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As mentioned above, the character appeared in the 1960s ''Batman'' television series, portrayed by Frank Gorshin and Creator/JohnAstin; Creator/JimCarrey portrayed him in the 1995 film ''Film/BatmanForever'', and Cory Michael Smith portrays Edward Nygma in the television show ''Series/{{Gotham}}''. In addition, the character appears in many animated media and video games, including the ''VideoGame/BatmanArkhamSeries''. In 2009, the Riddler was ranked as IGN's 59th [[TopOneHundredComicBookVillains Greatest Comic Book Villain of All Time]].

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As mentioned above, the character appeared in the 1960s ''Batman'' television series, portrayed by Frank Gorshin and Creator/JohnAstin; Creator/JimCarrey portrayed him in the 1995 film ''Film/BatmanForever'', and Cory Michael Smith portrays portrayed Edward Nygma in the television show ''Series/{{Gotham}}''. In addition, the character appears in many animated media and video games, including the ''VideoGame/BatmanArkhamSeries''. In 2009, the Riddler was ranked as IGN's 59th [[TopOneHundredComicBookVillains Greatest Comic Book Villain of All Time]].


* {{Adorkable}}: His ''Gotham'' version fits this. He's given a romantic subplot, for crissakes!

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* {{Adorkable}}: His ''Gotham'' version fits this. He's given is oddly endearing before he becomes a villain; he's a science-loving NiceGuy and a hopeless romantic subplot, for crissakes!who has stunted social skills, speaking [[MotorMouth too quickly]] and [[SpockSpeak too formally]] at times, he has a macabre sense of humor, and he can't help but speak in riddles, much to the annoyance of others. There's even a scene where he [[MundaneMadeAwesome uses a magnifying glass and forceps to pick onions out of his lunch]]. Even after becoming a murderous villain, he's still a gigantic nerd.



* VillainousFriendship: Most of the other rogues can't stand him, but he's genuinely close to ComicBook/ThePenguin and even calls him "Ozzie" more than his actual name. When Penguin believed he was going to die in battle, he granted Eddie the key to the Iceberg Lounge, and Eddie clumsily if sincerely thanks Penguin for being the only person he can really talk to in their business.

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* VillainousFriendship: Most of the other rogues can't stand him, but he's genuinely close to ComicBook/ThePenguin and even calls him "Ozzie" more than his actual name. When Penguin believed he was going to die in battle, he granted Eddie the key to the Iceberg Lounge, and Eddie clumsily if sincerely thanks Penguin for being the only person he can really talk to in their business. In Gotham, their relationship is... ''a bit'' more complicated, but still mostly friendly.

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* PungeonMaster: Particularly in the Silver Age, Riddler loved to make the answers to his riddles be in the form of a pun. It's still present to this day, although not nearly to its earlier extent. Some of the more infamous moments of BatDeduction are essentially Batman successfully anticipating which pun Riddler is using this time.

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* VillainousFriendship: Most of the other rogues can't stand him, but he's genuinely close to ComicBook/ThePenguin and even calls him "Ozzie" more than his actual name. When Penguin believed he was going to die in battle, he granted Eddie the key to the Iceberg Lounge, and Eddie clumsily if sincerely thanks Penguin for being the only person he can really talk to in their business.

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* TooCleverByHalf: His FatalFlaw.


Thanks to the unforgettable [[Series/{{Batman}} sixties show]] (where he essentially replaced the Joker as Batman's lead villain), the Riddler is one of the "big four" classic Bat-Rogues (alongside the Joker, Catwoman and the Penguin). Like most of the Bat-Rogues, the Riddler is victim to a mental disorder - in his case, an obsessive-compulsive disorder that subconsciously forces him to leave clues in the form of riddles at the scenes of his crimes. Flashes into his past have shown an abusive father that would beat him every time he lied and an obsession with riddles, puzzles, and word games, all of which probably didn't help his descent into a criminal life.

