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Creator / Miguel de Unamuno

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Miguel de Unamuno y Jugo (born 29 September, 1864 - died 31 December 1936) was a prominent Spanish writer and philosopher. Unamuno was a part of the Generation of 98 (which was invented only post-factum), a group of Spanish authors whose shared conscience was shaped by the Spanish-American War. De Unamuno himself had a pretty successful career as a public intellectual, he for a long time was the rector of Salamanca University, the oldest in Spain and one of the oldest in the entire world.

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His main novel is the experimental "nivola" Niebla. It is a post-modernist work where he questions the relationship between the life and art and tries the border between fiction and reality. At some stage the fourth wall in the novel is shattered into pieces. He used a similar approach in many of his later works.

His philosophy is centered around the conflict between reason and religion, and specially the fear of death and the role that both approaches take on the matter. He was an atheist, which was EXTREMELY rare and frown upon in early 20th century Spain, but at the same time, he couldn't deny the powerful allure of religion and how it tackles the fear of death with the promise of an eternal afterlife. He's usually considered a pessimist thinker, who embodies better than most the state of mind his country went through during his lifetime, culminating in the infamous Spanish Civil War, which started shortly before his death (it's heavily speculated that he got severely depressed when it happened, which put him in a state of mind that at the very least accelerated his demise).

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Bibliography

  • Paz en la guerra (1897)
  • Amor y pedagogía (1902)
  • Niebla (1914)
  • Abel Sanchez (1917)
  • La tía Tula (1921)
  • San Manuel Bueno, mártir (1930)

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