Literature / Quo Vadis

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A Historical Fiction novel set in Ancient Rome, Quo Vadis (1896) is internationally the most well-known work of Polish writer Henryk Sienkiewicz, also known for the Sienkiewicz Trilogy. Quo Vadis tells the story of Marcus Vinicius, a young pagan Roman officer, and Lygia, a Christian barbarian princess raised in a Roman household. The novel is set during the events surrounding the Great Fire of Rome of AD 64, including the Roman persecution of Christians.

The name comes from the Christian legend that recounts that when St. Peter was fleeing Rome as a result of persecution, he saw a vision of Christ and asked Him, Domine, quo vadis? ("Lord, where are you going?") — to which the reply was "I go to be crucified again." Thus realizing that he was abandoning the faithful of Rome to their fates, Peter turned around and was martyred.

Quo Vadis has been adapted to film several times, including in 1951 by Mervin LeRoy (starring Robert Taylor, Deborah Kerr, and Peter Ustinov as Nero, with a young Sophia Loren as an uncredited extra) and in 2001 by Jerzy Kawalerowicz.

(Note that although it is quoting a question, the title does not itself contain a question mark.)

This book contains examples of:

  • Author Appeal: Lygia hails from the Lugii, an ancient tribe that (supposedly) lived in present day Poland during the time of the Roman Empire, probably an example of Genius Bonus by the author, who was Polish.
  • Beast and Beauty: Vinicius and Lygia.
  • Better to Die than Be Killed: Petronius is more than aware his fate has already been sealed, so instead he commits suicide while reading aloud a huge Take That! to Nero. For a book all about Christian values, this choice is still portrayed as a noble one, rather than one of the ultimate sins.
  • The Caligula: Emperor Nero.
  • Chronic Backstabbing Disorder: Chilon. After switching sides so many times and causing so much harm to his friends, he ends up completely broken.
  • Concert Climax: At a gladiatorial arena.
  • Damsel in Distress: Poor Lygia.
  • Deadpan Snarker: Petronius. Which is why we love him.
  • Date Rape Averted: Ursus defends Lygia from Vincius' unwanted advances.
  • Driven to Suicide: Several courtiers of Nero have been, in the past. Petronius on page. Eunice, for whom he's the entire world, joins him.
  • Everything IS Better With Princesses: Lygia is a barbarian princess.
  • Face Death with Dignity:
    • The Christians who are killed in the persecution die in such a noble way that they make the executioners look like criminals (as Petronius points out).
    • Petronius himself prefers suicide over what might happen to him.
  • Fanservice: For a novel with such a pro-Christian message, the author goes into quite some detail describing the Romans' debauched activities.
  • Fed to the Beast: Christians are fed to massive dogs and lions in a truly gruesome scene.
  • Florence Nightingale Effect: Vinicius was obsessed with Lygia for a long time, but after he's wounded and she nurses him (partway) back to health, he starts to see her as a person and truly care for her, rather than just lusting after Lygia's pretty looks.
  • The Fundamentalist: Crispus, until called out by St. Peter.
  • Gentle Giant: Ursus.
  • Good Is Not Soft: Ursus is calm, gentle and devote Christian, but he won't hesitate for a second to kill you with his bare hands if you try to harm Lygia.
  • Happily Adopted: Lygia, by Pomponia and Aulus.
  • Happily Married: Pomponia and Aulus. They form (possibly the only in Rome) a perfect family.
  • Happiness in Slavery: Eunice. One must admit that Petronius treats his home slaves pretty well. Also, Eunice is utterly in love with him (so much she can't stand the thought of leaving his house).
  • Heel–Faith Turn: Vinicius, then Chilon.
  • Historical-Domain Character: Petronius, Nero, Poppaea, Saint Peter and Saint Paul all play prominent roles.
  • Love at First Sight: Averted; more like lust at first sight, but eventually leading to True Love which redeems Vinicius.
  • Love Martyr: Acte, the only person in the world who still loves Nero, having fallen in love with the good person he used to be.
  • Love Redeems: It moves Vinicius to grow from an impetuous hotheaded warmonger into a loving, compassionate person.
  • Manly Tears: The tribune of the Praetorians giving the thumbs up to Ursus, Lygia, and Vinicius.
  • My God, What Have I Done?: Chilon after seeing people he sold out being burned alive. The fact that they forgive him leads to his Heel–Faith Turn.
  • Noble Savage: Ursus.
  • Professional Butt-Kisser: Nero's court. Anyone who doesn't kissthe aforementioned butt is liable to be Driven to Suicide. Or worse.
  • Redemption Equals Death: Chilon. After he takes a Heel–Faith Turn, he's tortured to death along with the other Christians.
  • Running Gag: Petronius' dislike of craftsmen and him comparing others' rude or barbaric behaviour to different occupations. ("Calm thyself," said Petronius. "Thou hast the longing of a carpenter from the Subura.")
  • Saintly Church: The early Christian church in Rome is portrayed in such a manner.
  • Stalker With a Crush: Vinicius, for the first couple of chapters.
  • Take That!: Petronius' suicide note is an enormous one to Nero. To the point of stating that his wanton slaughter and destruction of Rome is still way less abhorrent than his art.
  • These Hands Have Killed: Ursus racks up quite the body count (using just his bare hands) but he regrets every single death.
  • Wicked Cultured: For all his faults, Nero does love poetry and music.


The movies also have examples of:

http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Literature/QuoVadis