Quarter Hour Short
A type of Format, popular for animated shows (though there are examples for Live-Action TV). The Quarter Hour Short was popular in the early days of television. It has occasionally fallen out of favor and been revived. There are both advantages and challenges with the format.
- The shows may be quicker/cheaper to produce, since a Quarter Hour Short is generally producing only 11 minutes of showtime (to allow for commercials). Might not need as many viewers to be renewed as a more expensive Half Hour Comedy.
- Viewers will often appreciate a Quarter Hour Short for its lack of Filler. The writers only have 11 minutes, so they need to get right to the good stuff.
- Maybe it's a Gag Series so over the top that it's funny, but not palatable for more than 11 -15 minutes at a time.
- The Quarter Hour Short allows networks unique flexibility in their schedule (provided they have an even number of these shows at their disposal).
- It allows for a more time-consuming type of animation to hit the airwaves faster (Claymation and CGI).
- Conversely, it allows for a less time-consuming and cheaper type of animation to be more acceptable to the audience, probably for the same reason why a Gag Series is considered more palatable in such a short run-time.
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Live Action TV
- Many [adult swim] series, including:
- Aqua Teen Hunger Force - Arguably the best example of a Gag Series not being palatable for more than 15 minutes, since the biggest complaint about The Movie was that it was too long to stand watching the characters.
- The Brak Show
- Frisky Dingo
- Metalocalypse For the first two seasons. The third was a brief switch to half hour shows, before switching back in season 4.
- Moral Orel
- Perfect Hair Forever
- Robot Chicken - An example of Claymation taking so long to produce for a half-hour show, that the Quarter Hour Short is more feasible.
- Sealab 2021
- Space Ghost Coast to Coast - The show used to be accompanied by an original Space Ghost cartoon to fill the half-hour, but two episodes were run back to back when there was enough for reruns.
- Tom Goes To The Mayor
- Twelve Ounce Mouse
- Xavier: Renegade Angel, and thank God.
- Numerous Cartoon Network series made since ~2010, all of which have most reruns aired as Two Shorts:
- The Gary Coleman Show
- My Little Pony And Friends (the first was always My Little Pony; the second rotated among Glo Friends, The Potato Head Kids and Moon Dreamers)
- Teen Titans did it once, as a half-length episode that was originally available only on the Postopia website. It has since been released on the Teen Titans: Trouble in Tokyo DVD.
- Wacky Races
- Hong Kong Phooey
- Any show by Britt Allcroft.
- Several Disney Channel cartoons:
- The 2015 Inspector Gadget cartoon does this.
- The animated Punky Brewster.
- Series 1, 5, 6 and 8 of Danger Mouse were formatted like this for American television when Nickelodeon aired it.
- Heathcliff and the Catillac Cats was divided into two shorts: A Heathcliff cartoon followed by a Catillac Cats cartoon.
- Two Breather Episodes of Sonic Sat AM aired as such in its second season: "Fed Up With Antoine"/"Ghost Busted" and "The Odd Couple/Robo-Becca".