Follow TV Tropes

Following

History UsefulNotes / TimurTheLame

Go To



[[caption-width-right:229:The seldom-credited originator of the pimp cane.]]

to:

[[caption-width-right:229:The seldom-credited originator of the [[ClassyCane pimp cane.cane]].]]


Today, Timur's legacy, like that of many warlords and prolific conquerors, is very mixed. He is [[AHeroToHisHometown viewed more positively in Muslim Central Asia]] and is considered Uzbekistan's national hero, with his statue replacing Creator/KarlMarx's after the downfall of Communism. However, chances are he is viewed as an EvilOverlord by Arabs, Iranians, Turks and Indians because of the brutality of his conquests, and it's said his name became an ''expletive'' in some parts of the world. The [[DramaticIrony most ironic thing of all]] is that he was [[GermansLoveDavidHasselhoff relatively popular among Christians in Europe]], since the Ottoman Turks' ShockingDefeatLegacy brought immediate relief and gave them time to build their strength and prepare for future wars. Still, the very thought of Timur's army being even more numerous and dangerous than the Turks, not to mention the complete destruction of the Church of the East at his hands (not that the Roman Catholics were particularly upset about its loss since their particular doctrine was considered [[UsefulNotes/HeresiesAndHeretics heretical]] at any rate) was terrifying to grasp, which is why they sent missionaries to convince him to convert to Catholicism.[[note]]Curiously, one Spanish ambassador had mistakenly reported that Timur did this, which may explain why he was so adored by contemporary European monarchs and also further supported the "Prester John" theory regarding a legendary Christian king descended from one of the Three Wise Men that ruled over a kingdom in the FarEast lost amidst the Muslims and pagans that would help the Europeans in a crusade.[[/note]] Timur, for his part, was [[PetTheDog warm and welcoming towards the European Christians]] (the Knights of Rhodes notwithstanding[[note]]News of the sack of Syrmna did spread to Europe, but no one entertained an anti-Timurid Crusade at the time because he was the [[EnemyMine Ottomans; enemy]].[[/note]] and even then, Timur viewed them as worthy enemies like Bayezid) and regarded the [[OddFriendship Catholic King Henry III of Castile]] as "[[LikeASonToMe his very own son]]", which goes a long way in explaining why European poems, musics and operas were dedicated to him as the "Muslim Defender of Christendom". Generally speaking, while his body count is lower than Genghis Khan, who presumably killed around 40 million people and 10% of the world's population at the time, it's believed by some that his reputation of deliberate brutality was unsurpassed until the modern era and the advent of the communist and fascist regimes.

to:

Today, Timur's legacy, like that of many warlords and prolific conquerors, is very mixed. He is [[AHeroToHisHometown viewed more positively in Muslim Central Asia]] and is considered Uzbekistan's national hero, with his statue replacing Creator/KarlMarx's after the downfall of Communism. However, chances are he is viewed as an EvilOverlord by Arabs, Iranians, Turks and Indians because of the brutality of his conquests, and it's said his name became an ''expletive'' in some parts of the world. The [[DramaticIrony most ironic thing of all]] is that he was [[GermansLoveDavidHasselhoff relatively popular among Christians in Europe]], since the Ottoman Turks' ShockingDefeatLegacy brought immediate relief and gave them time to build their strength and prepare for future wars. Still, the very thought of Timur's army being even more numerous and dangerous than the Turks, not to mention the complete destruction of the Church of the East at his hands (not that the Roman Catholics were particularly upset about its loss since their particular doctrine was considered [[UsefulNotes/HeresiesAndHeretics heretical]] at any rate) was terrifying to grasp, which is why they sent missionaries to convince him to convert to Catholicism.[[note]]Curiously, one Spanish ambassador had mistakenly reported that Timur did this, which may explain why he was so adored by contemporary European monarchs and also further supported the "Prester John" theory regarding a legendary Christian king descended from one of the Three Wise Men that ruled over a kingdom in the FarEast lost amidst the Muslims and pagans that would help the Europeans in a crusade.[[/note]] Timur, for his part, was [[PetTheDog warm and welcoming towards the European Christians]] (the Knights of Rhodes notwithstanding[[note]]News of the sack of Syrmna did spread to Europe, but no one entertained an anti-Timurid Crusade at the time because he was the [[EnemyMine Ottomans; Ottomans' enemy]].[[/note]] and even then, Timur viewed them as worthy enemies like Bayezid) and regarded the [[OddFriendship Catholic King Henry III of Castile]] as "[[LikeASonToMe his very own son]]", which goes a long way in explaining why European poems, musics and operas were dedicated to him as the "Muslim Defender of Christendom". Generally speaking, while his body count is lower than Genghis Khan, who presumably killed around 40 million people and 10% of the world's population at the time, it's believed by some that his reputation of deliberate brutality was unsurpassed until the modern era and the advent of the communist and fascist regimes.


