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Anime And Manga
- In Fruits Basket, Tohru is walking home from work when she hears someone is following her. Remembering there were rumors of a pervert hanging around she bashes the person in the head with her school bag. Turns out it was just Kyo who came to meet her.
- In Jonah Hex, Jonah was leading the Confederate soldiers who opened fire on Stonewall Jackson (see Real Life examples below).
- In a crossover between Spider-Man and Wolverine, a friend of Wolverine's uses this to get Spider-Man to kill her: he's just fought off Wolverine and, when his Spider-Sense goes off, Spidey thinks he's back for round 2 and strikes...
- In Robyn Hood: I Love NY #3, Robyn is blinded and deafened by a flashbang and winds up attacking Agent Red because she can't see who it is or hear Red desperately shouting out her identity.
- Non-humorous example: In The Departed, Matt Damon's character stabs some random restaurant worker in the chest, believing him to be Leonardo Di Caprio's character.
- Played hilariously straight in A Fish Called Wanda by Kevin Kline's character to John Cleese's.
- Used in Friday the 13th Part VIII: Jason Takes Manhattan. In retrospect, maybe it was a bad idea to give the gun to the guy who needs glasses to see properly before splitting up. Actually, wait...
- In the Get Smart movie, Max sees a silhouette of what he thinks is a KAOS agent, so he takes a fire extinguisher and hits the silhouette in the head. He then finds that he knocked out the Chief of CONTROL.
- In Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade, Henry Jones Sr. beans his son with a vase when Indiana jumps in through the window of the castle the Nazis are holding him in.
Henry Jones Sr.: I thought you were one of them!Indiana Jones: They come through the door!Henry Jones Sr.: Good point!
- In the first Scary Movie, a young woman beats a group of trick-or-treaters senseless in this context.
- Used to gruesome effect in the horror movie The Strangers: the two main characters, terrorized in their home by masked invaders, are hiding behind a makeshift barricade in a back room with a shotgun, waiting in terror for their pursuer to appear in the doorway... and when someone finally does, the male protagonist shoots immediately, blowing the head off of— his best friend Mike who has come to pick them up.
- Another Non-humorous example pretty much sets up the entire plot of Blade: Trinity.
- Although in that case it was a bad guy, deliberately tricking Blade into making the mistake.
- Every possible variation of this trope was more or less invented by The Three Stooges.
- Also used with Laurel and Hardy when they tried to Shanghai sailors. Oops.
- Nonviolent example in The Name of the Rose, Adso gets separated from William while in the catacombs, and they try to find one another by voice. Adso suddenly sees a figure with a lamp across the hall, and calls out that he sees someone. It's William, and he identifies himself by flickering his lamp three times.
- Columbus does this to Bill Murray in Zombieland. He had it coming, though.
- In Johnny English, Johnny performs this, then pins it all on a mysterious "aggressor".
- He then goes on to stage a fight between himself and himsel... the "aggressor" in the next room.
- Tragic example in the short story "Someone in the Room" by Elizabeth Fancett. A mother kills her own small son thinking he's a prowler.
Live Action TV
- Non-humorous example: When Faith in Buffy the Vampire Slayer staked the mayor's aide, believing him to be a vampire.
- In Heroes, Maya, somehow managing to keep hold of a baseball bat and an Idiot Ball at the same time, does this to Mohinder once. Because the superpowered Serial Killer a) would totally jangle the lock on the front door in broad daylight, and b) would be far more damaged by a baseball bat than by Maya's own superpowers.
- In an episode of Hogan's Heroes, after a lady prisoner nearly brains Hogan with her high heel:
Hogan: Watch it! I'm an American—and a veteran.Prisoner: I thought you were one of the guards!Hogan: Germans come through the door; Americans come through the floor.
- The Twilight Zone (1959) episode "The Monsters are Due on Maple Street".
- Semi-common spot in Professional Wrestling, between friends, allies, and tag teams; a series of these can herald a breakup, either because the attacker does it so often it's really not an accident..or the attacker really is just that incompetent and means well but the victim snaps.
