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2The United Arab Emirates ('''Arabic:''' دولة الإمارات العربية المتحدة‎ ''Dawlat al-ʾImārāt al-ʿArabiyyah al-Muttaḥidah'') is a Western Asian federation of seven emirates on the Persian Gulf. "Emir" is Arabic for "prince", so these emirates are basically principalities. The only parallel in the modern world of a federation of monarchies is UsefulNotes/{{Malaysia}} (although for historical reasons not every state in Malaysia is headed by a monarch), but the Malaysian sultans are ceremonial, whereas the Emirati emirs still hold a lot of powers. It is not a democracy, but slight moves have been made in that direction.
4From 1820 to 1971, it was a British colony called the Trucial States. Up to 1947, it was an administrative division of UsefulNotes/TheRaj and used rupees minted in UsefulNotes/{{India}} as its currency until as late as 1966.
6A country with twice as many men as women due to the influx of guest workers, it is a major oil producing state and acquiring further wealth all the time. It has the 5th highest GDP per capita and the 3th highest HDI in Asia.
8The country has a population of 9.3 million. However, Emirati nationals only account for 13% of them, i.e. 1.2 million. The rest is made up by foreign expatriates, chiefly economic migrants from the Indian subcontinent; taken together, they constitute more than a half of the population and outnumber Emiratis by four to one. Other expatriate communities came from Southeast Asia, other Arab countries, and Africa. This migrant-outnumbering-citizen situation happens in other Persian Gulf countries too, but nowhere is this as pronounced as in the UAE.
10Like other members of the Gulf Cooperation Council, citizens experience a highly luxurious life. This includes a very cushy welfare state, free healthcare, and free education up to the Doctorate level. Even the large welfare states of northern Europe seem threadbare and stingy in comparison to that provided in the UAE. Not so great is the fact that all this luxury is mostly built on the backs of the country's vast population of non-citizen guest workers, most of whom are criminally underpaid and emphatically '''not''' supported by the welfare state.
12The UAE is close to the US and bought F-16s from them in 1999, and many ships of the United States Fifth Fleet are based in the UAE. It provided troops to the UN coalition in UsefulNotes/TheGulfWar (1991). It used to align its foreign policy with UsefulNotes/SaudiArabia, the most influential member of the GCC, but this seems to have changed in recent years. The UAE still maintains a relationship with UsefulNotes/{{Iran}} in spite of the GCC's boycott, as Iran is a valuable trade partner, and it also backs a different faction of the [[UsefulNotes/{{Yemen}} Yemeni]] civil war. In 2020, it became the first Gulf country to normalize relations with Israel, with trade relations set up and ambassadors expected to be exchanged soon, contrary to Saudi wishes for relations to be established after a definite solution to the [[UsefulNotes/ArabIsraeliConflict Israeli-Palestinian conflict]] is found.[[note]]Saudi Arabia's reservations for relations with Israel have been suggested to be more of a PR matter; being the spiritual center of the Islamic world, it normalizing relations with Israel would be seen as abandoning the Palestinian cause entirely and probably cause some kind of political firestorm (and indeed, when the UAE announced the Israeli peace treaty, threats of boycott against the UAE briefly abounded). In any case, it is basically an open secret that the Saudi and Israeli higher-ups have been collaborating in recent years in the face of Iran.[[/note]]
14Camel racing is popular and the place is attracting motorsport too. The country is a popular tourist destination, with tens of millions of people visiting the country annually. This has resulted in a bit of a culture clash between the covered-up, teetotal locals and the scantily-clad, beer-drinking tourists. Homosexuality and adultery are against the law.
16!!The Emirates
17The UAE is divided into seven emirates. Except for Abu Dhabi and Umm al-Quwain, all of the emirates' territories are discontinuous, with exclaves and enclaves dotting the northeastern region. This dates back to the tribal politics of age old, when clans had to race against time and each other to grab as many fertile grazing areas as they could. Sharjah is the worst about this, but the others are not much better. Part of the reason the emirates decided to merge in 1971 was to prevent the (potentially catastrophic) result of this agreement.
19Each emirs elect two of their own to become President and Prime Minister every 5 years. By convention, the President is always the Emir of Abu Dhabi, while the Prime Minister is always the Emir of Dubai.
21* Abu Dhabi -- The largest and most populous of the seven, constituting about 87% of the land area and over 25% of the national population. Its eponymous capital is the second most-populous city in the UAE as well as its capital.
22* Ajman -- The smallest emirate in size and a primarily agricultural area, with 95% of its population living in the eponymous capital.
23* UsefulNotes/{{Dubai}} -- The largest city in the UAE, and home to the world's tallest skyscraper, as well as the financial center in the region.
24* Fujairah -- The very last of the seven emirates to go under British protection in 1902. Contrary to popular belief, it is not the only emirate facing the Gulf of Oman. It is home to Al Badiyah Mosque, the oldest in the country.
25* Ras al-Khaimah -- Originally not part of the UAE, it requested to join the union three weeks after the other six had merged, as a result it is not signatory to the Constitution. Home to some of the oldest archaeological sites in the UAE, some dating back 5,000 years.
