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Anime and Manga
- In Berserk, the smallest one the Bakiraka assassins sent into the sewers to kill Griffith uses a blow gun as his main weapon. He peeks out of his hiding place and shoots a poisoned dart at Griffith, but Charlotte leaps in the way, which creates a problem for the assassins who are trying to bring her back alive.
- Used by a guy in Hunter × Hunter, who uses it to shoot a paralyzing dart at Gon.
- Ranma uses one to shoot down the Principal's hot air balloon in the manga
- A group of onetime villains in Spider-Man comic (four criminals who learned to copy Vulture's wings) used those. The curare was fatal for humans — Spider Man was too tough to die, but would get stiffer with every dart and actually got close to succumbing. The next issue, he had to save their lives when the real Vulture came to town.
- In one Batman possible future during the Armageddon 2001 series, The Joker frames Batman for the Penguin's murder by having a henchman shoot a poison dart this way, thus making it appear as if Batman knocked Penguin off a side railing with his Batarang and made the villain fall to his death.
- Used by Papa Smurf in The Smurfs comic book story "The Black Smurfs" (and its English version "The Purple Smurfs") to shoot an antidote pellet into an infected Smurfs' mouth.
- Tintin: Used by the Arumbaya Indians in The Broken Ear and Tintin and the Picaros, as well as by the villains in The Cigars Of The Pharao and The Blue Lotus.
- White Sand: The Kerztians use a more advanced version called zinkallin, in which the darts are shot from multiple tubes by compressed air.
- In Apocalypto, Jaguar Paw improvises one with leafs. He creates the darts with thorns and poisons them with frog venom.
- Used in Hudson Hawk (by CIA agents, who should logically have something better), with explicit mention of curare, which is treated as a temporary paralyser. Because it was improperly prepared, the victims recover sooner than anticipated.
- Used in Ace Ventura: When Nature Calls. Ace is shot with dozens of little darts (with hilarious effects) before he passes out.
- Indiana Jones
- Used by the Hovitos in Raiders of the Lost Ark in the opening sequence.
- Also seen in Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull in the tomb sequence. Indy does the "blow the dart back" trick.
- In Young Sherlock Holmes, an assassin uses a blowgun to shoot darts tipped with a hallucinogenic drug.
- The natives in Aguirre, the Wrath of God keep sniping at the conquistadors on the raft with these.
- Tim Allen's character in Jungle 2 Jungle contrives to shoot himself in the leg with semi-paralytic darts not once but twice. Once was mildly amusing, twice makes you despair for the writers.
- Legend (1985): the goblin Blix uses one to fire a poisoned dart into a unicorn and kill it so he can cut off its horn.
- Mini-me uses one on Mustafa in Austin Powers: The Spy Who Shagged Me.
- In The Colour of Magic, the leader of the Assassin Guild uses a blowgun as his weapon.
- In The Sign of the Four, Tonga uses poison blow darts.
- In one Forgotten Realms novel, the pirate hunter Captain Deudermont is darted by a thug who wanted to claim the black-market bounty on him. Apparently, his darts are made from cat claws (don't ask how those could be used as darts) and no other ammunition is compatible with his blowgun.
- In Midworld and its sequel, human hunters on the green world use rifle-like blow guns called "snufflers", modeled on distant memories of their colonial ancestors' firearms. They're powered by tank seeds, which contain air bladders that burst when punctured, propelling their toxic-thorn projectiles with great force.
- On a different planet in the same setting, the natives use a weapon that looks like a blowgun but actually isn't. Because of the way their lungs work, they can't produce a powerful gust of air when they exhale, so they outfit the "blow gun" with stretchy vines that allow it to act as a blow gun-slingshot hybrid.
- Agatha Christie's Death in the Clouds featured a blowgun on a plane as the apparent murder weapon (it turned out the poison dart was pressed into the victim by hand).
- Ben Snow: In "The Edge of the Year 1900", a blowgun dart coated in curare is used as the murder weapon. The murderer actually pressed the dart into the victim in the dark. Using the dart was an attempt to frame the blowgun's owner.
- Shadow Police: In Who Killed Sherlock Holmes?, the killer recreates the scene from The Sign Of Four by shooting one the victims with a poison dart from a blowgun.
