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In person, he was known as a kind and well-meaning man -- after he was shot, he literally begged the people at the exposition not to form a mob and attack his assassin, and to [[BreakingBadNewsGently break the news gently]] to his wife. [=McKinley=] went on national speaking tours in order to stay in touch with voters and held regular press meetings. His wife, Ida, developed epilepsy after both of her daughters died as toddlers. He kept her by his side at all time in case she had a seizure.

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In person, he was known as a kind and well-meaning man -- after he was shot, he literally begged the people at the exposition not to form a mob and attack his assassin, and to [[BreakingBadNewsGently break the news gently]] to his wife. [=McKinley=] went on national speaking tours in order to stay in touch with voters and held regular press meetings. His wife, Ida, developed epilepsy after both of her daughters died as toddlers. He kept her by his side at all time times in case she had a seizure.





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[[quoteright:257:https://static.[[quoteright:300:https://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/mckinley.gif]]
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William [=McKinley=] Jr. (January 29, 1843 -- September 14, 1901) was the 25th President of the United States, serving [[TheGayNineties from 1897 until his death in 1901]]. He was the seventh from the Republican Party, followed UsefulNotes/GroverCleveland's ''second'' term, and was followed by none other than [[UsefulNotes/TheodoreRoosevelt Teddy Roosevelt]].

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William [=McKinley=] Jr. (January 29, 1843 -- September 14, 1901) was the 25th President of the United States, serving [[TheGayNineties from 1897 until his death in 1901]]. He was the seventh from the Republican Party, followed UsefulNotes/GroverCleveland's ''second'' term, and was followed by none other than [[UsefulNotes/TheodoreRoosevelt Teddy Roosevelt]].
UsefulNotes/TheodoreRoosevelt.


[=McKinley=] was assassinated by Leon Czolgosz in 1901, making him one of the more famous victims of violence perpetrated in the name of anarchism; a few short but eventful decades later, the [[RedScare radicals to be really afraid of would be communists]] instead. He famously [[TemptingFate disliked having a security detail]], seeing them as an impediment to interacting with his constituents, and was specifically warned that the event in which he was shot would be impossible to secure properly. [=McKinley=] was unconcerned because he couldn't imagine that anyone would actually want to hurt him (then again, he was also famous for proclaiming that [[DystopianEdict the people should support the government and that the government should not support the people]]). Much like UsefulNotes/JamesGarfield before him, technology was very near [=McKinley=] that probably would have saved him, but several decisions surrounding the operation didn't work out for keeping him alive ([[ItWillNeverCatchOn the new "X-ray machine" being exhibited at the very expo where he was shot was too untested for doctors to trust it, and apparently they didn't think to do the surgery under the brand-new electric lighting, nor could they use candles because flammable ether was still the best anesthetic available at the time)]]. Nine days later, Czolgosz's trial began; it lasted 8 hours, and after half an hour of deliberation, Czolgosz was found guilty and sentenced to death by [[ElectricTorture the electric chair]]. After Czolgosz got executed, his remains were destroyed with acid. Less than six years after her husband's death, Ida Saxton was fatally heartbroken.

to:

[=McKinley=] was assassinated shot by Leon Czolgosz in 1901, on September 6, 1901 and died of his wounds which became gangrenous one week later, making him one of the more famous victims of violence perpetrated in the name of anarchism; a few short but eventful decades later, the [[RedScare radicals to be really afraid of would be communists]] instead. He famously [[TemptingFate disliked having a security detail]], seeing them as an impediment to interacting with his constituents, and was specifically warned that the event in which he was shot would be impossible to secure properly. [=McKinley=] was unconcerned because he couldn't imagine that anyone would actually want to hurt him (then again, he was also famous for proclaiming that [[DystopianEdict the people should support the government and that the government should not support the people]]). Much like UsefulNotes/JamesGarfield before him, technology was very near [=McKinley=] that probably would have saved him, but several decisions surrounding the operation didn't work out for keeping him alive ([[ItWillNeverCatchOn the new "X-ray machine" being exhibited at the very expo where he was shot was too untested for doctors to trust it, and apparently they didn't think to do the surgery under the brand-new electric lighting, nor could they use candles because flammable ether was still the best anesthetic available at the time)]]. Nine days later, Czolgosz's trial began; it lasted 8 hours, and after half an hour of deliberation, Czolgosz was found guilty and sentenced to death by [[ElectricTorture the electric chair]]. After Czolgosz got executed, [[NoBodyLeftBehind his remains were destroyed with acid.acid]]. Less than six years after her husband's death, Ida Saxton was fatally heartbroken.

Added DiffLines:

* In ''WesternAnimation/DevilMayCare'', President [=McKinley=] appears as the Devil's right-hand man, forever boasting about the things he accomplished during his shortened Presidency, even as nobody else seems to remember who he was.


The UsefulNotes/SpanishAmericanWar broke out during his first term in 1898, mostly over the issue of independence for Cuba. The American victory was quick and decisive: both the Army and Navy [[CurbStompBattle won nearly every engagement with the Spanish]]. Ironically, [=McKinley=] tried to avoid war for a long time despite public opinion favoring the Cubans, but he accepted war when it was clear that diplomacy was no longer an option (and Congress essentially forced his hand; after all, Congress declares war, not the President). When the dust had settled, Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines came under direct American control (though the residents of the Phillippines spent the next four years fighting a violent guerrilla war against the Americans), while Cuba was granted independence but remained firmly in the American sphere of influence. At the same time, the formerly independent nation of Hawaii was annexed after local American plantation owners overthrew the Hawaiian monarchy, further expanding American influence in the Pacific.

