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* ''Film/DeathKappa''


"Tokusatsu" (特撮), often shortened to just "Toku", is the Japanese catchall term for any live-action sci-fi/fantasy media that makes use of special effects[[note]]"Tokusatsu" is an abbreviation of coming from "tokushu satsuei", which literally means "special photography"[[/note]]. Though the overlap is not total, it can, at least casually, be considered the live-action analogue to {{Anime}} (at least, to the subset of anime best known to casual viewers in the west).

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"Tokusatsu" (特撮), often shortened to just "Toku", "Toku" in the west, is the Japanese catchall term for any live-action sci-fi/fantasy media that makes use of special effects[[note]]"Tokusatsu" is an abbreviation of coming from "tokushu satsuei", which literally means "special photography"[[/note]]. Though the overlap is not total, it can, at least casually, be considered the live-action analogue to {{Anime}} (at least, to the subset of anime best known to casual viewers in the west).


''Franchise/SuperSentai'', ''Series/MetalHeroes'' and ''Franchise/KamenRider'' franchises on this list were adapted, with varying degrees of success, by Creator/SabanEntertainment to produce the U.S. series ''PowerRangers'', ''Series/VRTroopers'', ''Series/BigBadBeetleborgs'' and ''Series/MaskedRider''. ''Series/KamenRiderRyuki'' was later adapted into ''Series/KamenRiderDragonKnight''. As for the original Japanese shows, [[NoExportForYou good luck finding official releases outside of Asia....]]

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''Franchise/SuperSentai'', ''Series/MetalHeroes'' and ''Franchise/KamenRider'' franchises on this list were adapted, with varying degrees of success, by Creator/SabanEntertainment to produce the U.S. series ''PowerRangers'', ''Franchise/PowerRangers'', ''Series/VRTroopers'', ''Series/BigBadBeetleborgs'' and ''Series/MaskedRider''. ''Series/KamenRiderRyuki'' was later adapted into ''Series/KamenRiderDragonKnight''. As for the original Japanese shows, [[NoExportForYou good luck finding official releases outside of Asia....]]


Originally, Toku differentiated itself from western visual effects genres by its preference for "live" effects (ie. PeopleInRubberSuits) over special effects created during editing (at the time of the genre's birth, specifically the stop-motion techniques pioneered by Creator/RayHarryhausen, now CGI). Modern Toku uses both forms of effect, but "live" effects are still preferred, particularly WireFu.

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Originally, Toku differentiated itself from its western visual effects genres counterparts by its preference for "live" effects (ie. PeopleInRubberSuits) PracticalEffects over special visual effects created during editing (at the time of the genre's birth, birth this specifically referred to the stop-motion techniques pioneered by Creator/RayHarryhausen, but it now CGI). applies to [[ComputerGeneratedImages CGI]] as well). Modern Toku uses both forms of effect, but "live" effects PracticalEffects are still preferred, particularly WireFu.
preferred.



Like Anime and Manga, Toku is one of those terms that means slightly different things in Japan and the West. While Westerners use it to refer almost exclusively to the Japanese superhero shows, in Japan it simply refers to any live-action production which makes extensive use of special effects. This means that, to the Japanese, things like ''Series/{{Smallville}}'', ''Series/StargateSG1'', ''Series/DoctorWho'', ''Series/KnightRider'', ''Series/RedDwarf'' and even ''Film/JamesBond'' count as Toku. This list also includes shows that use puppetry, like Gerry Anderson's {{UsefulNotes/Supermarionation}} series ''Series/{{Thunderbirds}}'' and ''{{Series/Terrahawks}}'', and even ''WesternAnimation/ThomasTheTankEngine''. Far and away, the [[TropeCodifier most popular early example]] of Toku is the ''Franchise/{{Godzilla}}'' film franchise, which exemplifies many of the genre's tropes: PeopleInRubberSuits smashing scale model cities, and an abundance of {{squib}}s.

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Like Anime and Manga, Toku is one of those terms that means slightly different things in Japan and the West. While Westerners use it to refer almost exclusively to the Japanese superhero shows, in Japan it simply refers to any live-action production which makes extensive use of special effects. This means that, to the Japanese, things like ''Series/{{Smallville}}'', ''Series/StargateSG1'', ''Series/DoctorWho'', ''Series/KnightRider'', ''Series/RedDwarf'' and ''Series/RedDwarf'', or even ''Film/JamesBond'' count as Toku. This list also includes shows that use puppetry, like Gerry Anderson's {{UsefulNotes/Supermarionation}} series ''Series/{{Thunderbirds}}'' and ''{{Series/Terrahawks}}'', and even ''WesternAnimation/ThomasTheTankEngine''. Far and away, the [[TropeCodifier most popular early example]] of Toku is the ''Franchise/{{Godzilla}}'' film franchise, which exemplifies many of the genre's tropes: PeopleInRubberSuits smashing scale model cities, and an abundance of {{squib}}s.


* ''Astro Boy'' (''Tetsuwan Atom'') - The first adaptation of ''Manga/AstroBoy'' from 1959.



* ''Series/TetsuwanAtom'' - The first adaptation of ''Manga/AstroBoy'' from 1959.

