The German dub of Hogan's Heroes gives Sgt. Schultz and Col. Klink Bavarian and Saxon accents respectively; the original was not specific.
Klink's speeches go even further as he occasionally uses terms and mannerisms that no sane German would (but no one said Klink is sane). He even calls his superiors names that would get him in trouble. General Burkhalter (who got a clear Vienna accent like the other two named above) is repeatedly called things (to his face) like "Sacherfriedhof" which literally means "cake cemetery" (Sacher is a special cake from Vienna). This sometimes leads to a Hurricane of Puns from Klink. Also notable is, this is the second German Dub under "Ein Käfig voller Helden" (engl. "a cage full of heroes"). The first one was pretty lame and only the first season was dubbed and abandoned later.
A specific example: Hochstetter has found a button marked "US" on the ground outside the camp, indicating American spies in the area. He shows it to Klink triumphantly—Klink first reads it as "oos!" and when his attention is drawn to the fact that it's actually two letters reads it as "unterseeboot" (submarine). (Which doesn't make any sense either since the only correct shortening would be UB.)
Power Rangers varies from time to time on how close it resembles Super Sentai, sometimes for the better. A good example would be how Denji Sentai Megaranger was turned into Power Rangers in Space. Megaranger showed ships flying through space and in preparing for the next season, the production team ended Power Rangers Turbo with a change of scenery to space. What they discovered was that Megaranger was a virtual reality/ gadget based series, never an outer space setting. So they mixed and matched the Megaranger footage with original American scripts and footage. What was originally just another Super Sentai series became one of the most popular seasons of Power Rangers and Growing the Beard for the entire franchise.
Its successor, Power Rangers Lost Galaxy, similarly. The next sentai's name comes out to Starbeast Squadron Galaxyman, so naturally... it's about nature and takes place in a forest. The mecha and villains are from space-based but that's about it. PRLG utterly jettisons that idea. Taking place on a space station with several Earthlike environments, we say adios to Earth in the first episode and take off on a spacefaring adventure like nothing either franchise has ever done before or since even as sentai footage battles that still take place in downtown Tokyo or Japan's version of the BBC Quarry haven't gone anywhere. Zordon died at the end of PRIS so the Zordon-like talking tree mentor from Ginga isn't kept, but good old Alpha fits seamlessly into the role of his talking acorn sidekick.
Power Rangers RPM seems to be doing a similar thing — taking the Lighter and SofterEngine Sentai Go-onger, about heroes fighting with sentient talking car/aircraft/train toys that can be transformed into giant talking cars/trains/aircraft and robots, and turning it into a series set After the End in a Crapsack World where, in the wake of an attack by a computer virus and the robot army it constructs, humanity only survives in a doomed domed city called Corinth, protected by a small but elite team of Rangers, and even those Rangers are in dire straits when the series begins, forced to recruit two new Rangers, one of which they're not sure if they can trust and the other of who is, at best, a bit shy of the skills necessary for the job.
A mix of this trope and Bowdlerisation can be found in Power Rangers S.P.D. with its treatment of the annual criminals. In Dekaranger, its Sentai brother, they were judged, found guilty, and then promptly Executed. Disney apparently considered showing the police explode perps in a massive fireball and posing over it wouldn't be a good idea, and filmed new footage of them being nonfatally arrested, a laTime Force. It went nicely with the other homages/similarities to TF that were already there.
In the French dub of The A-Team, B.A. Baracus becomes Barracuda.
The Italian dub renamed him P.E. Baracus, with P.E. being perfect for the lip-sync and standing for "Pessimo Elemento", more or less "Nasty Guy".
The Persuaders! with Tony Curtis and Roger Moore is remembered much more fondly in Germany (where it was called Die Zwei (The Two)) because of the extremely creative dub that consisted almost entirely of crazy made-up 70sslang. Some of the phrases from the dub have become memes in Germany, for example the Gratuitous EnglishOne-Liner "Sleep well in your Bettgestell" ("Bettgestell" means "bed stead" but rhymes with "well"). Then there's "Hände hoch - ich bin Achselfetischist!" ("Hands up - I'm an armpit fetishist!").
The same translator gives us M*A*S*H*. Even folks that normally see movies and serials in the original English like the German better.
The same thing happened in France, the show (there known as Amicalement Vôtre—Friendly Yours) being very fondly remembered for its dub and inspired choice of voice actors.
'Allo 'Allo! got a Woolseyism in its very title in Sweden. Since it was a spoof of Secret Army (Hemliga Armén in Swedish), its Swedish title became 'Emliga Armén, which sounds like it's pronounced with a French accent while at the same time referencing the dialect word emliga, "lame".
In the BBC Sherlock series, a grammatically-challenged British prisoner in Belarus complains about going to get 'hung', which Sherlock denies - he is, however, going to get 'hanged'. In the German dub, the prisoner has correct grammar in this last instance, but Sherlock corrects him by saying he's going to get shot, which is the actual Belarusian execution method.
The French dub of Doctor Who managed to translate TARDIS by keeping both the acronym and the almost exact meaning, as "Temps Avec Relativité Dimensionnelle Inter-Spatiale", or "Time With Inter-Space Dimensional Relativity". Not bad given the litteral translation of TARDIS would be "Temps et dimensions relatifs dans l'espace".
A rather nice one was done in "Doctor Who 2007 CS "Voyage of the Damned"", where a badly misinformed alien explains that English declare war on Turkey each Christmas then eat them. In the translation, Turkey was replaced by "les gens d'Inde" (people from India), which sounds like "les gens dindes" (turkey people).
In the Japanese dub of "School Reunion", there's a funny bit where the Tenth Doctor babbles some Motor Mouthed nonsense about how much he likes saying "allons-y" and how he wishes he could meet someone called Alonso so he could say "allons-y, Alonso". The Japanese dub changed this to a reference to one of the Victim of the Week schoolboys in the episode, who conveniently was named Milo, which sounds identical in a Japanese accent to "mairô", the Japanese equivalent of "allons-y", and so he ends up babbling about how he hopes he can say "mairô" to "Milo".
The previous year, they did the same thing with a villainous Rakugo performer in Kamen Rider Fourze. Everything he says, practically, is some sort of wordplay and they really had to go the distance to make English equivalents while still getting his meaning across.
Also, the monster names in Kyoryuger are typically one or two letters off of the thing they're based on in Japanese, are translated similarly. This enrages people who want everything perfectly literal, but as this trope is all about... when you're working with different languages, sometimes you can be true to the letter or the intent of the lines.
Aesir's fansubs of Kamen Rider Gaim do this with the Overlord dialogue. Similar to the Grongi of Kamen Rider Kuuga, the monsters have their own language. It's a substitution cypher of normal Japanese that can be decoded if you're of a mind to. The folks at Aesir decoded it, translated it, and gives us a substitution cypher of English that you can work out if you so choose. Beware of spoilers, though.
Also, to the rage of some, Gridon is called Ornac. It's actually matter of simple translation: He's based on an acorn (donguri) and so his buddy Hase/Kurokage flipped the syllables (guridon) to make a name that he considers pretty lackluster. "You're an acorn, so... ornac!".