[=McKinley=] also sent 2,500 troops to join the eight-power coalition (Russia, Japan, Germany, Britain, France, Austria-Hungary, Italy, and the USA) in suppressing the xenophobic 'Boxer' rebels in China. AsYouKnow this ended with the looting and razing of Beijing and the (sexual) assault of many of its inhabitants, fueling further xenophobia and sowing the seeds of specifically anti-American sentiment among the country's elites (who actually knew the differences between the barbarian nations). [=McKinley=] joined the coalition to prevent the USA's embassy staff in Beijing from being killed, prevent the Qing Empire from taxing foreign companies or raising taxes on foreign imports (tariffs) above the 2% which the Eight Powers had forced them to agree to, and to prevent any of the other seven powers from formally annexing any territories. [=McKinley=] avoided annexations and opposed them by others because the Philippines debacle had soured the US public on formal empire, and US nationalists and anti-Imperialists alike agreed that ''other'' countries expanding ''their'' empires was bad. This pursuit of a highly unequal trade and diplomatic relationship with the Qing Empire, and opposition to annexations, was termed 'the Open Door Policy'. In upholding it the USA helped to spark and shaped the peace concluding the UsefulNotes/FirstSinoJapaneseWar of 1895 and UsefulNotes/RussoJapaneseWar of 1904-5.

This combination of strong economy, territorial gain, and success on the international stage meant it was relatively easy for him to win a second term in 1900, which he barely got a chance to enjoy before his untimely assassination. He was the last veteran of UsefulNotes/TheAmericanCivilWar to be president (serving alongside fellow Ohioan president UsefulNotes/RutherfordBHayes) and was also the first president to be elected during an Olympic year (the year of the first modern games, 1896), to ride in an automobile, and to campaign by telephone. [=McKinley=] is on the $500 bill, but these have been discontinued since 1969. His two elections saw voter turnout above 70% each time, the last time voter turnout was above the 70% mark.

He was a very kind and well-meaning man -- after he was shot, he literally begged the people at the exposition not to form a mob and attack his assassin, and to [[BreakingBadNewsGently break the news gently]] to his wife. [=McKinley=] went on national speaking tours in order to stay in touch with voters and held regular press meetings. His wife, Ida, developed epilepsy after both of her daughters died as toddlers. He kept her by his side at all time in case she had a seizure.

to:

The UsefulNotes/SpanishAmericanWar broke out during his first term in 1898, mostly over the issue of independence for Cuba.UsefulNotes/{{Cuba}}. The American victory was quick and decisive: both the Army and Navy [[CurbStompBattle won nearly every engagement with the Spanish]]. Ironically, [=McKinley=] tried to avoid war for a long time despite public opinion favoring the Cubans, but he accepted war when it was clear that diplomacy was no longer an option (and Congress essentially forced his hand; after all, Congress declares war, not the President). When the dust had settled, Puerto Rico, Guam, UsefulNotes/PuertoRico, UsefulNotes/{{Guam}}, and the Philippines UsefulNotes/{{Philippines}} came under direct American control (though the residents of the Phillippines spent the next four years fighting a violent guerrilla war against the Americans), while Cuba was granted independence but remained firmly in the American sphere of influence. At the same time, the formerly independent nation of Hawaii UsefulNotes/{{Hawaii}} was annexed after local American plantation owners overthrew the Hawaiian monarchy, further expanding American influence in the Pacific.

[=McKinley=] also sent 2,500 troops to join the eight-power coalition (Russia, Japan, Germany, Britain, France, Austria-Hungary, Italy, and the USA) in suppressing the xenophobic 'Boxer' rebels in China. AsYouKnow AsYouKnow, this ended with the looting and razing of Beijing and the (sexual) assault of many of its inhabitants, fueling further xenophobia and sowing the seeds of specifically anti-American sentiment among the country's elites (who actually knew the differences between the barbarian nations). [=McKinley=] joined the coalition to prevent the USA's embassy staff in Beijing from being killed, to prevent the Qing Empire from taxing foreign companies or raising taxes on foreign imports (tariffs) above the 2% which the Eight Powers had forced them to agree to, and to prevent any of the other seven powers from formally annexing any territories. [=McKinley=] avoided annexations in China and opposed them by others because the Philippines debacle had soured the US public on formal empire, and US nationalists and anti-Imperialists alike agreed that ''other'' countries expanding ''their'' empires was bad. This pursuit of a highly unequal trade and diplomatic relationship with the Qing Empire, Empire and opposition to annexations, annexations was termed 'the Open Door Policy'. In upholding it it, the USA both helped to spark and shaped the peace concluding after the UsefulNotes/FirstSinoJapaneseWar of 1895 and UsefulNotes/RussoJapaneseWar of 1904-5.

