This almost always means that a work of Japanese origin (animated or live action) has been watered down for release in the United States or elsewhere outside Japan. Prices for everything in Japan are very high, especially for entertainment goods; for example, Anime DVDs are typically $65+ for 3 episodes, $95 for the special edition, with 5 to 10 DVDs required for an entire (short) series. In addition, the distribution system makes it hard to get any media at a discount, especially since the sale of used video games and used electronics are illegal.
Even when the costs of things like overseas shipping and currency exchange are taken into account, it is usually cheaper for the Japanese consumer to import from the United States or other countries than it is to buy the home version. Many companies realize this, and will therefore license inferior versions for overseas distribution (often by removing the Japanese audio and subtitle tracks) so as to discourage this practice.
Some companies have taken the opposite tactic of pricing the U.S. releases at similarly high prices, which doesn't go over too well, either. Aniplex earned quite a bit of flak for the pricing schemes of Puella Magi Madoka Magica ($40 per disc for 3 blu-rays with no extras, or almost twice that for the limited edition) and Fate/Zero (a whopping $370 for each half of the 26-episode season, and this is significantly marked down from the SRP of $500). They still sold reasonably well due to the extreme popularity of the shows, but to many people this felt like exploitation. In late 2013, Aniplex re-released Fate/Zero for a much more reasonable but still overpriced $150 for the first half and $140 for the second half. Unfortunately, Aniplex will be sticking to this strategy...
Pony Canyon has joined the western market, only they are actually price-matching the Japanese release. Unlike with Aniplex, Ponycan USA releases their series on home video within a week of Japan's, complete with English dub, so the increased price is due to sheer speed. Time will tell how well this model will play out.
The US release of the original Mobile Suit Gundam lacked a Japanese audio track because there wasn't a Japanese DVD version yet (mainly because of age damage to the audio track) and Sunrise didn't want Japanese fans reverse-importing...especially not with a remastered version in the works. Bandai Entertainment was even forced to replace the original Japanese opening and ending themes with Toonami's custom credits after the first few volumes because of this.
Speaking of the music issue, the American release of Zeta Gundam replaces the openings with the titular mobile suit's orchestral theme from the sound tracks; however, this is because Neil Sedaka wrote the songs and his family currently owns the rights, adding another name to the list of royalty payments that have to be made to use them. Thus they can be used (as in a few Super Robot Wars games), but usually Bandai just uses BGMs instead.
Syfy's airing of Mobile Suit Gundam 00 had its endings cut due to music licensing, which would be annoying enough if not for the second season having a minute-long Stinger after each episode, which were hit with Credits Pushback. Often these scenes were plot-critical, such as the penultimate episode showing how Seravee Gundam was destroyed; without the scene, American fans were left wondering why it wasn't there in the big final battle.
The original American Princess Mononoke release was going to lack a Japanese track for this reason. After fan outcry, Disney decided to release it with one, but also delayed the release so it wouldn't compete as much with the Japanese release.
Toei Animation licensed Sailor Moon, subtitled, to ADV Films for about... ten minutes. The masters were so poor, many fans suspect that ADV was actually stuck using the old masters that DiC originally had to use to make the dub, and they did not give them episode 67 (no great loss, it was a pointless Beach Episode that had no connection to the plotline, but still irksome on principle). This has been speculated as due to the desire to prevent reverse imports, but nobody really knows. It wouldn't be licensed again for another decade (Viz Media's re-release of the series will avoid the skipped episodes issue completely, having all 200 episodes (including the never released in America final season, Sailor Stars). As for the video quality, it also has its fair share of problems.