After this, Timur turned his attention to China and planned to invade it by striking an alliance with the Mongol Empire. However, while on route to his invasion, he died of an illness on February 1405 before even reaching the Chinese border. His successors never managed to complete the campaign and the [[VestigialEmpire Timurid Empire]] would slowly tear itself apart with partitions -- one could say the empire was only as good as Timur was alive. Nobody is sure why Timur didn't persist in his conquest westward; it's possible that he had no interest in pushing towards what was uncharted territory for him and, since he was already nearing the end of his life, he probably thought about returning to Asia and complete some unfinished business in an area he was familiar with. Ironically, his Ottoman enemies would recover from their defeat at Ankara with UsefulNotes/TheFallOfConstantinople and eventually becoming a caliphate in their own right by capturing Mecca and Medina, the two holiest sites on Islam. On the flipside, one of Timur's descendants Zahir-ud-din Muhammad Babur would match his ancestor by founding the Mughal Empire in India.

to:

After this, Timur turned his attention to China and planned to invade it by striking an alliance with the Mongol Empire. However, while on route to his invasion, he died of an illness on February 1405 before even reaching the Chinese border. His successors never managed to complete the campaign and the [[VestigialEmpire Timurid Empire]] would slowly tear itself apart with partitions -- one could say the empire was only as good as Timur was alive. Nobody is sure why Timur didn't persist in his conquest westward; it's possible that he had no interest in pushing towards what was uncharted territory for him and, since he was already nearing the end of his life, he probably thought about returning to Asia and complete some unfinished business in an area he was familiar with. [[note]]Specifically, completing his goal of restoring the Mongol Empire to its former glory would've required restoring the Yuan Dynasty (founded by Genghis's grandson Kublai Khan) to power in China.[[/note]] Ironically, his Ottoman enemies would recover from their defeat at Ankara with UsefulNotes/TheFallOfConstantinople and eventually becoming a caliphate in their own right by capturing Mecca and Medina, the two holiest sites on Islam. On the flipside, one of Timur's descendants Zahir-ud-din Muhammad Babur would match his ancestor by founding the Mughal Empire in India.


