Follow TV Tropes

Following

History UsefulNotes / TheHouseOfNormandy

Go To



[[quoteright:229:https://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/William1_7102.jpg]]

to:

[[quoteright:229:https://static.[[quoteright:229:[[Art/TheBayeuxTapestry https://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/William1_7102.jpg]]jpg]]]]


In 1066 the then-Duke, William the Bastard (''Guillaume le Bâtard'') added the Throne of England to his territories in what came to be known as the Norman Conquest, ending the era of [[UsefulNotes/AngloSaxons Anglo-Saxon]] dominance in that country and beginning a two hundred year period where England was ruled by Frenchmen (though Normans were actually not very French, or so the English like to tell themselves. The Normans spoke French, were vassals of the French King and were children of French mothers) and marking the Year Zero of 'modern' England: what is now the common starting place in history class to start learning about the monarchy, and the point where cultural customs, politics, economics, and the nation's language itself all changed swiftly and dramatically. The Norman dynasty lasted until 1154, where the King more closely identified himself as an Angevin "[[UsefulNotes/TheHouseOfPlantagenet Plantagenet]]" monarch.

to:

In 1066 1066, the then-Duke, William the Bastard (''Guillaume le Bâtard'') added the Throne of England to his territories in what came to be known as the Norman Conquest, ending the era of [[UsefulNotes/AngloSaxons Anglo-Saxon]] dominance in that country and beginning a two hundred year period where England was ruled by Frenchmen (though Normans were actually not very French, or so the English like to tell themselves. The Normans spoke French, were vassals of the French King and were children of French mothers) and marking the Year Zero of 'modern' England: what is now the common starting place in history class to start learning about the monarchy, and the point where cultural customs, politics, economics, and the nation's language itself all changed swiftly and dramatically. The Norman dynasty lasted until 1154, where the King more closely identified himself as an Angevin "[[UsefulNotes/TheHouseOfPlantagenet Plantagenet]]" monarch.



* ''Literature/ThePillarsOfTheEarth'' spans the Anarchy and ends during [[UsefulNotes/HenryTheSecond Henry II]]'s reign

to:

* ''Literature/ThePillarsOfTheEarth'' spans the Anarchy and ends during [[UsefulNotes/HenryTheSecond Henry II]]'s reignreign.


The reason much detail from this period is unclear is that, from Harold's visit to William right up to the end of the Battle of Hastings, our sole primary historical source is the Bayeux Tapestry: a giant 224ft (68m) embroidered strip of cloth found in Bayeux Cathedral, Normandy, probably commissioned (like the cathedral itself) in the immediate post-Conquest years by William's half-brother Bishop Odo. Effectively a vast medieval cartoon strip, it tells the story of these momentous events in a sprawling, colourful, Latin-annotated pictorial form but, essentially, purely [[UnreliableNarrator from the Norman perspective, not to mention having numerous minor amendments from restoration etc.]] possibly altering the original appearance/context of some scenes.

to:

The reason much detail from this period is unclear is that, from Harold's visit to William right up to the end of the Battle of Hastings, our sole primary historical source is the Bayeux Tapestry: Art/TheBayeuxTapestry: a giant 224ft (68m) 230ft (70m) embroidered strip of cloth found in Bayeux Cathedral, Normandy, probably commissioned (like the cathedral itself) in the immediate post-Conquest years by William's half-brother Bishop Odo. Effectively a vast medieval cartoon strip, it tells the story of these momentous events in a sprawling, colourful, Latin-annotated pictorial form but, essentially, purely [[UnreliableNarrator from the Norman perspective, not to mention having numerous minor amendments from restoration etc.]] possibly altering the original appearance/context of some scenes.
Odo.


But now, a few weeks after Harold demobilized his army, Tostig had returned, bringing in tow a large army of HornyVikings, with the terrifying King of Norway Harald Hardrada coming to claim the throne through the line of Canute. Harold wasted no time, however. In a truly impressive feat of logistics, he force-marched from London to York, gathered his army as he marched and completely annihilated Tostig and Harald's forces at the Battle of Stamford Bridge, effectively ending the age of Viking raids on England.

