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* The most obvious reason is to protect the author's UsefulNotes/{{copyright}}. After all, fanfic is ''technically'' copyright infringement, and authors don't like fans potentially eating into their profit margin (especially where they want fans to buy TheMerch or other officially sanctioned material). A related concern is that an author could accidentally (or not) write a story that uses some of the same elements as an existing fanwork, allowing the fan to turn the tables and sue the ''author'' for copyright infringement.

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* The most obvious reason is to protect the author's UsefulNotes/{{copyright}}. After all, fanfic is ''technically'' (arguably) copyright infringement, and authors don't like fans potentially eating into their profit margin (especially where they want fans to buy TheMerch or other officially sanctioned material). A related concern is that an author could accidentally (or not) write a story that uses some of the same elements as an existing fanwork, allowing the fan to turn the tables and sue the ''author'' for copyright infringement.



* On that front, some authors don't mind fanwork ''per se'', but they don't like seeing sexually explicit or other [[NotSafeForWork NSFW]] material involving their characters. There's quite a lot of it on the Internet, as exemplified by Rule34: "If it exists, there is porn of it -- no exceptions." Other than the above-stated personal disgust at seeing such things, creators may also be concerned that [[HarmfulToMinors younger readers]] could accidentally stumble upon them. Big content producers like Creator/{{Disney}} crack down particularly hard on this sort of thing, as it could otherwise harm the image they cultivate with their intellectual properties.

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* On that front, some authors don't mind fanwork fanworks ''per se'', but they don't like seeing sexually explicit or other [[NotSafeForWork NSFW]] material involving their characters. There's quite a lot of it on the Internet, as exemplified by Rule34: "If it exists, there is porn of it -- no exceptions." Other than the above-stated personal disgust at seeing such things, creators may also be concerned that [[HarmfulToMinors younger readers]] could accidentally stumble upon them. Big content producers like Creator/{{Disney}} crack down particularly hard on this sort of thing, as it could otherwise harm the image they cultivate with their intellectual properties.



In general, a fanwork ban is not a good thing to happen to a fanbase. While it may accomplish one of the above-stated goals, a fanwork community is one of the most powerful ways to consolidate the fanbase and generate enthusiasm around the work. In extreme cases, it can drastically diminish a fanbase by discouraging them from talking about the work ''at all'' on the Internet, meaning that people who discover the work can't connect with other fans of the work (or run into massive {{Flame War}}s about the fanwork ban).

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In general, a fanwork ban is not a good thing to happen to a fanbase. While it may (but probably won't) accomplish one of the above-stated goals, a fanwork community is one of the most powerful ways to consolidate the fanbase and generate enthusiasm around the work. In extreme cases, it can drastically diminish a fanbase by discouraging them from talking about the work ''at all'' on the Internet, meaning that people who discover the work can't connect with other fans of the work (or run into massive {{Flame War}}s about the fanwork ban).
ban).

The parent organization of Website/ArchiveOfOurOwn, the Organization of Transformative Works, was founded to fight against fanwork bans and argue that fanworks are a type of "transformative work", protected under copyright rules.


* Ferrari is a complex case when it comes to have people modifying their vehicles. Most of times they do allow certain user-modifications to their vehicles, the Italian sportscar maker has been known for putting heavy hammers on modifications that diminish their brands, or even replicas of their cars. Due to certain modifications that violate Ferrari's policies, some famed owners have been banned from getting [[LimitedSpecialCollectorsUltimateEdition special-edition]] AceCustom Ferraris.

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* Ferrari is a complex case when it comes to have people modifying their vehicles. Most of times they do allow certain user-modifications to their vehicles, the Italian sportscar maker has been known for putting heavy hammers on modifications that diminish their brands, or even replicas of their cars. Due to certain modifications that violate Ferrari's policies, some famed owners have been banned from getting [[LimitedSpecialCollectorsUltimateEdition special-edition]] AceCustom Ferraris.

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* Ferrari is a complex case when it comes to have people modifying their vehicles. Most of times they do allow certain user-modifications to their vehicles, the Italian sportscar maker has been known for putting heavy hammers on modifications that diminish their brands, or even replicas of their cars. Due to certain modifications that violate Ferrari's policies, some famed owners have been banned from getting [[LimitedSpecialCollectorsUltimateEdition special-edition]] AceCustom Ferraris.
** Speaking about replicas, Ferrari has blown a lawsuit on ''Series/MiamiVice'' producers after a fake Ferrari Daytona getting famous. The company settled by giving the producers two free genuine Testarossas by requiring the Daytona to be destroyed in an episode.
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* Technically averted for any game that comes with a LevelEditor, modding tools, or the like, [[CaptainObvious as if they didn't want players to make their own content, they wouldn't have put such things in the game]].