Much like his predecessor, Timur was also a [[GenghisGambit military genius]], a [[WickedCultured man of culture and patron of the arts]] that enjoyed the company of scholars. However, just like Genghis Khan, he was just as capable of appalling brutality upon his enemies. He was a very shrewd and charismatic politician -- he had to be due to the many disadvantages to legitimization of his rule. While he claimed to be Temujin's heir, he wasn't actually descended by blood from him and could not use the title of ''khan'' (note: Timur ''was'' a Mongol and ''was'' a member of the Borjigid, the Imperial clan of Chinggis Khaan, and therefore ''was'' indeed related to him, however, the legal criteria for claiming the title of Khaan in the post-Mongol Central Asian kingdoms was that a claimant had to be directly descended ''from'' one of Chinggis Khaan's 4 sons, which disqualified Timur as, rather than being his grandson, he was in fact the Great Khaan's 1st cousin four times removed. However, as the Timurids grew in imperial power and prestige to the point of surpassing the Chinggisids, Timur's successors would later claim the title directly anyway), and instead used the title of ''amir'' (meaning "[[TheGeneralissimo general]]") and only acquired recognition after marrying a Mongol princess as his TopWife. Likewise, Timur could not style himself as Caliph, the supreme and spiritual leader of the Islamic world, as the office was already taken by the Abbasids during that time, but Timur reacted to the challenge by [[MemeticBadass creating a legend of himself]] as an "supernatural power ordained by Allah" as earlier rulers have successfully exploited the notion that military and political success were the result of God's favor. Therefore, with Timur's successful career as a conqueror, it was easy to justify that [[DivineRightOfKings he was favored by God]] since no ordinary man -- specially a cripple like him -- could have such good fortune. At the time, he easily became [[TheDreaded the most feared man in Asia]] as he conquered everything on his path; it didn't matter if they were Christians (the brutal conquests of UsefulNotes/{{Georgia|Europe}} and UsefulNotes/{{Armenia}}, the Church of the East's destruction and crushing the [[UsefulNotes/TheKnightsHospitallers Knights of Rhodes]] at the Siege of Syrmna), Hindus (the invasion of the Delhi Sultanate) or even his fellow Muslims (the sacks of Baghdad, Aleppo, Damascus and Isfahan) -- it's generally believed that over ''17 million people'' were killed during his campaigns, which would amount to 5% of the world's population at that time. To name a few of his horrific atrocities, he supposedly built an [[NothingButSkulls pyramid from the skulls and bones]] of his victims in Baghdad and Isfahan, ordered each of his soldiers to behead two victims or else they would be beheaded for falling short of the quota and invaded India solely because their rulers were growing ''too tolerant of them''. Keep in mind that these things were engineered by a man who could not properly hold a sword, nor physically mount a war horse without assistance.

to:

Much like his predecessor, Timur was also a [[GenghisGambit military genius]], a [[WickedCultured man of culture and patron of the arts]] that enjoyed the company of scholars. However, just like Genghis Khan, he was just as capable of appalling brutality upon his enemies. He was a very shrewd and charismatic politician -- he had to be due to the many disadvantages to legitimization of his rule. While he claimed to be Temujin's heir, he wasn't actually descended by blood from him and could not use the title of ''khan'' (note: Timur ''was'' a Mongol and ''was'' a member of the Borjigid, the Imperial clan of Chinggis Khaan, and therefore ''was'' indeed related to him, however, the legal criteria for claiming the title of Khaan in the post-Mongol Central Asian kingdoms was that a claimant had to be directly descended ''from'' one of Chinggis Khaan's 4 sons, which disqualified Timur as, rather than being his grandson, he was in fact the Great Khaan's 1st cousin four times removed. However, as the Timurids grew in imperial power and prestige to the point of surpassing the Chinggisids, Timur's successors would later claim the title directly anyway), and instead used the title of ''amir'' (meaning "[[TheGeneralissimo general]]") and only acquired recognition after marrying a Mongol princess as his TopWife. Likewise, Timur could not style himself as Caliph, the supreme and spiritual leader of the Islamic world, as the office was already taken by the Abbasids during that time, but Timur reacted to the challenge by [[MemeticBadass creating a legend of himself]] as an "supernatural power ordained by Allah" as earlier rulers have successfully exploited the notion that military and political success were the result of God's favor. Therefore, with Timur's successful career as a conqueror, it was easy to justify that [[DivineRightOfKings he was favored by God]] since no ordinary man -- specially a cripple like him -- could have such good fortune. At the time, he easily became [[TheDreaded the most feared man in Asia]] as he conquered everything on his path; it didn't matter if they were Christians (the brutal conquests of UsefulNotes/{{Georgia|Europe}} and UsefulNotes/{{Armenia}}, the Church of the East's destruction and crushing the [[UsefulNotes/TheKnightsHospitallers Knights of Rhodes]] at the Siege of Syrmna), Hindus (the invasion of the Delhi Sultanate) or even his fellow Muslims (the sacks of Baghdad, Aleppo, Damascus and Isfahan) -- it's generally believed that over ''17 million people'' were killed during his campaigns, which would amount to 5% of the world's population at that time. To name a few of his horrific atrocities, he supposedly built an a [[NothingButSkulls pyramid from the skulls and bones]] of his victims in Baghdad and Isfahan, ordered each of his soldiers to behead two victims or else they would be beheaded for falling short of the quota and invaded India solely because their rulers were growing ''too tolerant of them''. Keep in mind that these things were engineered by a man who could not properly hold a sword, nor physically mount a war horse without assistance.


