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Anime and Manga
- In Nadia: The Secret of Blue Water, Captain Nemo and his crew live aboard the Nautilus. So it serves as their home as well as their base of operations.
- Submarine pirates appear in GUN×SWORD episode "Thank You Ocean".
- Pokémon Ranger and the Temple of the Sea. The Big Bad is a pirate named Phantom who travels around in a giant submarine. He even has a Pirate Parrot - a Chatot that rides on his shoulder.
- One Piece has the Heart Pirates, led by "Surgeon of Death" Trafalgar Law. They all live in a yellow submarine.
- Mars Daybreak: Submarine mecha pirates on Mars.
- The New Adventures of Gigantor had an episode called "The Pirate Submarine".
- Lupin III (Pink Jacket): In 'Telepathy is Love's Signal', Lupin and Jigen battle a sub full of female pirates for possession of a sunken pirate ship full of Spanish gold beneath the Bermuda Triangle.
- In Ghost in the Shell 2 Motoko caught a bunch of pirates in a stolen Imperial American submarine sneaking under her clients' floating city. Fortunately she had a better sub.
- Commander Kraken in the Marvel Universe.
- The Barry Allen version of The Flash fought submarine pirates in Showcase #13.
- Captain Nemo also makes an appearance in the comic and its film adaptation The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen where he also captains pirates on a submarine.
- The page picture is of Marvel Universe character Captain Barracuda, a pirate who used advanced submarine-type ships armed with high tech weaponry. The Appendix to the Handbook of the Marvel Universe has a complete write-up on him, including pictures of some of the submarines he's used.
- In the Tintin book Tintin The Red Sea Sharks, the submarine from Di Gorgonzola's slaver gang.
- An Australian Navy submarine turned pirate attacks the ship 'The Whale' in Y: The Last Man. Or so the latter claims; the Australians claim to be shutting down their drug smuggling activities.
- The Shark, one of the Terrible Trio from Batman, often used submarines to commit acts of piracy.
- The Sea Scourge was a submarine pirate who fought Green Arrow in Adventure Comics #134.
- "The Crew of the Alexandria" in Victorian Secret: Girls of Steampunk features an all-female crew of Submarine Privateers.
- Batman took on submarine pirates in "The Flying Dutchman II!" in Decective Comics #170.
- In Down Periscope, a U.S. Navy war game calls for simulating an attack by terrorists working in conjunction with Submarine Pirates. The sub commander is specifically ordered by the admiral in charge of the war game to "think like a pirate". One of the particularly funny scenes involves the crew making XO Pascal walk the plank while tied-up and blindfolded right into the waiting nets of a fishing vessel.
- A Submarine Pirate is a 1915 silent film where an inventor and his accomplice plan to rob a ship carrying gold bullion by using a submarine.
- Assault on a Queen, a lesser-known Frank Sinatra movie from the late 60's. Pirates were using a salvaged German submarine to steal gold from the QE2, hitting it with a dummy warhead and threatening to use live ones.
- In the 1910 short The Aerial Submarine, a man's son and daughter are kidnapped by pirates in a mysterious submarine. The father finds his children's camera, with a picture of the sub, and he takes it to the police. Meanwhile, the pirates sink a treasure ship and manage to get the loot on board before they're chased by a British navy ship, which is astonished to discover that not only can the sub go under water but it can also fly.
- The cat pirates in Cat City.
- Jules Verne:
- Doc Savage: The Man of Bronze fights submarine pirates in The Submarine Mystery and again later in Five Fathoms Dead.
- The Time Wars novel The Nautilus Sanction incorporates events from Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea so it naturally includes submarine pirates.
- The Yabba-Dabba-Doo from Sewer, Gas & Electric is an environmentally friendly, green, pink polka-dotted pirate submarine.
- Hagbard Celine in Illuminatus!.
- The Pirate Submarine by Percy F. Westerman is about Exactly What It Says on the Tin.
Live Action TV
- Divatox from Power Rangers Turbo is an intergalactic space pirate whose HQ is a fish-shaped submarine known as the Subcraft.
- On Mythbusters, the Mythbusters attempted to build a pirate submarine out of a rowboat. It failed because the rowboat was too buoyant. They estimated it would have required approximately 2000 lb (900 kg) of ballast to submerge it.
- The Mythbusters were actually testing the feasibility of trying to walk along the ocean floor using an upside down rowboat as an air pocket as seen in Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl and The Crimson Pirate, not trying to make a true submarine.
- In the pilot movie for seaQuest DSV a heavily modified Delta IV submarine was being operated by pirates, led by former seaQuest captain Marilyn Stark.
- An episode of Burn Notice featured an Amoral Attorney who counted a drug cartel among his many evil clients. To rescue his daughter, Westen and crew request that the attorney get them a one-man submarine from the cartel. The submarine ends up being Team Westen's payment.
- A two-part episode of TV Colosso featured a crew of submarine pirates led by Captain F.J., whose name has been commented as being opposed to the Boss of TV Colosso, J.F.
- The Octopus from the MI High episode "The Octopus". He uses his submarine Naughty Lass to hijack ships to steal the components he needs to make a nuclear warhead to melt the polar icecaps.
- The crew of HMS Achilles from The Last Ship qualify, as they are no longer operating as part of the Royal Navy or any other competent command authority and are attacking both military and civilian targets without authorization.
- Shadowrun supplement Cyberpirates. Some pirate gangs use submarines to attack and loot surface ships.
- The Lillien Knights (a band of modern pirates) in the The King of Fighters universe.
- There's a group of pirates like this in Xenogears. They start off in a sand submarine, though.
- Sub Culture had everyone in submarines, so naturally pirates used them too.