- In the Blake's 7 episode "Redemption", Vila opens the lock on Avon's cell, steps through and is punched in the stomach. On the plus side, Avon actually apologised to him.
- When pigs launch Hostile Show Takeover of The Muppet Show, Kermit and Fozzie are locked into the boiler. Fozzie decides to club the pig guard to escape, but when the door opens its actually Gonzo, the latest hostage who gets conked!
Fozzie: Oh Gonzo, I'm sorry. I thought you were a pig.Gonzo: Terrific, terrific. First he clobbers me then he insults me!
- Doctor Who: In "The Romans", Barbara hits Ian over the head with an urn while trying to attack the intruders in the villa.
- Leverage: In "The Beantown Bailout Job", Sophie drives off an attacker who was trying to kill Nate, and Nate chases the attacker out of the apartment. When she hears someone coming back, Sophie slams them in the face with a tray, only for it to turn out to be Nate.
- Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D.: Played for Laughs in "S.O.S.". Skye manages to convince Lincoln to make a Heel–Face Turn. Seconds later, Mack enters the room and, not knowing this, immediately clubs Lincoln on the back of the head and knocks him out.
- The New Avengers: In "To Catch a Rat", Purdey and Cromwell end up attacking each other when they both have the same idea of searching Cledge's appartment in the dark.
- Non-humorous example: The death of Polonius in Hamlet.
- Hamlet thought it was pretty funny.
- And many who had Polonius's advice quoted at them as wisdom for years would agree.
- Hamlet thought it was pretty funny.
- Happens in Assassin's Creed II when Ezio returns home after his father and brothers are hauled off by the Florentine guard. The maid assumes he's another guard coming for his mother and sister and takes a swing at him with a candlestick holder as he comes through the door. A Quicktime Event determines if he gets clocked or not, and the scene continues regardless.
- Batman: Arkham City: This can happen to Batman in Arkham City while in the Joker's warehouse. One of the medics is hiding from thugs and when she hears Batman approach she jumps out from behind some boxes and takes a swing at his head with a 2x4. Being Batman, you can stand there and take it with no ill effects whatsoever.
- Repeated in the prequel, Arkham Origins, this time with a corrupt Warden.
- In The Walking Dead DLC 400 Days, Bonnie kills Dee by accident when cornered in the cornfield, mistaking her for one of the group chasing them that had come after her. She doesn't realize who she has struck until it's too late.
- A Running Gag in Xenogears involves Bart repeatedly mistaking Fei for an enemy, to the point where he shoots down a massive airship that Fei and the rest of the Kislev party are currently hijacking, without checking to see if it was friendly first.
- Parodied in Family Guy. When the house is broken into, Peter arms himself with a baseball bat and goes to investigate. He comes across Meg in the hall and stares at her while she asks several questions about what is going on. He then whacks her and says, unconvincingly "Sorry, Meg, you startled me." She was not amused.
- In one episode of Scooby-Doo, Daphne mistakenly clobbered Shaggy with a vase in this context.
- Used in Teen Titans once. Fortunately, they recognize each other before they attack.
- In an episode of Thunder Cats, Mumm-Ra tricks Lion-O into attacking Tygra with the Sword of Omens this way. Because the Sword can only be used for good, it breaks, forcing Lion-O to risk his neck finding someone who can repair it.
- Example, with guns: The death of Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson.
- Jackson and his group were probing Federal lines very late at night some days into the Battle of Chancellorsville. As they returned, a Confederate picket line encountered them and opened fire. They tried to call out that they were firing on their own men, but the picket officers claimed it was a Yankee lie.
- Mickey Marcus. The guy whom Kirk Douglas portrayed in "Cast a Giant Shadow". The exact circumstances of his death were slightly different (and just a bit more understandable) than those in the movie.
- In one of the non-fiction books by Michael Veitch in which he interviews Australian WW2 flyers, he interviewed a turret gunner who barely avoided shooting a menacing plane that loomed out of the dark, only for it to turn out to be another Lancaster bomber. When he reported this to his commander however, the latter was furious that he hadn't fired the moment he saw a threat, regardless of who it turned out to be.