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Armenia first became an independent Kingdom after Rome defeated the Selucid Empire, leading a former Selucid general from Armenia, Artashes I, to declare himself king. Though technically ruled over by a king, throughout ancient and medieval times Armenia would be more or less controlled by powerful noble families called ''nakharars'' that governed their own provinces and had their own armies, with a social system somewhat similar to feudalism, and also akin to the clans of Scotland. The king could be simply the head of the most powerful of these families. Armenia's influence grew to its zenith under the reign of Tigran the Great from 95-55 BC, when the Armenian Empire stretched from the Caspian Sea to Israel. This wasn't to last long however, due to Roman and Parthian-Persian invasions gradually chipping the empire down. Armenia became a buffer kingdom between Rome and Persia for centuries [[note]] in fact, for many years Persia would choose the candidate for the King of Armenia, and the king would travel to Rome to gain approval and be crowned, until eventually the title became hereditary; this system was agreed to by the nakharars [[/note]]. During this time Armenia's King Trdat III converted to Christianity (the traditional date given is 301 AD, though it may have been as late as 314), and made Christianity the official religion, becoming the first country to do so. The move would strengthen ties with Rome but alienate it from Persia, which had been taken over by the rival Sassanid dynasty. After Armenia was partitioned between Rome and Persia, in the year 451 a war was fought against the ruling Persians who were trying to convert Armenia to UsefulNotes/{{Zoroastrianism}}, and though Armenia was on the losing side initially, their guerrilla tactics paid off eventually and they were allowed to keep their new religion. Around this time, the Armenian alphabet was created by Mesrob Mashtots, initially for the purpose of translating Literature/TheBible into Armenian. One could argue this move ended up preserving Armenian identity over the centuries more than anything else.



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Armenia first became an independent Kingdom after Rome defeated the Selucid Empire, leading a former Selucid general from Armenia, Artashes I, to declare himself king. Though technically ruled over by a king, throughout ancient and medieval times Armenia would be more or less controlled by powerful noble families called ''nakharars'' that governed their own provinces and had their own armies, with a social system somewhat similar to feudalism, and also akin to the clans of Scotland. The king could be simply the head of the most powerful of these families. Armenia's influence grew to its zenith under the reign of Tigran the Great from 95-55 BC, when the Armenian Empire stretched from the Caspian Sea to Israel. This wasn't to last long however, due to Roman and Parthian-Persian invasions gradually chipping the empire down. Armenia became a buffer kingdom between Rome and Persia for centuries [[note]] in fact, for many years Persia would choose the candidate for the King of Armenia, and the king would travel to Rome to gain approval and be crowned, until eventually the title became hereditary; this system was agreed to by the nakharars [[/note]]. During this time Armenia's King Trdat III converted to Christianity (the traditional date given is 301 AD, though it may have been as late as 314), and made Christianity the official religion, becoming the first country to do so. The move would strengthen ties with Rome but alienate it from Persia, which had been taken over by the rival Sassanid dynasty. After Armenia was partitioned between Rome and Persia, in the year 451 a war was fought against the ruling Persians who were trying to convert Armenia to UsefulNotes/{{Zoroastrianism}}, and though Armenia was on the losing side initially, their guerrilla tactics paid off eventually and they were allowed to keep their new religion. Around this time, Also in the 400's AD, the Armenian alphabet was created by Mesrob Mashtots, Mashtots [[note]] or adapted from a pre-existing pagan alphabet, as some have theorized; that the Armenian pantheon had Tir, the God of Writing, is telling, but again only Christian Armenian historical resources have survived [[/note]], initially for the purpose of translating Literature/TheBible into Armenian. One could argue this move ended up preserving Armenian identity over the centuries more than anything else.




Before the Kingdom of Armenia arose the area of eastern Anatolia and the Caucasus was dominated by the Kingdom of Urartu (roughly 858 to 585 BC), where many historians believe the Armenian nationality had its genesis. Folk history denotes that the Armenians are descended from a legendary hero known as Hayk, who led the Armenian people out of Mesopotamia and was a grandson of Noah, though this aspect of the legend is likely a case of ancient Armenian mythology being HijackedByJesus [[note]] Moses Khorenatsi, the first Armenian historian, was a Christian; thus his viewpoints were painted by his religious beliefs. He would often take the oral history of remaining pagan Armenians (still around when he was writing in the 400's AD) and put a Christian spin on them. [[/note]]. Earliest references to the area as "Armenia" come from the annals of King Darius in the 500's B.C., so it is likely that the ethnic group had been perhaps one of the several under Urartian rule. But scholars can't agree on whether or not Armenians were indigenous to the area or had migrated from the west. In any case, people have been living in the area for quite some time, as [[http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2010/06/100609-worlds-oldest-leather-shoe-armenia-science/ the world's oldest shoe]] found in a cave in Armenia can attest to.



