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->''"He was born with a gift of laughter and a sense that the world was mad."''

So begins Creator/RafaelSabatini's classic novel of revenge. First published in 1921, this is the story of Andre-Louis Moreau's life in UsefulNotes/TheFrenchRevolution. After his friend is killed by a powerful noble, the Marquis de La Tour d'Azyr, Andre-Louis' quest for vengeance leads him to become an orator inciting the people of France to rebel. Along the way, he becomes a renowned actor for his role as [[MeaningfulName Scaramouche]] the sly, roguish trickster.

This novel was adapted for film twice. Rex Ingram directed and Ramon Novarro starred in a 1923 adaptation that was produced by Metro Pictures shortly before Metro merged into Creator/{{MGM}}. There was also a 1952 film adaptation that [[Film/{{Scaramouche}} has its own page on TV Tropes]]. Much like other Sabatini novels like ''Film/CaptainBlood'' and ''Film/TheSeaHawk'', it lost something in the translation. The 1952 film ''does'', however, feature one of the most epic [[{{Flynning}} sword fights]] ever committed to celluloid, clocking in at eight minutes of combat that reportedly required eight weeks of preparation and training to film.

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!!The book and/or the 1923 movie provide examples of:
* AbhorrentAdmirer: The Marquis becomes this to Aline; twisted in that, although she had been quite receptive to the thought of marrying him before, discovering some unsavory facts about him destroys her interest.
* AffablyEvil: The Marquis is so polite during his conversation with Andre-Louis and Phillipe Vilmorin that you almost miss the insult.
* AristocratsAreEvil: The Marquis de La Tour d'Azyr is the main example, although, since this is the UsefulNotes/TheFrenchRevolution, this trope comes up a lot.
* BadassBoast: Andre-Louis to the Assembly:
--> "I have been detained by an engagement of a pressing nature. I bring you also the excuses of M. de Chabrillane. He, unfortunately, will be permanently absent from this Assembly in future."
* BadassBookworm: Although Andre-Louis is a lawyer by trade, he is able to--through studying fencing theory--devise a method of fencing that destroys even the most skilled of opponents.
* BasedOnATrueStory: The novel takes place during UsefulNotes/TheFrenchRevolution, and closely follows the events of that time, while outlining an entirely fictional plot.
* BeenThereShapedHistory: Andre-Louis is shown ''starting UsefulNotes/TheFrenchRevolution''.
* BettyAndVeronica: Aline and Climene.
* BlueBlood: The Marquis, Aline and M. de Kercadiou.
* HeroicBastard: Andre-Louis.
* BoisterousBruiser: M. Danton, a violent man described as having "herculean stature".
* CurbStompBattle: the Marquis de La Tour d'Azyr is a skilled fencer, and knows it- he duels M. de Vilmorin, well aware Wilmorin has scarcely held a sword in his life.
* DeadpanSnarker: Andre-Louis.
* DistractedByTheLuxury: Climene falls for the Marquis's money.
* DramaticIrony: We as readers know that Aline faints out of concern for Andre-Louis, not the Marquis. Andre-Louis, however...
* DramaticUnmask: Andre-Louis, in character as Scramouche, whips off his mask and delivers a TheReasonYouSuckSpeech to the Marquis, who is in the audience at the theater.
* DuelToTheDeath: Andre-Louis and several members of the Privileged Party, most notably the Marquis de La Tour d'Azyr and M. de Chabrillane. The Marquis's killing of Andre's friend Philippe de Vilmorin starts off the conflict between them.
* FamilyRelationshipSwitcheroo: Comtesse de Plougastel turns out to be Andre's mother.
* FakeRealTurn: Andre-Louis comes to believe the ideals he espouses
* UsefulNotes/TheFrenchRevolution: the setting of the novel.
* FunetikAksent: Danton speaks this way.
* GettingCrapPastTheRadar: The film manages to convey with nothing but pantomime that the Marquis has fathered a baby with a local village wench.
* GorgeousPeriodDress: The 1923 film did not stint on this. Lots and lots of fancy dresses and wigs used to evoke aristocratic France.
* HighDiveEscape: The Marquis is offered this. He takes it.
* HardWorkHardlyWorks: Andre-Louis manages to become a master swordsman in a very short time through reading, soon besting his teacher, who has been training all his life in the sword but never bothered to study.
* JerkassHasAPoint: In the climax of Volume I, The Marquis claims that the bloody revolution sparked by master orators like Vilmorin and Moreau retroactively justifies the death of Vilmorin, and that a revolution brings nothing but bloodshed before [[FullCircleRevolution the revolutionariees become the new aristocrats.]]
* LukeIAmYourFather: The Marquis is Andre-Louis' father. The twist remains surprising because until that moment, Andre's parentage had not been important.
* MayDecemberRomance: The Marquis and Aline.
* MeaningfulName: Andre-Louis believes that his role in the theater, the witty, roguish Scaramouche, is the best description of who he is in real life.
* MoralityPet: Aline, for M. de La Tour D'Azyr.
* NiceToTheWaiter: Comtesse de Plougastel is nice to the coachman, which saves her life.
* NobodyCallsMeChicken: The Marquis and much of the First Estate exploits this for all its worth, using insults to goad M. Vilmorin members of the Third Estate into duels, which they are too honorable to turn down. This ends quite badly, as the art of sword-dueling is typically only learned by nobles, leading to many a Curb-Stomp Battle.
* NotInThisForYourRevolution: In the beginning, Andre-Louis doesn't believe in the ideals he's espousing, he's just using the crowds to get back at the Marquis and his ilk.
* {{Revenge}}: Andre-Louis' reason for hunting the Marquis.
* NotBloodSiblings: Andre-Louis and Aline.
* NotSoStoic: Andre-Louis admits as much in a letter. Despite his best efforts at detachment and comforting himself with the words of Epictetus, he recoils at the idea that he might die of starvation.
* ParentalSubstitute: M. De Kercadiou for Andre-Louis.
* PowderKegCrowd: Andre-Louis just keeps setting them off...
* RoyalRapier: Moreau's weapon of choice.
* SaveTheVillain: Mme. la Comtesse de Plougastel throws herself between Andre-Louis and the [[BigBad Marquis de La Tour d'Azyr]].
* ScrewTheRulesIMakeThem: The Marquis kills Phillipe with impunity because he, as a noble, will not be punished for it.
* TalkingToTheDead: Andre-Louis to Phillipe Vilmorin after the duel with the Marquis.
* TorchesAndPitchforks: An angry mob is going around killing aristocrats at the climax of the movie.
* TricksterArchetype: Scaramouche.
* VillainousValor: Say what you will about the Marquis but he is NOT a coward, even when the odds are against him.
* WeWorkWellTogether: Andre-Louis to Pantaloon's troupe. It takes him about a week to take over.
* WickedCultured: The Marquis, naturally.
* YourMom: The insult which sets the whole plot off.
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