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Renaissance are a ProgressiveRock group. They originally formed in 1969 from two former [[Music/TheYardbirds Yardbirds]] members, Keith Relf and Jim [=McCarty=], joined by Louis Cennamo and John Hawken, along with Keith's sister Jane Relf. However, they are best known in their later lineup consisting of Annie Haslam on vocals, Michael Dunford on guitars, Jon Camp on bass, John Tout on keyboards and Terence Sullivan on drums and percussion. Distinctive characteristics of their sound include the five-octave range of Haslam and the orchestral accompaniment, giving, along with the classically-inspired songwriting, a symphonic quality to their music.


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Renaissance are a ProgressiveRock group. group whose long career has two distinct phases.

They originally formed in 1969 from two former [[Music/TheYardbirds Yardbirds]] members, singer Keith Relf and drummer Jim [=McCarty=], joined by [=McCarty=]. The other members included bassist Louis Cennamo and Cennamo, keyboardist John Hawken, along with and Keith's sister Jane Relf. Relf, who shared lead vocals with her brother. However, they are best known in this version of the band broke up during the recording of their later lineup consisting of Annie Haslam on vocals, second album, ''Illusion''. Hawken finished the project by bringing in several guest musicians, including guitarist Michael Dunford Dunford; he then left, but not before recruiting vocalist Annie Haslam.

This transitional version of Renaissance, featuring Haslam and Dunford, underwent still more personnel changes while completing two albums, ''Prologue'' and ''Ashes Are Burning''. However, by 1974's ''Turn of the Cards'', the band's best-known, longest-lasting lineup had been assembled: Haslam, Dunford, John Tout
on guitars, keyboards, Jon Camp on bass, John Tout on keyboards keyboards, and Terence Sullivan on drums and percussion. Distinctive The new Renaissance kept the ClassicalMusic influences of the original, while adding distinctive characteristics of their sound include such as the five-octave range of Haslam and the orchestral accompaniment, giving, along with the classically-inspired songwriting, a symphonic quality to their music.

music.


[[caption-width-right:350:The classic lineup:John Tout, Jon Camp, Annie Haslam, Michael Dunford, and Terry Sullivan.]]

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[[caption-width-right:350:The classic lineup:John lineup: John Tout, Jon Camp, Annie Haslam, Michael Dunford, and Terry Sullivan.]]

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[[quoteright:350:https://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/renaissance_second_lineup.jpg]]
[[caption-width-right:350:The classic lineup:John Tout, Jon Camp, Annie Haslam, Michael Dunford, and Terry Sullivan.]]


[[caption-width-right:350:The original lineup: Louis Cennamo, Keith Relf, Jim [=McCarty=],
John Hawken, and Jane Relf.]]

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[[caption-width-right:350:The original lineup: Louis Cennamo, Keith Relf, Jim [=McCarty=],
[=McCarty=], John Hawken, and Jane Relf.]]

Added DiffLines:

[[quoteright:350:https://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/renaissance_first_lineup.jpg]]
[[caption-width-right:350:The original lineup: Louis Cennamo, Keith Relf, Jim [=McCarty=],
John Hawken, and Jane Relf.]]


!!Discography:
* ''Renaissance'' (1969)

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!!Discography:
!!Studio Discography:
* ''Renaissance'' ''[[SelfTitledAlbum Renaissance]]'' (1969)



!!Renaissance and their music contain examples of the following:

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!!Renaissance and their music contain examples
!!Turn
of the following:Tropes:
* TheBandMinusTheFace: An extreme example, since over time the entire original lineup was replaced.

Added DiffLines:

Renaissance are a ProgressiveRock group. They originally formed in 1969 from two former [[Music/TheYardbirds Yardbirds]] members, Keith Relf and Jim [=McCarty=], joined by Louis Cennamo and John Hawken, along with Keith's sister Jane Relf. However, they are best known in their later lineup consisting of Annie Haslam on vocals, Michael Dunford on guitars, Jon Camp on bass, John Tout on keyboards and Terence Sullivan on drums and percussion. Distinctive characteristics of their sound include the five-octave range of Haslam and the orchestral accompaniment, giving, along with the classically-inspired songwriting, a symphonic quality to their music.


!!Discography:
*''Renaissance'' (1969)
*''Illusion'' (1971)
*''Prologue'' (1972)
*''Ashes Are Burning'' (1973)
*''Turn of the Cards'' (1974)
*''Scheherazade and Other Stories'' (1975)
*''Novella'' (1977)
*''A Song for All Seasons'' (1978)
*''Azure d'Or'' (1979)
*''Camera Camera'' (1981)
*''Time-Line'' (1983)
*''Tuscany'' (2001)
*''Grandine il Vento'' (2013)
!!Renaissance and their music contain examples of the following:
*EpicRocking: Several examples, the biggest being the side-length "Song of Scheherazade".
*MaleBandFemaleSinger: With Annie Haslam as lead vocalist, and Michael Dunford, Jon Camp, John Tout, and Terence Sullivan rounding out the group in their heyday. Downplayed in the Relf lineup, with Jane and Keith Relf both providing lead vocals, the latter also playing guitar.
*NewSoundAlbum: A succession of them in the late 1970s and early 1980s: First, ''A Song For All Seasons'', which reintroduced electric guitars after several albums without them; next, ''Azure d'Or'', which lacked any longer pieces and eschewed the orchestral backing typical of Renaissance in favor of synths; then, ''Camera Camera'', which landed squarely in the {{New Wave|Music}} genre; and ''Time-Line'', which moved into 1980s pop rock.
*RevolvingDoorBand: In the early days of the band. They went through ''sixteen'' members, including replacing the entire original lineup, before settling on the classic lineup (whose members featured from ''Prologue'' and which became official on ''Turn of the Cards'').
*RockMeAmadeus:
**"Island" (incorporating Beethoven's ''Pathétique'' Sonata) on ''Renaissance''.
**"Cold Is Being" (based on "Adagio in G minor") on ''Turn of the Cards''.
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