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* HumblePie: Evelyn tries brown-nosing with Nazis in power to maintain a higher social standing. She starts the climax pathetically begging her sister to hide her from the politicians and police that arrested her husband. Mrs. Roth kicks her out, understandably. [[spoiler:She only acquiesces on learning Philip was feeding Evelyn in the basement, and her sister had fallen ill]].


* BittersweetEnding: Eventually, [[spoiler:history gets back on track with FDR resuming the presidency just before Pearl Harbor and the Nazis are defeated. Everyone still pays the price, however; many AntiSemitic rioters are a KarmaHoudini, including the Ku Klux Klan members who killed Seldon's mother. No one knows why Lindbergh turned Nazi or vanished, though the theories abound. Mrs. Roth and Evelyn only reconcile to the point that Evelyn can stay in the basement until it's safe. Seldon and many other children are traumatized from the experience, as Philip muses on if the tragedies could have been avoided]].

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* BittersweetEnding: Eventually, [[spoiler:history gets back on track with FDR resuming the presidency just before Pearl Harbor and the Nazis are defeated. Everyone still pays the price, however; many AntiSemitic rioters are a KarmaHoudini, including the Ku Klux Klan members who killed Seldon's mother. No one knows why Lindbergh turned Nazi or vanished, though the theories abound. Mrs. Roth and Evelyn only reconcile to the point that Evelyn can stay in the basement at their house until it's safe. Seldon and many other children are traumatized from the experience, as Philip muses on if the tragedies could have been avoided]].

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* CentralTheme: Where’s the line between turning a blind eye to something horrible happening and being an active participant in it?


* HistoricalVillainUpgrade: The portrayal of Charles Lindbergh as a ANaziByAnyOtherName (as rooted in truth as it is) can come off as this especially at first to readers who didn't know that Charles Lindbergh held such views and mainly knew about him as a celebrity pilot. Roth does soften this a bit by implying that Lindbergh is coerced into implementing his pro-German policies.

to:

* HistoricalVillainUpgrade: HistoricalVillainUpgrade:
**
The portrayal of Charles Lindbergh as a ANaziByAnyOtherName (as rooted in truth as it is) can come off as this especially at first to readers who didn't know that Charles Lindbergh held such views and mainly knew about him as a celebrity pilot. Roth does soften this a bit by implying that Lindbergh is coerced into implementing his pro-German policies.


* AluminumChristmasTrees: With the present historical narrative of America as generally supportive of the Allies, but unable to get personally involved in World War II until the [[Film/AnimalHouse Germans]], sorry, Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor, the idea that at any point in history an American could not only express positive views about the Nazis and still be able to show his face in polite society but also receive a medal from Adolf Hitler himself without being ostracized can seem very far-fetched indeed without deeper historical knowledge.

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* AluminumChristmasTrees: AluminumChristmasTrees:
**
With the present historical narrative of America as generally supportive of the Allies, but unable to get personally involved in World War II until the [[Film/AnimalHouse Germans]], sorry, Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor, the idea that at any point in history an American could not only express positive views about the Nazis and still be able to show his face in polite society but also receive a medal from Adolf Hitler himself without being ostracized can seem very far-fetched indeed without deeper historical knowledge.knowledge.
** The two major political parties of the 30s and 40s were really as isolationist as portrayed in the book. The country was weary of another war after the Great War and the Depression was so bad for such a long time that people just wanted to worry about rebuilding. Roosevelt knew that the US entering the war was inevitable but didn’t have Congress or the American people on his side. He spent several years readying both in his speeches for what he knew was coming and did what he could to help the Allies around the edges.


** Even more so the portrayal of Lindbergh's Vice President, [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Burton_K._Wheeler Burton K. Wheeler]]. The real man, though opposing US entry into the war, was a well-known progressive who had exposed the Teapot Dome scandal in the '20s, consistently supported labor unions and worker's rights and backed Roosevelt's New Deal policies until breaking with FDR over his "court packing" plan in 1937. Wheeler did associate himself with Lindbergh and America First (although he enthusiastically supported the war after Pearl Harbor), but he isn't known to have expressed any of the bigoted or pro-fascist sentiments attributed to him in the novel.

