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* ''ComicBook/BuffyTheVampireSlayer'': "The Origin" claims that Caligula was a vampire who eventually became UsefulNotes/JackTheRipper.

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* The third season of {{Creator/Netflix}}'s docu-drama series ''Series/RomanEmpire'' is devoted to him, with Ido Drent in the title role. The series narrative suggests his late life negative reputation is not only due to his illness, but was also to an extent jumpstarted by [[CorruptTheCutie being fostered and becoming a house guest]]/[[StockholmSyndrome hostage]] of his [[EvilUncle predecessor uncle Tiberius]], who also fell into his own depravities.


* Creator/AlbertCamus wrote a play about him entitled ''Caligula''.


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[[folder:Theatre]]
* Creator/AlbertCamus wrote a play about him entitled ''Caligula''.
[[/folder]]

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* OnlyKnownByTheirNickname: Rarely will he be called "Emperor Gaius" in fiction or non-fiction.

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* ''ComicBook/SimonDark'': The "familiar" Gaius Publius was once a gladiator who earned Caligula's ire by refusing to kill a defeated opponent. Caligula gave Gaius to a sorcerer who proceeded to transform him into an inhuman monster intended to be an unquestioning slave, but Gaius retained his mind and independence.


All of Rome prayed for him to survive. BeCarefulWhatYouWishFor...

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[[BeCarefulWhatYouWishFor All of Rome prayed for him to survive. BeCarefulWhatYouWishFor...
survive]]...



* HistoricalDomainCharacter: Together with UsefulNotes/{{Nero}} the stock mad Roman Emperor to appear in popular culture.

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* HistoricalDomainCharacter: Together with UsefulNotes/{{Nero}} and to a lesser extent, Commodus, the stock mad Roman Emperor to appear in popular culture.


The infamous [[UsefulNotes/TheRomanEmpire Roman emperor]], reigned between AD 37 and AD 41. His actual name was Gaius Julius Caesar Germanicus; Caligula is a [[OnlyKnownByTheirNickname nickname]], meaning "little boot", that he got in his childhood, because, him being a MilitaryBrat, his mom liked to dress him up as a soldier. His uncle was Emperor Tiberius, while his nephew was the equally infamous UsefulNotes/{{Nero}}. Caligula was elevated to emperor once Tiberius died in AD 37.

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The infamous [[UsefulNotes/TheRomanEmpire Roman emperor]], reigned between AD 37 and AD 41. His actual name was Gaius Julius Caesar Germanicus; Caligula is a [[OnlyKnownByTheirNickname nickname]], meaning "little boot", that he got in his childhood, because, him being a MilitaryBrat, his mom liked to dress him up as a soldier. His uncle great-uncle was Emperor Tiberius, while his nephew was the equally infamous UsefulNotes/{{Nero}}. Caligula was elevated to emperor once Tiberius died in AD 37.


Upon recovering, Caligula had [[BaldOfEvil permanently lost his hair and apparently his mind]]. The popular image about him is of an insane tyrant. It's hard to find out how much of this is true, since hardly any contemporary sources survived about him. The outrageous tales about him committing [[BrotherSisterIncest incest with his sisters]], sending his army against the sea and having them collect shells as booty, marrying a woman who was 9 months pregnant so he wouldn't have to wait for an heir (whether or not it was his is unclear), using a tax hike upon the birth of [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Julia_Drusilla_(daughter_of_Caligula) his daughter]] to provide [[PooledFunds gold for him to roll around in]], and [[CaligulasHorse wanting to make his favorite horse a consul]] come from Suetonius, who wrote a biography about Caligula 80 years after his death [[WrittenByTheWinners at the behest of an another dynasty of Emperors who had interest in demonizing their predecessors]].

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Upon recovering, Caligula had [[BaldOfEvil permanently lost his hair and apparently his mind]]. The popular image about him is of an insane tyrant. It's hard to find out how much of this is true, since hardly any contemporary sources survived about him. The outrageous tales about him committing [[BrotherSisterIncest incest with his sisters]], sending his army against the sea after declaring war on the ocean god Neptune and having them stab the waves and collect shells as booty, marrying a woman who was 9 months pregnant so he wouldn't have to wait for an heir (whether or not it was his is unclear), using a tax hike upon the birth of [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Julia_Drusilla_(daughter_of_Caligula) his daughter]] to provide [[PooledFunds gold for him to roll around in]], and [[CaligulasHorse wanting to make his favorite horse a consul]] come from Suetonius, who wrote a biography about Caligula 80 years after his death [[WrittenByTheWinners at the behest of an another dynasty of Emperors who had interest in demonizing their predecessors]].


There were several conspiracies against him, and he was eventually stabbed to death by [[PraetorianGuard his own bodyguards]].

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There were several conspiracies against him, and he was eventually stabbed to death by [[PraetorianGuard his own bodyguards]].
bodyguards]], who also [[ThePurge killed his wife and infant daughter]].

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* ''Series/XenaWarriorPrincess'': In "The God You Know", Caligula is portrayed as an immature, cruel, and murderous tyrant who hears voices and achieves godhood by stealing Aphrodite's divinity. Xena, in disguise, seduces him, then faces him in a chariot race and beats him. She then reveals her true identity and beats him up due to [[UnskilledButStrong his lack of skill with his powers]]. Xena bluffs that she still has the power to kill gods, and [[BetterToDieThanBeKilled he decides to kill himself by falling on a sword rather than be killed by her]]. His ghost has a cameo in "You Are There", where he's waiting to be ferried across the River Styx by Charon, but he's so obnoxious that Charon throws him into the river.