Despite the fact the both the Blu-Rays and Hulu/Neon Alley versions re-release of Season 1 are based off of the Japanese DVDs, the Japanese DVDs appears to be worse sources than what was given to non-US distributors (i.e the Italian version 4 years earlier) with lots of artifacting and ghosting present in addition to inconsistently colored episodes (one scene will be tinted more blue and another will be tinted orange, all while the red saturation is pumped to the max.), the verdict is out as to whether this is the result of Viz's "Remaster", the authoring job done by Subatomic Digital, or if Toei intentionally sent Viz crummy masters. Part of the reasons for the quality issue was due to the fact that the HD transfer of original masters for the episodes did not exist yet (as Toei is re-airing the original series in Japan, starting in April). The DVDs for Set 1 include all of these problems and have black bars on the side of the video, meaning the image is considered widescreen even on 4:3 TVs and as such won't display properly. Later sets will not have this issue, but Viz currently has no plans on fixing Set 1's issue in this regard (not right now at least).
Street Fighter II: The Animated Movie was released in the US as a censored version, a less censored version, and a more censored version with Street Fighter Anniversary Collection, while the UK and Australia versions contained profanity but were still censored. An uncut version was released on DVD in the US and on Blu-ray in Europe.
Bandai America licensed Blue Comet SPT Layzner, but according to Bandai's PR rep the masters they received were badly damaged and tinted blue, making them completely unusable. Replacements never came, and after several years the license expired with absolutely nothing to show for it.
Night on the Galactic Railroad was released in the West on DVD only once until 2015, in 2001. Uncut, properly subtitled, great sound, but bad picture (the source was the laserdisc release). And it's now out of print, with only a few copies available online. The Japanese got a MUCH better DVD only a year after which Discotek will release on American DVDs in 2015.
Milky Animation, a Japanese adult animation company, intentionally gave its American localization partner Kitty Media an unfinished/inferior copy of an episode of the popular hentai series Bible Black because the uncensored dual-language English versions were being reverse imported.
And before that, they tried to have the New Testament sequel series released English-only for the same reason; this backfired so badly that the series returned to dual-language by the second volume, with sub-only versions of the episodes on the first volume included as extras to boot.
Kitty Media also saw this happen with their release of MoonlightLady: those with access to the original Japanese footage noted that the visual quality was dimmed quite a bit, to the point where a lot of the details in the character's hair was lost.
This applies to almost all movies from Eleven Arts (not the movies that are being distributed in theaters). Yeah, they have all the rights to those movies, but no company are interested in them at all. The movies are: 5-tou ni Naritai, Chocolate Underground, Daisuki Dai-chan, Chikyuu ga Ugoita Hi, Garasu no Usagi, Momoko, Kaeru no Uta ga Kikoeru yo, Happy Birthday: Inochi Kagayaku Toki and Inochi no Chikyuu, Dioxin no Natsu.
The original release of Blue Submarine No. 6 was sold a single episode at a time at relatively high prices to make it harder to reverse-import. A cheaper compiled version eventually did come out.
This is the reason that some anime releases outside Japan do not feature the original Japanese versions of the opening and ending credits. This has led to cases where the ending sequence changes in each episode in the Japanese version, but the same ending reel is used for all episodes in the English release.
That's borderline. Sometimes it does happen because the Japanese won't give the Americans the proper materials, bringing it under this trope, but sometimes it just happens because the American company doesn't want to use openings and closings that contain kanji, and they do have the original openings/closings, but not clean versions. Examples of this include the original release of Trigun, and Sailor Moon.
This very reason is why the US release of Dragon Ball used the first version of the opening for the entire 153 episodes (The original version changed for the last 53 episodes to reflect the introduction of King Piccolo and to add characters such as Krillin to the intro.) because the second version of the opening did not have a clean version (though interestingly, a clean version was available in the 80s for Harmony Gold to use for their short-lived dub).
FUNimation attempted to get around this with Dragon Ball GT. Opening 2 and endings 2-4 had no clean versions, so FUNimation used rotoscoping technology to create their own, with surprisingly good results. They also tried this with some of the Dragon Ball Z movies, but nothing else. For other shows (like Birdy the Mighty and some Dragon Ball Z movies), they shrink the screen into a box in the corner while the credits roll along a black screen along the side, to much controversy. For others (like My Bride Is a Mermaid), they use a freeze-frame. Other times, they just roll the credits after the animation.
