"What, exactly, is the function of a rubber duck?"Astonishing as it may seem, not all non-Muggle characters are on a crusade to murder us Muggles. In fact, their motivations will turn out to be surprisingly mundane- they want to see how us crazy Muggles operate. I mean, how do we keep from getting cold without any fur? Where does our food come from if we don't have access to Functional Magic? And how do we... you know... This usually non-malicious character type has one primary function in a story—comedy. Because it's hard to beat the humor of someone who doesn't understand human customs trying to make any sort of sense out of them. The Fantastic Anthropologist very rarely has long-term story implications due to their job in large part because part of their job is to keep the Muggles in the dark about what's going on. In terms of narrative, the Fantastic Anthropologist's culture can sometimes be a satire of our own. After all, as wacky as this guy may seem, when it gets right down to it we're Not So Different. Depending on the point of view of the story can often come off as Captain Oblivious. Frequently an Amusing Alien character. Compare Fantastic Science, Crazy Cultural Comparison, Intrigued by Humanity, The Xenophile. A subtrope of The Watcher.
— Arthur Weasley, Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets
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Anime And Manga
- Eris from Cat Planet Cuties is sent as an scout by her species the Catians to check Earth as a suitable diplomatic partner. Note that the Catians' outlook is pretty much that of tourists: her reports on Japanese cuisine makes the Catian expedition hurry to establish formal relations.
- In Sgt. Frog, whenever the Keronians aren't plotting to take over Earth, they're studying its culture, occasionally getting it hilariously wrong: in one chapter, they assume that Natsumi's school swimsuit is an amphibious battle-suit based on Keronian physiology, and in another they mistake a bowling alley for a military training center.
- Arthur Weasley in Harry Potter has his recurring hobby of studying Muggles as a regular tension reliever in the plot. Mrs. Weasley was not amused when on one occasion he went so far as to use Muggle medicine to try and stitch up some serious wounds he had incurred.
- Honestly, its a little bit scary that a person who's this interested in muggles, to the point of being in charge of our protection by the Ministry of Magic, knows this little about us.
- What is especially odd is that there are so many muggle born witches and wizards, and the only reason why one of them isn't given his position is the fact that "mudbloods", as they are called, are discriminated against because their magic isn't "pure".
- The Isaac Asimov short story "What is this thing called love" uses this as a Framing Device. Specifically, as an explanation for why aliens randomly abduct us all the time.
- The Robert A. Heinlein novel Stranger in a Strange Land has this as a Plot Twist to provide Mike with an additional long-term goal for the church he created.
- In Robert Silverberg's "Flies", a human space traveler crash-lands on the planet of a race who are able to save him with their advanced medicine. In return, they enable him to transmit the feelings of others so that they can study humans, but tragedy ensues when this enables him to inflict grievous suffering without experiencing any effects of remorse.
- Ax from the Animorphs frequently came across as this in his narration. At one early point he laments that, stuck on Earth, there is no opportunity for military advancement. So he decides he will make the most of the situation and become his species' foremost expert on humans.
- Samuel Colt from Spots The Space Marine is a non-comic example. While his primary mission is weapons evaluation, he studies human customs as a hobby.
- At one point in The Dinosaur Lords Karyl has an odd encounter with a strange and likely non-human woman who tells him she's visiting dying men to ask them what it's like to be human. Being as he is (amnesiac, naked, cold and dying), he gives her an unflattering description, which she listens to with interest.
Live Action TV
- The Twilight Zone TOS episode "Mr. Dingle, the Strong". Several alien experimenters (Martian and Venusian) give the title character various superpowers (strength and intelligence) to see how he'll react.
- The Outer Limits (1963) episode "Controlled Experiment". A pair of Martians investigate the quaint Earth custom of murder by using a time machine to run an actual murder forward and backward in time.
- The entire premise of 3rd Rock from the Sun has Dick and his "family" observing what life is like on Earth and reporting the findings back to base. Their ultimate goal, however, remains vague throughout the series. We know they're not trained anthropologists, in part because they routinely received poor job evaluations but also because Dick and Tommy are clearly shown to be experts in hard science while Sally is a soldier (and Harry is some sort of pet, apparently).
- Earlier episodes imply that they are not used to running into planets or lifeforms with diverse cultures or complex emotions. Most notably, their initial stay was supposed to last only a few weeks, long enough to copy over the sum of human knowledge and leave. When they discovered there was more to humanity than just the dry facts of our history, they decided that Earth warranted longer investigation and extended the mission in order to explore the "human condition" by experiencing it first hand.
- Notably, Dick's love interest and recurring office-mate, Mary Albright, was supposed to be an actual anthropologist, but was never seriously consulted on the study of human behavior (she was involved in more than a few of Dick's experiments in the human condition, though).
- On occasion they would run into other aliens. One such alien was a Fantastic Anthropologist with a far more specific goal- determine whether Earth was valuable enough to avoid destroying (since it was somehow blocking their view of part of the universe).
- Mork and Mindy: Mork, at least theoretically.
- Mr Copper from Doctor Who Christmas special Voyage of the Damned claims to be one of these, but doesn't seem to have much of a clue...
- The Doctor himself sometimes come off this way as well.
- Uncle Traveling Matt from Fraggle Rock
- Europan Emissaries in Rocket Age immerse themselves into the social roles of different cultures, to gain a greater insight into the other peoples of the solar system.
- Pleakley from Lilo & Stitch is a "Human expert", who among other things believes that you eat cereal with a fork.
- In the The Little Mermaid, Ariel is hugely interested in what human life is like. However, she's got some very...strange notions about us, mostly courtesy of her seagull friend who's info is completely off base.
- In an Avatar: The Last Airbender episode, a general anthropologist/historian appears who is absolutely fascinated in Air Nomad culture (and by extension, Aang). Eventually he chooses to stay in a magical spirit library that contains more knowledge than anywhere else in the world.