Literature: Scaramouche

"He was born with a gift of laughter and a sense that the world was mad."

So begins Rafael Sabatini's classic novel of revenge. First published in 1921, this is the story of Andre-Louis Moreau's life in The French Revolution. After his friend is killed by a powerful noble, the Marquis de La Tour d'Azyr, Andre-Louis' quest for vengeance leads him to become an orator inciting the people of France to rebel. Along the way, he becomes a renowned actor for his role as Scaramouche the sly, roguish trickster.

This novel was adapted for film twice. Rex Ingram directed and Ramon Novarro starred in a 1923 adaptation that was produced by Metro Pictures shortly before Metro merged into MGM. There was also a 1952 film adaptation that has its own page on TV Tropes. Much like other Sabatini novels like Captain Blood and The Sea Hawk, it lost something in the translation. The 1952 film does, however, feature one of the most epic sword fights ever committed to celluloid, clocking in at eight minutes of combat that reportedly required eight weeks of preparation and training to film.


The book and/or the 1923 movie provide examples of:

  • Abhorrent Admirer: The Marquis becomes this to Aline; twisted in that, although she had been quite receptive to the thought of marrying him before, discovering some unsavory facts about him destroys her interest.
  • Affably Evil: The Marquis is so polite during his conversation with Andre-Louis and Phillipe Vilmorin that you almost miss the insult.
  • Aristocrats Are Evil: The Marquis de La Tour d'Azyr is the main example, although, since this is the The French Revolution, this trope comes up a lot.
  • Badass Boast: Andre-Louis to the Assembly:
    "I have been detained by an engagement of a pressing nature. I bring you also the excuses of M. de Chabrillane. He, unfortunately, will be permanently absent from this Assembly in future."
  • Badass Bookworm: Although Andre-Louis is a lawyer by trade, he is able to—through studying fencing theory—devise a method of fencing that destroys even the most skilled of opponents.
  • Based on a True Story: The novel takes place during The French Revolution, and closely follows the events of that time, while outlining an entirely fictional plot.
  • Been There, Shaped History: Andre-Louis is shown starting The French Revolution.
  • Betty and Veronica: Aline and Climene.
  • Blue Blood: The Marquis, Aline and M. de Kercadiou.
  • Heroic Bastard: Andre-Louis.
  • Boisterous Bruiser: M. Danton, a violent man described as having "herculean stature".
  • Curb-Stomp Battle: the Marquis de La Tour d'Azyr is a skilled fencer, and knows it- he duels M. de Vilmorin, well aware Wilmorin has scarcely held a sword in his life.
  • Deadpan Snarker: Andre-Louis.
  • Distracted by the Luxury: Climene falls for the Marquis's money.
  • Dramatic Irony: We as readers know that Aline faints out of concern for Andre-Louis, not the Marquis. Andre-Louis, however...
  • Dramatic Unmask: Andre-Louis, in character as Scramouche, whips off his mask and delivers a "The Reason You Suck" Speech to the Marquis, who is in the audience at the theater.
  • Duel to the Death: Andre-Louis and several members of the Privileged Party, most notably the Marquis de La Tour d'Azyr and M. de Chabrillane. The Marquis's killing of Andre's friend Philippe de Vilmorin starts off the conflict between them.
  • Family Relationship Switcheroo: Comtesse de Plougastel turns out to be Andre's mother.
  • Fake Real Turn: Andre-Louis comes to believe the ideals he espouses
  • The French Revolution: the setting of the novel.
  • Funetik Aksent: Danton speaks this way.
  • Getting Crap Past the Radar: The film manages to convey with nothing but pantomime that the Marquis has fathered a baby with a local village wench.
  • Gorgeous Period Dress: The 1923 film did not stint on this. Lots and lots of fancy dresses and wigs used to evoke aristocratic France.
  • High Dive Escape: The Marquis is offered this. He takes it.
  • Hard Work Hardly Works: Andre-Louis manages to become a master swordsman in a very short time through reading, soon besting his teacher, who has been training all his life in the sword but never bothered to study.
  • Jerkass Has a Point: In the climax of Volume I, The Marquis claims that the bloody revolution sparked by master orators like Vilmorin and Moreau retroactively justifies the death of Vilmorin, and that a revolution brings nothing but bloodshed before the revolutionariees become the new aristocrats.
  • Luke, I Am Your Father: The Marquis is Andre-Louis' father. The twist remains surprising because until that moment, Andre's parentage had not been important.
  • May-December Romance: The Marquis and Aline.
  • Meaningful Name: Andre-Louis believes that his role in the theater, the witty, roguish Scaramouche, is the best description of who he is in real life.
  • Morality Pet: Aline, for M. de La Tour D'Azyr.
  • Nice to the Waiter: Comtesse de Plougastel is nice to the coachman, which saves her life.
  • Nobody Calls Me Chicken: The Marquis and much of the First Estate exploits this for all its worth, using insults to goad M. Vilmorin members of the Third Estate into duels, which they are too honorable to turn down. This ends quite badly, as the art of sword-dueling is typically only learned by nobles, leading to many a Curb-Stomp Battle.
  • Not in This for Your Revolution: In the beginning, Andre-Louis doesn't believe in the ideals he's espousing, he's just using the crowds to get back at the Marquis and his ilk.
  • Revenge: Andre-Louis' reason for hunting the Marquis.
  • Not Blood Siblings: Andre-Louis and Aline.
  • Not So Stoic: Andre-Louis admits as much in a letter. Despite his best efforts at detachment and comforting himself with the words of Epictetus, he recoils at the idea that he might die of starvation.
  • Parental Substitute: M. De Kercadiou for Andre-Louis.
  • Powder Keg Crowd: Andre-Louis just keeps setting them off...
  • Royal Rapier: Moreau's weapon of choice.
  • Save the Villain: Mme. la Comtesse de Plougastel throws herself between Andre-Louis and the Marquis de La Tour d'Azyr.
  • Screw the Rules, I Make Them!: The Marquis kills Phillipe with impunity because he, as a noble, will not be punished for it.
  • Talking to the Dead: Andre-Louis to Phillipe Vilmorin after the duel with the Marquis.
  • Torches and Pitchforks: An angry mob is going around killing aristocrats at the climax of the movie.
  • Trickster Archetype: Scaramouche.
  • Villainous Valor: Say what you will about the Marquis but he is NOT a coward, even when the odds are against him.
  • We Work Well Together: Andre-Louis to Pantaloon's troupe. It takes him about a week to take over.
  • Wicked Cultured: The Marquis, naturally.
  • Your Mom: The insult which sets the whole plot off.