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- Made up the premise of the old DC Comics series Secret Six, and to a certain extent the current incarnation of the same.
- The Fourth Man in Planetary, who also happens to be the protagonist Elijah Snow; the rest of the group only pretend that their leader is an example of this trope so that he doesn't find out. Before his Laser-Guided Amnesia, Elijah used to take a very active part in the fieldwork of his organization.
- The Commissioner in Sam & Max.
- Miranda Zero in Global Frequency.
- Mr. Pilgrim from Steelgrip Starkey and the All-Purpose Power Tool.
- During the Runaways storyline "True Believers", the super hero support group Excelsior had a mysterious benefactor who wanted them to rein in the kids. Turns out that it was Rick Jones, former sidekick to the Hulk and Captain America. It's subverted, though, when the group got their own comic The Loners, somehow losing their support.
- In The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen, the League is employed by a mysterious figure known only as M who only interacts with them through Campion Bond. Mina guesses that M is Mycroft Holmes; he turns out to be James Moriarty.
- Moriarty in the 2009 Sherlock Holmes film.
- Used to help drive the plot in Mr. & Mrs. Smith.
- Early in The Incredibles, Mr. Incredible works for a mysterious employer who contacts him through Mirage. Said mysterious employer is actually Syndrome, AKA Buddy, who wants to kill supers — especially Mr. Incredible.
- In William Gibson's Pattern Recognition and Spook Country, Bigend is this.
- In Greg Egan's Quarantine, Nick is hired to investigate Laura's disappearance by an anonymous client. While Nick goes on to uncover the causal foundations of the universe, he never discovers who his client was.
- Played with in A Scanner Darkly, in which everyone knows they work for the police... but none of the police know one another's actual identities.
- Wintermute in Neuromancer.
- In the unfinished Dirk Gently novel, The Salmon of Doubt, Dirk's employer is definitely mysterious. Especially because the book was never finished.
- In fact, not only does Dirk not know who is employer is, he doesn't even know what he was hired for. He just reads his bank statement and discovers that somebody's been paying him a generous weekly retainer for more than a month without any explanation why.
- Abel Magwitch in Charles Dickens's Great Expectations.
- Mr. Wednesday in Neil Gaiman's American Gods is an excellent example of this trope. He hires Shadow, seemingly knows everything about him, and yet tells the guy nothing about his role in everything until almost the very end.
- So is Sunday in G.K. Chesterton's The Man Who Was Thursday.
- The name of the client in the Sherlock Holmes story "The Adventure of the Illustrious Client" is never given. He only interacts with Holmes through an intermediary. Holmes and Watson independently figure out who it is (Watson by spying the client's coat of arms, Holmes by unknown means), but all that is ever revealed to the reader is that the client is a very influential nobleman.
- For pretty much all of the novel Thieves Like Us, almost nothing is known about the benefactor Nathaniel Coldhardt, who employs the teenage criminal protagonists.
- In The Wise Man's Fear, Denna is working for a mysterious patron who Kvothe nicknames "Master Ash", who hires her to research ancient events and recast a mythical villain as a hero for unknown reasons.
- In Doctrine of Labyrinths, a magically-disguised Kekropian agent coerces Mehitabel into spying on the Marathine government. She doesn't discover his true identity until she catches him off-guard at a party; he turns out to be Isaac Garamond, Lord Felix's lover.
- In No Good Deed..., after Elsabeth and Hieronymus inadvertently spoil the Prince-Bishop of Bremen's investigation into Father Garnerius, they are approached by one of his agents, identified only as the Hooded Man, whose features are disguised by a cloak and hood and careful use of the shadows, and who hires them to finish the job they interfered with. It's later revealed that the Bishop's agent is actually Lord Cuncz, who has his own agenda.
- The eponymous ship's crew in Mission: Levity works for a person only known as "Boss". Throughout the first episode, they don't even know her gender.
Live Action TV
- Buffy the Vampire Slayer: Towards the end of Season 2 and the beginning of Season 3, The Mayor is foreshadowed as an unseen but feared superior of Principal Snyder and Sunnydale's Chief of Police.
- Charlie of Charlie's Angels.