- The Hunger Games: Maysilee Donner, one of District 12's female tributes in the Fiftieth Games (which featured twice the usual number of tributes) found a blow gun and darts in her pack. Taking advantage of the fact that everything in the arena that year (with the exception of rain water and food obtained at the Cornucopia or via sponsors) was poisonous, she quickly turned the blow gun into a lethal weapon.
Live Action TV
- MythBusters made these in the ninja special.
- Parodied in a TV sketch of the comic trio Aldo, Giovanni and Giacomo, where the blowgun is used to anesthetize a patient.
- Doctor Who: The Doctor uses one against the assassin in "The Deadly Assassin".
- Leela, one of the Fourth Doctor's companions, is skilled with a variety of weapons, including a blow gun which she uses to fire deadly Janus Thorns.
- A genuine Yanomami hunting blowgun was tried out by Survivorman in the Brazilian jungle.
- Subject of a gag at the start of one episode of Hill Street Blues.
- Jimmy Kimmel Live: In a parody of the soap TV series Scandal one of the characters has a poison dart in her neck. 
- The New Avengers: Used by an assassin in "Target!". Gambit turns the tables on him by blowing down the end of the blow gun, causing him to swallow the poison dart.
- Warhammer Fantasy has these as a Wargear option for Skinks, and a Huge version for mounting on dinosaurs.
- Dungeons & Dragons: The Unearthed Arcana (1985) supplement introduced the blowgun (which was 4-7 feet long) as an available weapon. The needle did only one Hit Point of damage, and was therefore only effective if poisoned.
- A Traveller magazine article included a Tech level 0 blowgun that cost zero credits, meaning there was no reason not to give your character one. It only dealt nonlethal damage, so like the D&D example was designed for poison.
- Little Big Adventure: Twinsen, the player character, uses one in the second installment.
- Donkey Kong 64: Lanky's Grape Blowgun
- In the second chapter of Eternal Darkness, you receive these. It poisons enemies but does very little damage either way and has limited ammo. If you use it to Cherry Tap some zombies to death in order to save a particular NPC, however, you can get your sword (which just broke) repaired and then upgrade it to Dual Wielding with what would have otherwise been the replacement.
- In Civilization Revolution, one of the barbarian tribes you can encounter has their spokesman threaten you with a blow gun.
- The Apple ][ game Aztec revolved around robbing an Mayincatec tomb. In the deepest levels there were 8-bit natives armed with blow guns. The stun effect was deadly: if the native didn't get the player, the wildlife probably would.
- Teemo from League of Legends uses this as his trademark weapon in order to pump his enemies full of poison.
- You can find blowguns in some chests near the surface of Terraria. While getting ammunition for it is a cinch (it uses seeds that you collect by cutting grass), the weapon is far outclassed by most other ranged weapons, at least one of which you should have at that point.
- Blowguns are an option in Dungeon Crawl. They don't do much damage, but are excellent for inflicting status conditions (most commonly poison, but some other Standard Status Effects are also available) from a distance without relying on magic. Curare needles are particularly effective, as they also inflict damage through asphyxiation.
- Dark Souls has the Blowdart Snipers in Blighttown, who are one of the major reasons the level is so hated. They wear camouflage that makes them hard to see against the dark background, their blowguns are very quiet and the darts are easily missed, especially in a chaotic fight. While the darts don't do any damage, they inflict the Toxic status effect, which is super-poison that can't be cured by the normal means and drains your health about ten times more quickly. Unless you have the rare cure for toxin, getting Toxic inflicted is essentially a death sentence. The only mercy is that they do not respawn like most enemies after they're killed.
- The Cinema Snob has this in Kickassia (mostly because Brad wanted to stand out with everybody wielding fake weapons, so his weapon was a packet of straws he bought in a gas station.
- In a Looney Tunes short, a Wacky Native tries to use a blowgun on Bugs Bunny, but Bugs blows in the other end just before the native does, so it ends up going down the native's throat. The same gag was also used against prehistoric Elmer Fudd.
- In the Jonny Quest episode "The Deadly Doll", the villain Korbay uses a blowgun to fire darts that have a poison that causes its victims to enter a coma.
- In a Happy Tree Friends short, Lumpy attempts to sedate a animal mauling one of the "children", but accidentally sucks the dart in when taking his breath.
- The Kakamora in Moana use blowguns with tranquilizer darts as part of their attack. However, the tubes are very short, which might explain why they don't hit anyone. Except their own chief.