Blow Out is a 1981 thriller directed by Brian De Palma and starring John Travolta, Nancy Allen and John Lithgow.Travolta plays Jack, a sound technician for a low-budget exploitation film, who is told to find more a realistic scream for a slasher victim. One night, he's out in the woods by a road, recording general sound effects. A car comes down the road, there's an explosion, and it goes off the side of the road and into the water. Jack rushes to the water and jumps in. He discovers a man dead in the car and a woman named Sally (Allen) trying to get out. Eventually, Jack is able to break a window in the car and pull Sally out to safety.At the hospital, Jack discovers the man in the car was Governor McRyan, a possible presidential candidate. Lawrence Henry, McRyan's chief adviser, tells Jack not to tell anyone else about Sally being in the car. Jack is okay with that, at first. He's less okay with the fact Henry and the police seem content with the explanation McRyan's tire simply blew out. Jack is sure he recorded the tire being shot out right before the car went over the water. What he doesn't know is the man who shot out the tire, Burke (Lithgow), who was working on behalf of others to stop McRyan, is now out to get both Jack and Sally.Quentin Tarantino, no less, has called this De Palma's best film.
This film features the tropes:
- Blackmail: It's why Sally was in the car and Manny was taking photographs; to blackmail McRyan into dropping out of the race. Of course, Burke had other plans...
- Brick Joke: A pretty dark one. At the beginning of the film, Jack is trying to record a good scream for the film-within-a-film. He ends up using Sally's dying scream.
- Conspiracy Theorist: Everyone (except Donahue, the TV reporter) dismisses Jack as this; even Sally, when she of all people has reason to believe him.
- Does This Remind You of Anything?: The plot takes elements of several real-life political scandals, including Chappaquiddick, JFK's assassination and Watergate.
- Downer Ending: Jack manages to kill the assassin, but Sally is also killed. Ironically, as a result, the cover-up is a success.
- Exact Words: Burke's Establishing Character Moment is him contacting the people who hired him after he's killed McRyan. They are foaming at the mouth for such an action and he tells them back that he was hired to "take (McRyan) out of the race", and killing him was "within the parameters of the order".
- Even Evil Has Standards: The conspiracy that hired Burke wants absolutely nothing more to do with him after he kills McRyan, partially because his job is done, partially because they got sick with his psychotic tactics and they only wanted to Blackmail McRyan. Even then, Burke decides to clean up loose ends...
- Karma Houdini: The people who hired Burke are never captured or even suspected. On their (feeble) defense, they invoke Even Evil Has Standards on Burke and cut him loose early in the film.
- Psycho for Hire: Burke. He quite enjoys the murders he commits.
- Serial Killer: Played with; Burke pretends to be one so his eventual murder of Sally won't be as suspicious, but he is heavily implied to be sociopathic anyway.
- Serial Killings, Specific Target: As mentioned above, Burke plots to kill Sally, the last witness, but doesn't want to make her murder look suspicious. He begins targeting women who look like her in the hope that, when he finally does get around to killing Sally, she'll be dismissed as just another victim of the lone psycho. That's exactly how it ends up playing out.
- Spiritual Successor: To Blow Up and The Conversation. The ending in particular is one to Chinatown.
- Take That: The horror film Jack is working on, and which we see at the beginning, is De Palma's slam at slasher films; ironic, since critics lumped his previous film, Dressed To Kill, in with other slasher films.
- Troubled Backstory Flashback: Jack used to work for the police department, until he wired an undercover cop whose cover was blown - the cop was sweating so much it shorted the wire, and he was found out - and the cop was killed as a result. We see the story play out as he tells it to Sally.
- Also counts as Foreshadowing; he wires Sally for her meeting with whom she thinks is Donahue, and although things don't go exactly the same, they end up just as badly.