"I think my neck got broken in that last jump cut!"
An abrupt edit, cutting from one shot to another almost exactly like it. Very jarring to the viewer. (Sometimes, this jarring quality is a deliberate choice on the part of the filmmaker; see the examples below.) To avoid this, the editor will usually cut away, then cut back to the second shot, with a Reaction Shot
or other coverage in between.
Can happen in live studio settings, when two cameras are focused on the same person or object. Switching directly from one to the other creates a jump cut.
In an interview, a single lengthy response must often be time compressed. Since the interview subject is often held in a single long shot, the cut must be covered. This can be done by cutting in illustrative footage (called B-Roll
), cutting to a Reaction Shot
of the interviewer, or by using a fast dissolve or wipe instead of a hard cut.
Note the scarcity of examples; jump cuts are considered distracting by most directors and avoided by most Hollywood editors
. Inadvertent examples can often be found in the atrocious B movies picked-apart by MST3K
, as indicated above.