"One does not necessarily have to cluck in disapproval to admit that entertainment is all the things its detractors say it is: fun, effortless, sensational, mindless, formulaic, predictable and subversive. In fact, one might argue that those are the very reasons so many people love it."
—Neal Gabler, Life the Movie: How Entertainment Conquered Reality
Tropes are just tools. Writers understand tropes and use them to control audience expectations either by using them straight or by subverting them, to convey things to the audience quickly without saying them.
Human beings are natural pattern seekers and story tellers. We use stories to convey truths, examine ideas, speculate on the future and discuss consequences. To do this, we must have a basis for our discussion, a new language to show us what we are looking at today. So our storytellers use tropes to let us know what things about reality we should put aside and what parts of fiction we should take up.
When editing the wiki, then, remember these two mantras:
Tropes Are Not Bad
There is one thing that you must keep in mind to retain your sanity here, and that is that including a trope in a particular work does not make it "ruined
." Not even those
If your favorite shows have long lists of tropes associated with them, well, so does everybody's. A show featuring an Action Girl
or showing a character kicking the dog
is not a bad thing; the former is merely a reasonable type of character (badass character who is female) and the latter is a character action that happens plenty in Real Life
Consider the following points before you label simply including a common story element or character type as a sign of creative failure:
There is nothing new under the sun.
"But it's what this author is doing this time that matters, as much as, if not more than, what he or she did last time, and that, certainly, matters far more than its kinships, its family likenesses with its mode, its genres, its formal kind."
—Valentine Cunningham, Oxford
Including that very statement. And the book
from which it comes. Completely ignoring the possibility that one's favorite show just might not
be hewn from the very essence of the universe by Thor himself and placed in the periodic table under Or
for "Originalium" doesn't change the fact that it wasn't
. And acknowledging that it isn't should not lessen its appeal, either.
Every story is influenced by what came before it — and storytellers (e.g., writers, directors, actors) are bound to show that influence, intentionally or not, in the process of telling. Just because something's been used before doesn't mean it's a cliché, and stories often gain something by having ties to other works.
That said, there certainly is such thing as too
derivative, but there's a difference between playing a trope straight and utter Cliché Storm
(and even those aren't necessarily bad).
It's impossible to write something completely and utterly without tropes, anyway, so stop trying.
Almost every trope has a silver lining.
The much-reviled All Just a Dream
was, let's not forget, used in one of the most highly regarded series finales
in the history of television, as well as one of the best twist endings
in any movie. While Darker and Edgier
revisionism isn't always a good thing, it's been used in the biggest blockbuster of 2008
. Even if a trope didn't
have a silver lining, every trope could still be used honorably by way of subversion, parody, or appropriately employed and treated in-universe examples. Remember, while this site is fairly snarky, most of the snark is directed towards shows that don't
use tropes well.
Fiction isn't necessarily supposed to be realistic.
When your reader wants to escape from the tired drudgery of reality, you shouldn't be trying to indexically recreate it. Much fiction seeks to show not what is, but what could be, or what should be. A trope being unrealistic isn't necessarily a flaw, and is often covered by Rule of Cool
, Rule of Funny
, or Rule of Scary
. Indeed, a trope, however unrealistic, can be a convenient shorthand when played straight; setting up aversions or subversions for it can be more wordy than is needed to get on with story.
Tropes Are Not Good
Tropes Are Not Bad covers the bad half of this, but there are good reasons to remember Tropes Are Not Good, too:
All tropes can be written badly.
This includes tropes that everyone thinks are good, like Magnificent Bastard
. A badly written Magnificent Bastard
may be done in such a way that everyone else in the story are idiots
and generally gives less of an impression of intelligence and more of an impression of cheating
or changing the internal rules
of the story. Refuge in Audacity
has different breaking points for different people.
All tropes can be overused.
Too many Xanatos Gambits
tend to make the show confusing
, no matter how well written they are. Too many Moments Of Awesome
take up room where plot could go, or make the audience pay less attention to the relatively boring plot bits, making the story more shallow. The Moment Of Awesome
is supposed to be a singular moment for a character and the Rule of Cool
can make up for weak points in a story, but rarely does it work as
Just because a trope is realistic doesn't mean it's good.
There is a reason why we have an entire category devoted to Acceptable Breaks from Reality
. For example, The Hero
gets shot in the shoulder and dies. The Determinator
doesn't come into play, no My Name Is Inigo Montoya
, nothing. Realistic, maybe, but that is not what we want a hero to do. That's right, one of the most fundamental character archetypes is usually unrealistic. The important thing when writing a story is that it's believable
, not that it's real
. Reality Is Unrealistic
, after all; often people are so used to tropes that it's reality
they find jarring.
A good show doesn't need "good" tropes.
People often search for an ideal recipe for a hit show, as if entertainment was some sort of alchemical process, and are surprised when their stitched-together creation lurches three steps before disappearing into critical oblivion. A well written show won't be any worse if it doesn't have a Magnificent Bastard
. A good show doesn't get worse if the main five characters don't form a Five-Man Band
. Heck, a good show doesn't even need basic tropes like The Hero
or Big Bad