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Four Temperament Ensemble: Literature
  • A Clockwork Orange: Alex (melancholic), Dim (sanguine), Georgie (choleric), and Pete (phlegmatic).
  • A Separate Peace: Gene (phlegmatic), Finny (choleric), Leper (sanguine/leukine), and Brinker (melancholic).
  • American Gods: Shadow (phlegmatic), Mr. Wednesday (choleric), Czernobog (melancholic), and Mr. Nancy (sanguine).
  • The original four members of The Baby-Sitters Club: Kristy (choleric), Mary Anne (melancholic), Claudia (sanguine), and Stacey (phlegmatic).
  • The Bailey School Kids: Eddie (choleric), Liza (melancholic), Howie (phlegmatic), and Melody (sanguine).
  • In The Bible, a case can be made for the first five kings in David's dynasty: David (sanguine), Solomon (leukine), Rehoboam (choleric), Abijah (phlegmatic), and Asa (melancholic).
    • In Jesus' parable, the wealthy father (sanguine), his dutiful elder son (melancholic), and the prodigal son (choleric).
    • The Two Evangelist Duos from Acts: Paul (choleric), Mark (melancholic), Silas (phlegmatic), and Barnabas (sanguine).
  • The four Pevensie Children in The Chronicles of Narnia: Peter (choleric), Edmund (melancholic), Susan (phlegmatic), and Lucy (sanguine).
  • In the ColSec Trilogy, Fiery Redhead Nature Hero Cord (leukine, leaning towards choleric); level-headed, empathic Wrench Wench Samella (phlegmatic), Tsundere Action Girl Heleth (pure choleric), Genki Boy Jeko (sanguine), and Deadpan Snarker Rontal (melancholic).
  • Roland's ka-tet in The Dark Tower can be seen as a combo ensemble: Roland (choleric/melancholic), Jake (melancholic/phlegmatic), Eddie (sanguine/choleric), and Susannah (phlegmatic/sanguine).
  • The main characters of The Fire-Us Trilogy fit into the ensemble, first in the original four-person arrangement, and later into the five-person setup.
    • The loud, headstrong, strings-the-little-kids-along-in-an-hour Angerman (sanguine).
    • The focused hardworker, taking on most of the physical work, is Hunter (choleric).
    • The devoter of almost all her time to studying and taking care of the Book, pragmatic with few people skills, is Teacher (melancholic, of course).
    • Phlegmatic Mommy is hugely loving and devoted to her friends, but unstable and sometimes very weak, psychologically.
    • Later, Cory takes on the role of Leukine when she joins the group.
  • The Great Gatsby: Jay Gatsby (leukine), Tom Buchanan (choleric), Nick Carraway (phlegmatic), Jordan (melancholic), and Daisy (sanguine).
  • The Hannibal Lecter novels: Lecter himself and Clarice Starling (melancholic), Will Graham (choleric), and Jack Crawford (phlegmatic).
    • The Nazi looters who eat Lecter's sister: Grutas (choleric), Dortlich (sanguine), Kolnas (phlegmatic), Grentz (melancholic), and Milko (leukine).
    • The Verger family in Hannibal: Mason (choleric), Margot (phlegmatic), and Molson (melancholic).
  • The four houses of Hogwarts in Harry Potter:
    • Gryffindor (sanguine), Slytherin (choleric), Ravenclaw (melancholic ), Hufflepuff (phlegmatic).
    • Also the four Marauders: James Potter (melancholic), Sirius Black (choleric), Remus Lupin (phlegmatic), and Peter Pettigrew (sanguine).
    • Four of the prominent professors, as well: Sybill Trelawney (sanguine), Minerva McGonagall (choleric), Severus Snape (melancholic), and Albus Dumbledore (phlegmatic).
    • And for the main cast: Harry (melancholic), Ron (choleric), Hermione (phlegmatic), and Neville (sanguine).
    • The Weasley family: Arthur and Bill (phlegmatic), Molly and Ginny (choleric), Charlie (leukine), Percy (could not be more melancholic if he tried), Fred, George, and Ron (sanguine, especially the former two).