This combination of strong economy, territorial gain, and success on the international stage meant it was relatively easy for him to win a second term in 1900, which he barely got a chance to enjoy before his untimely assassination.enjoy. He was the last veteran of UsefulNotes/TheAmericanCivilWar to be president (serving alongside fellow Ohioan president UsefulNotes/RutherfordBHayes) and was also the first president to be elected during an Olympic year (the year of the first modern games, 1896), to ride in an automobile, and to campaign by telephone. [=McKinley=] is was on the $500 bill, but these have been discontinued since 1969. His two elections saw voter turnout above 70% each time, the last time voter turnout was above the 70% mark.

He In person, he was known as a very kind and well-meaning man -- after he was shot, he literally begged the people at the exposition not to form a mob and attack his assassin, and to [[BreakingBadNewsGently break the news gently]] to his wife. [=McKinley=] went on national speaking tours in order to stay in touch with voters and held regular press meetings. His wife, Ida, developed epilepsy after both of her daughters died as toddlers. He kept her by his side at all time in case she had a seizure.


He is one of the more famous victims of violence perpetrated in the name of anarchism; a few short but eventful decades later, the [[RedScare radicals to be really afraid of would be communists]] instead. He famously [[TemptingFate disliked having a security detail]], seeing them as an impediment to interacting with his constituents, and was specifically warned that the event in which he was shot would be impossible to secure properly. [=McKinley=] was unconcerned because he couldn't imagine that anyone would actually want to hurt him (then again, he was also famous for proclaiming that [[DystopianEdict the people should support the government and that the government should not support the people]]).

Much like UsefulNotes/JamesGarfield before him, technology was very near [=McKinley=] that probably would have saved him, but several decisions surrounding the operation didn't work out for keeping him alive ([[ItWillNeverCatchOn the new "X-ray machine" being exhibited at the very expo where he was shot was too untested for doctors to trust it, and apparently they didn't think to do the surgery under the brand-new electric lighting, nor could they use candles because flammable ether was still the best anesthetic available at the time)]].

[=McKinley=] was phenomenally popular during his time. A former lawyer, political operator, Congressman, and Governor of Ohio, he gained the presidency mostly by running a "front porch campaign", giving his speeches and addressing his supporters from his own house in Canton, Ohio.[[note]]Mount [=McKinley=] was named thus by a prospector to support him during this period.[[/note]] He ran mostly on a platform of protecting the economy with high tariffs; he had been chairman of the congressional committee which had drafted the "[=McKinley=] Tariff" of 1890, under which the average duty on imported goods rose to almost 50%. He also advocated keeping the gold standard at a time when his Democratic opponent, UsefulNotes/WilliamJenningsBryan, was promoting the free coining of silver (and [[SingleIssueWonk little else]]). When that issue failed to excite the nation, [=McKinley=] won the election handily. Inheriting a depression from predecessor Cleveland, the economy significantly rebounded during [=McKinley=]'s time (in part due to the Spanish-American War), with unemployment dropping by over 10% during his first term. The dollar was placed entirely on the gold standard, tariff rates were increased, and relations with labor unions improved significantly.

to:

He is one of the more famous victims of violence perpetrated in the name of anarchism; a few short but eventful decades later, the [[RedScare radicals to be really afraid of would be communists]] instead. He famously [[TemptingFate disliked having a security detail]], seeing them as an impediment to interacting with his constituents, and was specifically warned that the event in which he was shot would be impossible to secure properly. [=McKinley=] was unconcerned because he couldn't imagine that anyone would actually want to hurt him (then again, he was also famous for proclaiming that [[DystopianEdict the people should support the government and that the government should not support the people]]).

Much like UsefulNotes/JamesGarfield before him, technology was very near [=McKinley=] that probably would have saved him, but several decisions surrounding the operation didn't work out for keeping him alive ([[ItWillNeverCatchOn the new "X-ray machine" being exhibited at the very expo where he was shot was too untested for doctors to trust it, and apparently they didn't think to do the surgery under the brand-new electric lighting, nor could they use candles because flammable ether was still the best anesthetic available at the time)]].

[=McKinley=] was phenomenally popular during his time. A former lawyer, political operator, Congressman, and Governor of Ohio, he gained the presidency mostly by running a "front porch campaign", giving his speeches and addressing his supporters from his own house in Canton, Ohio.[[note]]Mount [=McKinley=] was named thus by a prospector to support him during this period.[[/note]] He ran mostly on a platform of protecting the economy with high tariffs; he had been chairman of the congressional committee which had drafted the "[=McKinley=] Tariff" of 1890, under which the average duty on imported goods rose to almost 50%. He also advocated keeping the gold standard at a time when his Democratic opponent, UsefulNotes/WilliamJenningsBryan, was promoting the free coining of silver (and [[SingleIssueWonk little else]]). When that issue failed to excite the nation, [=McKinley=] won the election handily. Inheriting a depression from predecessor Cleveland, the economy significantly rebounded during [=McKinley=]'s time (in part due to the Spanish-American War), with unemployment dropping by over 10% during his first term. The dollar was placed entirely on the gold standard, tariff rates were increased, and relations with labor unions improved significantly.



[=McKinley=] died in 1901. Nine days later, Leon Czolgosz's trial began and it lasted 8 hours. After half an hour of deliberation, Czolgosz was found guilty of President [=McKinley=]'s assassination and sentenced to death by [[ElectricTorture the electric chair]]. After Czolgosz got executed, his remains were destroyed with acid.