DVD image quality for anime releases outside of Japan are often intentionally reduced for this purpose. One of the most insane, however, was the release of Neon Genesis Evangelion by ADV Films. Rather than giving ADV high-quality transfers to use for their VHS and DVD releases, ADV was "granted" what essentially amounted to retail VHS copies of Evangelion that would degrade in quality when copied — even to DVD. This lasted until the Platinum Collection was released in America.
This trope in general is now made worse with the fact that anime is now often released in some half-finished formats, depending on the studio releasing the show. Recent shows like Super Robot Wars Original Generation: Divine Wars, Mobile Suit Gundam SEED Destiny and Code Geass have received massive overhauls when "converted" over to DVD. Most companies are polite enough to generally give the localization companies the "fixed" versions of these shows — but there have still been releases that wind up basically shoving the lower-quality TV episodes at the American audience like it's the best they'll ever get.
Bandai Entertainment's contract when it licensed the first season demanded that, despite the fanbase wanting it badly (and because the Japanese fanbase wanted it too and hadn't gotten it), they couldn't put the episodes on the DVDs in broadcast order, only in chronological order. Bandai reacted by providing two releases: the bare-bones chronological order DVDs and the special editions, which came with Feelies, chronological order and broadcast order discs, single albums and other merchandise.
Slightly inverted in that the US bonus discs are the ONLY release in either country that contains the original next episode previews. (the originals had a running gag where the main characters couldn't agree on how to number the episodes, while the DVD previews are mostly silent aside from the next title)
It should be noted that the UK Anime Legends release only has the chronological discs.
The ADV Films' release of Mazinkaiser is a textbook example of why this trope occurs, with Japanese fans ordering the American version and cannibalizing the Japanese release's sales.
This is actually the inverse of the overpriced-export situation — Japanese anime DVDs are outrageously expensive in Japan, and while still quite expensive in the US (a DVD with 6 episodes costs as much as a DVD set of an entire season of a US show) they're nowhere near as bad as Japanese DVDs.
The US Blu-Ray of Black Godlacks a Japanese track. The Japanese licensor seems to be doing this to prevent reverse importation; Japan and the US have the same Blu-Ray region code.
Mostly averted with the US Blu-ray release of Fullmetal Alchemist: Brotherhood. Instead of removing the Japanese audio, Aniplex made FUNimation lock the subtitles so that they can't be turned off unless the English audio is turned on.
So they punish legitimate importers who (probably) can't override DVD PGC codes, but not pirates. Good job!
This has gotten very common for recent anime Blu-rays from all companies.
The entirety of Gaiking: Legend of Daiku Maryu is available on Hulu. However, the subtitle job, to put it mildly, essentially amounts to a very amateurishly made fansub; some words, and even entire sentences sometimes get left out, and there's at least one scene in one episode that isn't translated at all (specifically, the scene after the ending credits in episode 31. A headscratcher, since Japan gets its own Hulu which is only accessible within Japan, and Hulu USA is only accessible from within the US.
Some episodes on Digimon's Australian DVD release were direct American TV rips complete with the Fox Kids logo in the corner. Madman Entertainment explained that the materials for many of Saban's English dubbed episodes were lost, and that this was the only way to obtain them. Fans believed it... until New Video/Cinedigm's US release had perfectly clean masters for all episodes.
Monster Rancher, while the anime itself was well made and well translated, large chunks were cut due to violence and blood present, in particular a scene where Genki is slashed across the chest and left for dead had all the blood erased. But, far less understandably, series two was only aired once and the third season, while dubbed, never at all. It didn't see a completed DVD release until 2014 when Discotek released the whole series in 3 English dubbed box sets (with plans for one giant subtitled set of the Japanese version).
The second season of Heaven's Lost Property released by FUNimation was downgraded from DVD/Blu-Ray combo box to DVD only. According to an anime distributor, the Japanese license holders were a bit too cautious for having the Blu-Ray release being too soon after the Japanese release date, so Funimation decided to ditch the Blu-Ray option rather than delaying the release date.
