The Machinist is a 2004 film starring Christian Bale, directed by Brad Anderson (of Session 9 fame). It's one part Kafka Komedy and two parts surrealist drama, playing on themes from (and, at times, directly quoting from) Crime and Punishment, Taxi Driver, Fight Club, and German Expressionism.Trevor Reznik suffers from a severe case of insomnia: he claims that he hasn't slept in a year. He spends his days ignoring his landlady and compulsively washing his hands with bleach. He enjoys his regular visits to a sweet prostitute girl named Stevie, who absolutely adores him, and he finds a little bit of romance with airport bar waitress and single mom Marie. During the day, Reznik works at a factory where he sleepily operates heavy machinery. When the inevitable happens and someone's arm gets torn off, Reznik ends up in a emotionally destructive downward spiral and quickly starts losing his mind.The film very deliberately references the stories that it's based on and aims to be a collage of different techniques and atmospheres. To achieve this, it combines Chiaroscuro visuals with a musical score and camera techniques that evoke the 1950s, creating a kind of Anachronism Stew of editing methods. Bale's performance is an absolute tour de force, and the end result is a haunting, gorgeous film that tells its story in a clever-yet-familiar way.To play Reznik, Christian Bale famously lost 63 lbs to look like an emaciated shell of a man. He described the experience of near-starvation as strangely peaceful. After that harrowing experience, Bale bulked up to truly superheroic dimensions to play Batman (before losing weight again to appear in The Fighter).
Stevie says the bruises she got from her abusive clients were "occupational hazards."
The film opens with Reznik attempting — and utterly failing — to dispose of a corpse in a river.
Bloody Horror: Christian Bale plays an anorexic insomniac who works heavy machinery. While, working at the factory, he accidentally makes a machine rip somebody's arm off. And then, he hallucinates about a man who has an equally mutilated hand, with his thumb replaced by a toe.
Body Horror: Reznik's thinness, Ivan's disfigured hand, Miller's gruesome accident...
Carpet-Rolled Corpse: Reznik kills the monstrous Ivan after he finds that he killed a little boy in his bathtub. He wraps Ivan's body in his carpet and drives it out to sea to dump it. When the carpet rolls open by accident Reznik finds that the body is missing, the answer only being revealed later on.
Cat Scare: A curious subversion. The blood dripping out of Reznik's freezer gets built up for about the last half an hour of the movie. When Reznik finally opens it - it's full of dead fish. This, however, leads to an even more shocking reveal than the audience was expecting.
Chekhov's Gun: Car cigarette lighters almost cause Reznik to crash late on in the movie, and resulted in a hit and run prior to the plot's events.
Mental Story: About half of the movie is revealed to be this.
Motif: The left-hand and right-hand paths. Might be symbolically relevant considering this.
Nice Job Breaking It, Hero: Reznik, being increasingly unstable, being a Jerkass to Stevie and Miller. The latter was a particularly cringe-inducing example, the man lost his arm because of Reznik's sleepiness and tried real hard to let it pass and not bear a grudge. He welcomed Reznik to his property and, when Reznik verbally assaulted him due to his paranoia, he's looking like he's in a real struggle to keep his composure. He eventually punched him in the groin and told him to leave, a reasonably mild response.
No OSHA Compliance: A literal example, when the shop manager chews a co-worker out for taking time to lock out a machine for maintenance, Reznik quotes the regulations to him, the manager tells him to "write your Congressman." Later, the same co-worker is fixing a machine when Reznik accidentally turns it on and it rips his arm off.Truth in Television all too often, especially for small shops with tight profit margins looking for ways to cut corners.
Note to Self: The sticky notes, including the hangman game, which he should have written himself.
Retraux: Roque Baņos's score is noticeably anachronistic, owing a lot to, in particular, Bernard Herrmann.
The Reveal: Happens gradually throughout the film, instead of all at once: Reznik once killed a young boy, drove on instead of stopping to help and is now going insane with repressed guilt. Marie and her son Nicholas are his mind's representations of the family he destroyed this way. Ivan is his view of himself.
Rule of Three: Trevor fills in the game of Hangman twice before finding the right answer. Additionally, on three occasions Trevor is faced with a choice between turning left and turning right: the first two times he turns left, the last time right.
"No one's ever died from insomnia" is a direct quote from Fight Club.
Also, Reznik using lye on his hands.
The closeup of a coffee cup at Marie's bar is an obvious Shout-Out to Taxi Driver, which has many things in common with The Machinist. ( Criminally insane insomniac falls for a woman, messes up, then tries to rescue a pretty young prostitute from her job.)
And "Trevor Reznik" intentionally sounds like "Trent Reznor".
Reznik is reading Kafka's The Castle in one scene and Dostoevsky's The Idiot in another.
Special Thanks: To Bale's wife Sandra "Sibi" Blazic presumably for not trying to have her husband committed and just generally standing by her man while he disappeared before her eyes
Theme Naming: In a way. Some characters' names are shoehorned to fit the hangman's game.