Less than six years after her husband's death, Ida Saxton was fatally heartbroken.

The lack of security afforded to US Presidents--which was condemned by newspaper editorials accross the country, led to an informal request from Congress asking the Secret Service--Treasury Department police, until then mostly concerned with fighting {{counterfeit|Cash}}ing but doing other stuff on the side--with providing security for the President and other high-ranking officials. The Theodore Roosevelt administration quickly made this arrangement permanent.

Most historians consider [=McKinley=] to be an above-average President. Initially considered to be WeakWilled and easily influenced by the public, there is a growing opinion in the historical community that his leadership successfully helped the United States enter the international stage. He presided over the country's taking of its first non-continental territories and took steps to restrain European countries when they were on the verge of trying to take parts of China as colonies. Additionally, America recovered from a stinging depression and prosperity resumed. He also set the stage for the Republicans dominating the White House for the next few decades, making him easily one of the most effective party-leader Presidents. On the other hand, he is often criticized for annexing Hawaii and for his administration's actions in the Philippines. In the Philippine–American War, over 200,000 Filipinos died (most of them civilians) in an unsuccessful struggle for independence, with 5,000 Americans also dead.

He got a mountain named after him, though the Koyukon people who live nearby had something to say about that. It would be officially renamed back to its original name Denali by the [[UsefulNotes/BarackObama Obama]] Administration in 2015, nearly two years short of a whole century after the naming of "Mount [=McKinley=]".

to:

[=McKinley=] died was assassinated by Leon Czolgosz in 1901. 1901, making him one of the more famous victims of violence perpetrated in the name of anarchism; a few short but eventful decades later, the [[RedScare radicals to be really afraid of would be communists]] instead. He famously [[TemptingFate disliked having a security detail]], seeing them as an impediment to interacting with his constituents, and was specifically warned that the event in which he was shot would be impossible to secure properly. [=McKinley=] was unconcerned because he couldn't imagine that anyone would actually want to hurt him (then again, he was also famous for proclaiming that [[DystopianEdict the people should support the government and that the government should not support the people]]). Much like UsefulNotes/JamesGarfield before him, technology was very near [=McKinley=] that probably would have saved him, but several decisions surrounding the operation didn't work out for keeping him alive ([[ItWillNeverCatchOn the new "X-ray machine" being exhibited at the very expo where he was shot was too untested for doctors to trust it, and apparently they didn't think to do the surgery under the brand-new electric lighting, nor could they use candles because flammable ether was still the best anesthetic available at the time)]]. Nine days later, Leon Czolgosz's trial began and began; it lasted 8 hours. After hours, and after half an hour of deliberation, Czolgosz was found guilty of President [=McKinley=]'s assassination and sentenced to death by [[ElectricTorture the electric chair]]. After Czolgosz got executed, his remains were destroyed with acid.

acid. Less than six years after her husband's death, Ida Saxton was fatally heartbroken.

The lack of security afforded to US Presidents--which was condemned by newspaper editorials accross across the country, led to an informal request from Congress asking the Secret Service--Treasury Department police, until then mostly concerned with fighting {{counterfeit|Cash}}ing but doing other stuff on the side--with providing security for the President and other high-ranking officials. The Theodore Roosevelt administration quickly made this arrangement permanent.

Most historians consider [=McKinley=] to be an above-average President. Initially considered to be WeakWilled and easily influenced by the public, there is a growing opinion in the historical community that his leadership successfully helped the United States enter the international stage. stage, for all the good and bad that implies. He presided over the country's taking of its first non-continental territories and took steps to restrain while restraining European countries when they were on the verge of trying to take parts of China as colonies. Additionally, America recovered from a stinging depression depression, and prosperity resumed. He also set the stage for the Republicans dominating the White House for the next few decades, making him easily one of the most effective party-leader Presidents. On the other hand, he is often criticized for annexing Hawaii and for his administration's actions in the Philippines. In While largely forgotten by Americans today, it is ''very'' much not in the Philippine–American War, over Philippines. The conflict in many ways paralleled the later UsefulNotes/VietnamWar in its lethality (over 200,000 Filipinos died (most Filipinos, most of them civilians) in an unsuccessful struggle for independence, civilians, died along with 5,000 Americans also dead.

Americans) and the lasting anti-American feeling it generated both abroad and at home among peace activists.

He got a massive mountain in UsefulNotes/{{Alaska}} named after him, though the Koyukon people who live nearby had something to say about that. It would be was officially renamed back returned to its original name Denali by the [[UsefulNotes/BarackObama Obama]] Administration in 2015, nearly two years short of a whole century after the naming of "Mount [=McKinley=]".



** "The hat [=McKinley=] was shot in" appears in an episode ... or at least the random hat Grandpa leaves behind in Herman's Military Antiques is promptly ''labelled'' as such.

to:

** "The hat [=McKinley=] was shot in" appears in an episode ...episode... or at least the random hat Grandpa leaves behind in Herman's Military Antiques is promptly ''labelled'' as such.


