The Springfield Library is dilapidated, filled with bums, and hardly contains any books. Bart, Lisa and Milhouse expect to find material to work on their History class, and Marge fills in with three historical pieces from her own memory.
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- Adipose Rex: Henry VIIIHomer/Henry VIII: I'm Henry the Eight I am
Henry the Eighth I am, I am
I've been eating since 6 AM
For dessert I'll have dinner again
My name's synonymous with gluttony
I'll always eat a turkey or a ham.
- Artistic License – History: The segment, among other inaccuracies (which is normal for these stories), completely ignores the fact that Henry VIII did father a few sons (although the only legitimate one who'd actually lived long enough to see his first birthday was from his third wife). Also only two of his wives were beheaded, and only married 6 times, certainly not enough times to run out of pikes. Likewise, Elizabeth was not the daughter of Catherine of Aragon, but of Anne Boleyn. However, with the amount of people he beheaded besides his wives he certainly could've run out of pikes. Also Catherine of Aragon wasn't at Henry's death bed because she died 11 years before him. People didn't object to Henry leaving Catherine so much for marriage sake but because the pope denied Henry's request and it was because Catherine's nephew, the holy Roman Emperor Charles V, has captured Rome and held him hostage.
- Big Eater: Henry VIII. Up to Eleven since during his song he claims to have been eating since dawn and for dessert will have another dinner.Homer/Henry VIII: I eat, and eat, and eat, and I never get any thinner.
- Comically Missing the Point: Henry VIII eats a lot and don't understand why he can't lose weight. He actually thinks he should lose weight as a consequence of eating lots of food.
- Cute but Cacophonic: Jane Seymour, much to Henry's frustration. Immediately after their wedding, he has her beheaded.
- Distinction Without a Difference: Marge/Catherine of Aragon to Lisa/Elizabeth:Marge: It's not your fault. It's just that you came out the wrong sex and ruined everything.
- False Reassurance: When Sir Thomas Moore (Flanders) disputes Henry's intentions in starting his own church, Henry says "Because you stuck to your guns, I'm going to canonize you." Cut to Moore being shot out of a cannon.
- Historical Villain Upgrade: Henry VIII is normally characterized as fat and beheading prone. Here he is displayed as a totally gluttonous pig who never stops eating, and will not hesitate to have someone killed for even slightly annoying him or not immediately giving him what he wants.
- Heir Club for Men: Henry VIII wants a son.
- Insane Troll Logic: King Henry expects his constant eating to make him lose weight.
- I Will Show You X: Subverted.Messenger: Well, we’re running out of pikes to stick’ your wives’ heads on.King Henry: I'll show you we're running out of pikes!Henry checks the pike storage.King Henry: Hey, you were right!Messenger's Head: That means a lot.
- My Card: "Anne Boleyn - 'A son will come out - tomorrow!'"
- Shoot the Messenger: Lampshaded by the guy (Moe) who told Henry they were out of pikes, saying he knew what Henry did to the bearer of bad news. He was right.
- Start My Own: This is how the Anglican Church was born.
- Therapy Backfire: Margerine takes Henry to marriage counseling in the hopes of stopping the king from marrying someone else. However the therapist (Hibbert) is all for Henry kicking his wife the the curb. Having four men push axes against his neck threatening to kill him the second he tried to talk about saving the marriage might have something to do with it.
- Waxing Lyrical: Henry is introduced singing the song "I'm Henery the Eighth, I Am".
- Would Hurt a Child: Henry the Eighth threatens little Princess Elizabeth with canonization when she starts to suggest that a Princess could inherit.
Lewis, Clark and Sacagawea
- Chekhov's Skill: Looking larger to intimidate mountain lions.
- My Friends... and Zoidberg:Chief: We have always known of the coming of the white man… and Carl.
- Written by the Winners:Tweedleburger: Oooh, I'm dying... but at least people will always remember the expedition of Lewis and Clark and Tweedleburger!
Mozart and Salieri
- Adaptational Villainy: Salieri
- Always Someone Better: Salieri suffered from this constantly. Her brother Mozart had greater talent even though she was more dedicated to her craft. And after Mozart was dead, she believed she was finally the greatest composer alive...only for Beethoven to appear, causing her to finally snap.
- Blatant Lies: When Mozart becomes ill, Salieri tells him that he has hired "the finest doctor in Austria", which is Dr. Nick, who is anything but.
- Cain and Abel: By Accidental Murder, Salieri kills Mozart by hiring an incompetent doctor out of jealousy.
- Despair Event Horizon: After Salieri sabotaged his concert, Mozart went into a drunken despair and got caught in a storm, resulting in him becoming ill and dying young.
- Dramatic Irony: "People bored by opera? That's impossible!".
- Driven by Envy: Salieri was jealous of Mozart's popularity and being treated poorly by her parents, so she sabotages the opera in revenge.
- Driven to Madness: After the Emperor decrees that all other music besides Beethoven's is obsolete, Salieri snaps and climbs into an asylum wagon while laughing insanely.
- Gender Flip: Salieri is Mozart's sister.
- Gone Horribly Right: Salieri gave the Emperor a sleeping potion only to destroy Mozart's reputation. Her scheme ends up causing him to die young. Still, she decides to take advantage of it...until Beethoven appeared. Though given her sarcastic tone when she hires a doctor look after the ill Mozart, it may be possible that Salieri was actually trying to kill him. Not helping was, when Dr. Nick introduces himself, Salieri's pupils slowly move back to Mozart with a wide grin on her face.
- My God, What Have I Done?: Subverted. Salieri only wanted to ruin Mozart's reputation, but she kills him instead. She does appear to feel very guilty about it and even cries at his deathbed...but then the very next scene shows her trying to show the Emperor her requiem while bragging that she's the last composer alive, making you wonder if her remorse was really genuine.
- The Rock Star: Parodied with Mozart.
- Slipping a Mickey: Salieri gives the Emperor a glass of wine with a sleeping potion so that all the Fops will think he's bored by Mozart's concert and follow suit. It works, and when she toasts the success of her scheme, she ends up drinking from the same glass.
- Stage Mom: Mozart’s Dad.
- The Unfavourite: Their father ignores Salieri, calling her untalented and focus's all his attention on Mozart. Their mother is not as bad and knows her daughter is a skilled composer, but as a lady of the times trusts her son more to keep them in luxury.
- Parental Favouritism: Played with. Mozarts father gives all his attention to his son. However he only cares about the money his son brings. He was more concerned about losing the income his son provided while the boy was on his deathbed, and immediately starts hauking merchandise commemorating his death minutes after Mozart has passed on much to the disgust of the people.
- Truth in Television: Mozart's sister, who's real name was Maria Anna Mozart, was in fact a musical prodigy just like him. It was her that got him into music.
- Villain Protagonist: Salieri is the focus character, and her jealousy towards Mozart leads to her sabotaging an opera and causing Mozard to die.
- Whole Plot Reference: The plot is largely based on Amadeus. Lisa points out how Marge clearly based her story on the movie, despite its historical inaccuracy. Saying that in real life Mozart worked hard on his music and Salieri was respected composer. However, the movie never stated otherwise.