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Before the Kingdom of Armenia arose the area of eastern Anatolia and the Caucasus was dominated by the Kingdom of Urartu (roughly 858 to 585 BC), where many historians believe the Armenian nationality had its genesis. Folk history denotes that the Armenians are descended from a legendary hero known as Hayk, who led the Armenian people out of Mesopotamia and Mesopotamia, defeating a tyrannic titan named Bel to ensure his people's freedom over 4,500 years ago. It is also said he was a grandson of Noah, though this aspect of the legend is likely a case of ancient Armenian mythology being HijackedByJesus [[note]] Moses Khorenatsi, the first Armenian historian, was a Christian; thus his viewpoints were painted by his religious beliefs. He would often take the oral history of remaining pagan Armenians (still around when he was writing in the 400's AD) and put a Christian spin on them. [[/note]]. Earliest references to the area as "Armenia" come from the annals of King Darius in the 500's B.C., where it is actually used interchangeably with Urartu, so it is likely that Urartians are the direct predecessors to Armenians. It's also been theorized that the Armenian ethnic group had been perhaps one of the several under Urartian rule. But rule, but scholars can't agree on whether or not Armenians were indigenous to the area or had migrated from the west. In any case, people have been living in the area for quite some time, as [[http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2010/06/100609-worlds-oldest-leather-shoe-armenia-science/ the world's oldest shoe]] shoe]], found in a cave in Armenia Armenia, can attest to.





Armenia continued to fall under the rule of almost anyone building an empire for the next thousand years or so with only brief moments of independence in between; of note being the Bagratuni Kingdom between 885 and 1045, which came about after the Arabs relinquished control of the area in hopes of appeasing the Armenians and gaining an ally against the [[UsefulNotes/ByzantineEmpire Eastern Roman Empire]]. The kingdom however was destined to fall due to the Armenian nakharar families [[FeudingFamilies not liking one another very much]], and splitting their land off into independent kingdoms, which one by one would then be conquered by the Eastern Romans. The Romans didn't have the means to defend Armenia once they had it again, paving the way for the Seljuk Turk invasions. The next two hundred years were chaotic for Greater Armenia, as it was then invaded by the Mongolians, Georgia, [[UsefulNotes/TimurTheLame Tamerlane's]] forces, only to finally fall under Ottoman Turkish rule for the majority of the last millennium (its location, between the Black and Caspian seas, makes it a hot commodity for empire builders, unfortunately for the Armenians themselves).

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Armenia continued to fall under the rule of almost anyone building an empire for the next thousand years or so with only brief moments of independence in between; of note being the Bagratuni Kingdom between 885 and 1045, which came about after the Arabs relinquished control of the area in hopes of appeasing the Armenians and gaining an ally against the [[UsefulNotes/ByzantineEmpire Eastern Roman Empire]]. The kingdom however was destined to fall due to the Armenian nakharar families [[FeudingFamilies not liking one another very much]], and splitting their land off into independent kingdoms, which one by one would then be conquered by the Eastern Romans. Rome. The Romans didn't have the means to defend Armenia once they had it again, again (in fact they forcibly disbanded Armenia's defending armies after the conquest), paving the way for the Seljuk Turk invasions. The next two hundred years were chaotic for Greater Armenia, as it was then invaded in succession by the Mongolians, Georgia, and [[UsefulNotes/TimurTheLame Tamerlane's]] forces, Tamerlane]], only to finally fall under Ottoman Turkish rule for the majority of the last millennium (its location, between the Black and Caspian seas, makes it a hot commodity for empire builders, unfortunately for the Armenians themselves).