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* ''Series/TetsuwanAtom'' - The first adaptation of ''Manga/AstroBoy'' from 1959.


* ''Series/DaimajinKanon''

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* ''Series/DaimajinKanon''''Film/DaigoroVsGoliath'' - From Creator/TsuburayaProductions; originally meant to be a Godzilla movie
* ''Film/{{Daimajin}}'' - From the creators of ''Film/{{Gamera}}''
** ''Series/DaimajinKanon'' - 2010 remake of above film



* ''Film/{{Gunhed}}''

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* ''Film/{{Gunhed}}''''Film/{{Gunhed}}'' - Toho movie originally meant to star Godzilla

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* ''Film/{{Inframan}}'' - Hong Kong imitation of ''Series/KamenRider'' and ''Series/{{Ultraman}}''


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* ''Film/YongaryMonsterFromTheDeep'' - Korean copycat of ''Film/Godzilla1954'' and ''Film/GiantMonsterGamera''.



Toku series and franchises include:

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\nToku ----

!!Toku
series and franchises include:




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----




Names To Know In Tokusatsu:

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\nNames ----

!!Names
To Know In Tokusatsu:Tokusatsu:
[[index]]




Major Companies producing Tokusatsu:

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\nMajor [[/index]]
----

!!Major
Companies producing Tokusatsu:Tokusatsu:
[[index]]


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[[/index]]


Like Anime and Manga, Toku is one of those terms that means slightly different things in Japan and the West. While Westerners use it to refer almost exclusively to the Japanese superhero shows, in Japan it simply refers to any live-action production which makes extensive use of special effects. This means that, to the Japanese, things like ''Series/{{Smallville}}'', ''Series/StargateSG1'', ''Series/DoctorWho'', ''Series/KnightRider'', ''Series/RedDwarf'' and even ''Film/JamesBond'' count as Toku. This list also includes shows that use puppetry, like Gerry Anderson's {{Supermarionation}} series ''Series/{{Thunderbirds}}'' and ''{{Series/Terrahawks}}'', and even ''WesternAnimation/ThomasTheTankEngine''. Far and away, the [[TropeCodifier most popular early example]] of Toku is the ''Franchise/{{Godzilla}}'' film franchise, which exemplifies many of the genre's tropes: PeopleInRubberSuits smashing scale model cities, and an abundance of {{squib}}s.

to:

Like Anime and Manga, Toku is one of those terms that means slightly different things in Japan and the West. While Westerners use it to refer almost exclusively to the Japanese superhero shows, in Japan it simply refers to any live-action production which makes extensive use of special effects. This means that, to the Japanese, things like ''Series/{{Smallville}}'', ''Series/StargateSG1'', ''Series/DoctorWho'', ''Series/KnightRider'', ''Series/RedDwarf'' and even ''Film/JamesBond'' count as Toku. This list also includes shows that use puppetry, like Gerry Anderson's {{Supermarionation}} {{UsefulNotes/Supermarionation}} series ''Series/{{Thunderbirds}}'' and ''{{Series/Terrahawks}}'', and even ''WesternAnimation/ThomasTheTankEngine''. Far and away, the [[TropeCodifier most popular early example]] of Toku is the ''Franchise/{{Godzilla}}'' film franchise, which exemplifies many of the genre's tropes: PeopleInRubberSuits smashing scale model cities, and an abundance of {{squib}}s.



* ''Series/StarFleet'' - An example of when the Japanese attempt to imitate {{Supermarionation}} techniques

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* ''Series/StarFleet'' - An example of when the Japanese attempt to imitate {{Supermarionation}} {{UsefulNotes/Supermarionation}} techniques


* ''Series/ChouSeiShinSeries'' - Done by Creator/{{Toho}}, who made the original ''Franchise/{{Godzilla}}'' movies.

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* ''Series/ChouSeiShinSeries'' ''Franchise/ChouSeiShinSeries'' - Done by Creator/{{Toho}}, who made the original ''Franchise/{{Godzilla}}'' movies.

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* ''Advertising/UFOKamenYakisoban'', an advertising campaign that parodied the genre.


* ''Series/LegendHeroes'' - A Korean Toku produced by Moon Watcher and Synergy Media that adapts various element of ''Literature/RomanceOftheThreeKingdoms'' into a ''Series/KamenRiderRyuki'' {{Expy}} that adds in ''Franchise/SuperSentai'' mech combat, too. Had quite the following when it first aired, but sort of faded off as time went on. Officially available with subs on Website/YouTube.

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* ''Series/LegendHeroes'' - A Korean Toku produced by Moon Watcher and Synergy Media that adapts various element of ''Literature/RomanceOftheThreeKingdoms'' into a ''Series/KamenRiderRyuki'' ''Series/KamenRiderGaim'' {{Expy}} that adds in ''Franchise/SuperSentai'' mech combat, too. Had quite the following when it first aired, but sort of faded off as time went on. Officially available with subs on Website/YouTube.

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* ''Series/TokusatsuGaGaGa'', despite being a {{Dorama}}, has some toku elements with its ShowWithinAShow series in the show.


* Creator/{{Daiei}} (Franchise/{{Gamera}})

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* Creator/{{Daiei}} (Franchise/{{Gamera}})(Film/{{Gamera}})

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