- The world of Aquanox has them. In fact, the main plot of Aquanox: Revelation is kicked off when your character's home sub is hijacked by pirates while he is away, and he is forced to deal with them from then on (one of them later turns out to be his uncle).
- In Ace Ventura The CD Rom Game, one of the villains involved in animal poaching is a submarine named Nautilus.
- Captain Snow and his crew from Archipelago, another "submarines only" 'verse.
- In Girl Genius Sanaa Wilhelm or rather Trygvassen was apparently queen of a group of pirates who used a mechanical narwhal before ending up at castle Heterodyne.
- In Irregular Webcomic! the pirates somehow end up in 1940 and hijack a German U-boat.
- The Jonny Quest episode "Pirates from Below". They approach Dr. Quest's private island in a submarine and steal his submersible vehicle, the Underwater Prober. Later on when the Quest team escapes in the Prober the pirates attack in torpedo-firing one man subs.
- Looney Tunes: The plot of Porky the Gob involves a hunt for a pirate sub, staffed by some outlandish characters, one of which has an outlandish uniform and an even more outlandish mustachio. Porky, left alone to guard his ship, manages to fend off an attack by the sub, capture it, and claim the reward.
- Pirate Island, the base of pirate Sam Scurvy in the Doctor Dolittle animated series, was actually a disguised submarine that used to follow Dolittle's ship.
- One episode of Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (1987) had a pirate captain using a submarine with Deflector Shields, thwarted with Mona Lisa's help.
- A Villain of the Week of Yogi's Gang tried to steal the ark so he could discard his damaged submarine.
- Birdman episode "Serpents of the Deep". Dr. Shark operates from a submarine that has a weapon that can cut through objects. He uses it to steal a bathyscape so he can mine gold from the ocean floor.
- Captain Hammerhead and the crew of the Dark Orca in The Deep, who act as a dark version of the heroic Nekton family.
- While not strictly piracy related, private submarines used for maritime crime became notoriously famous as of late, their chief function being smuggling. The U.S. Coast Guard has seized a few submarines with drug shipments aboard and several more under construction. The vessels themselves are custom-built to various standards of quality, from ramshackle fiberglass boats barely able to submerge to thirty meter steel hull true submarines with respectable seaworthiness.
- There was also a plot by several drug lords to buy a former Russian submarine. Fortunately this was intercepted by US Customs agents. Interestingly, while one would think this would be a supervillain-sized benefit, it would in fact be the opposite. The US military's sonar defense network is designed to pick up and track huge, Soviet-era submarines, so using one to smuggle drugs would have failed almost immediately. The smaller, custom-built ones are effective because they float under the sonar, as it were.
- During the Spanish Civil War, Italian submarines operating without identification — in the words of one historian, as pirates — sank several Soviet and other merchant ships attempting to bring weapons to the Loyalist side.
- This lead to an interesting case of Insistent Terminology: The European powers met to discuss how to address the acts of piracy, because said attacks were legally considered an act of war, and none of the European powers were ready to fight the war which would likely result if the issue was addressed directly.
- During World War I and World War II, submarine crews on BOTH sides were often viewed this way by their respective adversaries since the whole point of submarines at the time was to disrupt shipping, and sink high value assets. Some navies went so far as to offer rewards both for information of sub activity note , and for actively sinking particularly troublesome submarines.
- Oddly enough, the US Navy offered rewards to its own submarines during the Pacific Campaigns. Not for sinking enemy ships, but for retrieving downed pilots. Usually these rewards were snacks and goodies not normally stored on a Sub (due to the limited space), but in effect, the US Navy Submarines were ransoming off US Navy Pilots back to their home carriers. The only reason this worked out the way it did however is because part of the job of American Subs was to tail and report on Japanese fleet activity, and continue to do so even after a major strike for battle damage assessment; picking up downed pilots was not only practical for a sub, but extreme mercy for the pilot who could expect to be tortured and mutilated if the Japanese plucked him out of the water.
- Contrary to popular belief however, German U-Boats did not shoot the survivors of sunken ships. Despite being ordered to do so by Hitler himself, many of the U-Boat Captains chose to ignore the order, and offer some aid to survivors, or just leave the area as fast as possible. The latter was more likely towards the end of war as tools for locating and sinking the U-Boats had gotten to be very effective, and the few times a U-Boat did manage to get a shot off, it didn't want to hang around very long afterwards before half a fleet zeroed in on its position.
- One attempt at help went especially bad for German u-boats and was in part responsible for the cessation of most help: The Laconia Incident; A German u-boat had sunk RMS Laconia carrying 2732 passengers, women, children and Po Ws. The u-boat then tried to organize a rescue attempt and even managed to call in three other submarines (two German, one Italian) as well as neutral French vessels. The whole affair ended with the u-boat in question being bombed by American aircraft. The journal "International Law Studies" called the incident an allied war crime.
- The Japanese Sixth fleet actually issued explicit orders to Leave No Survivors from torpedoed merchant ships in the Indian Ocean, ironically at the behest of the Germans. Approximately half of their submarine captains simply refused to obey these orders, most of the captains who did obey only did so once, and the orders were rescinded after those captains complained that the massacres were ruining morale. Surfacing to attack survivors in the Pacific would have been suicidal.
- There were some cases of early submariners being viewed this way by their own navies, due to the particularly underhanded tactics employed by submarines given their very nature. British sub crews embraced this, adopting the Jolly Roger flag as an unofficial insignia. It's a tradition for British subs to fly the flag when returning to port after a successful mission, and there's at least one instance of an American submarine doing the same during the War On Terror after a successful cruise missile attack on land-based targets.