Ottoman rule was a relief to the Armenians at first; the region had been completely devastated by invasions within decades of one another from the Seljuk Turks, Mongols, and the forces of Tamerlane. Christians in the empire were second class citizens and more heavily taxed, but the Armenians made due by mostly becoming merchants. Eastern Armenia changed hands a few times over the centuries between Persia, Russia, and the Ottomans, until Armenia was partitioned again between Russia and Turkey after the Russo-Turkish War, ultimately causing the Eastern-Western split in the Armenian language still present today. The Ottoman Armenians then fell under suspicion during the latter half of the 19th century, as the Ottoman Empire lost territory in Greece and the Balkans, and the remaining Christians in the empire became a scapegoat of sorts, resulting in sporadic government-condoned massacres of the Armenians, particularly in the 1890's. This finally came to a head during UsefulNotes/WorldWarI under the Young Turks, and the matter of the Armenian Genocide that was to follow is still a very contentious one - few western observers doubt that there was a major humanitarian disaster in the area in 1915, precipitated by Turkish troops against the Ottoman Empire's Christian population, most of whom were put on death marches into the Syrian desert, when not massacred on the spot, killing over a million Armenians. And the common opinion of genocide scholars, in the face of overwhelming proof through contemporary photographic and eyewitness accounts, is that it falls under the definition of a genocide. The Young Turk government had delusions of creating a "racially pure" Pan-Turkish state stretching from Istanbul to Turkmenistan, something that the Armenians, Greeks and Assyrians stood in the way of, as well as of course Russia, who ended up defeating the Ottomans badly in the war and preventing the completion of the genocide.



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Ottoman rule was a relief to the Armenians at first; the region had been completely devastated by several invasions within decades of one another from the Seljuk Turks, Mongols, and the forces of Tamerlane.another. Christians in the empire were second class citizens and more heavily taxed, but the Armenians made due by mostly becoming merchants. Eastern Armenia changed hands a few times over the centuries between Persia, Russia, and the Ottomans, until Armenia was partitioned again between Russia and Turkey after the Russo-Turkish War, ultimately causing the Eastern-Western split in the Armenian language still present today. The Ottoman Armenians then fell under suspicion during the latter half of the 19th century, as the Ottoman Empire lost territory in Greece and the Balkans, and the remaining Christians in the empire became a scapegoat of sorts, resulting in sporadic government-condoned massacres of the Armenians, particularly in the 1890's. This finally came to a head during UsefulNotes/WorldWarI under the Young Turks, and the matter of the Armenian Genocide that was to follow is still a very contentious one - few western observers doubt that there was a major humanitarian disaster in the area in 1915, precipitated by Turkish troops against the Ottoman Empire's Christian population, most of whom were put on death marches into the Syrian desert, when not massacred on the spot, killing over a million Armenians. And the common opinion of genocide scholars, in the face of overwhelming proof through contemporary photographic and eyewitness accounts, is that it falls under the definition of a genocide. The Young Turk government had delusions of creating a "racially pure" Pan-Turkish state stretching from Istanbul to Turkmenistan, something that the Armenians, Greeks and Assyrians stood in the way of, as well as of course Russia, who ended up defeating the Ottomans badly in the war and preventing the completion of the genocide.




Within Armenia, [[CaptainObvious Armenians make up an overwhelming majority of the population]]. The biggest minority group in the country is the Yazidis, a nomadic people with a unique religion, and similarly to the Armenians themselves, have often been targets of discrimination in the Middle East. In 2014 Armenians stood in solidarity with Yazidis in condemning the Islamic State's attempted genocide against the Yazidis in Iraq. But the demographics in Armenia are in continual flux. While emigration is still a problem for the country and has been since independence, since the start of Syria's Civil War, members of Syria's very old Armenian diaspora community have been fleeing to Armenia in droves.



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Within Armenia, [[CaptainObvious Armenians make up an overwhelming majority of the population]].population. The biggest minority group in the country is the Yazidis, a nomadic people with a unique religion, and similarly to the Armenians themselves, have often been targets of discrimination in the Middle East. In 2014 Armenians stood in solidarity with Yazidis in condemning the Islamic State's attempted genocide against the Yazidis in Iraq. But the demographics in Armenia are in continual flux. While emigration is still a problem for the country and has been since independence, since the start of Syria's Civil War, members of Syria's very old Armenian diaspora community have been fleeing to Armenia in droves.