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** Even more so the portrayal of Lindbergh's Vice President, [https://en.[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Burton_K._Wheeler Burton K. Wheeler]]. The real man, though opposing US entry into the war, was a well-known progressive who had exposed the Teapot Dome scandal in the '20s, consistently supported labor unions and worker's rights and backed Roosevelt's New Deal policies until breaking with FDR over his "court packing" plan in 1937. Wheeler did associate himself with Lindbergh and America First (although he enthusiastically supported the war after Pearl Harbor), but he isn't known to have expressed any of the bigoted or pro-fascist sentiments attributed to him in the novel.


* HistoricalVillainUpgrade: The portrayal of Charles Lindbergh as a ANaziByAnyOtherName (as rooted in truth as it is) can come off as this especially at first to readers who didn't know that Charles Lindbergh held such views and mainly knew about him as a celebrity pilot. Roth does soften this a bit by implying that Lindbergh is coerced into implementing his pro-German policies (whereas his Vice President, isolationist Senator [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Burton_K._Wheeler Burton K. Wheeler]], is depicted as a true fanatic-the real man, though opposing US entry into the war, was liberal, not a Nazi sympathizer).

to:

* HistoricalVillainUpgrade: The portrayal of Charles Lindbergh as a ANaziByAnyOtherName (as rooted in truth as it is) can come off as this especially at first to readers who didn't know that Charles Lindbergh held such views and mainly knew about him as a celebrity pilot. Roth does soften this a bit by implying that Lindbergh is coerced into implementing his pro-German policies (whereas his policies.
** Even more so the portrayal of Lindbergh's
Vice President, isolationist Senator [[https://en.[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Burton_K._Wheeler Burton K. Wheeler]], is depicted as a true fanatic-the Wheeler]]. The real man, though opposing US entry into the war, was liberal, not a Nazi sympathizer).well-known progressive who had exposed the Teapot Dome scandal in the '20s, consistently supported labor unions and worker's rights and backed Roosevelt's New Deal policies until breaking with FDR over his "court packing" plan in 1937. Wheeler did associate himself with Lindbergh and America First (although he enthusiastically supported the war after Pearl Harbor), but he isn't known to have expressed any of the bigoted or pro-fascist sentiments attributed to him in the novel.


* BittersweetEnding: Eventually, [[spoiler:history gets back on track with FDR resuming the presidency just before Pearl Harbor and the Nazis are defeated. Everyone still pays the price, however; many AntiSemitic rioters are a KarmaHoudini, including the Ku Klux Klan members who killed Seldon's mother. No one knows why Lindbergh turned Nazi or vanished, though the theories abound. Mrs. Roth and Evelyn only reconcile to the point that Evelyn can stay in the basement until it's safe. Seldon and many other children are traumatized from the experience, as Philip muses on if the tragedies could have been avoided]].
* BreakTheHaughty: Aunt Evelyn is reduced from a smug CategoryTraitor to [[spoiler:a dirty, desperate disheveled woman on the run. Her own sister turns her away, so she has to hide in the Roths' basement to avoid arrest. Mrs. Roth and Philip later think this is punishment enough for being a conspirator]].



* FromBadToWorse: [[spoiler:After Lindbergh's disappearance, his Vice President, Burton Wheeler, briefly takes over the presidency and institutes martial law, mass arrests and outright repression. This is what spurs Congress to remove Wheeler from office and reinstate FDR.]]

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* TheDogBitesBack: After witnessing all of the injustices and absurdities that her own sister and brother-in-law are enabling, which includes brainwashing Jewish kids with propaganda, it is satisfying when Mrs. Roth calls out Aunt Evelyn for being a CategoryTraitor and only showing up when she's desperate and in need of help.
* AFriendInNeed: [[spoiler:Mr. Roth and Sandy drive to rescue Seldon when his mother is killed in the purges. Philip, despite not liking the other boy, is determined to take care of him as well until he is emotionally healed]].
* FromBadToWorse: [[spoiler:After Lindbergh's disappearance, his Vice President, Burton Wheeler, briefly takes over the presidency and institutes martial law, mass arrests arrests, and outright repression. This is what spurs Congress to remove Wheeler from office and reinstate FDR.]]