26* Sharjah -- Has many universities that attract students from around the UAE and the region, mostly located in the appropriately-named "University City" complex on the border with Dubai. It has an exclave facing the Gulf of Oman, as well as [[ an enclave within Oman, within the UAE]][[note]]This is called a [[ counter-enclave]][[/note]].
27* Umm al-Quwain -- The least populous of the seven emirates.
29!!The UAE and its residents in fiction
31* Abu Dhabi was popularized in the comic strip
32''ComicStrip/{{Garfield}}'' and the subsequent television show being the place where Garfield was always [[ trying to mail Nermal]]. One episode featured a musical number about the city.
33-->Abu Dhabi, it's far away
34-->Abu Dhabi, that's where you'll stay
35-->Abu Dhabi, the place to be
36-->For any kitten who's annoying me, yeah!
37** Jim Davis dicusses the reason for his choice in [[ this article.]]
38* Myth/ArabMythology
39* The second ''Film/SexAndTheCity'' movie is partly set in Abu Dhabi, but filmed in Morocco, as the government didn't like the script.
40* In ''Film/MissionImpossibleGhostProtocol'', Ethan's team has to infiltrate the Burj Khalifa to intercept the BigBad's plan and capture the assassin providing him the launch codes to Russia's nuclear subs.
41* ''[[Film/TheFastAndTheFurious Furious 7]]'' sees the gang visit Abu Dhabi to retake the God's Eye, which is hidden in a property of a prince of Jordan.
42* [[VideoGame/StreetFighterV The fifth iteration]] of the ''Franchise/StreetFighter'' series features an Arab fighter, Rashid, who is ostensibly an Emirati[[note]]It wasn't until the Skies of Honor stage was added that his nationality was confirmed; before, it was only mentioned that he's from the Middle East, without specifying a country[[/note]] and dressed accordingly in a completely white ''dishdash'' and ''keffiyeh''. His home-stage takes place on the ''wings'' of his own private jet as it flies around the city-scape of Dubai and several iconic buildings feature in the flyby, including the Burj Khalifa and the Emirates Towers.
43* The horror movie ''Film/{{Djinn}}'' mostly takes places in the UAE, and features both spoken English and Arabic.
46[[AC:The Emirati flag]]
48->The flag uses the very familiar Pan-Arab colors, arranged as green, white and black horizontal stripes with a red vertical stripe on the hoist; all colors symbolize Arab unity.
50[[AC:The Emirati national anthem]]
52->عيشي بلادي عاش اتحاد إماراتنا
53->عشت لشعب دينه الإسلام هديه القرآن
54->حصنتك باسم الله يا وطن
55->بلادي بلادي بلادي بلادي
56->حماك الإله شرور الزمان
57->أقسمنا أن نبني نعمل
58->نعمل نخلص نعمل نخلص
59->مهما عشنا نخلص نخلص
60->دام الأمان وعاش العلم يا إماراتنا
61->رمز العروبة
62->كلنا نفديكِ بالدماء نرويكِ
63->نفديك بالأرواح يا وطن
65->ʿĪšī bilādī ʿaš itaḥādu ʾimārātinā
66->ʿIšti lišʿabin dīnuhu l-ʾislāmu hadīhu l-qurʾānu
67->Ḥaṣnatuka bismillah yā waṭan
68->Bilādī bilādī bilādī bilādī
69->Ḥamāki l-ʾilāhu šurūra z-zamān
70->ʾAqsamnā ʾan nabnī naʿmal
71->Naʿmal nuxliṣ naʿmal nuxliṣ
72->Mahmā ʿašna nuxliṣ nuxliṣ
73->Dām al-ʾamān wa ʿāš al-ʿalam yā ʾimārātinā
74->Ramzu l-ʿarūbati
75->Kullunā nafdīki bid-dimāʾ narwīki
76->Nafdīka bil-ʾarwāḥi yā waṭan
81->Long live my country, the unity of our Emirates lives.
82->You have lived for a nation whose religion is Islam and guide is the Qur'an.
83->I made you stronger in God's name—oh, homeland!
84->My country, my country, my country, my country.
85->Allah has protected you from the evils of the time.
86->We have sworn to build and work –
87->work sincerely, work sincerely!
88->As long as we live, we will be sincere.
89->The safety has lasted and the flag has lived—oh, our Emirates!
90->The symbol of Arabism:
91->We all sacrifice for you and give you our blood;
92->We sacrifice for you with our souls—oh, homeland!
95* Federal Islamic parliamentary elective semi-constitutional monarchy
96** President: Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan
97** Prime Minister & Vice President: Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum
100* '''Capital:''' Abu Dhabi
101* '''Largest city:''' Dubai
102* '''Population:''' 9,890,400
103* '''Area:''' 83,600 km² (32,300 sq mi) (114th)
104* '''Currency''': United Arab Emirates dirham (د.إ) (AED)
105* '''ISO-3166-1 Code:''' AE
106* '''Country calling code:''' 971
107* '''Highest point:''' Jabal al-Jais (1910 m/6,266 ft) (131st)