[=McKinley=] died in 1901. Nine days later, Leon Czolgosz's trial began and it lasted 8 hours. After half an hour of deliberation, Czolgosz was found guilty of President [=McKinley=]'s assassination and sentenced to death by [[ElectricTorture the electric chair]]. After Czolgosz got executed, his remains wered destroyed with acid.

to:

[=McKinley=] died in 1901. Nine days later, Leon Czolgosz's trial began and it lasted 8 hours. After half an hour of deliberation, Czolgosz was found guilty of President [=McKinley=]'s assassination and sentenced to death by [[ElectricTorture the electric chair]]. After Czolgosz got executed, his remains wered were destroyed with acid.


[=McKinley=] died in 1901. Nine days later, Leon Czolgosz's trial began and lasted 8 hours. After half an hour of deliberation, Czolgosz was found guilty of President [=McKinley=]'s assassination and sentenced to death by ElectricTorture. After Czolgosz got executed, his remains wered destroyed with acid.

to:

[=McKinley=] died in 1901. Nine days later, Leon Czolgosz's trial began and it lasted 8 hours. After half an hour of deliberation, Czolgosz was found guilty of President [=McKinley=]'s assassination and sentenced to death by ElectricTorture.[[ElectricTorture the electric chair]]. After Czolgosz got executed, his remains wered destroyed with acid.



The lack of security afforded to US Presidents after McKinely's murder--which was condemned by newspaper editorials accross the country, led to an informal request from Congress asking the Secret Service--Treasury Department police, until then mostly concerned with fighting {{counterfeit|Cash}}ing but doing other stuff on the side--with providing security for the President and other high-ranking officials. Theodore Roosevelt quickly made this arrangement permanent.

to:

The lack of security afforded to US Presidents after McKinely's murder--which Presidents--which was condemned by newspaper editorials accross the country, led to an informal request from Congress asking the Secret Service--Treasury Department police, until then mostly concerned with fighting {{counterfeit|Cash}}ing but doing other stuff on the side--with providing security for the President and other high-ranking officials. The Theodore Roosevelt administration quickly made this arrangement permanent.


The "lack of security afforded to US Presidents" debacle led to an informal request from Congress asking the Secret Service--Treasury Department police, until then mostly concerned with fighting {{counterfeit|Cash}}ing but doing other stuff on the side--with providing security for the President and other high-ranking officials. Theodore Roosevelt quickly made this arrangement permanent.

to:

Less than six years after her husband's death, Ida Saxton was fatally heartbroken.

The "lack lack of security afforded to US Presidents" debacle Presidents after McKinely's murder--which was condemned by newspaper editorials accross the country, led to an informal request from Congress asking the Secret Service--Treasury Department police, until then mostly concerned with fighting {{counterfeit|Cash}}ing but doing other stuff on the side--with providing security for the President and other high-ranking officials. Theodore Roosevelt quickly made this arrangement permanent.


The lack of security afforded to US Presidents debacle led to an informal request from Congress asking the Secret Service--Treasury Department police, until then mostly concerned with fighting {{counterfeit|Cash}}ing but doing other stuff on the side--with providing security for the President and other high-ranking officials. Theodore Roosevelt quickly made this arrangement permanent.

to:

The lack "lack of security afforded to US Presidents Presidents" debacle led to an informal request from Congress asking the Secret Service--Treasury Department police, until then mostly concerned with fighting {{counterfeit|Cash}}ing but doing other stuff on the side--with providing security for the President and other high-ranking officials. Theodore Roosevelt quickly made this arrangement permanent.


This debacle led to an informal request from Congress asking the Secret Service--Treasury Department police, until then mostly concerned with fighting {{counterfeit|Cash}}ing but doing other stuff on the side--with providing security for the President and other high-ranking officials. Theodore Roosevelt quickly made this arrangement permanent.



Most historians consider [=McKinley=] to be an above-average President. Initially considered to be WeakWilled and easily influenced by the public, there is a growing opinion in the historical community that his leadership successfully helped the United States enter the international stage. He presided over the country's taking of its first non-continental territories and took steps to restrain European countries when they were on the verge of trying to take parts of China as colonies. Additionally, America recovered from a stinging depression and prosperity resumed. He also set the stage for the Republicans dominating the White House for the next few decades, making him easily one of the most effective party-leader Presidents. On the other hand, he is often criticized for annexing Hawaii and for his administration's actions in the Philippines. In the Philippine–American War, over 200,000 Filipinos died (most of them civilians) in an unsuccessful struggle for independence, with 5,000 Americans also dead.


Added DiffLines:

[=McKinley=] died in 1901. Nine days later, Leon Czolgosz's trial began and lasted 8 hours. After half an hour of deliberation, Czolgosz was found guilty of President [=McKinley=]'s assassination and sentenced to death by ElectricTorture. After Czolgosz got executed, his remains wered destroyed with acid.

The lack of security afforded to US Presidents debacle led to an informal request from Congress asking the Secret Service--Treasury Department police, until then mostly concerned with fighting {{counterfeit|Cash}}ing but doing other stuff on the side--with providing security for the President and other high-ranking officials. Theodore Roosevelt quickly made this arrangement permanent.

