Literature: The Man Who Laughs
His love is real, but his smile is not.
An 1869 Victor Hugo
The eponymous protagonist, Gwynplaine, bears a face disfigured by torture into a permanent smile
. As a child, it was done to him in order to punish him for his nobleman father's offense to the king. One night, after being abandoned in the snow, Gwynplaine wanders aimlessly, seeking shelter. He comes across the corpse of a woman who had frozen to death underneath a dead man hanging from a gibbet
. In her arms, he finds a still living, blind baby girl. Eventually, Gwynplaine comes to the home of the charlatan Ursus
and his wolf companion Homo
. Ursus has pity upon the two orphan children and takes them in.
Several years later, we see that the group have been making a living traveling from place to place performing plays which all showcase Gwynplaine revealing his disfigured, smiling face to the crowd. The blind child has also survived, growing up to be the virtuous, graceful beauty known as Dea. Dea is in love with Gwynplaine who, though he reciprocates, feels unworthy of her because of his disfigurement.
Upon doing a show at a village fair, Gwynplaine attracts the attention of the bored, sexy duchess Josiana. He soon gains even more attention from the Queen Anne as it is found out that Gwynplaine is the son and heir to Lord Linnaeus Clancharlie's position and estate.
The original novel follows a path similar to many of Hugo's other novels, ending in a depressing Downer Ending
. Though not the author's most well-known work, there have been several film versions of the story (only one of which is in sound). The most well-known and best remembered adaptation is the heart-wrenchingly beautiful 1928 movie. It featured Conrad Veidt
as the main character, whose freakish grin
appearance was the primary inspiration for The Joker
, which came full circle in 2005 with "Batman: The Man Who Laughs", the sequel to Batman: Year One
A new, French adaptation of the film was released in Christmas 2012, starring Gérard Depardieu
The Man Who Laughs contains examples of:
- Age Lift: Dea is found as a small child by Gwynplaine in the 2012 movie, rather than as a baby.
- Aristocrats Are Evil: And how.
- Betty and Veronica: Saintly Dea who loves Gwynplaine in spite of his deformity, or glamourous Josiana who wants him because of his deformity?
- Blind and the Beast
- Break the Cutie: Dea and Gwynplaine's idealism.
- Cheshire Cat Grin
- The Cutie: The helpless and innocent Dea.
- Disabled Love Interest: Dea
- Downer Ending: Dea dies. Gwynplaine (apparently) drowns himself. This is not the case, however, in the 1928 movie, which has a much more upbeat ending.
- Driven to Suicide: Gwynplaine drowns himself after Dea dies. Interestingly, the 2012 film has Dea take arsenic after she hears Gwynplaine and Josiana together.
- Expy: Just to name a few...
- Freaky Is Cool: Gwynplaine is understandably unhappy with his freakish appearance, but Dea loves that no matter how bad things are, he is always smiling when she "sees" his face.
- Also, Josiana thinks he's sexy.
- Glasgow Grin: Gwynplaine's smile likely applies.
- The Grotesque: Gwynplaine, obviously.
- Happily Ever Before: Invoked in the movie.
- Have a Gay Old Time: Meet my wolf, Homo.
- The Hero Dies / Driven to Suicide: Implied at the end of the book.
- Idle Rich : how most aristocrats are represented.
- Kids Are Cruel: The French movie shows Gwynplaine being chased down and mocked by kids his age after one of Ursus' countryside shows.
- Lonely at the Top : As Gwynplaine finds out.
- Meaningful Name: "Dea" (Goddess), "Ursus" (Bear), "Homo" (Stop snickering, it means Human).
- Also a Punny Name with Homo (who's a wolf): "Man is a wolf to man".
- Modesty Towel: In the 1928 film, after the Duchess gets out of the bath, she wraps a long towel around her body and walks around her room with Homo.
- Non-Human Sidekick: Homo the wolf.
- Not Blood Siblings : Gwynplaine and Dea grew up together.
- The Noun Who Verbed: The title.
- Only Sane Man: Tom-Jim-Jack, also known as Lord David Clancharie, who turns out to be the only benevolent person from all the aristocrats in the book. He is also Gwynplaine's brother.
- Rage Against the Reflection: Very briefly in the 2012 film, with Gwynplaine looking into the river before skipping stones.
- Rags to Riches : Gwynplaine.
- Slasher Smile: Although Gwynplaine's not a bad guy, he sports a permanent one.
- Not to mention a direct inspiration for The Joker.
- Snicket Warning Label: If you want a happy ending, just stop reading when Dea proclaims her love to Gwynplaine. Trust me.
- In fact, that's where the original movie ends.
- Starcrossed Lovers: Dea and Gwynplaine. At least in the novel...
- Team Dad: Ursus.