Which, of course, made his forces completely winded when it came to William's own subsequent invasion which as luck (or divine providence) would have it, followed almost instantly on the heels of Stamford Bridge, as the winds in the Channel finally turned and swept his fleet across to the south coast of England. Harold, probably not believing his ears, promptly cobbled his army back into shape, swung them around and marched them right back down the country again: 241 miles (388 km) in a mere five days. Heroically, they managed to engage the Norman army almost straight off the boats, at the Battle of Hastings – and, astonishingly, almost ''won''. Famously, at the crucial moment of greatest English initiative, William was driven back and feared lost until, in a classic ReportsOfMyDeathWereGreatlyExaggerated moment, he raised the visor of his helmet to show his face and rally his troops.

to:

But now, a few weeks after Harold demobilized his army, Tostig had returned, bringing in tow a thousand Scottish and Flemish mercenaries (he fled with a large fortune to Flanders, and the Scottish king was a personal friend) as well as three hundred longships carrying an army of ten thousand HornyVikings, with the terrifying King of Norway Harald Hardrada coming to claim the throne through the line of Canute.Canute. The initially unenthusiastic Hardrada had been swayed by Tostig's pitch, and took England by surprise, butchering the outnumbered forces of Northumbria and Mercia mustered to meet him at the Battle of Fulford. Harold wasted no time, however. In a truly impressive feat of logistics, he force-marched from London to York, gathered his army as he marched and completely annihilated Tostig and Harald's forces at the Battle of Stamford Bridge, effectively ending the age of Viking raids on England.

Which, of course, made combined with the forces of Mercia and Northumbria being cut to pieces at Fulford, depleted his forces and them completely winded when it came to for William's own subsequent invasion which as luck (or divine providence) would have it, followed almost instantly on the heels of Stamford Bridge, as the winds in the Channel finally turned and swept his fleet across to the south coast of England. Harold, probably not believing his ears, promptly cobbled his army back into shape, swung them around and marched them right back down the country again: 241 miles (388 km) in a mere five days. Heroically, they managed to engage the Norman army almost straight off the boats, at the Battle of Hastings – and, astonishingly, almost ''won''. Famously, at the crucial moment of greatest English initiative, William was driven back and feared lost until, in a classic ReportsOfMyDeathWereGreatlyExaggerated moment, he raised the visor of his helmet to show his face and rally his troops.


He was right to feel uneasy about this, and to explain why we now need to explore why he was so strongly supported as king. He had the support from the powerful nobles of Northumbria, after getting rid of a pest in 1065. The pest was Tostig Godwinson, Harold's own brother, who had basically antagonised Northumbria with his taxes and general bad qualities. Knowing their support would be useful when the time came to claim the throne, and fearing civil war if he backed his brother, Harold supported the nobles, and Tostig was exiled.

to:

He was right to feel uneasy about this, and to explain why we now need to explore why he was so strongly supported as king. He had the support from the powerful nobles of Northumbria, after getting rid of a pest in 1065. The pest was Tostig Godwinson, Harold's own brother, who had basically antagonised Northumbria with his taxes taxes, murders of dissenting families, usage of Danish mercenaries as enforcers, frequent [[SacredHospitality violations of the terms of the peace banner]], and general bad qualities. Knowing their support would be useful when the time came to claim the throne, and fearing civil war if he backed his brother, Harold supported the nobles, and Tostig was exiled.


* ''Literature/ASongOfIceAndFIre'' portrays the Targaryens as a combine of both The House of Normandy and [[UsefulNotes/TheHouseOfPlantagenet The House of Plantagenets]], with Aegon the Conqueror being the analogue of William the Conqueror and the Dance of the Dragons a SuccessionCrisis between siblings Aegon II and Rhaenyra I like the Anarchy between Empress Mathilda and Stephen of Blois. Rhaenyra's son Aegon III eventually inherits the throne like Henry II Plantagenet.

to:

* ''Literature/ASongOfIceAndFIre'' ''Literature/ASongOfIceAndFire'' portrays the Targaryens as a combine of both The House of Normandy and [[UsefulNotes/TheHouseOfPlantagenet The House of Plantagenets]], with Aegon the Conqueror being the analogue of William the Conqueror and the Dance of the Dragons a SuccessionCrisis between siblings Aegon II and Rhaenyra I like the Anarchy between Empress Mathilda and Stephen of Blois. Rhaenyra's son Aegon III eventually inherits the throne like Henry II Plantagenet.