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* MamaBear: After seeing Sandy fall victim to the Antisemitic propaganda, Mrs. Roth yells at her sister for trying to appeal to Philip's mercy. She says that Evelyn is not taking another of her children.


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* RageBreakingPoint: Philip's mother has been tolerating her sister's simpering and collaborating with the Nazis. She refuses to help, however, when Evelyn shows up on her doorstep begging for safety as her husband and older son Sandy are going to pick up the son of a family friend, as riots and purges are going on. Mrs. Roth tells off Evelyn for only coming when she needs to escape from the fascist state she created, yelling at Evelyn for trying to appeal to Philip's mercy. As she puts it, Evelyn already ensured that the Roths lost Sandy to propaganda and she's not taking their other son.
* SacredHospitality: Despite himself and his mother's reaction, [[spoiler:Philip sneaks food to Evelyn when she hides out in the basement. Eventually, Mrs. Roth finds out and lets Evelyn stay for a short while]].


An AlternateHistory novel written by Creator/PhilipRoth and published in 2004. There's a [[Series/ThePlotAgainstAmerica live-action adaptation]] MiniSeries, produced by Creator/{{HBO}} and written by Creator/DavidSimon and EdBurns, the creators of ''Creator/TheWire'', which aired in March 2020.

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An AlternateHistory novel written by Creator/PhilipRoth and published in 2004. There's a [[Series/ThePlotAgainstAmerica live-action adaptation]] MiniSeries, produced by Creator/{{HBO}} and written by Creator/DavidSimon and EdBurns, Ed Burns, the creators of ''Creator/TheWire'', ''Series/TheWire'', which aired in March 2020.


An AlternateHistory novel written by Creator/PhilipRoth and published in 2004. There's a [[Series/ThePlotAgainstAmerica live-action version]] produced by HBO, which aired in March 2020.

to:

An AlternateHistory novel written by Creator/PhilipRoth and published in 2004. There's a [[Series/ThePlotAgainstAmerica live-action version]] adaptation]] MiniSeries, produced by HBO, Creator/{{HBO}} and written by Creator/DavidSimon and EdBurns, the creators of ''Creator/TheWire'', which aired in March 2020.



* WikiWalk: At times, the narration feels like one of these, what with the amount of information that Phil, the narrator. gives. It sometimes gets to the point where the reader could conceivably forget what was going on plot-wise before the load of information given in the narration before it goes back to the events of the plot.

to:

* WikiWalk: At times, the narration feels like one of these, what with the amount of information that Phil, the narrator. narrator, gives. It sometimes gets to the point where the reader could conceivably forget what was going on plot-wise before the load of information given in the narration before it goes back to the events of the plot.


As almost every American high school student knows, UsefulNotes/FranklinDRoosevelt was first elected as President of the United States in 1932 and enacted a New Deal that helped to end the Great Depression. He was was elected to his third term in 1940, riding on his popularity as well as a promise to the American people that he would not get the United States involved in the [[UsefulNotes/WorldWarII Second World War raging in Europe]], defeating Wendell Willkie. America did not get involved in World War II until the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor in UsefulNotes/{{Hawaii}}.

However, ''The Plot Against America'' diverges from actual history starting with the Republican National Convention that met concerning the 1940 election, where Charles Lindbergh instead of Wendell Willkie is named as the Republican nominee for President. Jewish people across America spontaneously and loudly protest this as soon as they hear the news. Why? Lindbergh is a Nazi sympathizer and a proud recipient of the Order of the German Eagle who even refused to return it after Kristallnacht, saying that it would constitute an "unnecessary insult" to the Third Reich. However, Lindbergh is able to use his popularity as a famous aviator as well as his isolationism to defeat FDR in the 1940 election. Thereafter, he signs "understandings" with both the Third Reich and Japan, making nice with both governments. Thus, the bombing of Pearl Harbor as well as America's 1942 entrance into UsefulNotes/WorldWarII are averted. Anti-Semitism increases in popularity as an alliance between the American and Nazi government strengthens.

