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Film: Pusher

Pusher is a Danish crime film written and directed by Nicolas Winding Refn. At the time of its release, a Danish crime film was quite novel, and its popularity had a great influence on Danish films to follow. In this respect, it was something akin to the Pulp Fiction of Denmark. Two sequels, filmed back-to-back, followed almost ten years later to rescue Refn's ailing film company from bankruptcy. Each sequel follows a different character introduced in the first film.

The first film follows Frank, a mid-level Copenhagen drug dealer. After a drug deal gone bad, Frank finds himself deeply in debt to Milo, a local Serbian drug lord. As Frank struggles to find the money, he must also grapple with complications from his would-be girlfriend and the dubious loyalty of his partner, Tonny.

The second film picks up with Tonny after he completes a prison sentence and returns to his estranged father's chop shop. Tonny struggles to earn his father's respect in the underworld and be there for his own son.

The third film follows a day in the life of Milo, who struggles with preparations for his overbearing daughter's birthday while fighting off Albanian drug dealers and his own lurking addiction.

An English version of the first film was released in 2012, to little fanfare.

The series provide examples of:

  • Affably Evil: Milo and Radovan in the first film. Milo cooks for Frank and Radovan shares a pleasant conversation with him. Once they're crossed, however, the affability quickly vanishes.
  • The Aggressive Drug Dealer: In Pusher 3 Kurt insists that Milo take some heroin, knowing that Milo is a recovering addict. He does this in vengeance for Milo's actions in the second film.
  • Archnemesis Dad: the Duke to Tonny in 2. Despite this, he loves his younger son, Valdemar, enough to ask Tonny to kill Valdemar's mother, who wants full custody of him
  • Ascended Extra: The short weight-lifter in the first film is promoted to Milo's future son-in-law in the third film. Branko, one of Milo's various hoods, is promoted to his dragon in the third film, though he drops out midway through the film.
  • Bald of Evil: It seems like this with Tonny, but is ultimately averted, especially with Pusher 2.
  • Ballistic Discount: In the English remake, Frank buys a gun and a box of bullets from the trunk of a man's car, then sticks him up for all the money he's carrying.
  • Batter Up: Frank takes a baseball bat to the head of Tonny, after a cop tells him that Tonny ratted him out. Tonny doesn't show up again until the sequel, with some nasty cranial scars.
  • Bittersweet Ending:The ending of Pusher 2, in which Tonny has killed his evil father and fled the city with his son. Although Tonny has almost no resources and little money, he at least seems to have embraced fatherhood and might escape his criminal upbringing.
  • Big Bad Friend: Frank believes Tonny to be this, but it is most likely averted and just a product of Frank's paranoia.
  • Blood-Splattered Wedding Dress: A mild example when Gry gets a nosebleed from doing too much cocaine, and the blood ends up on her wedding dress.
  • Butt Monkey:
    • Tonny in 2, is shat on by virtually everyone, but especially his father, the Duke.
    • Milo in Pusher 3. At the start, he can't catch a break, but then the Albanians begin to treat him like shit after Muhammed steals the ecstasy.
  • Call Back: Pusher 3 contains a lot of call backs to Pusher and Pusher 2: Milo using his Catch Phrase "You're f**king me" before torturing a victim, the bodybuilder Frank robs returns as Milena's boyfriend, Milo's bad cooking, Radovan has his own restaurant after quitting the gangster life just like he told Frank he wanted too.
  • Cerebus Callback: Milo's bad cooking causes the food poisioning that causes the problematic situation to escalate into a crisis. The fate of the Albanian mobsters illustrates what might have been Frank's fate.
  • Cold-Blooded Torture: Eventually Milo and Radovan resort to torturing Frank. In Pusher 3, Milo re-enlists Radovan for one last job to torture a captive.
  • Corrupt Cop: Milo deals with one in 3. The same cop catches Muhammed for Milo.
  • Country Matters: A particularly worthless pimp is called Kurt the Cunt (Kusse-Kurt in Danish). Truth in Television, as this was the actor's real nickname. The director met him while researching a 12 step program.
  • Daddy's Little Villain: In Pusher 3, we discover that Milo's daughter clearly wears the pants in the family. She barks orders at her flustered father during her birthday celebration. When she discovers that Milo is forcing her boyfriend to buy his heroin for distribution, she tells her father to lower his price. What a family!
  • Damn It Feels Good to Be a Gangster: Averted. None of the gangsters except Milo does actually have a lot money. Most of the pushers and thugs in Pusher 2 are broke and/or indept. Frank has hardly more money than the average Joe from his deals and is in debt. When we finally see Milo's home, it's average looking villa with a decaying pool.
  • Demoted to Extra: Milo only pops in for a scene in the second film, though he majorly screws over Tonny and Kurt in the process. Kurt only pops in for a single scene in the third film, though he majorly screws over Milo in the process.
  • Downer Ending: Pusher ends with Frank stranded in Copenhagen with no friends or resources, while his enemies poise to strike. Pusher 3 ends with Milo smoking silently beside his empty pool, having relapsed and sparked a deadly war with the Albanian gang.
  • Disposable Sex Worker: In Pusher 2, Kurt kills a hooker in his home, tricking Tonny into being an accomplice. However, Tonny later refuses to kill his father's new wife, who is a brothel madam. Milo also treats a sex slave as a human being, which leads to a war with the Albanian gangsters.