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Thanks to the unforgettable [[Series/{{Batman}} [[Series/Batman1966 sixties show]] (where he essentially replaced the Joker ComicBook/TheJoker as Batman's lead villain), the Riddler is one of the "big four" classic Bat-Rogues (alongside the Joker, Catwoman ComicBook/{{Catwoman}} and the Penguin).ComicBook/ThePenguin). Like most of the Bat-Rogues, the Riddler is victim to a mental disorder - in his case, an obsessive-compulsive disorder that subconsciously forces him to leave clues in the form of riddles at the scenes of his crimes. Flashes into his past have shown an abusive father that would beat him every time he lied and an obsession with riddles, puzzles, and word games, all of which probably didn't help his descent into a criminal life.



* BadassBoast: In the 1960s episode "A Riddle a Day Keeps the Riddler Away", as seen at the beginning of [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dpl7Gny7bbw this]] tribute.
--> '''Riddler:''' Royalty? You've never met royalty?...



** As of the Comicbook/{{New 52}} reboot, Batman's first year of vigilantism has once more been modified, and Eddie plays a big role in it. In Zero Year [[spoiler:he tricks the GCPD into giving him total control of the city. And Batman isn't able to stop him.]]

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** As of the Comicbook/{{New 52}} reboot, Batman's first year of vigilantism has once more been modified, and Eddie plays a big role in it. In Zero Year [[spoiler:he tricks the GCPD into giving him total control of the city. And Batman isn't able to stop him.]]him]].
* BadassBoast: In the 1960s episode "A Riddle a Day Keeps the Riddler Away", as seen at the beginning of [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dpl7Gny7bbw this]] tribute.
--> '''Riddler:''' Royalty? You've never met royalty?...



* BatDeduction: His riddles were often the catalyst for the TropeNamer.

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* BatDeduction: His riddles were often the catalyst for the TropeNamer.{{Trope Namer|s}}.



* BigBad: He's one of the main antagonists in the [[Series/{{Batman}} sixties show]] and the sole antagonist of ''ComicBook/BatmanZeroYear''.

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* BigBad: He's one of the main antagonists in the [[Series/{{Batman}} [[Series/Batman1966 sixties show]] and the sole antagonist of ''ComicBook/BatmanZeroYear''.



* ButtMonkey: Jeph Loeb's ''ComicBook/TheLongHalloween'' and ''ComicBook/DarkVictory'' both portray him as this. [[spoiler:''ComicBook/CatwomanWhenInRome'' and ''ComicBook/BatmanHush'' (both written by Loeb as well) avert this, however]]. Although, [[spoiler:the aftermath of ''Hush'' shown him getting beaten up by everyone he used before, and he wound up worse than empty-handed in ''When in Rome''.]]

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* ButtMonkey: Jeph Loeb's Creator/JephLoeb's ''ComicBook/TheLongHalloween'' and ''ComicBook/DarkVictory'' both portray him as this. [[spoiler:''ComicBook/CatwomanWhenInRome'' and ''ComicBook/BatmanHush'' (both written by Loeb as well) avert this, however]]. Although, [[spoiler:the aftermath of ''Hush'' shown him getting beaten up by everyone he used before, and he wound up worse than empty-handed in ''When in Rome''.]]Rome'']].



* TheChessmaster: [[spoiler: During the ''Hush'' arc. One of the cover arts even shows him playing chess with pieces looking like the characters, though Batman had dismissed him earlier since he hadn't updated his tactics like the others had.]]

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* TheChessmaster: [[spoiler: During the ''Hush'' arc. [[https://i.pinimg.com/originals/ec/12/89/ec1289b32224c655ba9bff03349e4cf7.jpg One of the cover arts even shows him playing chess with pieces looking like the characters, characters]], though Batman had dismissed him earlier since he hadn't updated his tactics like the others had.]]had]].



* CloudCuckooLander: Amplified in [[Series/{{Batman}} the Adam West show]], where [[UpToEleven even]] ''[[UpToEleven Joker]]'' [[UpToEleven thought he was nuts.]]