Meanwhile, [[AuthorAvatar Philip Roth]] is a preteen Jewish boy who must cope with the ever-growing anti-Semitism in America. His mother has started saving money in a [[UsefulNotes/{{Canada}} Canadian]] bank in case things get so desperate that the Roths must leave the country. Phil's Aunt Evelyn grows closer to the Republican politicians and the visiting Nazi dignitaries. Phil's brother Sandy is turned against the Jewish culture and his cousin Alvin comes back home wounded after fighting in World War II for the Canadian army. It gets worse.

to:

As almost every American high school student knows, UsefulNotes/FranklinDRoosevelt was first elected as President of the United States in 1932 and enacted a New Deal that helped to end the Great Depression. He was was elected to his third term in 1940, riding on his popularity as well as a promise to the American people that he would not get the United States involved in the [[UsefulNotes/WorldWarII Second World War raging in Europe]], defeating Wendell Willkie. America did not get involved in World War II until the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor in UsefulNotes/{{Hawaii}}.

However, ''The Plot Against America'' diverges from actual history starting with the Republican National Convention that met concerning the 1940 election, where Charles Lindbergh instead of Wendell Willkie is named as the Republican nominee for President. Jewish people across America spontaneously and loudly protest this as soon as they hear the news. Why? Lindbergh is a Nazi sympathizer and a proud recipient of the Order of the German Eagle who even refused to return it after Kristallnacht, saying that it would constitute an "unnecessary insult" to the Third Reich. However, Lindbergh is able to use his popularity as a famous aviator as well as his isolationism to defeat FDR in the 1940 election. Thereafter, he signs "understandings" with both the Third Reich and Japan, making nice with both governments. Thus, the bombing of Pearl Harbor as well as America's 1942 entrance into UsefulNotes/WorldWarII are averted. Anti-Semitism Antisemitism increases in popularity as an alliance between the American and Nazi government strengthens.

Meanwhile, [[AuthorAvatar Philip Roth]] is a preteen Jewish boy who must cope with the ever-growing anti-Semitism antisemitism in America. His mother has started saving money in a [[UsefulNotes/{{Canada}} Canadian]] bank in case things get so desperate that the Roths must leave the country. Phil's Aunt Evelyn grows closer to the Republican politicians and the visiting Nazi dignitaries. Phil's brother Sandy is turned against the Jewish culture and his cousin Alvin comes back home wounded after fighting in World War II for the Canadian army. It gets worse.



* FromBadToWorse: [[spoiler:After Lindbergh's disappearance, his Vice President, Burton Wheeler briefly takes over the presidency and institutes martial law, mass arrests and outright repression. This is what spurs Congress to remove Wheeler from office and reinstate FDR.]]
* HistoricalVillainUpgrade: The portrayal of Charles Lindbergh as a ANaziByAnyOtherName, as rooted in truth as it is, can come off as this, especially at first, to readers who didn't know that Charles Lindbergh held such views and mainly knew about him as a celebrity pilot. Roth does soften this a bit by implying that Lindbergh is coerced into implementing his pro-German policies (whereas his Vice President, isolationist Senator [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Burton_K._Wheeler Burton K. Wheeler]], is depicted as a true fanatic).
* {{Joisey}}: One good way to tell whether or not a person has actually read this book is to ask them where it takes place. Since Phil's pride in being a New Jerseyan is repeated almost every other paragraph but the New Jersey setting is overshadowed by the AlternateHistory element of Charles Lindbergh's presidency in reviews and such ''about'' the book, you can tell if a person has actually read this if they answer any question about the setting with an unhesitating "New Jersey."
** Mind you, fans of Roth would've probably already guessed where the book [[CreatorProvincialism takes place]].
* ANaziByAnyOtherName: Subverted. While it seems for much of the book that Lindbergh is a Nazi, a member of the protagonist's family who worked in the Lindbergh administration claims that Lindbergh was forced to govern by the Nazi's, who had kidnapped his son (who is thought to have been killed). Note however this is never proved.
* PuttingOnTheReich: Strangely, it's more subtle than one would expect. When Charles Lindbergh is elected as President, he enacts some Nazi-lite policies specifically targeted at Jewish people, such as the relocation of Jewish families, forcing Jewish boys of a certain age to live with a Gentile family for the summer so that they will be turned against Jewish customs such as keeping kosher. Charles Lindbergh never goes nearly as far as Hitler ever did, but Jewish people are still clearly facing persecution. This may support the in-universe UsefulNotes/ConspiracyTheory that he was only doing it due to blackmail from the Nazis, thus his heart really wasn't in it.