Most historians consider [=McKinley=] to be an above-average President. Initially considered to be WeakWilled and easily influenced by the public, there is a growing opinion in the historical community that his leadership successfully helped the United States enter the international stage. He presided over the country's taking of its first non-continental territories and took steps to restrain European countries when they were on the verge of trying to take parts of China as colonies. Additionally, America recovered from a stinging depression and prosperity resumed. He also set the stage for the Republicans dominating the White House for the next few decades, making him easily one of the most effective party-leader Presidents. On the other hand, he is often criticized for annexing Hawaii and for his administration's actions in the Philippines. In the Philippine–American War, over 200,000 Filipinos died (most of them civilians) in an unsuccessful struggle for independence, with 5,000 Americans also dead.


* The arrest of Leon Czolgosz by a racist Buffalo cop was the original point of departure for the Web original AlternateHistory ''Literature/{{Reds}}'' and remains an important differentiating event in the rewrite. In both versions, [=McKinley=] survives and thus history is radically altered.

to:

* The arrest of Leon Czolgosz by a racist Buffalo cop was the original point of departure for the Web original AlternateHistory ''Literature/{{Reds}}'' and remains an important differentiating event in the rewrite. In both versions, the assassination of [=McKinley=] survives never takes place and thus history is radically altered.

Added DiffLines:

* ''Theatre/{{Assassins}}'', a musical about men who tried to kill the President, naturally has a number about his assassination by Czolgosz. It’s up to the production if they want to include him as a character.


William [=McKinley=] (January 29, 1843 -- September 14, 1901) was the 25th President of the United States, serving [[TheGayNineties from 1897 until his death in 1901]]. He was the seventh from the Republican Party, followed UsefulNotes/GroverCleveland's ''second'' term, and was followed by none other than [[UsefulNotes/TheodoreRoosevelt Teddy Roosevelt]].

to:

William [=McKinley=] Jr. (January 29, 1843 -- September 14, 1901) was the 25th President of the United States, serving [[TheGayNineties from 1897 until his death in 1901]]. He was the seventh from the Republican Party, followed UsefulNotes/GroverCleveland's ''second'' term, and was followed by none other than [[UsefulNotes/TheodoreRoosevelt Teddy Roosevelt]].


William [=McKinley=] (January 29, 1843 -- September 14, 1901) was the 25th President of the United States, serving [[TheGayNineties from 1897 until his death in 1901]]. He was the 7th from the Republican Party, followed UsefulNotes/GroverCleveland's ''second'' term, and was followed by none other than [[UsefulNotes/TheodoreRoosevelt Teddy Roosevelt]].

He is one of the more famous victims of violence perpetrated in the name of anarchism; a few short but eventful decades later, the [[RedScare radicals to really be afraid of would be communists]] instead. He famously [[TemptingFate disliked having a security detail]], seeing them as an impediment to interacting with his constituents, and was specifically warned that the event in which he was shot would be impossible to properly secure. [=McKinley=] was unconcerned because he couldn't imagine that anyone would actually want to hurt him (then again, he was also famous for proclaiming that [[DystopianEdict the people should support the government and that the government should not support the people]]).

This debacle led to an informal request from Congress asking the Secret Service--Treasury Department police, until then mostly concerned with fighting [[CounterfeitCash counterfeiting]] but doing other stuff on the side--with providing security for the President and other high-ranking officials. Theodore Roosevelt quickly made this arrangement permanent.

Much like UsefulNotes/JamesGarfield before him, technology was right there that probably would have saved him, but several decisions surrounding the operation didn't work out for keeping him alive ([[ItWillNeverCatchOn the new "X-ray machine" being exhibited at the very expo where he was shot was too untested for doctors to trust it, and apparently they didn't think to do the surgery under the brand-new electric lighting, nor could they use candles because flammable ether was still the best anesthetic available at the time)]].

[=McKinley=] was phenomenally popular during his time. A former lawyer, political operator and Governor of Ohio, he gained the presidency mostly by running a "front porch campaign", giving his speeches and addressing his supporters from his own house in Canton, OH.[[note]](Mount [=McKinley=] was named thus by a prospector to support him during this period)[[/note]] He ran mostly on a platform of protecting the economy with high tariffs; he had been chairman of the congressional committee which had drafted the "[=McKinley=] Tariff" of 1890, under which the average duty on imported goods rose to almost 50%. He also advocated keeping the gold standard at a time when his Democratic opponent, William Jennings Bryan, was promoting the free coining of silver (and [[SingleIssueWonk little else]]). When that issue failed to excite the nation, [=McKinley=] won the election handily. Inheriting a depression from predecessor UsefulNotes/GroverCleveland, the economy significantly rebounded during [=McKinley=]'s time (in part due to the Spanish-American War), with unemployment dropping by over 10% during his first term. The dollar was placed entirely on the gold standard, tariff rates were increased, and relations with labor unions improved significantly.

The UsefulNotes/SpanishAmericanWar broke out during his first term in 1898, mostly over the issue of independence for Cuba. The American victory was quick and decisive with both the army and navy [[CurbStompBattle winning nearly every engagement with the Spanish]]. Ironically, [=McKinley=] tried to avoid war for a long time despite public opinion favoring the Cubans, but he accepted war when it was clear that diplomacy was no longer an option (and Congress essentially forced his hand; after all, Congress declares war, not the President). When the dust had settled, Puerto Rico, Guam and the Philippines came under direct American control (though the residents of the Phillippines spent the next four years fighting a violent guerrilla war against the Americans), while Cuba was granted independence but remained very much under the American sphere of influence. At the same time, the formerly independent nation of Hawaii was annexed after local American plantation owners overthrew the Hawaiian monarchy, further expanding American influence in the Pacific.

