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* DecoyProtagonist: Charles Bovary. The first section of the novel follows his life, from school to his meeting with Emma and their marriage, after which the focus switches on her.


* WrongGenreSavvy: Emma wants the world to be like romance novels, and acts as if it is. This ends up leading to her ruin, since she's actually in a very cynical SpiritualAntithesis to them.

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* WrongGenreSavvy: Emma wants the world to be like romance novels, and acts as if it is. This ends up leading to her ruin, since she's actually in a very cynical SpiritualAntithesis to them.them:


* RealityEnsues: Emma ThinksLikeARomanceNovel. Reality is quick to correct her.
** Emma attempts to have a lover outside of her marriage, but the man she attempts to woo doesn't have time to indulge in her fantasies, and she ends up miserable.
** When Emma attempts to convince Lheureux to extend her debt period, she puts her hand on his knee, and he is repulsed with disgust.
** Emma and her husband are invited to a ball. Her husband, not knowing anything about social graces, turns everyone off with his behavior, and Emma's social life gets worse as a result.
** When she can't maintain her lifestyle anymore, Emma decides to kill herself by taking a large dose of arsenic, expecting a quick, romantic, and painless demise. She instead suffers a slow, painful, gruesome death from the poison.


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** Emma attempts to have a lover outside of her marriage, but the man she attempts to woo doesn't have time to indulge in her fantasies, and she ends up miserable.
** When Emma attempts to convince Lheureux to extend her debt period, she puts her hand on his knee, and he is repulsed with disgust.
** Emma and her husband are invited to a ball. Her husband, not knowing anything about social graces, turns everyone off with his behavior, and Emma's social life gets worse as a result.
** When she can't maintain her lifestyle anymore, Emma decides to kill herself by taking a large dose of arsenic, expecting a quick, romantic, and painless demise. She instead suffers a slow, painful, gruesome death from the poison.


%% Administrivia/ZeroContextExample entries are not allowed on wiki pages. All such entries have been commented out. Add context to the entries before uncommenting them.



* TheCasanova: Rodolphe.

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* %%* TheCasanova: Rodolphe.



* DeathByDespair: Charles' first wife.
* DescriptionPorn: Lots of it: see PurpleProse below. During the ball in the middle of the book author even describes the fake roses in the jackets with drops of ''artificial water'' to make them look more natural.

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* %%* DeathByDespair: Charles' first wife.
* DescriptionPorn: Lots of it: see PurpleProse below. During the ball in the middle of the book author even describes the fake roses in the jackets with drops of ''artificial water'' to make them look more natural.



* DrivenToSuicide: Because it's so ''romantic''...
* ExtremeDoormat: Charles for Emma, so very much. She despises him for it.

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* %%* DrivenToSuicide: Because it's so ''romantic''...
* %%* ExtremeDoormat: Charles for Emma, so very much. She despises him for it.



* ProtagonistTitle: Guess.
* PurpleProse: An exceptionally well done example.

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* %%* ProtagonistTitle: Guess.
* %%* PurpleProse: An exceptionally well done example.


* NiceJobBreakingItHero: Hippolyte, a stablehand for Yonville's inn, has a clubfoot but still gets around better than most people with normal feet. With Homais' encouragement, Charles attempts a surgical procedure on Hippolyte, a local stablehand, to cure his clubfoot. However, the operation goes wrong and Hippolyte loses his leg to gangrene.

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* NiceJobBreakingItHero: Hippolyte, a stablehand for Yonville's inn, has a clubfoot but still gets around better than most people with normal feet. With Homais' encouragement, Charles attempts a surgical procedure on Hippolyte, a local stablehand, Hippolyte to cure his clubfoot. However, the operation goes wrong and Hippolyte loses his leg to gangrene.


* YourCheatingHeart: [[RuleOfThree Emma]], multiple times. [[DownerEnding It doesn't end well]].

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** Lheureux: heureux usually means happy but it still had its older meaning of successful.


** Charles Bovary (and later Emma, when she takes his name) has a name that, even in story, clearly evokes cattle, and not to their benefit.

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** Charles Bovary (and later Emma, when she takes his name) has a name that, even in story, clearly evokes cattle, cattle (''boeuf'' in French), and not to their benefit.


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** Both of Emma's lovers fit into the theme as well: the name Rodolphe comes from a Germanic root meaning "wolf", and Léon literally means "lion". Note that they are both hunter animals contrasting the herbivorous cattle.


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* BettyAndVeronica: Gender-inverted: the sensitive, poetic Léon is the Betty and the rakish, libertine Rodolphe is the Veronica to Emma's Archie.


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* MeaningfulName: Often crossing into IronicName territory.
** Emma means "whole" or "universe". Emma Bovary sees herself as the protagonist of a novel, so she pretends the universe revolves around her.
** Charles means "man" and by extension "husband". He fully embodies this role by being utterly submissive to his wife.
** Rodolphe can be translated as "glory-wolf", and he wants to conquer women's, and Emma's, hearts like trophies.
** Léon - as noted above - literally is "lion", but in the end he turns out to lack any resolve or courage to go along with Emma's desires.


* NiceJobBreakingItHero: Hippolyte, a stablehand for Yonville's inn, has a clubfoot but still gets around better than most people with normal feet. With Homais' encouragement, Charles attempts a surgical procedure on Hippolyte, a local stablehand, to cure his clubfoot. However, the operation goes wrong and Hippolyte loses his leg to gangrene.