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Getting back to history, shortly before the end of UsefulNotes/WorldWarI Armenia would become independent for a brief period, thanks to the Russian and Ottoman empires collapsing. You see, just before the Russian Empire fell, Russia had ([[OverlyLongGag as usual]]) [[CurbStompBattle soundly beaten]] Turkey and retaken most of the historically Armenian territories, and when Armenia became independent it had inherited these territories. In Russia's absence from the war the Armenians were used as an UnwittingPawn by the allies toward the end of UsefulNotes/WorldWarI, with England promising them military aid and more territory if they prevented the Turkish advance into Baku and allowed them to use their territory as a springboard into Russia during the Russian Civil War, only to go back on its promise once the war was over to focus on more strategically important territories. Such betrayals were par the course for most countries Britain had backed in the Middle East during the war. As a result of the allies' neglect, the country was quickly weakened by wars with its neighbors and though it put up a valiant effort not to be reconquered by Turkey, Armenia was eventually assimilated into the Soviet Union after only two years--contested lands were surrendered to Turkey, another in a long series of government concessions throughout the western USSR made out of a fear of an escalating invasion of the USSR by European states, the USA and Japan, and the belief that a worldwide revolution would make the losses irrelevant or that the lands would at least improve relations with Turkey. Not all Armenians took Soviet occupation laying down; the Armenian Revolutionary Federation, headed by Garegin Nzhdeh, led a successful rebellion in 1921 after the Soviets threatened to make Armenia's Zangezur region (modern Syunik) a part of the Azerbaijani SSR, forming the very short-lived Republic of Mountainous Armenia, and even capturing Yerevan for 42 days before being pushed back by the Soviets. The Red Army then pushed into Zangezur and quelled the rebellion, ensuring their surrender by promising to keep Zangezur a part of the Armenian SSR, as it remains today. In the aftermath, however, Artsakh, or Nagorno-Karabakh, was put under Azeri control, something that would come back to haunt everyone involved decades later.

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Getting back to history, shortly before the end of UsefulNotes/WorldWarI Armenia would become independent for a brief period, thanks to the Russian and Ottoman empires collapsing. You see, just before the Russian Empire fell, Russia had ([[OverlyLongGag as usual]]) [[CurbStompBattle soundly beaten]] Turkey and retaken most of the historically Armenian territories, and when Armenia became independent it had inherited these territories. In Russia's absence from the war the Armenians were used as an UnwittingPawn by the allies toward the end of UsefulNotes/WorldWarI, with England promising them military aid and more territory if they prevented the Turkish advance into Baku and allowed them to use their territory as a springboard into Russia during the Russian Civil War, only to go back on its promise once the war was over to focus on more strategically important territories. Such betrayals were par the course for most countries Britain had backed in the Middle East during the war. As a result of the allies' neglect, the country was quickly weakened by wars with its neighbors and though it put up a valiant effort not to be reconquered by Turkey, Armenia was eventually assimilated into the Soviet Union after only two years--contested lands were surrendered to Turkey, another in a long series of government concessions throughout the western USSR made out of a fear of an escalating invasion of the USSR by European states, the USA and Japan, and the belief that a worldwide revolution would make the losses irrelevant or that the lands would at least improve relations with Turkey.


Not all Armenians took Soviet occupation laying down; the Armenian Revolutionary Federation, headed by Garegin Nzhdeh, led a successful rebellion in 1921 after the Soviets threatened to make Armenia's Zangezur region (modern Syunik) a part of the Azerbaijani SSR, forming the very short-lived Republic of Mountainous Armenia, and even capturing Yerevan for 42 days before being pushed back by the Soviets. The Red Army then pushed into Zangezur and quelled the rebellion, ensuring their surrender by promising to keep Zangezur a part of the Armenian SSR, as it remains today. In the aftermath, however, Artsakh, or Nagorno-Karabakh, was put under Azeri control, something that would come back to haunt everyone involved decades later.
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* Dita Von Teese is of Armenian descent. (No word on whether her original name was "Vonteesian".)

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* Dita Von Teese is of Armenian descent. (No word on whether Her birth name, however, isn't even close to being Armenian—Heather Sweet.[[note]]One of her original name grandmothers was "Vonteesian".)half-Armenian, but adopted into a WASP family.[[/note]]



* Arlene Francis, actress and ''What's My Line?'' regular guest, of Armenian descent. Her father was an Armenian immigrant.

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* Arlene Francis, actress and ''What's My Line?'' regular guest, of Armenian descent. Her father was an Armenian immigrant.immigrant whose parents were killed in the 1890s in a precursor to the Genocide.


