Cryo Prison

Some science-fiction works don't risk putting their dangerous criminals in a Cardboard Prison, instead they freeze the criminals. It makes sense, they can't escape without outside help while in cold sleep, but you have to wonder if it's punishment enough. Sometimes the pacifistic future society needs someone to teach them how to fight again, or after civilization collapses some foolish adventurers will unlock a cryotube and accidentally unleash a monster.

There is some Fridge Logic involved in the premise. It's not really a punishment, discounting future shock after long periods of incarceration. Most of the time there's no opportunity for rehabilitation. Also, there is no aging while in suspension so the prisoner is not losing a significant part of his life while doing time. Really all it can do is remove a dangerous felon from society, like life imprisonment or execution. And unlike execution, cryonics could potentially be reversed if the inmate turns out to have been framed or otherwise innocent, or someone has need of their particular skills.

A common cause of a Fish Out of Temporal Water; it may also be a case of Sealed Evil in a Can.

Examples

Comic Books
  • In the Silver Age Superman comics, Krypton briefly tried putting criminals into suspended animation in orbiting spacecraft before the Phantom Zone was discovered.
  • In DC Comics' Earth 2, the alternate world's Arkham Asylum has become a vast cryo-storage unit for villains. Which doesn't stop the new Batman from putting a couple of bullets into the frozen Joker just to be on the safe side.
  • In Paperinik New Adventures, the Time Police incarcerates this way some criminals, and keep them in a jail out of time. Justified because the Time Police apply this only to those criminals that are so dangerous they're not concerned with punishment or rehabilitation but protect the world from them, and that's the only way to do it besides death penalty (that in the future they apparently don't have anymore)... And even that could fail: the Raider has the nasty habit to break out before they can place him in the cryo cell (he did it at least twice, and in one occasion even stole a prototype device to move between dimensions), and the one time they did get him in the Time Police found out they only placed his frozen image in the cryo cell.

Film
  • In Demolition Man, the titular character, a Cowboy Cop with a habit of collateral damage, is frozen along with the terrorist he captured. To be thawed out decades later when the other guy is broken out and the pacifist utopia L.A. has become can't handle him.
    • Though, in their case it's mentioned that some kind of psychological reconditioning is done while on ice.
  • In Minority Report, those arrested by the Pre-Crime unit are placed in perpetual suspended animation as punishment.
  • In Lockout, the criminals being held on the orbital prison MS One are kept in cryogenic suspension.
  • Star Trek Into Darkness ends with Khan and his associates being put back into cryogenic suspension.
  • Supplementary shorts as well as Agents Of Shield indicate that following the events of The Incredible Hulk, Hulk villain The Abomination was placed in a cryocell in Alaska, which makes a certain amount of sense as there's not much one can do with a guy who is strong enough to escape any prison and basically unkillable.

Literature
  • In Altered Carbon crooks are not only frozen, their brain is uploaded and stored separately. Earth's super-rich have a habit of buying the frozen bodies and using them for their own amusement. Anti-Hero Takeshi Kovacs is brought out of storage after eighty years in the body of a crooked cop who annoyed his "benefactor".
  • In the Star Wars Expanded Universe novel Han Solo at Star's End Star's End prison kept thousands of prisoners the Corporate Sector Authority found inconvenient in stasis, including Chewie. Then Han blew it sky high.
  • In Bruce Coville's The Search for Snout, placing troublemakers in suspended animation is used as a punishment aboard the alien ship Ferkel.

Live-Action TV
  • Lister from Red Dwarf was placed in suspended animation as punishment for bringing his pet cat aboard the titular mining vessel, violating the ship's quarantine rules. The rest of the crew are later wiped out during a reactor leak and the ship's computer is forced to wait 3 million years until the residual radiation has dissipated and Lister can be safely released.
    • A later episode has the crew find a cryopod which either contains a beautiful young woman, or a murderous physcopathic android. It's the android.
  • In Star Trek: The Original Series, Khan and his fellow augments were discovered on a Sleeper Ship where they'd been exiled after the Eugenics Wars.
  • Tekwar. Convicted criminals are sentenced to suspended animation for varying numbers of years.
  • Lost in Space episode "Condemned Of Space". The Robinsons encounter a computer-controlled Prison Ship with criminals kept in Harmless Freezing cryogenic suspension. The clock controlling the re-animation of prisoners had frozen, so they had all been kept "on ice" long past the expiration of their sentences.
  • Torchwood: Jack's psychotic brother is ultimately frozen in the Torchwood vaults after blowing up half of Cardiff, trapping Jack underground for 2000 years, and proving Anyone Can Die by causing the deaths of Tosh and Owen. Becomes Fridge Horror in Torchwood: Children of Earth when the Hub blows up and it looks like No One Could Survive That, let alone someone in a freezer drawer.
  • Warehouse 13 has the Bronze Sector, where the Warehouse stores rogue agents, like H.G. Wells and Paracelsus, preserved in the form of bronze statues by an Artifact. More than once people have broken in to free bronzed people. And it turns out that the bronzed are still conscious.

Tabletop Games
  • Eclipse Phase has storage similar to Altered Carbon, but most polities upload the brain to a simulation for rehabilitation or brainwashing.
  • Stronghold, the prison for supervillains in Champions, uses a process of suspended animation known as 'hot sleep' to hold prisoners too dangerous to be contained any other way. In-universe, this process is subject to an ongoing series of court cases to determine whether it counts as 'cruel and unusual punishment'.

Video Games
  • In Mass Effect 2 Jack's recruitment mission involves breaking her out of cryo on a Prison Ship. She demonstrates why she had to be frozen as soon as she's thawed.
  • In StarCraft, Tychus Findlay was put on ice until Mengsk needed him to get close to Raynor and kill Kerrigan.
    • In the background the Koprulu Sector was settled by Sleeper Ships loaded with frozen inmates from the United Earth Directorate's concentration camps.
  • The Chronicles of Riddick: The Escape from Butcher Bay video game shows that extremely dangerous prisoners are kept in cryogenic suspension for the duration of their sentences, letting them out one hour a day for exercise while heavily guarded. Which is all that Riddick needed in order to escape.
  • The Heroes of Might and Magic series has a fantasy variant, when Archibald Ironfist is Taken for Granite as punishment for trying to claim the throne from his brother Roland. He's later revived in Might and Magic 6 because his knowledge of magical rituals is needed to defeat the villains, and claims that since he was unaware of the passage of time during his 'incarceration', he doesn't feel like he's been punished at all.
  • Command & Conquer: Red Alert 3: At the end of the Allied campaign, Cherdenko and Krukov are both captured and sentenced to being cryongenically frozen.
  • The Old Republic: The area of Belsavis known as The Tomb is a series of stasis chambers where the Rakata kept the things they feared most on ice for millenia. The Republic began sending their most dangerous prisoners down there as well, including the Dread Masters.
  • In Final Fantasy VIII, Esthar's government is afraid of Sorceresses and puts them in cold sleep. The reason for that is if a Sorceress dies, she passes her powers to someone else, and if she is frozen, she's removed from the succession cycle.

Web Original
  • Among the least of the detainments used for supervillains in this article of The Onion.

Western Animation
  • The Citadel in Adventure Time is a prison for those who commit "cosmic crimes". Criminals there are kept frozen in crystals made of some kind of life-prolonging goop.
  • Happened to most of the villains in the penultimate episode of Teen Titans.
  • On the Gravity Falls episode "Into the Bunker," the gang finds a bunker that apparently belonged to the Author of the journals. Apparently, s/he also created experimental creatures, one of which (a Shapeshifting monster) is loose. After defeating it, they put it into one of these.