The first six months of his reign were reportedly an easygoing time for the Romans. Caligula was something of a [[PhotoOpWithTheDog PR maestro]] and knew how to put himself over: holding endless games, burning Tiberius' "enemies list", and showering gold coins (actually his inheritance) onto his fans. Later that year he fell seriously ill, the cause of which is still debated. Some suggest herpes or malaria (untreated malarial encephalitis causes extremely high fevers which are noted for causing brain damage in those who survive them) while others suggest lead poisoning.

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The first six months of his reign were reportedly an easygoing time for the Romans. Caligula was something of a [[PhotoOpWithTheDog PR maestro]] and knew how to put himself over: holding endless games, burning Tiberius' "enemies list", and [[MoneyToThrowAway showering gold coins coins]] (actually his inheritance) onto his fans. Later that year he fell seriously ill, the cause of which is still debated. Some suggest herpes or malaria (untreated malarial encephalitis causes extremely high fevers which are noted for causing brain damage in those who survive them) while others suggest lead poisoning.



Upon recovering, Caligula had [[BaldOfEvil permanently lost his hair and apparently his mind]]. The popular image about him is of an insane tyrant. It's hard to find out how much of this is true, since hardly any contemporary sources survived about him. The outrageous tales about him committing [[BrotherSisterIncest incest with his sisters]], sending his army against the sea and having them collect shells as booty, marrying a woman who was 9 months pregnant so he wouldn't have to wait for an heir (whether or not it was his is unclear), using a tax hike upon the birth of [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Julia_Drusilla_(daughter_of_Caligula) his daughter]] to provide [[PooledFunds gold for him to roll around in]], and [[CaligulasHorse wanting to make his favorite horse a consul]] come from Suetonius, who wrote a biography about him 80 years after his death. And Suetonius was [[WrittenByTheWinners in the employ of an another dynasty of Emperors who had interest in demonizing their predecessors]]. It's certain that Caligula wanted to increase his authority, which made him unpopular with the Senate. There were several conspiracies against him, and he was eventually stabbed to death by [[PraetorianGuard his own bodyguards]].

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Upon recovering, Caligula had [[BaldOfEvil permanently lost his hair and apparently his mind]]. The popular image about him is of an insane tyrant. It's hard to find out how much of this is true, since hardly any contemporary sources survived about him. The outrageous tales about him committing [[BrotherSisterIncest incest with his sisters]], sending his army against the sea and having them collect shells as booty, marrying a woman who was 9 months pregnant so he wouldn't have to wait for an heir (whether or not it was his is unclear), using a tax hike upon the birth of [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Julia_Drusilla_(daughter_of_Caligula) his daughter]] to provide [[PooledFunds gold for him to roll around in]], and [[CaligulasHorse wanting to make his favorite horse a consul]] come from Suetonius, who wrote a biography about him Caligula 80 years after his death. And Suetonius was death [[WrittenByTheWinners in at the employ behest of an another dynasty of Emperors who had interest in demonizing their predecessors]]. It's predecessors]].

What is
certain that Caligula wanted to increase his authority, which made him unpopular with the Senate. Senate [[note]]the KangarooCourt trials and subsequent executions of several public figures didn't help either[[/note]], and that he engaged in some rather extravagant and occasionally questionable public and personal construction projects at a time when Rome experienced both an economic downturn and a brief famine[[note]]The degree to which these events were related to said projects, or whether they simply painted his sometimes odd decisions in a poor light for the common Roman, remains unclear[[/note]].

Said construction projects are a prime example of Caligula's complicated legacy: on the one hand, he enacted public works like improvements to several harbors during the famine (allowing increased food imports), expanding and upgrading the empire's road system, and initiating the construction of two new major aquaducts. On the other hand, he [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nemi_ships constructed of a pair of massive ships on a sacred lake]]- the smaller one a floating temple to Diana[[note]]and/or the Egyptian goddess Isis, another apparent point of contention both among his critics at the time and among scholars today[[/note]], the larger one lavishly equipped as a party barge ([[LoopholeAbuse for purely ceremonial purposes related to the temple, of course]]).

There were several conspiracies against him, and he was eventually stabbed to death by [[PraetorianGuard his own bodyguards]].

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*The ''Series/HistoryBites'' episode "Caligula is Croaked" focuses on his psychopathy, assassination, and subsequent replacement by Claudius.
*''Series/HorribleHistories'': Caligula is portrayed by Simon Farnaby, who makes him out to be LaughablyEvil.


All of Rome prayed for him to survive]]. BeCarefulWhatYouWishFor...

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All of Rome prayed for him to survive]].survive. BeCarefulWhatYouWishFor...


All of Rome [[{{Irony}} prayed for him to survive]]. Be careful what you ask forů

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All of Rome [[{{Irony}} prayed for him to survive]]. Be careful what you ask forů
BeCarefulWhatYouWishFor...

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* The ''ComicBook/{{Shazam}}'' villain Ibac derives his superpowers from four ruthless historical figures, with Caligula providing his cruelty and the latter "c" in his name.

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