Hilarious in Hindsight: The Lamanites utterly fail to take the city of Noah and the narrative describes how some of the Nephites were only wounded due to arrows striking their legs. No doubt more than one of them took an arrow in the knee.
Tearjerker: The final chapter, when Moroni is the Last of His Kind. All the time he is writing, he is completely alone, his father has been killed, and he's doing all he can do to finish his work while on the run. He knows full well that God will quit protecting him after he finishes, and he wants it to be this way, as he has nothing else to live for. The last verse is him saying goodbye to the reader and hoping to see them in the afterlife.
Fanon: While Elder McKinley's first name is never stated In-Universe, he's almost universally referred to as Connor by the fandom.
Fridge Brilliance: You'll notice that there's no cursing for the first twenty minutes or so of the play until they finally arrive in Africa during "Hasa Diga Eebowai". That's to lull the viewer into forgetting that they're watching a show written by the creators of South Park and then club you over the head with as much cursing as humanly possible.
Fridge Horror: Elder McKinley's situation, when you remember the Ugandan government's general attitude towards homosexuality.
"Funny Aneurysm" Moment: Elder Price's dream of going to Orlando has become this, following the deadliest mass shooting in in US history taking place in the city in June 2016. Worse yet is the fact that said shooting took place in a gay nightclub. Andrew Rannells, the original Elder Price, is gay, and Price himself could be considered Ambiguously Gay.
Harsher in Hindsight: Elder Price's Dark Reprise of the "Orlando" refrain can hit a little too close to home for some after the June 2016 mass shooting. See above.
Depending on the production, Elder McKinley and Elder Price. It helps that McKinley is canonically gay and Price has no love interest in-story (plus Price's original actor, former 4Kids voice actor Andrew Rannells, is gay).
In some later productions, after returning from the village covered in the blood of a recently executed Ugandan, Elder Price grabs Elder McKinley by the face in excitement. Elder McKinley almost tries to kiss him.
Elders Price and Cunningham have quite a bit of this as well.
It also helps that the musical never portrays Mormons or even Mormonism itself as bad. The whole point of the musical is that religion can be used to bring people together, and that's what the Mormons ultimately do.
During the touring production, not only has the LDS church bought multiple ads in the Playbill, but they station missionaries at the entrance to hand out cards. Protesting isn't going to work, so why not use it to their advantage?
Nightmare Retardant: The "Spooky Mormon Hell Dream" is deliberately made to be anything but spooky, which is part of the reason why the number is so hysterical.
Unfortunate Implications: This article brings up a few, albeit by missing the point of the show. Also, the Mormon's Church rather "not kind" opinion on homosexuality renders McKinley's situation rather uncomfortable, especially when the dialogue at times seems to support the "moral validity" of his repression. It also doesn't help that the message of the musical is that Mormonism does teach good moral lessons, implying (obviously accidentally, considering Stone and Parker's well-established acceptance of gay people) that homophobia is one of those "good moral lessons", or is otherwise just one of the silly, unimportant side-effects of the Mormon teachings like the other ridiculous factual teachings made fun of throughout the show.