* ''Literature/ASongOfIceAndFire'' author Creator/GeorgeRRMartin disapproves of fan fiction, but he's okay with fan art. His main objection is that fan fiction is bad practice for an aspiring writer; he believes that creating and developing one's own characters and setting are an integral part of writing. He likens fan fic to an artist learning to draw by doing paint-by-numbers. Fan art, on the other hand, still requires genuine skill, so it doesn't bother him as much.

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* ''Literature/ASongOfIceAndFire'' author Creator/GeorgeRRMartin disapproves of fan fiction, but he's okay with fan art. His main objection is objections are copyright concerns (often citing the Creator/MarionZimmerBradley incident mentioned below) and a belief that fan fiction is bad practice for an aspiring writer; he believes that writer since creating and developing one's own characters and setting are an integral part of writing. He likens fan fic to an artist learning to draw by doing paint-by-numbers. Fan art, on the other hand, still requires genuine skill, so it doesn't bother him as much.


* Subverted by Creator/HidekiKamiya, creator of ''VideoGame/{{Bayonetta}}'', who was upset with early Rule34 art of the title character that he found -- because most of it showed her bottoming. When the artists caught on and started showing Bayonetta in a more typical dominant role, Hideki fully approved it.

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* Subverted by Creator/HidekiKamiya, creator of ''VideoGame/{{Bayonetta}}'', who was upset with early Rule34 art of the title character that he found -- because most of it showed her bottoming. being dominated. When the artists caught on and started showing Bayonetta in a more typical typically dominant role, role as she is in the game, Hideki fully approved it.


* Creator/{{Capcom}} requested that development of InvaderGames' fan remake of ''VideoGame/ResidentEvil2'', titled ''Resident Evil 2 Reborn'', be halted -- [[PromotedFanboy only to invite them to work on the]] ''[[PromotedFanboy official]]'' [[PromotedFanboy remake]].

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* Creator/{{Capcom}} requested that development of InvaderGames' fan remake of ''VideoGame/ResidentEvil2'', titled ''Resident Evil 2 Reborn'', be halted -- [[PromotedFanboy only to invite them to work on the]] ''[[PromotedFanboy official]]'' [[PromotedFanboy remake]]. This is somewhat unusual for the company, who doesn't otherwise issue takedown notices to fan games unless they're pornographic or sold for money.


* Nostalrius was a fan run ''VideoGame/WorldOfWarcraft'' vanilla server that attempted to recreate the original game experience and ran for over a year before being shut down due to a cease and desist.

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* Nostalrius ''Nostalrius'' was a fan run ''VideoGame/WorldOfWarcraft'' vanilla server that attempted to recreate the original game experience and ran for over a year before being shut down due to a cease and desist.


** Arika heavily frowns upon clones/simulators of ''VideoGame/TetrisTheGrandMaster'' although they have not taken any large-scale action to shut those games down and prevent further distribution. However, on [=YouTube=] effective January 1, 2019, videos of those clones (as well as other violations of their ''TGM'' video guidelines) will be met with copyright strikes.

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** Arika heavily frowns upon clones/simulators of ''VideoGame/TetrisTheGrandMaster'' such as ''VideoGame/NullpoMino'' and ''Texmaster'' although they have not taken any large-scale action to shut those games down and prevent further distribution. However, on [=YouTube=] effective January 1, 2019, videos of those clones (as well as other violations of their ''TGM'' video guidelines) will be met with copyright strikes.


** Arika heavily frowns upon clones/simulators of ''VideoGame/TetrisTheGrandmaster'' although they have not really done anything to shut those games down and prevent further distribution. However, on [=YouTube=] effective January 1, 2019, videos of those clones (as well as other violations of their ''TGM'' video guidelines) will be met with a copyright strike.

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** Arika heavily frowns upon clones/simulators of ''VideoGame/TetrisTheGrandmaster'' ''VideoGame/TetrisTheGrandMaster'' although they have not really done anything taken any large-scale action to shut those games down and prevent further distribution. However, on [=YouTube=] effective January 1, 2019, videos of those clones (as well as other violations of their ''TGM'' video guidelines) will be met with a copyright strike.strikes.


* The Tetris Company is hugely protective of the ''VideoGame/{{Tetris}}'' brand. If you dare to use the name ''VideoGame/{{Tetris}}''® or even so much as create a game that involves falling tetriminos, without paying the proper license fees and royalties, prepare for a cease-and-desist letter. They have sent DMCA takedown notices to Website/YouTube for videos just featuring unofficial ''Tetris'' clones. They have even gone as far as threatening legal action against fans who pointedly use only elements that cannot legally be copyrighted,[[note]]A U.S. federal court said so in ''Lotus Development Corp. v. Borland Int'l, Inc.'', 49 F.3d 807 (1st Cir. 1995). The Supreme Court was tied 4-4, though. 516 U.S. 233 (1996).[[/note]] using meritless legal claims for intimidation (in a strategy known as a [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SLAPP SLAPP]]). Their stance causes particular headaches to fans of ''VideoGame/TetrisTheGrandMaster'', which [[NoExportForYou wasn't released outside Japan]]. Ironically enough, ''Tetris'' was created in the Soviet Union by a government employee and was thus originally in the public domain.