The Toho International export dubbed version of Macross: Do You Remember Love? was apparently rumoured to be used as an educational tool to teach English. It featured an ''eclectic'' bunch of Hong Kong voice actors who hammed it up despite the serious tone. It was released on VHS with 30 minutes hacked off in the UK and US as Macross: Clash of the Bionoids. Due the localization problems associated with the Macross brand, it may be the only adaptation of this film to come to the West.
A subtitled, and slightly edited (mostly for nudity and two decapitations) version did come out for a microsecond in the '90s. Lotsa luck finding that one — it was here and then disappeared, most likely due to you know who...
There does seem to have been a German VHS release of a "Macross- The Movie" (see here).
The Alabasta movie was also released on Blu-ray in America before Japan.
However, FUNimation did have issues getting the 14th closing song included on their DVD release, and is skipped.
Ever wondered why the FUNimation home video releases have such plain-looking boxes whereas the Japanese releases' artwork is so colorful and vibrant? This is because FUNimation is forbidden to use any official artwork or screenshots other than what Toei Animation provides specifically for the western DVD and Blu-Ray releases. That aside, FUNimation is free to use any non-character artwork FUNimation itself produces, hence stuff like the dramatic billowing flags on the collection sets.
The UK Manga release of movie 8, despite retaining the English language dub, drops the surround sound tracks for 2-channel English and Japanese, as well as losing the English version of Compass, possibly through porting the audio tracks used on the UK movie collection DVDs which featured a similar arrangement for said movie.
Barring the above examples, One Piece has had it pretty good when it comes to international releases. It probably helps that the dub is hundreds of episodes behind Japan, where the older episodes are probably out of print there.
Persona 4: The Animation was released billingually on DVD in North America as usual, but the Blu-ray only has the English track, due to fears of reverse importation. This was averted with the UK release though, since their Blu-ray region is different from Japan.
Reverse importation is also the reason Kadokawa Pictures USA refused to allow any of their anime to see the Blu in North America at one point.
The now OOP US release of End of Evangelion had great Audio quality, but bad picture quality. Manga Entertainment decided to turn the Gamma/Brightness Up to Eleven on their print, possibly as a form of censorship. As a result, the print looks extremely washed out and certain scenes (the infamous Masturbation scene) look like they were shot on the surface of the sun. The Japanese Renewal release doesn't have this problem, but it lacks English Subtitles. It's also non-anamorphic, meaning it looks tiny if you watch it on a modern widescreen TV.
It's also worth pointing out that the DVD hasn't been in print since 2002.
Foreign editions of Dragon Ball Z: Battle of Gods have the insert song "Hero ~Kibou no Uta~" and end theme "Cha-La Head-Cha-La" sung by FLOW replaced with Engrish versions instead of the original Japanese songs. Even on the Japanese language track.
The songs "Katyusha" and "Polyushke Polye" aren't available for the Blu-ray release from Sentai Filmworks, as well as for the Crunchyroll version. Additionally, the credits from the Crunchyroll and Sentai releases are different from the Japanese one. The reason is that the authors obtained the license for the Japanese broadcast free of charge from the original Russian copyright owners, but in the US, the copyright for the song is owned by a different entity, so for Crunchyroll and Sentai Filmworks, it would have to be licensed separately since the original Japanese licensor was unable or unwilling to do that.
Also, the animation was changed for the parts that were deleted in the footage for the Sentai release, plus the subtitles can't be changed in order to prevent reverse-importation. Those parts were deleted altogether for the Crunchyroll version.
In June 2013, it was licensed for home video/streaming by a new anime distributor called Crimson Star Media. This company was ruled by Corey Maddox, a registered sex offender. This guy was also accused of Internet scam. Some people were not amused by that.
Crimson Star Media released the first episode on YouTube. It's the only episode that was officially released on the United States by that company.
