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- Happens at some point to every judge in Judge Dredd when they recognize the faults in the plainly dictatorial system. Dredd himself notably lost faith and resigned from his post just before the events of "Necropolis".
- In Origin Story, Tony Stark was the instigator of the Superhuman Registration Act. By the end of this story, he's one of Act's most vocal critics within the government, and is actively campaigning to have it repealed.
- Preston from Equilibrium. Unlike many of these, he succeeds in taking down the local tyranny.
- Sgt. Hugo Stiglitz from Inglourious Basterds. As an enlisted man, he killed 13 Gestapo officers, plus he has the honor of dying while doing what he loved best - stabbing an already dead Nazi in the back of the head with a large knife.
- John Anderton from Minority Report, who starts to doubt the justice of his mission around the time he gets framed.
- The two protagonists in Cube Zero are a division of a vaguely theocratic government responsible for monitoring the declared enemies of the state who are thrown in the Cube to be experimented on. They're both resigned to their horrifying jobs at first, but one eventually realizes what he is part of and tries to rescue the people inside, only for the scary men from upstairs to come down and track him down.
- This is the plot of The Lives of Others, in which a member of The Stasi (the Secret Police of East Germany) develops a sympathy for the people he is surveiling, which causes him to doubt the righteousness of what he does in his job.
- Amen: Kurt Gerstein unwittingly becomes one of the chief organizers of the Holocaust when his chemical supplies start to be used for killing people instead of typhus. He subtly tries to undermine the actions of his colleagues by delaying shipments of Zyklon-B, but it's entirely too little to make much of a dent.
- Winston Smith in Nineteen Eighty-Four has to be one of the most famous examples who secretly rebels against Big Brother and is psychologically crushed for it. The last line is "He loved Big Brother".
- D-503 in Yevgeny Zamyatin's We - but at first he cannot grasp the fact that he feels the urge to rebel...and considers it a sickness.
- Bernard Marx and Helmholtz Watson from Brave New World. Unlike his fellow citizens, Bernard wishes for more solitude and dislikes taking soma. Helmholtz wants to create True Art.
- Guy Montag in Fahrenheit 451 is curious about the books he is paid to burn and takes one home.
- Paul Proteus from Kurt Vonnegut's Player Piano.
- Equality 7-2521 from Anthem by Ayn Rand.
- The City Watch in general and Vimes in particular in the Discworld novel Night Watch. Jingo is an arguable case, since they never had any loyalty to Rust, but to the ruler he deposed.
- Inspector (later Watch Commander) Carmichael of Jo Walton's Alternate History Small Change trilogy has been blackmailed into becoming Da Chief of what is effectively a British gestapo. Although publicly feared and hated, he uses the resources and privileges he now has to his advantage to secretly move as many innocents as he can safely out of the country.
- The Star Wars Expanded Universe novel Death Star has a loyal Imperial agent assigned to firing the planet-destroying superlaser begin to question his faith in The Empire after the destruction of Alderaan. Eventually, this leads him to a crucial moment of indecision when he is ordered to fire on the rebels on one of Yavin IV's moons which gives the rebels time to fire the fatal shot which destroys the eponymous station. This also serves to explain why the laser fires more quickly on Alderaan than during the climax of the movie.
Live Action TV
- Juliet from Lost is an example of this... particularly in the episode "I Do".
- Deep Throat of The X-Files fed Mulder information from his position in authority.
- In Nikita Nikita rebels right away when Division kills her boyfriend. Micheal on the other hand stays loyal even though he had doubts for a long time.
- He refuses to participate in Percy's private operation and even helps Nikita from time to time. In the end he rebels when he finds out that Percy had his family killed. He remains loyal to the ideas behind Division but hates what Percy is doing as its head.
- This is a frequent problem for Division deep cover agents. They start to have doubts about what Division is doing and some end up Going Native. Even Percy's elite Guardians are not immune from this.
Mythology and Religion
- In The Bible, Judas started to doubt Jesus and, in the end, betrayed him, leading to the crucifixion. It is debatable whether it counts, though.
- According to quite a few religious (and some secular but metaphysically inclined) philosophers this is the default state of humanity: being in opposition to a larger cosmic purpose and instinctively driven to Screw Destiny regardless of the outcome. There is as much disagreement on whether this is a good thing or a bad thing as there is on what said cosmic purpose actually is (or if it's there at all).
- Kyle Katarn of the Dark Forces Saga started out as an Imperial officer and rebelled.
- Cloud Strife in Final Fantasy VII.
- Cecil Harvey from Final Fantasy IV doubts the King of Baron's intentions when he's ordered to attack Mysidia and steal their crystal, and finally leaves his service after being unwittingly used to burn the Village of the Mist to the ground.
- Devil Survivor. Izuna knows that the government is planning to eliminate Tokyo to get rid of all the demons, but will follow through with the plan "for the good of the country". Of course, she'd rather not resort to this option, and as a result, will help the main characters in some of the endings.
- Deus Ex. JC Denton starts out as a UNATCO (United Nations Anti-Terrorist Coalition) Agent, but he rebels after a few missions when his brother shows him proof that his bosses are corrupt and serving a Corrupt Corporate Executive.
- The player has the option to become one of these in certain class quests in Star Wars: The Old Republic, either trying to reform the Sith Empire as a Light Side Sith Inquisitor or Imperial Agent, or rejecting the corruption of the Republic as a Dark Side Jedi Knight or Trooper. Several companions, including Jaesa Willsaam, Ashara Zavros, and Lord Scourge ( the ex-Emperor's Wrath) also have elements of this in their storylines.
- Alluded to in The Other's backstory in Girl Genius.
- In Gunnerkrigg Court, Kat Donlan was raised in the Court and is a very strong supporter of its scientific worldview... until she discovers a conspiracy that the Court's founders pulled off. She loses all respect for the Court's organization and current leadership, even though she remains a firm believer in the power of science.
- General Crozier and Cardinal Ravenwood from Metalocalypse.