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* ''VideoGame/{{Tetris}}'':
**
The Tetris Company is hugely protective of the ''VideoGame/{{Tetris}}'' ''Tetris'' brand. If you dare to use the name ''VideoGame/{{Tetris}}''® or even so much as create a game that involves falling tetriminos, without paying the proper license fees and royalties, prepare for a cease-and-desist letter. They have sent DMCA takedown notices to Website/YouTube for videos just featuring unofficial ''Tetris'' clones. They have even gone as far as threatening legal action against fans who pointedly use only elements that cannot legally be copyrighted,[[note]]A U.S. federal court said so in ''Lotus Development Corp. v. Borland Int'l, Inc.'', 49 F.3d 807 (1st Cir. 1995). The Supreme Court was tied 4-4, though. 516 U.S. 233 (1996).[[/note]] using meritless legal claims for intimidation (in a strategy known as a [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SLAPP SLAPP]]). Their stance causes particular headaches to fans of ''VideoGame/TetrisTheGrandMaster'', which [[NoExportForYou wasn't released outside Japan]]. Ironically enough, ''Tetris'' was created in the Soviet Union by a government employee and was thus originally in the public domain.domain.
** Arika heavily frowns upon clones/simulators of ''VideoGame/TetrisTheGrandmaster'' although they have not really done anything to shut those games down and prevent further distribution. However, on [=YouTube=] effective January 1, 2019, videos of those clones (as well as other violations of their ''TGM'' video guidelines) will be met with a copyright strike.


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* Franchise/{{Sanrio}} bans fan work for their characters, including Franchise/HelloKitty, WebOriginal/SanrioBoys, Franchise/{{Jewelpet}}, and ''Anime/OnegaiMyMelody'', as the image of their characters are crucial to selling their products. Comic Market even bans fan merchandise of Sanrio characters from being sold at their conventions. This expands to even their collaboration designs (i.e. their collaboration with ''Anime/YuriOnIce'').

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* Franchise/{{Sanrio}} Creator/{{Sanrio}} bans fan work for their characters, including Franchise/HelloKitty, WebOriginal/SanrioBoys, Franchise/{{Jewelpet}}, and ''Anime/OnegaiMyMelody'', as the image of their characters are crucial to selling their products. Comic Market even bans fan merchandise of Sanrio characters from being sold at their conventions. This expands to even their collaboration designs (i.e. their collaboration with ''Anime/YuriOnIce'').''Anime/YuriOnIce'').
* The fate of ''Anime/SSSSGridman''ís fanwork community does not look good due to [[https://wowjapan.asia/2018/10/tsuburaya-officially-disallows-doujin-works-of-their-properties/ Tsuburaya subtlely yet effectively imposing this in a FAQ on its website]].


* Creator/{{Capcom}} requested that development of InvaderGames' fan remake of ''VideoGame/ResidentEvil2'', titled ''Resident Evil 2 Reborn'', be halted -- only to invite them to work on the ''official'' remake.

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* Creator/{{Capcom}} requested that development of InvaderGames' fan remake of ''VideoGame/ResidentEvil2'', titled ''Resident Evil 2 Reborn'', be halted -- [[PromotedFanboy only to invite them to work on the ''official'' remake.the]] ''[[PromotedFanboy official]]'' [[PromotedFanboy remake]].


* Creator/RobinHobb famously wrote an [[https://fanlore.org/wiki/The_Fan_Fiction_Rant article]] in which she explained her fanwork ban as coming from her personal attachment to her characters, claiming they were like family to her, and it was thus uncomfortable for her to see them in [[Rule34 weird and perverted situations]]. It reads almost like a PublicServiceAnnouncement against fan fiction. The article ends with a "how to" on writing original fiction, though some of her suggestions look suspiciously like SerialNumbersFiledOff.

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* Creator/RobinHobb famously wrote an [[https://fanlore.org/wiki/The_Fan_Fiction_Rant article]] in which she explained her fanwork ban as coming from her personal attachment to her characters, claiming they were like family to her, and it was thus uncomfortable for her to see them in [[Rule34 weird and perverted situations]]. It reads almost like a PublicServiceAnnouncement against fan fiction. The article ends with includes a "how to" on writing original fiction, though some of her suggestions look suspiciously like SerialNumbersFiledOff.

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