* Ross Bagdasarian (Sr and Jr), creators of [[Franchise/AlvinAndTheChipmunks ''The Chipmunks'']], of Armenian descent.

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* Ross Bagdasarian (Sr and Jr), creators of [[Franchise/AlvinAndTheChipmunks ''The Chipmunks'']], ''[[Franchise/AlvinAndTheChipmunks The Chipmunks]]'', of Armenian descent.


Armenia continued to fall under the rule of almost anyone building an empire for the next thousand years or so with only brief moments of independence in between; of note being the Bagratuni Kingdom between 885 and 1045, which came about after the Arabs relinquished control of the area in hopes of appeasing the Armenians and gaining an ally against the [[UsefulNotes/ByzantineEmpire Eastern Roman Empire]]. The kingdom however was destined to fall due to the Armenian nakharar families [[FeudingFamilies not liking one another very much]], and splitting their land off into independent kingdoms, which one by one would then be conquered by the Eastern Romans. The Romans didn't have the means to defend Armenia once they had it again, paving the way for the Seljuk Turk invasions. The next two hundred years were chaotic for Greater Armenia, as it was then invaded by the Mongolians, Georgia, Tamerlane's forces, only to finally fall under Ottoman Turkish rule for the majority of the last millennium (its location, between the Black and Caspian seas, makes it a hot commodity for empire builders, unfortunately for the Armenians themselves).

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Armenia continued to fall under the rule of almost anyone building an empire for the next thousand years or so with only brief moments of independence in between; of note being the Bagratuni Kingdom between 885 and 1045, which came about after the Arabs relinquished control of the area in hopes of appeasing the Armenians and gaining an ally against the [[UsefulNotes/ByzantineEmpire Eastern Roman Empire]]. The kingdom however was destined to fall due to the Armenian nakharar families [[FeudingFamilies not liking one another very much]], and splitting their land off into independent kingdoms, which one by one would then be conquered by the Eastern Romans. The Romans didn't have the means to defend Armenia once they had it again, paving the way for the Seljuk Turk invasions. The next two hundred years were chaotic for Greater Armenia, as it was then invaded by the Mongolians, Georgia, Tamerlane's [[UsefulNotes/TimurTheLame Tamerlane's]] forces, only to finally fall under Ottoman Turkish rule for the majority of the last millennium (its location, between the Black and Caspian seas, makes it a hot commodity for empire builders, unfortunately for the Armenians themselves).


* DyingTown: Sadly, there are a lot of these outside of Yerevan. Towns devastated by the 1988 earthquake in the north have it the worst, although most of the buildings have been rebuilt. Other towns that were big tourist spots in Soviet times like Dilijan have seen business dry up since independence. People from small villages across the country are leaving in large numbers to the cities, or worse, to Russia or the US.

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* DyingTown: Sadly, there are a lot of these outside of Yerevan. Towns devastated by the 1988 earthquake in the north have it the worst, although most of the buildings have been rebuilt. Other towns that were big tourist spots in Soviet times like Dilijan have seen business dry up since independence. And villages along the border with Azerbaijan have shrunk due to the dangers posed by ceasefire violations. People from small villages across the country are leaving in large numbers to the cities, or worse, to Russia or the US.


* [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Aznavour Charles Aznavour]] (Shahnourh Varinag Aznavourian), singer, actor and songwriter of the French-Armenian diaspora.

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* [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Aznavour Charles Aznavour]] Music/CharlesAznavour (Shahnourh Varinag Aznavourian), singer, actor and songwriter of the French-Armenian diaspora.


* Anastas Mikoyan, Soviet politician considered to have been the second most powerful man in the USSR under Khrushchev. Brother of the above, he briefly served as Soviet head of government (chair of the presidium, a.k.a. president) and outlasted his political partner. This Mikoyan was also one of the very few people Stalin might have considered friends [[note]]It is said they used to get drunk together and complain about all the Russians they were surrounded with. Mikoyan's love of and insistence on providing quality ice cream probably helped too.[[/note]], and was also responsible for commissioning ''The Book of Tasty and Healthy Food'', a cookbook/propaganda tract that reflected what Soviet food in the mid-20th century would have looked like had Soviet policies actually been capable of providing the ingredients to make traditional Russian cuisine. (Its readers were not fooled, but they bought it anyway.) Russian-American food writer Anya von Bremzen has noted that the now-ubiquitous ''kotlety'', first introduced in Mikoyan's book, were essentially the broke Russian prole's version of an American hamburger.

