Creator: Ernest Hemingway
“He is without question one of the most courageous men I have ever known. Fear was a stranger to him.”American author and Nobel Prize winner. Has written some of the most famous Prose Fiction in the English language. First 20th Century writer to get away with the word "fuck". Master of Beige Prose. Fought in World War I, covered the sequel. Wrestled lions. Flew airplanes. Caught big fish. Owned and loved a clowder of polydactyl cats. Made Mojitos and Daiquiris manly. Shot himself. Shortly before his suicide, claimed to a friend that the FBI was monitoring him. He was right.One of the most Memetic Badass writers in western literature. (Did you see the part about wrestling lions?) The Most Interesting Man in the World is pretty much an expy of him.
Colonel “Buck” Lanham
- The Sun Also Rises (1927)
- A Farewell to Arms (1929)
- For Whom the Bell Tolls (1940)
- The Old Man and the Sea (1951)
- A Moveable Feast (1964, posthumous)
- Death in the Afternoon
- Various short story anthologies, such as Men Without Women and The Snows of Kilimanjaro.
- Famous shorts include "The Killers," "The Snows of Kilimanjaro," and "Hills Like White Elephants."
Portrayals In Fiction:Comic Books
- The "Form and Void" arc of Cerebus the Aardvark has Cerebus and Jaka interacting with parodies of Hemingway and his fourth wife Mary. These are heavily based on Mary's diaries from their last safaris, when Hemingway was in poor health.
- Midnight in Paris (2011): Hemingway appears in a handful of scenes and steals the whole goddamn movie. Played by Corey Stoll.
- Hemingway And Gellhorn (2012) Covers his relationship with his third wife, journalist Martha Gellhorn. Played by Clive Owen.
- In the Timeline-191 series, he's an ambulance driver during the equivalent of World War I as in real history, but is wounded in the groin and left with severe damage. He only writes a single non-fiction book before killing himself, this time taking his girlfriend with him.
- Adaptation Expansion: Happens to the film versions - two so far, the second one infamously casting Ronald Reagan as the villain - of "The Killers," where the movies try to delve into the mysterious motives of two hitmen and their target that the short story brilliantly refuses to answer.
- Author Avatar: Nick Adams, a recurring character in Hemingway's short stories.
- Beastly Bloodsports: Hemingway was a big fan of bullfighting. Metaphysically, he considered the deliberate danger that a matador puts himself in as symbolic of the essence of life as a whole. Naturally, this symbolism cropped up frequently in his works.
- Beige Prose/Boring but Practical: Hemingway's stylistic trademark.
- Broken Ace: Most of his protagonists. Manliness was an overarching theme in many of his works. He often explored the topic through subversions, deconstructions, and perhaps a few reconstructions of The Ace. To wit:
- The Sun Also Rises: Jake Barnes' struggles with traditional masculinity after World War One is one of the central themes of the book. Comes with a pretty symbolic injury as well.
- A Farewell to Arms: Frederic Henry is probably one of the most straightforward examples of The Ace in Hemingway's bibliography, bordering on Testosterone Poisoning, yet he still can't find happiness after he leaves the war behind, as symbolized by the major Downer Ending of Catherine and his child's death.
- For Whom the Bell Tolls: Robert Jordan is a badass Demolitions Expert and partisan in the Spanish Civil War, but has also led an entirely empty and lonely life since his father killed himself. He doesn't even realize the depths of his loneliness until he's dragged out of it by the new family he finds amongst the partisans he's sent to work with. But the same work that sent him to the partisans is eventually what gets him killed.
- The Old Man and the Sea: The last book Hemingway ever saw published himself was also fittingly his last bittersweet reconstruction of his philosophy of manhood. Santiago catches the fish, but it gets eaten by sharks and it's implied he dies at the end. Nevertheless, he still passes his lessons on to the boy, and most importantly, the fish never beat him. His Doomed Moral Victor status is even cemented by a literary Crucified Hero Shot.
- Downer Ending: Not a lot of his heroes end up happy at the end of the story. Not a lot of them end up alive, either.
- Friendly Rivalry: Was in one with fellow writer F. Scott Fitzgerald. Fitzgerald admired Hemingway's style: Hemingway admired Fitzgerald's lifestyle.
- Noodle Incident: The frozen corpse of a leopard at the top of Mount Kilimanjaro ("The Snows of Kilimanjaro"). "No one knows quite what the leopard was doing up here."
- Rated M for Manly: Hemingway was the epitome of manhood, as described above.
- Seinfeld Is Unfunny: Anyone who writes fiction today, on an amateur or professional level, is to some degree influenced by Hemingway, whether they know it or not. As a result, it may be difficult for some to grasp the originality of his writing and the change it had on American literature.
- Signature Style: The "iceberg theory": leave out everything you can. This is a very polarizing style of writing, with people usually either calling Hemingway a genius or a terrible writer.
- Beige Prose: He omits needless words.
- Show, Don't Tell: Vivid physical descriptions and serious research avoid the topic at hand. "Hills Like White Elephants" is an argument about an operation. "Big Two-Hearted River" depicts a man focusing exclusively on fishing.
- Subtext/Fridge Brilliance: The actual point of the story is always left out. Sometimes the climax is too: "Out Of Season" ends before the twist.
- Write What You Know: He wrote about World War I where he served as an ambulance driver and the Spanish Civil War where he was present as a journalist. He also wrote stories about hunting, fishing and boxing, all things he had personal experience with.