad. Eric doesn't see the problem with his parentage and loves his moms right back.

    Western Animation 
  • She-Ra and the Princesses of Power:
    • Bow has two dads named Lance and George. in the episode where Bow's dads are introduced, there's not any emphasis over the fact that they're two gay men in a loving relationship. Rather, Bow entangles Adora and Glimmer in a "Fawlty Towers" Plot to try and hide the fact that Bow is fighting with the Rebellion.
    • Scorpia has a picture on her dresser of two scorpionfolk women holding a baby scorpionfolk girl. Presumably these are her mothers, though we never see them in person, and it's most likely that they're dead.
  • All Grown Up! had an episode in which the kids were paired off in mock marriages and given an assignment to plan a wedding, start a home, and have children. The drawing for the pairs, however, was gender-neutral, pairing Chuckie with silent jock Fridge, and Angelica with long-time rival Susie. No one makes a peep the entire episode about the suggestion that main characters were in simulated gay relationships.
  • In American Dad!, gay couple Greg and Terry have a surrogate daughter, Liberty (Libby) Belle. Stan's wife Francine was the surrogate mother, which Stan was very unhappy about, until the end of the episode when he realizes gay couples can have children and be just as happy and gives her the name Liberty.
  • The Loud House: Lincoln's Black Best Friend Clyde McBride has two dads.
  • The finale to Daria shows that in the future Lindy and Alison will adopt several kids and live on a farm together one day.
  • Darkwing Duck: Darkwing and Launchpad take on the identity of Goslyn's (non-homosexual) two-daddy family.
  • Futurama has an episode in which Bender fosters "twelve baby humans" (for the money). Fry seems to be mostly along for the ride because he's Bender's roommate, but Bender does call him 'Ma' at one point and he sulks about wanting new kitchen cabinets. Bender himself refers to both the factory arm that assembled him and the head of the robot company that distributed him as his "mom."
  • Time Squad has inept, overly macho time cop Buck Tuddrussell and his vitriolic, ambiguously Camp Gay robot buddy The Larry 3000 taking in an orphaned history buff who was living in an Orphanage of Fear. It didn't start out as a Has Two Daddies situation until Sigmund Freud analyzed Tuddrussell and Larry as a dysfunctional couple whose fighting will mentally and emotionally scar Otto for life on the third episode ("The Island of Dr. Freud"). From then on, the writers did everything they could to imply that the living arrangement could be construed as a "Has Two Daddies" situation.
  • Jonny Quest: Dr. Quest and Mr. Banner (both men) raise Dr. Quest's biological son, Johnny (and his friend Haji), together. When Cartoon Network' ran a poll for "Best Cartoon Mom", Race Bannon won.
  • The Venture Bros.: Because it is a Parody of Jonny Quest, Brock and Rusty also raise a pair of teenage boys (though neither of them comes anywhere close to good parent material).
  • JFK's adoptive parents in Clone High were a gay couple. He usually calls them "gay dads", but only in one episode, when he was doubting his sexuality, thanks to Wholesome Crossdresser Joan, he decides to join them in watching Will & Grace. He describes them as being like "My Two Dads, but more gay".
  • In Transformers Animated Isaac Sumdac is captured by Megatron and his company is taken over by Porter C. Powell. The latter kicks Sari out, so she ends up living with the Autobots, effectively having five robot daddies (though Prowl, Bumblebee, and Bulkhead are more like older brothers and Ratchet is more of a grandpa). Biologically speaking, this is entirely possible also, being that she's at least half-Cybertronian, depending on who makes protoforms, and how many, she may have two biological daddies as well, counting Isaac.
  • Pinky and the Brain:
    • One episode featured the eponymous duo raising a child created from their combined DNA thanks to a malfunction in Brain's cloning machine. The name of said episode, "Brinky", even functions as a decent Portmanteau Couple Name.
    • Another episode had them in Kansas stumbling upon an alien spacecraft containing a baby with mysterious powers. Intrigued by the baby's abilities, Brain tried to raise him with Pinky; obviously, it didn't work out. In the end, Pinky and the Brain put him back in the ship so that a childless couple could find him...
  • An episode of the combination animated/live-action PBS series Postcards from Buster (an Arthur spinoff) had Buster visiting with a live-action real girl, who said she had "two moms". No more was said about her parents but the more conservative faction of Powers That Be decided that was promoting the "gay agenda", the episode was yanked and used as an example of why all PBS funding should be immediately rescinded. (And it wasn't like this was James Dobson raising a shit fit. No, the Secretary of Education was behind this clusterfuck, and even tried to get all funding pulled for Postcards From Buster.)
  • Buddy G, My Two Moms and Me has, well, take a wild guess. It's about a boy and his two mothers.
  • In one episode of Making Fiends, Charlotte adopts a bunch of baby explosive chicks with a very reluctant Vendetta. Charlotte refers to herself as the father, and Vendetta as the mother.
    Charlotte: Since you're already the mommy, I'll be the daddy! We can spend a~ll our time together, like one big happy family~!