- Similarly, Robin Masters on Magnum, P.I. was a famous but reclusive writer, and later seasons played up the idea that Magnum et al. had never actually seen him. (The first season had Magnum hanging out with Masters in an episode that became Canon Discontinuity.)
- Wasn't there a running gag that Thomas Magnum came to suspect Higgins was actually Robin Masters (really wrote the books and owned the estate and the Ferrari) because no one had actually seen Robin Masters, with the person heard but not seen being a hired actor? If memory serves, Higgins made a confession of sorts near the series' end to a comatose Magnum in an ICU after a car wreckso of course said confession could be disavowed later.
- Higgins confessed outright to Magnum close to the end of the series, in the final few minutes of the last episode Higgins tells Magnum "I lied." with a giant grin on his face.
- Carla is a little like this in Burn Notice. So is "Management"
- O2STK in The Middleman. Wendy at first mistakes it for the name of a real organization, before Ida explains it's an acronym for "Organization to Secret to Know."
- One of the previous Middlemen used "WTHWWF": "Whoever the Heck We Work For"
- Lost: After Sayid leaves the island, he becomes an assassin who is revealed to be working for Ben.
- The Rossum Corporation in Dollhouse, which by Season 2, is revealed to run multiple dollhouses, and have a super-secure headquarters in New Mexico, the whole corporation was masterminded by Boyd Langton, who had been in the series the whole time
- A few Power Rangers seasons did this, though it's very, very rare. Most notably the first few episodes of Power Rangers RPM with Dr. K (though she stopped being so mysterious relatively early on.)
- Management in the first season of Carnivāle
- The Associates of Mister Morden in Babylon 5. He even calls them that after the whole galaxy knows exactly who they are. Their reason to stay hidden and never act openly is that their goal is not to conquer the galaxy, but to prove to their rivals that their method of cultural and technological progress is superior. They merely encourage younger species to follow their methods and ideology and then smile smugly as they watch them destroy the followers of the Vorlons way.
- Greg and Tamara of Once Upon a Time work for a group referred to as The Home Office, which is dedicated to destoying magic in our world. Turns out that the Home Office was actually Peter Pan, who was only concerned with getting his hands on Henry and had them killed after they had accomplished this for him.
- On Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D., a number of bad guys in the early episodes work for a mysterious figure known only as the Clairvoyant. The Clairvoyant's identity is a mystery to his followers, as well as to SHIELD and the viewers. Finally, in "The End of the Beginning," Skye and Coulson figure out that the Clairvoyant is a high-ranking SHIELD operative; the next episode reveals that it's Agent Garrett, who is also revealed to be one of many HYDRA agents in SHIELD.
- This is an entire category of characters in Shadowrun, known in the biz as a "Mr. Johnson." They tend to work for a Mega Corp., and act as liaisons between the legitimate face of a company and our less than legal protagonists. One of the major mysteries behind each mission, for those who care to find out, is exactly who they are working for and what their motive is. Given the existence of twenty-first century cosmetics, hackers, counter-hackers, and possibly magic, many players would rather just Get On With It Already.
- The fact that these individuals are universally known as "Mr. Johnson" was lampshaded and utterly averted in one supplement with a "Mr. Johnson" who, in defiance of the tradition of never revealing who they really are, tells the player characters that her name really is Angelita Johnson, so why bother hiding her identity. Of course, she might have been lying.
- In the ultra-violent WII game MadWorld, Protagonist Jack is sponsored by a shadowy figure with a thick eastern European accent who calls himself "13". As the story progresses he reveals bits of information relevant to the ultimate purpose of "DeathWatch".
- The hero of BioShock's Mission Control: There ain't no Atlas, kid.
- Somewhat differently, the Luteces from Bioshock Infinite, the first people you meet in the game. Who are they? What relevance do they have to the plot? Why do they act so weird? All of this becomes gradually clearer throughout in the game, and is extremely important.
- There's also the people who Booker owes his gambling debts to, and have offered to wipe them in exchange for bringing them Elizabeth, for whom they have unknown intentions. This turns out to be a fabrication of Booker's mind dealing with the cognitive dissonance of crossing universes, cobbled together from numerous experiences in order to justify his journey to Columbia.