to:

* FromBadToWorse: [[spoiler:After Lindbergh's disappearance, his Vice President, Burton Wheeler Wheeler, briefly takes over the presidency and institutes martial law, mass arrests and outright repression. This is what spurs Congress to remove Wheeler from office and reinstate FDR.]]
* HistoricalVillainUpgrade: The portrayal of Charles Lindbergh as a ANaziByAnyOtherName, as ANaziByAnyOtherName (as rooted in truth as it is, is) can come off as this, this especially at first, first to readers who didn't know that Charles Lindbergh held such views and mainly knew about him as a celebrity pilot. Roth does soften this a bit by implying that Lindbergh is coerced into implementing his pro-German policies (whereas his Vice President, isolationist Senator [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Burton_K._Wheeler Burton K. Wheeler]], is depicted as a true fanatic).
fanatic-the real man, though opposing US entry into the war, was liberal, not a Nazi sympathizer).
* {{Joisey}}: One good way to tell whether or not a person has actually read this book is to ask them where it takes place. Since Phil's pride in being a New Jerseyan is repeated almost every other paragraph but the New Jersey setting is overshadowed by the AlternateHistory element of Charles Lindbergh's presidency in reviews and such ''about'' the book, you can tell if a person has actually read this if they answer any question about the setting with an unhesitating "New Jersey."
**
" Mind you, fans of Roth would've probably already guessed where the book [[CreatorProvincialism takes place]].
* ANaziByAnyOtherName: Subverted. While it seems for much of the book that Lindbergh is a Nazi, a member of the protagonist's family who worked in the Lindbergh administration claims that Lindbergh was forced to govern by the Nazi's, Nazis, who had kidnapped his son (who is thought to have been killed). Note however this is never proved.
proved. In any case, while antisemitic policies ''are'' begun by Lindbergh, they're much milder than what the Nazis did, which indicates the theory may be correct.
* PuttingOnTheReich: Strangely, it's more subtle than one would expect. When Charles Lindbergh is elected as President, he enacts some Nazi-lite policies specifically targeted at Jewish people, such as the relocation of Jewish families, forcing Jewish boys of a certain age to live with a Gentile gentile family for the summer so that they will be turned against Jewish customs such as keeping kosher. Charles Lindbergh never goes nearly as far as Hitler ever did, but Jewish people are still clearly facing persecution. This may support the in-universe UsefulNotes/ConspiracyTheory [[UsefulNotes/ConspiracyTheories conspiracy theory]] that he was only doing it due to blackmail from the Nazis, thus his heart really wasn't in it.



* TheUnreveal: It is never revealed what happened to Lindbergh's plane. Did it crash? Was the plane sabotaged? Or was he kidnapped? And if yes, by whom? The British, desperate for American assistance? The Nazis, because Lindbergh wasn't pushing ahead with the anti-Semitic policies they wanted? Or members of the FBI and the armed forces who feared he would join the war on Germany's side? These theories are all presented in the book, but nobody knows which is correct.
* WikiWalk: At times, the narration feels like one of these, what with the amount of information that Phil, the narrator gives. It sometimes gets to the point where the reader could conceivably forget what was going on plot-wise before the load of information given in the narration before it goes back to the events of the plot.

to:

* TheUnreveal: It is never revealed what happened to Lindbergh's plane. Did it crash? Was the plane sabotaged? Or was he kidnapped? And if yes, by whom? The British, desperate for American assistance? The Nazis, because Lindbergh wasn't pushing ahead with the anti-Semitic antisemitic policies they wanted? Or members of the FBI and the armed forces who feared he would join the war on Germany's side? These theories are all presented in the book, but nobody knows which is correct.
* WikiWalk: At times, the narration feels like one of these, what with the amount of information that Phil, the narrator narrator. gives. It sometimes gets to the point where the reader could conceivably forget what was going on plot-wise before the load of information given in the narration before it goes back to the events of the plot.