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* Anastas Mikoyan, Soviet politician considered to have been the second most powerful man in the USSR under Khrushchev. Brother of the above, he briefly served as Soviet head of government state (chair of the presidium, a.k.a. president) and outlasted his political partner. This Mikoyan was also one of the very few people Stalin might have considered friends [[note]]It is said they used to get drunk together and complain about all the Russians they were surrounded with. Mikoyan's love of and insistence on providing quality ice cream probably helped too.[[/note]], and was also responsible for commissioning ''The Book of Tasty and Healthy Food'', a cookbook/propaganda tract that reflected what Soviet food intended to educate on modern cooking techniques, kitchen hygiene, and presenting the wide diversity of cuisine in the mid-20th century would have looked like had Soviet policies actually been capable massive country (as well as a future hope for food production in the country, as at the time of providing its first publication in 1939, rampant food shortages made much of the ingredients to make traditional Russian cuisine. (Its readers were not fooled, but they bought it anyway.) unavailable). Russian-American food writer Anya von Bremzen has noted that the now-ubiquitous ''kotlety'', first introduced in Mikoyan's book, were essentially the broke Russian prole's version of an American hamburger.


* ZeroPercentApprovalRating: Serge Sargsyan is the most unpopular president in the modern republic's short history, as is his government in general, who are accused of being corrupt oligarchs that embezzle money from the rest of the country. The dissent came to a fever pitch in the summer of 2016 when a revolutionary group called Sasna Dzerer took over a police station in Yerevan, protesting against rumors that the government was going to cede parts of Artsakh to Azerbaijan and demanding the president's resignation, holding police officers hostage for nearly two weeks until being forced to surrender. The incident had the effect of ruining what little popularity the president may still have had at home and in the diaspora. Needless to say, when Sargsyan promoted himself to Prime Minister in 2018 with a shady constitutional referendum with almost zero input from the citizens of Armenia, in effect giving himself a third presidential term, the people were not amused, with protests erupting across the country demanding his resignation. The protests were ultimately successful, and he was replaced by Opposition leader Nikol Pashinyan.
** The first president of the modern republic, Levon Der Petrosyan, was forced to resign in 1998 after advocating a land-for-peace settlement of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, which goes to show just how unpopular the idea was and still is in Armenia.



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* Chess world champion Tigran Petrosian.


Tucked away in the Caucasus mountains, in that little clutch of former Soviet Republics where Russia meets Turkey, is Armenia ('''Armenian:''' Հայաստան Hayastan), officially known as the Republic of Armenia ('''Armenian:''' Հայաստանի Հանրապետություն Hayastani Hanrapetutyun), a Eastern European/Western Asian country. Though the current republic formed after the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, it's not a new country by any means - the first Kingdom of Armenia goes back to 331 BC, and was the first country to officially adopt Christianity, in 301 AD. It also used to be ''much'' bigger than it is now, most of its former historical lands now being part of Turkey (this includes Mt. Ararat, which while considered a national symbol of Armenia and actually visible from the capital Yerevan, is rather awkwardly located over the border in Turkey).

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Tucked away in the Caucasus mountains, in that little clutch of former Soviet Republics UsefulNotes/{{Soviet|RussiaUkraineAndSoOn}} republics where Russia UsefulNotes/{{Russia}} meets Turkey, UsefulNotes/{{Turkey}}, is the Eurasian country of Armenia ('''Armenian:''' Հայաստան Hayastan), officially known as the Republic of Armenia ('''Armenian:''' Հայաստանի Հանրապետություն Hayastani Hanrapetutyun), a Eastern European/Western Asian country.Hanrapetutyun). Though the current republic formed after the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, it's not a new country by any means - the first Kingdom of Armenia goes back to 331 BC, and was the first country to officially adopt Christianity, in 301 AD. It also used to be ''much'' bigger than it is now, most of its former historical lands now being part of Turkey (this includes Mt. Ararat, which while considered a national symbol of Armenia and actually visible from the capital Yerevan, is rather awkwardly located over the border in Turkey).


See also: UsefulNotes/RepublicOfArtsakh, UsefulNotes/ArmosWithArmor

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See also: UsefulNotes/RepublicOfArtsakh, UsefulNotes/ArmosWithArmor
UsefulNotes/ArmosWithArmor, ArmenianMedia

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