- Played with in Metal Gear Solid 2 series, where the initially quite ordinary boss gradually comes to seem more and more mysterious as the plot thickens.
- Gordon Freeman's sponsor in Half-Life; still no reveal as to who it is.
- Also the G-Man, unless, of course, they are the same person.
- Grand Theft Auto is big on this trope from time to time. The main characters of most of the games will likely run into a pay phone in which an anonymous employer offers assasination jobs to the player's character. Features in Vice City, Grand Theft Auto IV and possibly several others.
- Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas had C.J. being led around by a mysterious voice on a loudspeaker who reveals himself to be the thought-dead Mike Toreno.
- Just who is the main character of Hotline Miami working for? He receives seemingly mundane pseudonymous messages on his answering machine, instructing him to go to a specified location, where he renders his "services". By collecting secret collectibles scattered throughout the levels and playing through the epilogue, the ending reveals them to be a neo-nationalist organization with the intent of taking down the "Russo-American Coalition".
- The Cerberus leader, known only as the Illusive Man, in Mass Effect 2. While his goals are clearly stated and he makes no apologies for his actions, as an individual virtually nothing is known about him. Even his right-hand woman admits that she knows virtually nothing about him.
- The Shadow Broker has an interesting file on him though...
- Dragon Age has the sidequest-giving group known as the Friends of Red Jenny. In the first game, the Warden can deliver them a "small painted box" from the office of Ferelden's First Enchanter. Asking what they want with it gets the door shut in your face without payment. In the second, a woman known only as "A Friend" can hire Hawke to wipe out nearly a dozen small gangs for them; you only learn who you're working for after the last quest. In the third, one of your rogue companions is a member. She explains that the "Friends" are a loosely-organised group of little people exchanging favours, and the name is a convenient bogeyman; she doesn't actually know if there ever was a Red Jenny.
- StarCraft II: Jim Raynor jumps back into action after being informed by his old friend Tychus that the "Moebius Foundation" is purchasing Xel'Naga artifacts from anyone who can find them for a hefty price. The Foundation is eventually revealed to be owned by Valerian Mengsk, son of Arcturus, so he can use the assembled artifacts to cure Kerrigan.
- Furthermore, the head scientist of the foundation is named Dr. Narud.
- Team Fortress 2: RED and BLU are the mysterious employers, and it's revealed in para-game materials that the same Administrator runs both teams.
- In Sonic Heroes, Team Chaotix is thrust into the adventure by a client sending a radio to them and requesting they do missions for him, promising a huge reward. The voice on the radio is very squeaky and hamstery, but as the story goes along, thanks to all of his strange reactions along with blatant foreshadowing in a mid-story FMV, it becomes fairly obvious that he's Dr. Eggman long before they actually find him.
- In The World Ends with You, the Composer directs the Reapers from an unknown location, and only the Conductor ever gets to see him or speak to him. As such, the latter is necessarily tasked with acting as a representative of the former.
- Mr. Hadden from The Lost Crown. Not only are his motives unclear, but it becomes apparent that he's got Nigel under constant surveillance, possibly via supernatural means, and may not even be directing events from the same decade as Nigel.
- Shin Megami Tensei IV has Sister Gabby of the Monastery. She's said to be virtually ageless and will issue missions with apparent previous knowledge of places sealed centuries beforehand. That's because she's the disguised form of the Archangel Gabriel, who has plans for you and your friends...
- Mr. Administrator of Echo Chamber deliberately conceals his identity and motivations from the people he hired to create the TV Tropes vlog, as well as the audience. None of the people working for him have ever met him. Except Zack, who has apparently been meeting with him for some time, and hiding the fact from Tom and Dana.
- Aqua Teen Hunger Force parodies this in the episode "Der Inflatable Fuhrer".
- Dr. Claw from Inspector Gadget was so mysterious he and his nemesis Gadget never actually met (though Gadget heard his voice a few times and noted it 'sounds familiar'). The underlings he sent to kill Gadget usually only spoke to him via telescreens.
- Scooby-Doo! Mystery Incorporated - the team is sent on missions by "Mr. E". Took a long time before we ever saw what he looks like.