    Vendetta: WHAT!?
  • On SpongeBob SquarePants, SpongeBob and Patrick adopt a baby scallop. Patrick wants to be the mommy but opts for daddy after SpongeBob points out he never wears a shirt (Patrick agrees that if he were the mom "this would be kinda shocking"). In the end, the scallop "flies" away, but Patrick suggests "Let's have another".
  • The Oblongs has an Uncanny Valley Girl who could pass as a Hill person (missing jaw and mono-boob aside) who has two normal-looking dads.
  • The Powerpuff Girls:
    • Mojo Jojo created the Rowdyruff Boys in an attempt to destroy the girls. Instead, it was the boys who got destroyed. Years later, Him resurrected the boys and improved upon them. This came to a head in the episode "Custody Battle", where Mojo discovers that the Rowdyruffs were brought back, tries to take back his place as their father (the day happens to be Father's Day, by the way), and he and Him end up trying to out-evil each other. The boys have enough of this and announce that they only care about destroying the Powerpuff Girls, causing Mojo and Him to embrace and exclaim, "I'm so proud of them!"
    • Jojo served as a sort of father to the girls themselves, as he kicked open the flask of chemical X that created them (and made Jojo intelligent). Later, his chronologically-altered attempt to erase the girls' existence failed, ensuring two elements of primacy.
  • Gargoyles:
    • Thailog, the evil clone of Goliath, has three fathers. His biological father, Goliath, his "maker", Dr. Sevarius, and the man who brought him up, Xanatos.
    • Gargoyles in general raise their young communally. A gargoyle that has been raised traditionally by gargoyles standards has many mothers and many fathers.
  • The Ren & Stimpy Show:
    • One episode had Ren participating in a social movement called "Fake Dad", basing on the idea of a man (dog?) with no offspring caring for an orphan for a weekend. Ren says the line "Now that we're one happy family, let's spend some quality time together!" himself, putting Stimpy in the place of the second daddy.
    • The episode "Stimpy's Pregnant" of Adult Party Cartoon. The biological impossibility of Ren impregnating Stimpy is never mentioned or discussed. Right before the delivery, Ren says "Any minute now, we'll be mommy and daddy". It turns out Stimpy was not actually pregnant, just constipated. But neither of the "parents" finds out about this - the excrement is treated like a child, though obviously, there's no trace of it in later episodes).
  • The episode of South Park "Follow That Egg", where Stan and Kyle, and Wendy and Bebe, have to take care of an egg to prove Mrs. Garrison's point that gay couples can't raise children. At one point Wendy calls Kyle saying "I want to see my egg" to which he replies "it's not your egg anymore, Wendy".
  • Detentionaire has another example where students are given the assignment to raise fake babies. Cam and Holger are paired together in the episode "Misadventures in Babysitting" and spend a couple of days being two daddies to a robot baby. Holger is much happier about this than Cam.
  • In Adventure Time, Neptr (Never-Ending Pie-Throwing Robot) is assembled by Finn and then energized to full functionality by Ice King, in the process absorbing some of his "private particles" and personality traits. He considers them both his fathers and calls Finn "Creator" and Ice King "Papi." Unfortunately, after the first episode both are kind of deadbeats, forgetting about his existence for months at a time, and Neptr becomes something of a low-key "Well Done, Son!" Guy.
  • Steven Universe: Steven has his dad, but he lives with the three Crystal Gems and is largely cared for by them. They even have different parenting styles, with Amethyst being permissive, Pearl being restrictive, and Garnet having a balanced approach. The episode "Fusion Cuisine" really explores the implications of this. Steven's friend Connie is nervous about introducing his family to her parents because they're very traditional and she's afraid they won't accept her hanging out with a non-nuclear family. To try and fool them, the three Crystal Gems agree to temporarily fuse into a single being to pose as Steven's mom.
  • Jeff from Clarence is shown to have two moms in "Jeff Wins". They've appeared several times afterwards.
  • Ling Bouvier in The Simpsons is the adopted daughter of Selma Bouvier, who shares an apartment with her twin sister Patty.
  • On Harvey Beaks, Technobear once bragged about having three moms. We meet his actual parents later in the series. They're a heterosexual pair of turtles.
  • Bug from Future-Worm! is raised by two men, though it's never made clear if they're supposed to be a couple.
  • Bojack Horseman: Hollyhock was adopted and raised by eight men in a polyamorous marriage.
  • My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic: In the spinoff book Ponyville Mysteries: Riddle of the Rusty Horseshoe, and later issue 3 of the Ponyville Mysteries comic, Scootaloo spends more time around her Aunt Holiday (her father's older sister) and Auntie Lofty, identified by Word of God as a lesbian couple, than she does her workaholic parents. They were later featured in season 9 of the TV series, which also introduced said workaholic parents (who turn out to actually be world-traveling adventurers who study exotic plants and creatures for the advancement of science and medicine, and their work is too dangerous for Scootaloo to be traveling with them).