    • Other characters: Hagrid (sanguine), Draco (choleric), Luna (leukine), Dean (phlegmatic), and Seamus (melancholic).
  • The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy:
    • Arthur - Choleric
    • Ford - Phlegmatic
    • Zaphod - Sanguine
    • Trillian - Leukine
    • Marvin - Melancholic
  • The D Squad in The Homework Machine: Kelsey (sanguine), Snik (choleric), Judy (melancholic), and Brenton (phlegmatic).
  • The Horus Heresy novels, set in an earlier era of Warhammer 40,000, toy with this openly with Warmaster Horus' inner advisory circle during the first few novels, consisting of Ezekyle Abaddon (choleric), "Little Horus" Aximand (melancholic), Tarik Torgaddon (sanguine), and Garviel Loken (phlegmatic).
  • In In the Time of the Butterflies by Julia Alvarez (a dramatization of the lives of the Mirabal sisters from the Dominican Republic), Maria Teresa "Mate" Mirabal (sanguine), Minerva Mirabal (choleric), Dede (melancholic), and Patria (phlegmatic).
  • The four boys in the camp plot of Jelly Belly: Protagonist Ned (melancholic), Richard (choleric), Hog (phlegmatic), and Max (sanguine).
  • Bite Me of the Legends of Laconia series:
  • The 4 March sisters in Little Women: Meg (phlegmatic), Jo (choleric), Beth (melancholic), and Amy (sanguine).
  • Lord of the Flies: Ralph (sanguine), Jack (choleric), Piggy (melancholic), and Simon (phlegmatic).
  • The four main hobbits in The Lord of the Rings: Frodo (phlegmatic), Sam (melancholic), Pippin (choleric), and Merry (sanguine).
  • The Lords of Discipline: Will (melancholic), Tradd (phlegmatic), Pig (sanguine), and Mark (choleric).
  • In The Maze Runner Trilogy, Thomas is Melancholic, Minho is Choleric, Brenda is Sanguine and Jorge is Phlegmatic.
  • In The McGurk Mysteries, the original four kids in the McGurk Detective Agency. Jack McGurk (Choleric), Joey Rockaway (Melancholic), Willie Sandowski (Phlegmatic), and Wanda Grieg (Sanguine).
  • The Monkey Wrench Gang: Doc Sarvis (sanguine), Hayduke (choleric), Smith (melancholic), and Abbzug (phlegmatic).
  • On the Road: Sal Paradise (sanguine), Dean Moriarty (choleric), Carlo Marx (melancholic), and Ed Dunkel (phlegmatic).
  • In The Poisonwood Bible, the Price ladies minus Ruth May fit this: Rachel (sanguine), Leah (choleric), Adah (melancholic), and Orleanna (phlegmatic).
  • Jane Austen's Pride and Prejudice — Bennet family: Lydia and Mrs. Bennett (choleric), Mary (melancholic), Jane and Mr. Bennett (phlegmatic), Kitty (sanguine), and Elizabeth (leukine).
    • The men: Mr. Darcy (choleric), Mr. Wickham (melancholic), Mr. Bingley (sanguine), and Mr. Collins (phlegmatic).
  • In Red Mars, psychologist Michel Duval slots the classical temperaments into his own psychological theory: Sanguine = Extroverted + Stabile; Choleric = Extroverted + Labile; Phlegmatic = Introverted + Stabile; Melancholic = Introverted + Labile.
  • The Roman Mysteries: This is actually explictly stated in the books, which is justified because it takes place during a time period when doctors still believed in the four humors.
  • The Saga Of Incredible Weirdness has Scotty (sanguine), Scarlett (choleric), Hobbes (melancholic), Geraldine (phlegmatic), and K (leukine).
    • Also, the later books have the four eldest Marshall brothers: Joe Jr. (choleric), Jack (phlegmatic), Bobby (sanguine), and Ted (melancholic).
  • Sammy Keyes and her friends: Sammy (choleric), Dot (melancholic), Marissa (phlegmatic), and Holly (sanguine).