[=McKinley=] also sent 2,500 troops to join the eight-power coalition (Russia, Japan, Germany, Britain, France, Austria-Hungary, Italy, and the USA) in suppressing the xenophobic 'Boxer' rebels in China. AsYouKnow this ended with the looting and razing of the entire city, and the (sexual) assault of many of its inhabitants, fueling further xenophobia and sowing the seeds of specifically anti-American sentiment among the country's elites (who actually knew the differences between the barbarian nations). [=McKinley=] joined the coalition to prevent the USA's embassy staff in Beijing from being killed, prevent the Qing Empire from taxing foreign companies or raising taxes on foreign imports (tariffs) above the 2% which the Eight Powers had forced them to agree to, and to prevent any of the other seven powers from formally annexxing any territories. [=McKinley=] avoided annexations and opposed them by others because the Philippines debacle had soured the US public on formal empire, and US nationalists and anti-Imperialists alike agreed that ''other'' countries expanding ''their'' empires was bad. This pursuit of a highly unequal trade and diplomatic relationship with the Qing Empire, and opposition to annexations, was termed 'the Open Door Policy'. In upholding it the USA helped to spark and shaped the peace concluding the UsefulNotes/FirstSinoJapaneseWar of 1895 and UsefulNotes/RussoJapaneseWar of 1904-5.

This combination of strong economy, territorial gain, and success on the international stage meant it was relatively easy for him to win a second term in 1900, which he barely got a chance to enjoy before his untimely assassination. He was the last UsefulNotes/AmericanCivilWar veteran to be president (serving alongside fellow president UsefulNotes/RutherfordBHayes) and was also the first president to be elected during an Olympic year (the year of the first modern games, 1896), to ride in an automobile, and to campaign by telephone. [=McKinley=] is on the $500 dollar bill, but these have been discontinued since 1969. His two elections saw voter turnout above 70% each time, the last time voter turnout was above the 70% mark.

Most historians consider [=McKinley=] to be an above-average President. Initially considered to be weak-willed and easily influenced by the general public, there is a growing opinion in the historical community that his leadership successfully helped the United States enter the international stage. The country's first non-continental territories were won during his time in office, and he took steps to restrain European countries when they were on the verge of trying to take parts of China as colonies. Additionally, America recovered from a stinging depression and prosperity resumed. He also set the stage for the Republicans dominating the White House for the next few decades, making him easily one of the most effective party-leader Presidents. On the other hand, he is often criticized for annexing Hawaii and for his administration's actions in the Philippines. In the Philippine–American War, over 200,000 Filipinos died (most of them civilians) in an unsuccessful struggle for independence, with 5,000 Americans also dead.

He was a very kind and well-meaning man - after he was shot, he literally begged the people at the exposition not to form a mob and attack his assassin, and to break the news gently to his wife. [=McKinley=] went on national speaking tours in order to stay in touch with voters and held regular press meetings. His wife, Ida, developed epilepsy after both of her daughters died as toddlers. He kept her by his side at all time in case she had a seizure.

to:

William [=McKinley=] (January 29, 1843 -- September 14, 1901) was the 25th President of the United States, serving [[TheGayNineties from 1897 until his death in 1901]]. He was the 7th seventh from the Republican Party, followed UsefulNotes/GroverCleveland's ''second'' term, and was followed by none other than [[UsefulNotes/TheodoreRoosevelt Teddy Roosevelt]].

He is one of the more famous victims of violence perpetrated in the name of anarchism; a few short but eventful decades later, the [[RedScare radicals to be really be afraid of would be communists]] instead. He famously [[TemptingFate disliked having a security detail]], seeing them as an impediment to interacting with his constituents, and was specifically warned that the event in which he was shot would be impossible to properly secure.secure properly. [=McKinley=] was unconcerned because he couldn't imagine that anyone would actually want to hurt him (then again, he was also famous for proclaiming that [[DystopianEdict the people should support the government and that the government should not support the people]]).

This debacle led to an informal request from Congress asking the Secret Service--Treasury Department police, until then mostly concerned with fighting [[CounterfeitCash counterfeiting]] {{counterfeit|Cash}}ing but doing other stuff on the side--with providing security for the President and other high-ranking officials. Theodore Roosevelt quickly made this arrangement permanent.

permanent.

Much like UsefulNotes/JamesGarfield before him, technology was right there very near [=McKinley=] that probably would have saved him, but several decisions surrounding the operation didn't work out for keeping him alive ([[ItWillNeverCatchOn the new "X-ray machine" being exhibited at the very expo where he was shot was too untested for doctors to trust it, and apparently they didn't think to do the surgery under the brand-new electric lighting, nor could they use candles because flammable ether was still the best anesthetic available at the time)]].