  • In The Magic School Bus Rides Again, Keesha Franklin is shown to have two mothers.
  • The ghost in "Ghost the Boy" from Summer Camp Island has two ghost fathers.
  • The Doc McStuffins episode "The Emergency Plan" showed a doll family with two mothers.
  • Alluded to in Camp Lakebottom:
    McGee: Buttsquat, get out of the water!
    Buttsquat: What are you, my moms?
  • JJ from Pinky Malinky has three dads. It's not made clear whether it's a polyamorous homosexual marriage or just Rule of Funny.
  • Violet from DuckTales (2017) has two fathers. Lena also gets adopted by them after she's resuced from the Shadow Realm.

    Real Life 
  • The concept of homosexual couples raising children is nothing new. Usually, the child will either be adopted or related to one of the parents through various means of artificial reproduction and/or surrogacy.
    • Additionally, a parent who produces children the usual way may later separate from their partner and form a same-sex relationship afterwards. If the child is still dependent at this time and custody is granted primarily to the first parent, it is likely that the child will have two same-sex parents from this new relationship. In some countries the non-biological parent may also be permitted to co-adopt the child, giving both parents equal custody rights and legally designating both partners as the child's parents and legal guardians.
    • Sometimes, they'll have it so that either the children will be biologically related to both parents. This is easy enough if one partner is cisgender and the other is Transgender (Kris and Caitlyn Jenner being a famous example of such a couple), but if both are cis or trans, then they have to get creative with this.
  • There are several examples of penguins forming gay relationships and building nests. Sometimes they will steal an egg to raise, but other times a zookeeper will give them an egg another pair of penguin parents can not raise.
  • Taken to an extreme with seagulls; some populations only have lesbian couples (that song didn't come from nowhere), most of the female birds only mating once or twice in their entire lifetime with males in order to lay fertile eggs.
  • Lionesses in a pride all raise cubs as an egalitarian community; every lioness treats each cub as a mother would.
  • There is a PBS documentary about two female arctic wolves that raised pups together. The adopted mother was even filmed defending the pups from a hostile intruder by blocking the entrance of their den with her body. The pups thrived because both wolves nursed them, but sadly one of the she-wolves passed away from an illness.
  • The famous female Crow Chief, Woman Chief (born Pine Leaf of the Gros Ventre and abducted by a Crow raiding party as a child), had children with one of her four wives through surrogate fatherhood. According to their culture, the first one who sleeps with a woman who gets pregnant is officially the father. Using this, Woman Chief went through the preliminary motions and got a male volunteer to take over for the rest.
  • Louise Jarvis, the subject of the BBC documentary My Mums Used To Be Men, has two transgender mothers.
  • Gangsta Rapper 50 Cent had a lesbian mother who had a relationship with another woman.
  • LGBT rights activist Zach Wahls, whose testimony to the Iowa State Legislature on same-sex marriage regarding his two mothers resulted in a very popular viral video.
  • Villages and small communities with children probably fit in this category. Instead of it just being the parents' job of providing and caring for a child, it is also the job of the rest of the village to help care for them.
  • Older Than Radio: Owing to complicated political maneuvering, the young Guangxu Emperor had "mother" Ci'an and "father" Cixi. Both women had been wives of a previous emperor and were combining their Dowager Empress powers to rule together.
  • Several openly gay celebrities are famous for having children, either through adoption or surrogacy.
    • Neil Patrick Harris and his husband David Burtka became the proud fathers of twins Harper Grace and Gideon Scott Burtka-Harris via a surrogate mother.
    • Rufus Wainwright and his partner had a girl, with Leonard Cohen's daughter Lorca serving as the surrogate.
      • Melissa Etheridge and her former partner Julie Cypher had a child with a donation from David Crosby.
    • Elton John has had a son with his husband via surrogate. This caused some controversy when a supermarket used the "family shield" to "protect young shoppers" from seeing Elton, his husband, and their baby on a magazine cover. The supermarket eventually removed the shield after receiving complaints. They had a second son later.
    • Matt Bomer and his husband Simon Halls have three sons: Walker, Kit, and Henry
    • Sean Maher and his partner adopted two children.
  • Three-person IVF treatment: The baby has another mother, the woman who is the source of his mitochondria. Useful for women who have a serious risk of having a baby with defective mitochondria.
  • Sean Astin is the son of Patty Duke and Michael Tell, but Patty's other boyfriends and husbands over the years, Desi Arnaz Jr., John Astin (who adopted Sean), and Michael Pierce also helped raise him. Sean is close to all four men and considers them all his dads.
  • Rob McElhenney's parents divorced after his mother came out as a lesbian. The couple remained on good terms and Rob and his siblings split their time between living with his father and his mother and her partner.
  • Liv Tyler is the biological daughter of Steven Tyler, but lived her early life assuming that Todd Rundgren was her father. She developed a close relationship with Steven after the truth was told, but she also remains close to her adoptive/legal father Rundgren, even keeping his last name as her middle name.

Alternative Title(s): Has Two Mummies, Has Two Daddies

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