  • The four girls of The Sisterhood of the Traveling Pants:
    • Sanguine: Carmen, the Spicy Latina is happy but moody.
    • Choleric: Bridget, the Genki Girl is single-minded to the point of recklessness.
    • Melancholic: Tibby, the Snark Knight who's cold and cynical about people.
    • Phlegmatic: Lena, the Shrinking Violet who is afraid to let herself love.
  • The four protagonists of Sleepers by Lorenzo Carcaterra: Michael (choleric), Tommy (melancholic), John (sanguine), and Shakes (phlegmatic). Interestingly, the four abusive guards at the reform school fit this paradigm rather neatly as well: Nokes (choleric), Styler (melancholic), Addison (sanguine), and Ferguson (phlegmatic).
  • The four Compson children in The Sound and the Fury count. Caddy (sanguine), Jason (choleric), Quentin (melancholic), and Benjy (phlegmatic).
  • The Star Wars Expanded Universe, in the four pilots of the X-Wing Series: Wedge (choleric), Tycho (melancholic), Wes (sanguine), and Hobbie (phlegmatic). During Starfighters of Adumar, they even get appropriate identifiers; respectively, "the diligent one," "the doleful one," "the darling one," and "the dour one."
  • Done deliberately by Émile Zola as a character study in Thérèse Raquin. Laurent (sanguine), Mme. Raquin (choleric), Camille (phlegmatic), and Thérèse (melancholic).
  • The Three Musketeers: Aramis (phlegmatic), Porthos (choleric), Athos (melancholic), and their sidekick D'Artagnan (sanguine).
    • Or d'Artagnan as choleric and Porthos as sanguine.
  • Tale of the Troika: not the protagonists, but the members of the Troika: Vunyukov (phlegmatic), Farfurkis (melancholic), Khlebovvodov (choleric), Vybegallo (sanguine).
  • From The Tillerman Family Series: Dicey (choleric), James (phlegmatic), Maybeth (melancholic), Sammy (sanguine).
  • The Night Lords of Warhammer40000 are introduced. The lineup for First Claw at the beginning Soul Hunter played for the worst of each humor, because to do otherwise wouldn't be Grimdark.
    • Choleric — Uzas. His emotions are all or nothing; he's almost universally violent, irritated or sullen when he isn't an unreadable shell. Thinks only of himself, which is how he became corrupt in the first place. He himself admits he all but runs on a slow, seething rage.
    • Melancholic — Xarl. Cynic, chronic complainer, suspicious pessimist, and yet somehow a very capable Lancer for Talos. Throws his whole life into the sword and it shows in every sense of the word.
    • Phlegmatic — Talos. His romanticism of his Legion's past and the power his prophetic abilities have over his life have left him worn thin all around. Known to brood over both. His stubbornness won't let him put anything less than his heart and soul into what he does however, and it's nearly killed him before.
    • Sanguine — Cyrion. Possibly the most easygoing of the group, and the most vocally distressed at the state of the Legion, although it also means he stands out the least in the shambling wreck of a squad.
  • V. C. Andrews' Wildflowers series has Misty (sanguine), Star (choleric), Jade (melancholic), and Cat (phlegmatic).
    • Her Orphans series also has this, although it's not as pronounced: Janet/Butterfly (definitely phlegmatic), Crystal (probably melancholic), Brooke, narrator of the final book in the series (best fit as sanguine), and Raven (melancholic and choleric).
  • Trainspotting: Renton (phlegmatic), Sick Boy (melancholic/choleric), Spud (sanguine) and Begbie (choleric).
  • In Todd Strasser’s Wildlife trilogy, boy howdy are the Coming Attractions a textbook example: Gary (choleric), Susan (phlegmatic), Oscar (sanguine), and Karl (melancholic).
  • The Wonderful Wizard of Oz: Scarecrow (choleric), Nick Chopper/The Tin Woodsman (melancholic), Lion (sanguine), and Dorothy (phlegmatic).
  • Simona Ahrnstedt does this in two of her novels.

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