An AlternateHistory novel written by Creator/PhilipRoth and published in 2004.

to:

An AlternateHistory novel written by Creator/PhilipRoth and published in 2004.
2004. There's a [[Series/ThePlotAgainstAmerica live-action version]] produced by HBO, which aired in March 2020.


However, ''The Plot Against America'' diverges from actual history starting with the Republican National Convention that met concerning the 1940 election, where Charles Lindbergh instead of Wendell Willkie is named as the Republican nominee for President. Jewish people across America spontaneously and loudly protest this as soon as they hear the news. Why? Charles Lindbergh is a Nazi sympathizer and a proud recipient of the Order of the German Eagle who even refused to return it after Kristallnacht, saying that it would constitute an "unnecessary insult" to the Third Reich. However, Charles Lindbergh is able to use his popularity as a famous aviator as well as his isolationism to defeat FDR in the 1940 election. Thereafter, he signs "understandings" with both the Third Reich and Japan, making nice with both governments. Thus, the bombing of Pearl Harbor as well as America's 1942 entrance into UsefulNotes/WorldWarII are averted. Anti-Semitism increases in popularity as an alliance between the American and Nazi government strengthens.

to:

However, ''The Plot Against America'' diverges from actual history starting with the Republican National Convention that met concerning the 1940 election, where Charles Lindbergh instead of Wendell Willkie is named as the Republican nominee for President. Jewish people across America spontaneously and loudly protest this as soon as they hear the news. Why? Charles Lindbergh is a Nazi sympathizer and a proud recipient of the Order of the German Eagle who even refused to return it after Kristallnacht, saying that it would constitute an "unnecessary insult" to the Third Reich. However, Charles Lindbergh is able to use his popularity as a famous aviator as well as his isolationism to defeat FDR in the 1940 election. Thereafter, he signs "understandings" with both the Third Reich and Japan, making nice with both governments. Thus, the bombing of Pearl Harbor as well as America's 1942 entrance into UsefulNotes/WorldWarII are averted. Anti-Semitism increases in popularity as an alliance between the American and Nazi government strengthens.


* DeusExMachina: [[Spoiler:Just when things are starting to turn really dark in America, Lindbergh's plane disappears, Roosevelt is restored to the presidency, and everything is better.]] Presto!
* FromBadToWorse: [[Spoiler:After Lindbergh's disappearance, his Vice President, Burton Wheeler briefly takes over the presidency and institutes martial law, mass arrests and outright repression. This is what spurs Congress to remove Wheeler from office and reinstate FDR.]]

to:

* DeusExMachina: [[Spoiler:Just [[spoiler:Just when things are starting to turn really dark in America, Lindbergh's plane disappears, Roosevelt is restored to the presidency, and everything is better.]] Presto!
* FromBadToWorse: [[Spoiler:After [[spoiler:After Lindbergh's disappearance, his Vice President, Burton Wheeler briefly takes over the presidency and institutes martial law, mass arrests and outright repression. This is what spurs Congress to remove Wheeler from office and reinstate FDR.]]


* DeusExMachina: Just when things are starting to turn really dark in America, Lindbergh's plane disappears, Roosevelt is restored to the presidency, and everything is better. Presto!
* FromBadToWorse: After Lindbergh's disappearance, his Vice President, Burton Wheeler briefly takes over the presidency and institutes martial law, mass arrests and outright repression. This is what spurs Congress to remove Wheeler from office and reinstate FDR.

to:

* DeusExMachina: Just [[Spoiler:Just when things are starting to turn really dark in America, Lindbergh's plane disappears, Roosevelt is restored to the presidency, and everything is better. better.]] Presto!
* FromBadToWorse: After [[Spoiler:After Lindbergh's disappearance, his Vice President, Burton Wheeler briefly takes over the presidency and institutes martial law, mass arrests and outright repression. This is what spurs Congress to remove Wheeler from office and reinstate FDR. ]]

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