Added DiffLines:

* ''Literature/ASongOfIceAndFIre'' portrays the Targaryens as a combine of both The House of Normandy and [[UsefulNotes/TheHouseOfPlantagenet The House of Plantagenets]], with Aegon the Conqueror being the analogue of William the Conqueror and the Dance of the Dragons a SuccessionCrisis between siblings Aegon II and Rhaenyra I like the Anarchy between Empress Mathilda and Stephen of Blois. Rhaenyra's son Aegon III eventually inherits the throne like Henry II Plantagenet.


Count of Blois, nephew of Henry and grandson of William I, he had an elder brother who luckily did not want to be a contender to the throne, which made Stephen (''Etienne'') the closest male candidate. Proclaimed himself king upon Henry's death, claiming the latter had changed his mind about his intended heir, and was given the support of most of the barons in a peaceful start to the reign. Was not a very effective ruler though and within a few years Matilda had gained enough support to contest her claim. His rule was marred by The Anarchy, a civil war running from 1139-1153 which severely diminished royal power. It ended when Matilda's son was named as heir instead of Stephen's.

to:

Count of Blois, nephew of Henry and grandson of William I, he had an elder brother who luckily did not want to be a contender to the throne, which made Stephen (''Etienne'') the closest male candidate. Proclaimed himself king upon Henry's death, claiming the latter had changed his mind about his intended heir, and was given the support of most of the barons in a peaceful start to the reign. Was not a very effective ruler though and within a few years Matilda had gained enough support to contest her claim. His rule was marred by The Anarchy, a civil war running from 1139-1153 which severely diminished royal power. It ended when Matilda's son was named as heir instead of Stephen's.
Stephen's. Though Stephen was of the House of Blois through his father, he is often included with the House of Normandy in lists.


But now, a few weeks after Harold demobilized his army, Tostig had returned, bringing in tow a large army of HornyVikings, with the terrifying King of Norway Harald Hardrada coming to claim the throne through the line of Canute. Harold wasted no time, however. In a truly impressive feat of logistics, [[CrowningMomentOfAwesome he force-marched from London to York, gathered his army as he marched and completely annihilated Tostig and Harald's forces at the Battle of Stamford Bridge]], effectively ending the age of Viking raids on England.

to:

But now, a few weeks after Harold demobilized his army, Tostig had returned, bringing in tow a large army of HornyVikings, with the terrifying King of Norway Harald Hardrada coming to claim the throne through the line of Canute. Harold wasted no time, however. In a truly impressive feat of logistics, [[CrowningMomentOfAwesome he force-marched from London to York, gathered his army as he marched and completely annihilated Tostig and Harald's forces at the Battle of Stamford Bridge]], Bridge, effectively ending the age of Viking raids on England.


[[quoteright:300:https://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/410px_arms.png]]

to:

[[quoteright:300:https://static.[[quoteright:250:https://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/410px_arms.png]]

Added DiffLines:

[[quoteright:300:https://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/410px_arms.png]]


* ''Film/TheWarLord'' takes place in the late 11th century and follows a Norman knight taking his place as the feudal lord of a village at the time of William the Conqueror and doing his best to fight Frisian raids.

to:

* ''Film/TheWarLord'' takes place in the late 11th century and follows a Norman knight taking his place as the feudal lord of a village at the time of William the Conqueror and doing his best to fight Frisian raids.raids off.


