Beaks: Did you watch any films in preparation for Pacific Rim?
Guillermo del Toro: You know, I didn't on this one. I thought my preparation for this movie was having watched those movies as a kid and a young adult and as an adult. I carried them, and I decided against watching them. I said, "If I start watching them, it's going to block something." So I told everyone on the design team, "Let's not communicate through homages. Let's try to communicate in the language as if we were doing it for the first time." And then I would say, "Let's do a classic kaiju move like lifting the guy in the air," because I knew it was there. We were of course influenced by Patlabor, Tetsujin 28, Voltron, Space Giants, and Ultraman, but we didn't consult them like a Bible.When making a tribute to a genre or a specific work, most creators consider it very important to do plenty of research about the object of the tribute. But not these creators. Maybe they're afraid that knowing too much about the original will hurt their own creativity, and cause their work to be a soulless copy. Maybe they're conducting a stylistic experiment, and they want their derivative to be wildly different from its inspiration. Whatever the reason, some creators will deliberately abstain from researching their inspiration, choosing instead to work off Popcultural Osmosis—or their own memories of that time they watched the movie, ten years ago, in a run-down theater with such a bad sound system that half the dialogue was inaudible. Or if they do research the topic, it will be from second-, third-, or fourth-hand sources: why watch the movie if you can just read the movie critics' reviews of it? Or even better, the user reviews on Amazon? The finished work may only have a Broad Strokes resemblance to its inspiration, but it can still be interesting in its own right. Or at least be a notorious Dancing Bear. If it does succeed as a tribute to its source, it will probably be a pastiche rather than a parody. Not to be confused with Very Loosely Based on a True Story, where a story that claims to be accurate winds up with fabrications anyway—in a Half-Remembered Homage, the creators will be upfront about deviations from the source. Compare and contrast with Shallow Parody: mocking a specific work without being familiar with it is generally not recommended.
Examples:Film - Animated
- When making The Jungle Book, Walt Disney told his entire staff not to read the original Kipling stories at all. The film was said to be "inspired by" rather than "based on" Kipling's works.
- O Brother, Where Art Thou? is loosely based on The Odyssey, yet The Coen Brothers admitted to having never read it, instead basing the script on adaptations they read or saw as kids, particularly the 1954 movie version starring Kirk Douglas.
- Pacific Rim. Guillermo del Toro noted in an interview with Ain't It Cool News that, while preparing for the film, he made a point of not rewatching the kaiju and giant robot films that influenced him, and he told his design team to likewise abstain. Del Toro wanted his pastiche to have subconscious homages to the movies he loved, rather than deliberate copying from them.
- The Bad Lieutenant: Port of Call New Orleans is a re-imagining of Bad Lieutenant, but director Werner Herzog claims to have never seen the original.
- Despite being one of the only characters mentioned in all three parts of The Divine Comedy, Ulysses is based entirely on the brief allusions to him in the work of Virgil without The Odyssey as a reference. In fact, Dante had never read The Odyssey in his whole life because that work was lost to Europe until a century after the Comedy was written.
- Doctor Who:
- A lot of things that were never really in Doctor Who somehow began to appear as Internal Homages in later stories, under the mistaken idea they'd always been there — especially in the Sixth Doctor era, where stories were heavily influenced by a fandom that had watched the old stuff once, twenty years ago, and could literally never rewatch it. "Attack of the Cyberman" was an attempt at writing an homage to a Second Doctor Cyberman story, but it's absolutely nothing like a Second Doctor Cyberman story in terms of plot structure or tone. Similarly, the idea that Doctor Who assistants are always Screaming Woman Damsel Scrappy characters led to Mel, who was played up as if she was a 'retro' companion despite no character like her ever being in the show before.
- The association between Sarah Jane and K-9 is nonsensical. They get paired up from K-9 and Company onwards and are often associated — but Sarah departed a year before K-9 showed up. The only reason they're associated is because they're the two most popular companions of the role-defining Doctor, and thus remembered as being what that era was like.
- Russell T. Davies's idea for Series 1 was that it should be like you remember Doctor Who being. This included exaggerating things that weren't really that noticeable in the original series, like turning the Daleks from an evil and destructive, but ultimately surmountable, species into the vilest creatures in the entire universe that absolutely do not stop until everything is dead to match how they'd felt to the audience as children, and upgrading the Doctor's lack of carrying a gun to an anti-gun moral code.
- "The Overload" by Talking Heads, the final track from Remain in Light, was a tribute to Joy Division, based entirely on reviews from the music press. It wound up a remarkably good Pastiche of Joy Division's gloomier material. (And, reportedly, the Heads were a bit disappointed when they finally listened to Joy Division for real.)
- Havalina Rail Co.'s album Russian Lullabies (or at least, the songs Matt Wignall wrote for the album) was inspired by reading about Russian folk music, and purposely not listening to any.
- Dirty Projectors' album Rise Above was a Cover Album of most of Black Flag's Damaged. Band leader Dave Longstreth hadn't heard Damaged in 15 years and purposely didn't revisit it, so most of his versions were very different from the originals.
- The press release for Delicate Steve's debut album Wonderfalls. The record label asked Chuck Klosterman to write a biography, and won him over by promising that he didn't need to listen to the album or talk to the band at all. Chuck leaped at the opportunity, and wrote a nonsensical parody of the hagiographies that normally pass for band biographies.
- In one interview, Neil Innes said that the most important part of writing the music for The Rutles was not going back and listening to any of The Beatles, instead going by what he remembered sixties music being like. And it still ended up being close enough that ATV Music claimed copyright infringement and got a 50% share.
- David Henry Hwang got his inspiration for M. Butterfly from a news story he heard on the radio. But he wanted his play to be an original creation rather than a Ripped from the Headlines piece, so he changed the names of all the characters and purposefully didn't do any more research into the news story.
- Flthulhu from Problem Sleuth and the Horrorterrors from Homestuck bear an obvious resemblance to the monsters from the Cthulhu Mythos, but Andrew Hussie has said he was primarily riffing on the Mythos' popularity in geek culture. So he used Popcultural Osmosis as his only source on the topic and never read a word of H.P. Lovecraft.