However, Maddox was arrested one more time. He was attending an anime convention, where minors were present, violating his parole. Some guest recognized him and notified to the police.
On top of that, Neil Nadelman, the translator of the series, said on Anime News Network that he didn't paid the full price of the license. Therefore, the anime is now on a licensing limbo. Also, the DVD release is no longer listed on Amazon and RightStuf.
It was finally subverted by RightStuf. It was announced on November 12th, 2014 by RightStuf's label: Lucky Penny.
During the '90s, a lot of popular anime releases such as Sailor Moon and Dragon Ball were only available in most of Europe through the French AB Groupe's distribution, both for regular television and home video. The problem was that they only distributed their pre-dubbed, pre-edited versions, not the original series. The shows were subjected to major editing to make them more kid-friendly, which included horrible censoring, nonsensical name changes, mistranslations, bad voice acting, plus bizarre, lazy theme-songs and the deletion of the original soundtrack in certain scenes. They also came in bad-quality, grainy and at times jumpy video masters that cut off bits from all four sides of the screen. Further, these series were sold as strictly children's material, which has lead to some controversy in a handful of countries that picked them up.
Transformers: Robots in Disguise, by all appearances, would have run in the US in a relatively intact state... if it hadn't been a building-destruction-happy series airing in mid-September 2001. (The first episode aired on 9/8.) Several episodes were immediately pulled from their intended airdates for more editing, and at least a few never aired in the US at all; the timeline-screwery of this utterly mangled the overarching plot. For the person looking to watch the series now, the episodes that never aired or aired out of order in the US aren't so much of a problem, as the only available DVDs, and thus the source for any online copies, are from the UK airings, which kept the series in its intended order and broadcast every episode. But the unedited versions of most of the episodes were never aired in English and have likely been destroyed.
Sony's short-lived DVD releases of the 2001 Cyborg009 series definitely played to this trope. The "uncut" releases did not bother to actually use subtitles for the Japanese track, instead utilizing dubtitles that retained all of the dub's alterations and added dialogue. While the USA only got the first eight episodes, Australia fans had gotten the first twenty-five and had further issues to report in their own release: Sony had been given subpar DVD masters, and in addition to the dubtitling problem, some of the episodes inexplicably used the shortened dub-only opening sequence and ending credits while others used the original Japanese equivalents.
The 2015 DVD release of the 2012 JoJo's Bizarre Adventure anime has also fallen victim to this trope. Aside from not having a Blu-ray version (though dubbed episodes are available in HD on Amazon Video), this DVD features menus barely better than what WB did for movies in 1997 (see the header for Vanilla Edition for an example), and while it also has Japanese audio, the subtitles used are dubtitled, despite the fact that both the Crunchyroll stream and Japanese Blu-rays of season one (both offered by WB) have proper subtitles.
Sgt. Frog: A very minor case. It has nothing to do with the localization, but rather the Region 1 DVD release by Funimation. The company's "Season 2" releases contains episodes 27-51, which are actually part of the original Japanese "first season". The actual "Second Season" began with episode 52 in Japan (as read on the covers for the Region 2 DVD's). It's unknown why Funimation decided to do this.
Seasons generally run 24-26 episodes, and Funimation didn't take into account what the Japanese used, even though they do for other long-running shows.
Also, Funimation has mentioned a few times that they only licensed those first 51 episodes (despite implying earlier that they had acquired up to around episode 102). Since everyone already knew that this is a show lasting multiple seasons, Funimation may have decided to just split the difference and call it two seasons to be done with it.
But now Funimation has decided to release the next 26 episodes (eps.52-77), and are calling it "Season 3", which has managed to reopen this argument over semantics.
When S'more Entertainment announced an uncut, dual-audio release of the Bobobo-bo Bo-bobo anime in North America, fans of the series were quite pleased. However, upon receiving the DVD sets, there was a major error...there were no English subtitles, despite them being listed on the DVD packaging. The company got so much backlash for their sloppy releases of both Bobobo and Galaxy Express 999 they left anime licensing for good.