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* CloudCuckooLander: Amplified in [[Series/{{Batman}} [[Series/Batman1966 the Adam West show]], where [[UpToEleven even]] ''[[UpToEleven Joker]]'' [[UpToEleven thought he was nuts.]]



* CoolHat: His Riddle bowler cap.



* CutLexLuthorACheck: He actually decided to cut himself one: After ''ComicBook/InfiniteCrisis'', he briefly reformed and went into business as a PrivateInvestigator, reasoning that he'd still get paid to match wits with Batman (the thing he really enjoyed) and Batman wouldn't be allowed to hit him anymore.

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* CutLexLuthorACheck: He actually decided to cut himself one: After ''ComicBook/InfiniteCrisis'', he briefly reformed and went into business as a PrivateInvestigator, PrivateDetective, reasoning that he'd still get paid to match wits with Batman (the thing he really enjoyed) and Batman wouldn't be allowed to hit him anymore.



* DiminishingVillainThreat:
** Inverted, began as a relatively harmless, some-what ridiculous villain and escalated into a genuine threat.
** Also kind of applied in universe; throughout his criminal career the Riddler has felt the need to pull bigger, more dangerous and more complicated stunts mostly out of a compulsive need to "play" with Batman.



* GreatDetective: During his "reformed" period, he becomes a private consultant and taking on the murder case of a wealthy socialite. He shown to have investigative skills that rival those of the Dark Knight.

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* GreatDetective: During his "reformed" period, he becomes a private consultant and taking on the murder case of a wealthy socialite. He shown to have showed investigative skills that rival those of the Dark Knight.



* KickTheSonOfABitch: He murdered [[LoveInterest Miss Kringle's]] [[AssholeVictim abusive boyfriend]] in ''Gotham''.

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* KickTheSonOfABitch: He murdered [[LoveInterest [[LoveInterests Miss Kringle's]] [[AssholeVictim abusive boyfriend]] in ''Gotham''.



* MasterOfIllusion: His ''Superfriends'' incarnation specializes in this.

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* MasterOfIllusion: His ''Superfriends'' ''WesternAnimation/{{Superfriends}}'' incarnation specializes in this.



* ObfuscatingStupidity: [[spoiler:During ''Catwoman: When in Rome''.]]

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* ObfuscatingStupidity: [[spoiler:During ''Catwoman: When in Rome''.]]''ComicBook/CatwomanWhenInRome'']].



* PunnyName: Edward Nygma. Really, what are the odds? The writers tried to give him the more normal "Edward Nashton" for a while. It didn't stick, so it was changed into Nashton being his birth name, from his [[AbusiveParents father]], which would explain why he changed it.

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* PunnyName: [[StevenUlyssesPerHero Edward Nygma.Nygma]]. Really, what are the odds? The writers tried to give him the more normal "Edward Nashton" for a while. It didn't stick, so it was changed into Nashton being his birth name, from his [[AbusiveParents father]], which would explain why he changed it.



* RetCanon: Frank Gorshin in the [[Series/{{Batman}} live action Batman]] created the green suit and bowler hat look as an alternative for the spandex. The slightly more sedate version in ''WesternAnimation/BatmanTheAnimatedSeries'' sealed the deal to make this the Riddler's preferred costume in the comics.

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* RetCanon: Frank Gorshin in the [[Series/{{Batman}} [[Series/Batman1966 live action Batman]] created the green suit and bowler hat look as an alternative for the spandex. The slightly more sedate version in ''WesternAnimation/BatmanTheAnimatedSeries'' sealed the deal to make this the Riddler's preferred costume in the comics.



* VillainDecay:
** Inverted, began as a relatively harmless, some-what ridiculous villain and escalated into a genuine threat.
** Also kind of applied in universe; throughout his criminal career the Riddler has felt the need to pull bigger, more dangerous and more complicated stunts mostly out of a compulsive need to "play" with Batman.
* VillainHasAPoint: Sometimes he's actually right in his arguments against Batman.



