Done again almost immediately afterwards, when Riff's attempt to freeze the demon in time actually sends it back in time, creating all sorts of havoc during the middle ages.
In The Order of the Stick, after defeating Xykon and scattering his forces, Spoony Bard Elan activates a self-destruct rune that blows up the entire dungeon, because he wanted his dramatic Outrun the Fireball scene. Turns out that the self-destruct took out the magical Gate that was sealing away a world-destroying abomination, so the loss of the Gate brings the world one step closer to destruction. The only consolation of this massive act of stupidity was the Gate couldn't be recaptured by the Big Bad later on (and the Order wouldn't have known that he might try). They ultimately decide that in hindsight, this was the necessary thing to do, even if they didn't know it at the time.
Later on, Miko Miyazakidestroys the Azure City Gate unnecessarily. Worse yet, she chooses precisely the wrong moment to do so. If she had been stalled for even a few more rounds, XykonandRedcloak would be dead, which among other things would have denied the goblin army its powerful and competent leadership.
Later yet, Celia manages to reach a settlement with the local Thieves' Guild. While this fixes a lot of immediate problems, one outcome was that Haley(who deserted the Guild in the past) must give 50% of her loot to the Guild to maintain the fiction that she never really left. Since she needed all of it for her "get her father out of jail" plan, she is... upset, to say the least.
To make things worse, Haley doesn't even have most of her past few years' worth of loot any more, having lost most of a dragon's hoard in a fire. Just to break even, she'd have to steal twice that much all over again and give it all to the Guild — half belonging to the Guild outright, and the rest paying off her debt to them. Haley's solution? Desert the guild all over again, killing Crystal while she's at it, when the Order gets together again.
Girard, one of the creators of the Gates, was paranoid that his former associate and fellow Gate-maker Soon would break their vow and try to interfere with the Gates. So he gave Soon, and nearly everyone else, the wrong coordinates, booby-trapped the decoy area, and gave the real location to the one person he trusted, Serini. Thing is, his associate never broke his word, being a paladin. When the decoy area is approached years later by the Order of the Stick to try and defend it from Xykon, they're almost killed by Girard's paranoia and have no idea where the real location is. And guess who has his bony hands on Serini's diary?
In Start of Darkness...
Lirian: Even if you locate them, my friends will stop you from conquering the other four Gates.
Vaarsuvius, while drunk on the power of three epic evil spellcasters, defeats a black dragon that was menacing his/her family. He/she casts the genocidal spell Familicide on the dragon, exterminating the dragon's entire bloodline. Later it's revealed that Girard Draketooth, the epic-level illusionist that is charged with protecting one of the all-important Gates, was the grandson of a relative of said dragon. Thus he and his family were wiped out by the spell, leaving the Gate defenseless. He/she then went on to attack Xykon, resulting in Xykon and Redcloak finally getting motivated to move out and attempt to capture another Gate, since they'd gotten complacent after conquering Azure City.
In the first chapter of Gunnerkrigg Court, Antimony helps a lost Shadow-Man return to his forest home, by assembling a Robot to escort him there (since the rules prohibited Annie from going herself). She also tells Robot that he only has to return to the Court afterwards if he wants to, so he decides to go exploring the woods. Several chapters later, Robot returns, possessed by another, violent and malicious shadow-creature, and the process of stopping the shadow results in Robot getting impaled on a BFS and deactivated. A few chapters later, Annie finds out that the people of the forest have not been on good terms with the Court for the past decade, and that they hate technology on principle. Nice job completely screwing over your friend and causing a diplomatic crisis, hero.
8-Bit Theater has a nice scene where Muffin Dragoon's pet parrot (dragon) reveals to the light warriors that Bahamut, who they had previously awakened, would only awaken when the world is about to be destroyed. Only Red Mage seems to care, though in retrospect any acts of "good" the Light Warriors do usually makes everything worse for someone else.
During the "Sin City" (no, not that one) arc of Dominic Deegan, Dominic reveals to The Infernomancer that the demon lord he was supposedly bound to serve didn't have control over him, meaning he didn't have to follow any orders. The Infernomancer's response? "Now I get to kill you the way I've always wanted to — slowly!"
Not to mention the "War In Hell" arc, where Dominic helps out Karnak the whole time only to realize he probably shouldn't have been helping Karnak this whole time.
In his defense, Karnak's death would have also killed Szark Sturtz, since he and Karnak will linked by a wound Karnak had inflicted on Szark when the latter was a child. You really can't blame Dominic for trying to keep his best friend alive. Plus, as pointed out by Dejah, there was really no way for the war to end positively for humanity.
And then there's Klo Tark, who started a prison break to (rather circuitously) save Dominic's life.
In Starslip, the crew (mainly Quine, though Vanderbeam initiated it) have done a Nice Job Ruining The Quel's Utopia.
And again with the Anthelerix. Both cases were such colossal screwups that Vanderbeam has since repeatedly suggested that Quine would do a better job of doing his job if he were to just sit quietly on the Paradigm someplace where no one has to look at him.