[=McKinley=] was phenomenally popular during his time. A former lawyer, political operator operator, Congressman, and Governor of Ohio, he gained the presidency mostly by running a "front porch campaign", giving his speeches and addressing his supporters from his own house in Canton, OH.[[note]](Mount Ohio.[[note]]Mount [=McKinley=] was named thus by a prospector to support him during this period)[[/note]] period.[[/note]] He ran mostly on a platform of protecting the economy with high tariffs; he had been chairman of the congressional committee which had drafted the "[=McKinley=] Tariff" of 1890, under which the average duty on imported goods rose to almost 50%. He also advocated keeping the gold standard at a time when his Democratic opponent, William Jennings Bryan, UsefulNotes/WilliamJenningsBryan, was promoting the free coining of silver (and [[SingleIssueWonk little else]]). When that issue failed to excite the nation, [=McKinley=] won the election handily. Inheriting a depression from predecessor UsefulNotes/GroverCleveland, Cleveland, the economy significantly rebounded during [=McKinley=]'s time (in part due to the Spanish-American War), with unemployment dropping by over 10% during his first term. The dollar was placed entirely on the gold standard, tariff rates were increased, and relations with labor unions improved significantly.

The UsefulNotes/SpanishAmericanWar broke out during his first term in 1898, mostly over the issue of independence for Cuba. The American victory was quick and decisive with decisive: both the army Army and navy Navy [[CurbStompBattle winning won nearly every engagement with the Spanish]]. Ironically, [=McKinley=] tried to avoid war for a long time despite public opinion favoring the Cubans, but he accepted war when it was clear that diplomacy was no longer an option (and Congress essentially forced his hand; after all, Congress declares war, not the President). When the dust had settled, Puerto Rico, Guam Guam, and the Philippines came under direct American control (though the residents of the Phillippines spent the next four years fighting a violent guerrilla war against the Americans), while Cuba was granted independence but remained very much under firmly in the American sphere of influence. At the same time, the formerly independent nation of Hawaii was annexed after local American plantation owners overthrew the Hawaiian monarchy, further expanding American influence in the Pacific.

Pacific.

[=McKinley=] also sent 2,500 troops to join the eight-power coalition (Russia, Japan, Germany, Britain, France, Austria-Hungary, Italy, and the USA) in suppressing the xenophobic 'Boxer' rebels in China. AsYouKnow this ended with the looting and razing of the entire city, Beijing and the (sexual) assault of many of its inhabitants, fueling further xenophobia and sowing the seeds of specifically anti-American sentiment among the country's elites (who actually knew the differences between the barbarian nations). [=McKinley=] joined the coalition to prevent the USA's embassy staff in Beijing from being killed, prevent the Qing Empire from taxing foreign companies or raising taxes on foreign imports (tariffs) above the 2% which the Eight Powers had forced them to agree to, and to prevent any of the other seven powers from formally annexxing annexing any territories. [=McKinley=] avoided annexations and opposed them by others because the Philippines debacle had soured the US public on formal empire, and US nationalists and anti-Imperialists alike agreed that ''other'' countries expanding ''their'' empires was bad. This pursuit of a highly unequal trade and diplomatic relationship with the Qing Empire, and opposition to annexations, was termed 'the Open Door Policy'. In upholding it the USA helped to spark and shaped the peace concluding the UsefulNotes/FirstSinoJapaneseWar of 1895 and UsefulNotes/RussoJapaneseWar of 1904-5.

This combination of strong economy, territorial gain, and success on the international stage meant it was relatively easy for him to win a second term in 1900, which he barely got a chance to enjoy before his untimely assassination. He was the last UsefulNotes/AmericanCivilWar veteran of UsefulNotes/TheAmericanCivilWar to be president (serving alongside fellow Ohioan president UsefulNotes/RutherfordBHayes) and was also the first president to be elected during an Olympic year (the year of the first modern games, 1896), to ride in an automobile, and to campaign by telephone. [=McKinley=] is on the $500 dollar bill, but these have been discontinued since 1969. His two elections saw voter turnout above 70% each time, the last time voter turnout was above the 70% mark.

Most historians consider [=McKinley=] to be an above-average President. Initially considered to be weak-willed WeakWilled and easily influenced by the general public, there is a growing opinion in the historical community that his leadership successfully helped the United States enter the international stage. The He presided over the country's taking of its first non-continental territories were won during his time in office, and he took steps to restrain European countries when they were on the verge of trying to take parts of China as colonies. Additionally, America recovered from a stinging depression and prosperity resumed. He also set the stage for the Republicans dominating the White House for the next few decades, making him easily one of the most effective party-leader Presidents. On the other hand, he is often criticized for annexing Hawaii and for his administration's actions in the Philippines. In the Philippine–American War, over 200,000 Filipinos died (most of them civilians) in an unsuccessful struggle for independence, with 5,000 Americans also dead.

He was a very kind and well-meaning man - -- after he was shot, he literally begged the people at the exposition not to form a mob and attack his assassin, and to [[BreakingBadNewsGently break the news gently gently]] to his wife. [=McKinley=] went on national speaking tours in order to stay in touch with voters and held regular press meetings. His wife, Ida, developed epilepsy after both of her daughters died as toddlers. He kept her by his side at all time in case she had a seizure.



* In an episode of ''Series/SanfordAndSon'' Fred brings a very old girlfriend to dinner, who concludes Grace with "and bless President Mckinley!"

to:

* In an episode of ''Series/SanfordAndSon'' ''Series/SanfordAndSon'', Fred brings a very old girlfriend to dinner, who concludes Grace with "and "...and bless President Mckinley!"[=McKinley=]!"

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