Note that the regnal numbers given below are anachronistic. Norman kings were known by their first name and a sobriquet, either a nickname or their place of birth. Regnal numbers were assigned by monks only in the time of Edward III. Each king's most common sobriquet is given here in parentheses after his regnal name.

to:

Note that the regnal numbers given below are anachronistic. Norman kings were known by their first name and a sobriquet, either a nickname or their place of birth. Regnal numbers were assigned by monks law clerks only in the time of Edward III. Each king's most common sobriquet is given here in parentheses after his regnal name.


He was right to feel uneasy about this, and to explain why we now need to explore why he was so strongly supported as king. He had the support from the powerful nobles of Northumbria, after getting rid of a pest in 1065. The pest was Tostig Godwinson, Harold's own brother, who had basically antagonised Northumbria with his taxes and general {{Jerkass}} qualities. Knowing their support would be useful when the time came to claim the throne, and fearing civil war if he backed his brother, Harold supported the nobles, and Tostig was exiled.

to:

He was right to feel uneasy about this, and to explain why we now need to explore why he was so strongly supported as king. He had the support from the powerful nobles of Northumbria, after getting rid of a pest in 1065. The pest was Tostig Godwinson, Harold's own brother, who had basically antagonised Northumbria with his taxes and general {{Jerkass}} bad qualities. Knowing their support would be useful when the time came to claim the throne, and fearing civil war if he backed his brother, Harold supported the nobles, and Tostig was exiled.


A bastard in both [[MagnificentBastard magnificent]] and literal terms: the illegitimate son of Robert I of Normandy and a tanner's daughter (at one siege, his foes hung tanned hides from the battlements to mock him not very wisely in the long run, since he chopped off both hands and both feet of every member of the garrison once he captured the place). His father died when he was eight, and he would spend the next twenty years involved in the battles between various French vassal states, as well as fighting Norman nobles who thought "Duke" sounded pretty good in front of their own names.

to:

A bastard in both [[MagnificentBastard magnificent]] magnificent and literal terms: the illegitimate son of Robert I of Normandy and a tanner's daughter (at one siege, his foes hung tanned hides from the battlements to mock him not very wisely in the long run, since he chopped off both hands and both feet of every member of the garrison once he captured the place). His father died when he was eight, and he would spend the next twenty years involved in the battles between various French vassal states, as well as fighting Norman nobles who thought "Duke" sounded pretty good in front of their own names.



The youngest son of William the Conqueror. William apparently recognized Henry's MagnificentBastard tendencies from the beginning, and bequeathed him cash rather than land holdings, acknowledging that Henry would soon end up with everything anyway. Henry moved quickly to secure the treasury after his brother's death and was aided by Robert being far away, returning from a crusade. He granted a charter which would form the basis for future documents such as the Magna Carta, and undertook extensive legal and financial reforms during his reign. Married Edith of Scotland, thus linking his descendants to the pre-conquest West Saxon royal line. Famous for having the largest number of bastards of any English King (at over 20, still nothing on [[Literature/ASongOfIceAndFire Walder Frey]]). Only two legitimate children lived to adulthood, his son and heir dying in the White Ship disaster, whereupon he made his barons swear to serve his daughter, Matilda (Maude).

to:

The youngest son of William the Conqueror. William apparently recognized Henry's MagnificentBastard commanding tendencies from the beginning, and bequeathed him cash rather than land holdings, acknowledging that Henry would soon end up with everything anyway. Henry moved quickly to secure the treasury after his brother's death and was aided by Robert being far away, returning from a crusade. He granted a charter which would form the basis for future documents such as the Magna Carta, and undertook extensive legal and financial reforms during his reign. Married Edith of Scotland, thus linking his descendants to the pre-conquest West Saxon royal line. Famous for having the largest number of bastards of any English King (at over 20, still nothing on [[Literature/ASongOfIceAndFire Walder Frey]]). Only two legitimate children lived to adulthood, his son and heir dying in the White Ship disaster, whereupon he made his barons swear to serve his daughter, Matilda (Maude).

Showing 15 edit(s) of 28

Top

How well does it match the trope?

Example of:

/

Media sources:

/

Report