* ASimplePlan: Homaisí idea to try to cure clubfoot is meant to be just a simple procedure of cutting the errant tendon for Charles. Then the foot grows gangrenous and the limb ends up having to be amputated. NiceJobBreakingItHero

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* ASimplePlan: Homaisí idea to try to cure clubfoot is meant to be just a simple procedure of cutting the errant tendon for Charles. Then the foot grows gangrenous and the limb ends up having to be amputated. NiceJobBreakingItHero


* ASimplePlan: Homaisí idea to try to cure clubfoot is meant to be just a simple procedure of cutting the errant tendon for Charles. Then the foot grows gangrenous and the limb ends up having to be amputated. NiceJobBreakingItHero!

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* ASimplePlan: Homaisí idea to try to cure clubfoot is meant to be just a simple procedure of cutting the errant tendon for Charles. Then the foot grows gangrenous and the limb ends up having to be amputated. NiceJobBreakingItHero!NiceJobBreakingItHero


* ASimplePlan: Homaisí idea to try to cure clubfoot is meant to be just a simple procedure of cutting the errant tendon for Charles. Then the foot grows gangrenous and the limb ends up having to be amputated. {{NiceJobBreakingItHero}}!

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* ASimplePlan: Homaisí idea to try to cure clubfoot is meant to be just a simple procedure of cutting the errant tendon for Charles. Then the foot grows gangrenous and the limb ends up having to be amputated. {{NiceJobBreakingItHero}}!NiceJobBreakingItHero!


* NotDistractedByTheSexy: When Bovary attempts to convince Lheureux to extend her debt period, she puts her hand on his knee and is repulsed with disgust.
* PairTheSpares: Felicite, the servant of Emma, and Justin, the apprentice of Madame Homais, are implied, but never outright confirmed, to be in a relationship.
* ParentalNeglect: Emma hardly cares at all about their daughter, leaving the nurse and her husband to care for her. Having said that, it wasn't all that uncommon at the time amongst lower middle class.

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* NotDistractedByTheSexy: When Bovary Emma attempts to convince Lheureux to extend her debt period, she puts her hand on his knee and he is repulsed with disgust.
* PairTheSpares: Felicite, the servant of Emma, and Justin, the apprentice of Madame Homais, are implied, but never outright confirmed, to be in a relationship.
* ParentalNeglect: Emma hardly cares at all about their her daughter, leaving the nurse and her husband to care for her. Having said that, it wasn't all that uncommon at the time amongst lower middle class.



* PornStash: Homais discovers Justin ordering the book ''Conjugal Love'', which includes illustrated engravings.

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* PornStash: Homais discovers Justin ordering with the book ''Conjugal Love'', which includes illustrated engravings.



** When Bovary attempts to convince Lheureux to extend her debt period, she puts her hand on his knee and is repulsed with disgust.

to:

** When Bovary Emma attempts to convince Lheureux to extend her debt period, she puts her hand on his knee knee, and he is repulsed with disgust.



** When she can't maintain her lifestyle anymore, Emma decides to kill herself by taking a large dose of arsenic, expecting a quick, romantic, and painless demise. She instead suffers a slow, painful, gruesome death at the hands of being poisoned.

to:

** When she can't maintain her lifestyle anymore, Emma decides to kill herself by taking a large dose of arsenic, expecting a quick, romantic, and painless demise. She instead suffers a slow, painful, gruesome death at from the hands of being poisoned.poison.



* RunningGag: Homaisí attempts to get the Imperial Cross. [[spoiler: eventually, he succeeds.]]
* ASimplePlan: Homaisí idea to try to cure clubfoot is meant to be just a simple exercise in cutting the errant tendon for Charles. Then the foot grows gangrenous and the limb ends up having to be amputated.

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* RunningGag: Homaisí attempts to get the Imperial Cross. [[spoiler: eventually, Eventually, he succeeds.]]
* ASimplePlan: Homaisí idea to try to cure clubfoot is meant to be just a simple exercise in procedure of cutting the errant tendon for Charles. Then the foot grows gangrenous and the limb ends up having to be amputated. {{NiceJobBreakingItHero}}!



* TranquilFury: Charles enters one [[spoiler: when he finally confronts Rodolphe after his wifeís suicide but it doesnít last.]]

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* TranquilFury: Charles enters one [[spoiler: when he finally confronts Rodolphe after his wifeís suicide suicide,]] but it doesnít last.]]


* DescriptionPorn: Lots of it: see PurpleProse below. During the ball in the middle of the book author even describes the fake roses in the jackets with drops of ''artificial water'' to make them look more natural.


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* DescriptionPorn: Lots of it: see PurpleProse below. During the ball in the middle of the book author even describes the fake roses in the jackets with drops of ''artificial water'' to make them look more natural.


* {{Deconstruction}}: Flaubert wrote this in response to a dare to write a story that differed from the romantic works he'd written before - Emma is a woman trying to live her life by the tropes of her favorite romantic novels, and utterly failing.



* SpiritualAntithesis: See {{Deconstruction}} above.

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* SpiritualAntithesis: See {{Deconstruction}} above.Flaubert wrote this in response to a dare to write a story that differed from the romantic works he'd written before - Emma is a woman trying to live her life by the tropes of her favorite romantic novels, and [[{{Deconstruction}} utterly failing]].


* OneOfTheseIsNotLikeTheOthers: After Homais succeeds in getting a homeless leper locked away through his press campaign, he turns his attention to other matters like ''social reform, morality in the poor, fish breeding, rubber, railroads''.

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