* VillainHasAPoint: Sometimes he's actually right in his arguments against Batman.

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* TheMentallyDisturbed: One of the few Batman villains to genuinely sick - even back in the 1960s.


* LargeHam: The Gorshin version especially had a tendency towards giggling, manic monologues. And Jim Carrey's one had the [[FashionVictimVillain outrageous clothes]] to help.

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* LargeHam: The Gorshin version especially had a tendency towards giggling, manic monologues. And Jim Carrey's one had the [[FashionVictimVillain outrageous clothes]] to help. Cory Michael Smith's incarnation is influenced by both of the above.


* HarmlessVillain: Frequently. Even in UsefulNotes/{{the Dark Age|of Comic Books}}, he tried to avoid needless violence, though it all [[DependingOnTheWriter depends on the writer]].

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* HarmlessVillain: Frequently. Even in UsefulNotes/{{the Dark Age|of Comic Books}}, he tried to avoid needless violence, though it all [[DependingOnTheWriter depends on the writer]]. Best shown in ComicBook/TheQuestion #26.

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* HandicappedBadass: Appeared as one in Brian Azzrello's ComicBook/{{Joker}}.


** His brief battle with ComicBook/TheQuestion, naturally.

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* BatDeduction: His riddles were often the catalyst for the TropeNamer.

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** His brief battle with ComicBook/TheQuestion, naturally.


** Creator/SeanBaby stated this was [[http://www.seanbaby.com/superfriends/riddler.htm The Riddler's superpower]]: "The Riddler's power was giving the heroes clues to help them on their way. He wasn't an informant or a traitor, though; I think he just really liked the friendly prison life, and could never wait to get back. The saddest part of his amazing ability to gossip was the huge deal he made out of it. He couldn't just call the Super Friends and tell them his evil plans, he'd stay up all night to make sure it was all in the form of a shitty poem. When he popped up on the Trouble Alert, he seriously was so excited about his riddle he could barely keep from humping the screen."



** The reaction many had toward his appearance in the ''VideoGame/BatmanArkhamSeries'' can be summarized as "they actually managed to make the Riddler scary". [[spoiler: Not to mention he actually has a boss battle in ''VideoGame/BatmanArkhamKnight'', piloting a giant robot suit he personally made for destorying the Dark Knight.]]
** In the second season of "Batman: The Telltale Series" Riddler appears as a major antagonist trapping people into jigsaw-like contraptions and exhibits elements of a [[AxCrazy mad]] villain with using his sharp question-mark cane to slit a person's throat and tearing off a guard's face during his escape prior to the events of the season.

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** The reaction many had toward his appearance in the ''VideoGame/BatmanArkhamSeries'' can be summarized as "they actually managed to make the Riddler scary". [[spoiler: Not to mention he actually has a boss battle in ''VideoGame/BatmanArkhamKnight'', piloting a giant robot suit he personally made for destorying destroying the Dark Knight.]]
** In the second season of "Batman: ''Batman: The Telltale Series" Series'' Riddler appears as a major antagonist trapping people into jigsaw-like contraptions and exhibits elements of a [[AxCrazy mad]] villain with using his sharp question-mark cane to slit a person's throat and tearing off a guard's face during his escape prior to the events of the season.



** There was also that one time he almost got [[Franchise/TheFlash Barry Allen]] arrested.

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** %%** There was also that one time he almost got [[Franchise/TheFlash Barry Allen]] arrested.


* BadBoss: Surprisingly, Riddler is one of the few villains in Gotham who ''isn't'' one of these. Even in the [[VideoGame/BatmanArkhamKnight Arkham games]] the worst thing he does to his lackeys is [[spoiler: replace them with robots]].

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* BadBoss: Surprisingly, [[AvertedTrope Surprisingly,]] Riddler is one of the few villains in Gotham who ''isn't'' one of these. Even in the [[VideoGame/BatmanArkhamKnight Arkham games]] the worst thing he does to his lackeys is [[spoiler: replace them with robots]].

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