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- Alan Moore's Providence is a Sidelong Glance Biopic of H.P. Lovecraft where his many fictional creations (The Church of Starry Wisdom, the Old Ones, Nyarlathothep) are not only presented as real, but as The Man Behind the Man of Lovecraft's own life, covertly influencing him towards creating his famous works, which they see as a prophecy to bring about the Apocalypse.
- Neil Gaiman's Shakespeare episodes in The Sandman features this trope. In the first case, he has Shakespeare present a unique theater production of A Midsummer Night's Dream to The Fair Folk which actually inspired that play, which is here presented as a commission to Shakespeare's company from Morpheus to impress Titania. Earlier folkloric versions of Titania and Puck comment on their fictional representations in Shakespeare's play.
- Hammett by Wim Wenders (produced by Francis Ford Coppola) has the author of modern detective fiction as a private eye navigating a complex Film Noir plot. Unusual example because Dashiell Hammett really was a Pinkerton detective before he was a novelist but the film is obviously metafictional with Hammett as a Sam Spade type. The cast is also filled with supporting actors from old Film Noir, including Elisha Cook, Jr. (the "gunsel" from John Huston's adaptation of The Maltese Falcon).
- Shakespeare in Love is perhaps the Trope Codifier for mainstream audiences. It directly led to a slew of imitators, and it has William Shakespeare having writer's block, which he fixes when he enters into a Star-Crossed Lovers with Viola, a Sweet Polly Oliver who dresses as an actor and appears in one of his plays. This gives him the experience he needs to make Romeo and Juliet and directly inspiring Twelfth Night.
- Molière is a 2007 French film patterned on Shakespeare in Love. It mixes Moliere's life with that of his fiction, shown as an attempt at Method Acting on the part of the author.
- Kafka by Steven Soderbergh starring Jeremy Irons shows the author as an Unlucky Everydude navigating an absurd system with many characters and tropes drawn from his short stories and novels present as biographical experiences.
- Anthony Burgess' Nothing Like the Sun fictionalizes a relationship between Shakespeare and the West-Indian prostitute Lucy Negra, under the theory that the latter is the "Dark Lady" of Shakespeare's famous sonnets, including the famous one that gives the novel its title.
- J. M. Coetzee's The Master of Petersburg features Fyodor Dostoevsky as the hero investigating a conspiracy reeling over the death of his son Pavel, and manipulated by the real-life Sergei Nechayev a la Hannibal Lecter/Clarice. An unusual example in that these are all real-life figures but fictionalized by the author (Pavel did not die, he outlived Dostoevskynote , and Dostoevsky only attended Nechayev's trial and not interview him personally) but it's presented in a fictionalized manner to dramatize how Dostoevsky wrote Demons.
- Vladimir Nabokov was especially contemptuous of tropes of this nature. His novel Pale Fire parodies this mentality via the famous footnotes where the scholar asserts that the fictional poet John Shade based the poem on himself and that his adventurous and surprisingly swashbuckling life is reflected in the poem, and more or less goes mad as the story goes along.
Live Action TV
- Doctor Who: "The Shakespeare Code" has William Shakespeare encounter three Carrionites, beings who resemble traditional witches. The story also features the Doctor making various Shakespeare quotes which Shakespeare hasn't written yet. This is inverted when the Doctor quotes Henry V and Shakespeare says he likes that... before realizing its one of his.
- Jacques Offenbach's The Tales of Hoffmann is a famous pre-20th Century version. It presents E. T. A. Hoffmann himself narrating stories from his life, all of them adapted from his own tales The Sandman, Rath Krespell, A New Year Eve's Adventure, but presented as life experiences that he will eventually use to write his fiction.
- Assassin's Creed features this trope when it depicts artists as Historical-Domain Character.
- In Assassin's Creed II and Assassin's Creed: Brotherhood, it presents Leonardo da Vinci's famous drawings and plans of a flying machine/tank/aircraft/machine gun as functional prototypes for war machines that he built for Cesare Borgia. His genius and interest in codes and numbers also shows up in The Da Vinci Disappearance where he's kidnapped by a cult of Hermeticists who are seeking a Pythagorean Temple.
- In the same games, Niccolò Machiavelli is shown getting the inspiration for his ideas about his political philosophy in The Prince by observing the Player Character lead by love and respect and undermine the Borgia who rule entirely by tyranny.
- Assassin's Creed: Syndicate has the "Dreadful Crimes DLC" where little Artie is a supporting character to a Penny Dreadful writer Henry Raymond who engages the player character to solve a series of riddles using deduction and logic. At the end of the adventure little Artie turns out to be a Young Future Famous People version of Arthur Conan Doyle who in the course of the side-missions has met the inspirations for Moriarty and Holmes.
- Metal Fish, an episode of The Little Mermaid has Ariel rescuing a human travelling on a primitive submarine and getting him to land. Said man turns out to be none other than Hans Christian Andersen, the author of the original story which inspired the Disney cartoon. The final scene of the episode has the survivor narrating this story to Danish children.