  • Disposing of a Body: A particularly graphic example in the end of Pusher 3, where Milo gets Radovan to help him butcher some hoods for disposal.
  • The Dragon: Radovan for Milo in the first film. Branko in the third film, though he's out with food poisoning for most of the film. This prompts Radovan to make a spectacular return as a Torture Technician.
  • Dragon Their Feet: Milo's terrible cooking in the third film causes his whole gang to get food poisoning, leaving him to his own devices for the remainder of the film.
  • Dramatis Personae: Each film opens with a montage introducing the major characters, set to a pounding rock beat. Each character is harshly lit from above as they glare at the camera.
  • Driven to Suicide: In Pusher, the junkie that Radovan and Frank intimidate ends up shooting himself after attempting to hold them up with the shotgun.
  • Drop the Hammer: Milo drops the hamer in Pusher 3 after getting pushed too far by the pimp and Rexho.
  • Empathic Environment: The films start in relatively innocent and bright-looking (if not pretty) settings, usually set in the daylight. The climax of the films—and consequently the grimmest parts of the films—take place in dark places and in the dark of night.
  • Even Evil Has Standards: Tonny, but to what degree he could be considered actually "evil" is up to debate. Milo is not above torture and murder but when the pimp tortures the young prostitute, he finally snaps and kills the pimp. When it happens it's clearly a mix between parental insticts (as Milo is a father to a daughter) and a drugfueled rage that drives him over the edge.
  • Evil Chef: Milo. His crime lair is a restaurant and he likes to feed his criminal associates his creations. He's actually a pretty terrible cook.
  • Fanservice / Fan Disservice: It's highly doubtful that you'll enjoy any scenes of nudity in these films.
  • Foreign Remake: A Hindi remake of Pusher was released in 2010 and a British one in 2012.
  • From Bad to Worse: Each film is a slow decline for the main character.
  • Grey and Grey Morality: there are no true heroes in the trilogy.
  • Guns Akimbo: Frank is briefly seen holding two handguns after robbing the bodybuilder. He doesn't actually fire them though, it's just for intimidation.
  • Harmful to Minors: Pusher 2 has plenty of scenes where children are exposed to their parents swearing, smoking cigarettes, and doing drugs right in front of them. There's even a scene where the Duke's other son, Valdemar, joins the adults in watching a stripper, er, perform.
  • Heterosexual Life-Partners: Frank and Tonny. That is until Frank is fooled into believing that he has ratted him out to the police.
  • Hooker with a Heart of Gold: While Vic doesn't really consider herself a prostitute, she's awfully patient and understanding with Frank, and tries to help him. But she's not a complete doormat—when Frank turns away and demeans her plan to escape to Barcelona, she takes his money and leaves.
  • Hope Spot: Frank gets a call from Milo telling him that everything'll be forgiven, given that Frank just comes back to him with all the money he can get. Of course, Frank ends up screwing himself over by losing both Vic and the money—and the kicker is that Milo never intended to let him go just like that.
  • Humiliation Conga: Essentially the whole of Pusher 2 is this for Tonny.
  • Insistent Terminology:
    • Frank's first buyer repeatedly asks to be called "Scorpion", apparently because he thinks it makes him sound tough. It doesn't.
    • Vic insists that she's not a prostitute, she's a high-class call girl. Frank doesn't see a difference.
  • Imagine Spot: At the end of Pusher we see visions of the possibile options Frank is considering.
  • Lethal Chef: The Evil Chef Milo accidentally gives his goons food poisoning with his cooking, leaving him to his own devices during a gang conflict.
  • The Loins Sleep Tonight: Tonny in Pusher 2, who's unable to get it up with two prostitutes.
  • No-Holds-Barred Beatdown: Frank to Tonny in Pusher.
  • Offing the Offspring: Kurt's threat that the Duke would kill both him and Tonny is what makes Tonny realize that the person Kurt owes money to is the Duke—and that the Duke probably knew what kind of business Tonny was getting into by associating with Kurt, and just didn't care.
  • Patricide: Tonny kills his father in the last minutes of the film after having been pushed too far and belittled for too long.
  • Retired Monster: Radovan actually did open up the pizza place he was telling Frank about in Pusher. Despite this, it doesn't stop Milo from dragging him back in for One Last Job.
  • Riddle for the Ages: In the first film, we never find out whether Tonny intentionally twisted his ankle to avoid accompanying Frank on the drug deal and whether he really did inform on Frank, as the police claim.
  • Rotating Protagonist: The trilogy follows a different character in each film. Each protagonist is in all of the previous films and none of the following films.
  • Ruthless Foreign Gangsters: Milo and his gang of Serbians in the first film. In the third, Milo runs into an even worse gang of Albanians.
  • Torture Technician: Radovan.
  • The Unfavorite: Tonny, compared to all the affection the Duke lavishes on his other son, Valdermar.
  • "Well Done, Son" Guy: Tonny's motivation in the second film.
  • Woman Scorned: After having the idea of a happy life away from all the troubles in Denmark dangled in front of her nose for too long, only to be ultimately snatched away, Vic finally decides to hell with Frank, grabs his money, and runs.


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alternative title(s): Pusher
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