That comment is more due to Vanderbeam's irrational hatred of Quine. In the Anthelerix's case, the responsibility arguably rests with Admiral Huff. You'd think that the Paradigm being teleported back to Earth was a sign that maybe the Anthelerix didn't want anyone disturbing them for the time being, but noooo...
The FreakAngels had wanted to cause a huge but non-threatening destructive gesture as a means of putting the army off the notion of continuing to chase them (or at least distracting them for a while. Instead, their severe underestimation of just how powerful they are caused them to inadvertantly cause destructive shockwaves which ended civilisation.
In Homestuck Jade sends her friend John a birthday present. Using her precognitive abilities, she sends John a weapon to fight Jack Noir. Unfortunately, the Noir intercepts the gift and ends up using it to defeat the black queen and take her power. Jack then uses this power to singlehandedly obliterate both the black AND white armies and destroy the entire planet of Prospit, which ends up also killing Jade's dream self. Nice job.
In Act 5, we finally find out why the Trolls think the kids fucked up the game so badly. It's actually their own fault, as Vriska made John fall asleep, forcing Bec to prototype Jade's kernelsprite with himself, and granting Jack Noir near-omnipotence.
Then there's Karkat's big screw-up, which more or less caused everything that ever went wrong. He was in such a hurry to beat the game that he decided that the final frog needed to fix Bilious Slick's genetic sequence was unnecessary. Turns out that code was the only thing preventing the frog from getting a massive tumor, meaning he essentially gave the kids' universe cancer.
Played with during The Green sun incident While Rose and Dave and the rest were trying to destroy it, they end up creating it with their actions. Aside from all the complexities of predestination and causality, the Green Sun isn't a bad thing, it's a neutral power. While it powers Doc Scratch and aids in the creation of Lord English, it also powers Bec, and he's the one who saves Jade and makes sure she get's in the game.
A recent Exterminatus Now comic had Yuri smash a panel that she thought was the power source for the daemon portal. Turns out, it may have been the control panel, given that its destruction released the daemons.
In Penny and Aggie, when Stan confronts the sociopathic Cyndi about her attempt to deceive his best friend Jack, and other classmates, into thinking she wanted to sleep with them, he taunts her for not thinking big enough, so as to imply she's lost her touch and shake her confidence. Instead, she says "You're right. You're so right," and giggles ominously. Stan himself admits in the next strip that he made things worse.
It was Abraham. Others mostly settle on locking damn thing away.
Lets not forget the fact that good ole' Abe thinks it might be intelligent!
Raven points out that he could have just used the diamond to buy a healing spell from a better mage.
In Tales of the Questor Quentyn is sent on a quest to slay a dragon. He actually succeeds, but only after that success does he learn two critical facts:
There were two dragons, not one.
The one true Berserk Button for dragons is finding the body of a dead dragon.
The direct consequence of this is that the second dragon runs amok and lays waste to the Duchy Quentyn was trying to save. There are also hints that more long-term consequences await Quentyn in the form of a Corrupt Church whose attention was grabbed by this incident.
During the 1999 arc of Asperchu, Jivin stops past Bionic from committing suicide over Ian's rejecting of him. Considering the things Bionic would do in the present, it might have been better for everyone to let him die.
Much earlier, a totally-ignorant-of-her-true-bloodlines Agatha Clay blows her stack when groped by a minor researcher on Castle Wulfenbach and tells the man to go do whatever it was he should be doing. Bad News: the guy is a thoroughly conditioned sleeper agent of the mysterious long-missing entity called The Other, who happens to be the mother of the teenaged girl that was screaming in his face. Worse News: a creation of The Other known as a Hive Engine was recently brought aboard, and activating it to unleash the monsters within is exactly what The Other's servants should be doing.
Unifying the northern races to fight against Legara, but his search for more allies, led to them being too late to join the major battle against their common enemy which led to the death of a supporting character and the capture of another.
And now killing Aellon, ruining the chance of the people of Kethenecia to achieve a lasting peace with Legara, action which finally causes Benny to leave him and the party to split and forcing them to retake the adventure after a Time Skip.
In Narbonic, Artie the super-intelligent gerbil decides to literally make friends by dosing several other gerbils with intelligence serum. One of the gerbils escapes and creates a group of Objectivist hamsters. Later on, Artie meets the hamsters and gives them a million dollars which they use for their plan for World Domination. Even later, Artie breaks up Helen and Dave's relationship as he believes that Helen is taking advantage of Dave. The break-up precipitates Dave's Start of Darkness. During the efforts to simultaneously thwart the hamsters and Dave, Artie brings up his status as Token Good Teammate, and Helen calls him out on it.
Spacetrawler features a group of protagonists on a quest to liberate the Eebs, a Slave Race of super-intelligent aliens who've been "brain-clamped" into having no will so they can be exploited for technology. They successfully rescue some, only to discover that un-clamped Eebs are actually a race of natural sociopaths with incredibly powerful telekinesis. And a dozen of them working together can firestorm an entire planet from orbit in seconds. Oh, and they're also kind of pissed about being enslaved. The rescue mission ends up with a body count in the billions.