%%[[caption-width-right:229:some caption text]]

to:

%%[[caption-width-right:229:some caption text]][[caption-width-right:229:The seldom-credited originator of the pimp cane.]]


Although his conquests were characterized by brutality towards anyone on his path regardless of their faith, it was other Muslim nations such as the Persians, Ottomans and Mamluks that took the brunt of his violence even though he was a Muslim himself. His appalling sacks of Baghadad and Damascus made him "sworn enemy of Islam" from the Muslim leaders at the time, especially the Ottoman Sultan Bayezid I. Tensions escalated after [[OutlivingOnesOffspring one of Bayezid's sons, Ertuğrul, was killed by Timur's troops]] in Anatolia, with the Sultan and the Emperor trading {{Strongly Worded Letter}}s to each other, where the latter advised the former [[DontMakeMeDestroyYou to not antagonize him]]: "''Thou hast obtained some victories over the Christians of Europe; thy sword was blessed by the apostle of God; and thy obedience to the precept of the Koran, in waging war against the infidels, is the sole consideration that prevents us from destroying thy country, the frontier and bulwark of the Moslem world. Be wise in time; reflect; repent; and avert the thunder of our vengeance, which is yet suspended over thy head. Thou art no more than a pismire; why wilt thou seek to provoke the elephants? Alas! they will trample thee under their feet''".

Bayediz was [[PapaWolf livid]] and could barely hide it his next response: "''Know, O ravening dog named Timur (...) If I fly from thy arms, may my wives be thrice divorced from my bed: but if thou hast not courage to meet me in the field, mayest thou again receive thy wives after they have thrice endured the embraces of a stranger''". In other words, he called Timur a coward and threatened to capture him and have him ForcedToWatch as his RoyalHarem was raped before his eyes. [[BerserkButton Bad mistake]]. Timur marched 140,000 of his forces and 32 WarElephants to Ankara to meet his opponent in its fateful battle. With the Timurids outnumbering the Ottoman forces in the Çubuk plain, the Battle of Ankara turned into massacre since the [[CavalryBetrayal Tatars had deserted the Sultan in front of the crushing odds]], two of his sons were killed in combat and Bayezid himself was taken prisoner alongside his Christian wife Despina Hatun, a Serbian princess that was sent to his harem. Accounts diverge on how they were treated; some historians believe the warlord had treated them well, since he regarded the Sultan as a WorthyOpponent; legends claim that upon realizing Bayezid was blind while playing chess with him, Timur snickered that "I smile that Allah should have given the dominion of the world to a blind man like you and a lame man like me". Others claim that [[HumiliationConga Bayezid and his wife were humiliated by the warlord]], who trapped the Sultan inside a cage and [[ForcedToWatch forced him to watch]] [[GoGoEnslavement Despina serve Timur and his guests]] [[ShamefulStrip completely naked]], which was probably a way to get back at the offense Bayezid paid him; it's possible [[IHaveYouNowMyPretty Timur may have done more to Despina than just this]]. The fact is that Bayezid died in captivity one year later and his wife was returned shortly after to her brother's court. This was a turning point, as the Ottoman Empire suffered a massive blow as this was the only time in history a Sultan was captured in combat and, at that moment, it was very feared by the Europeans as victory against them had seemed impossible for the best coalition of Christian armies, and Timur succeeded against them almost effortlessly. With this victory, he became the effective leader of the Islamic world as his own empire stretched from Southern Turkey to the Xinjiang region in China.

to:

Although his conquests were characterized by brutality towards anyone on his path regardless of their faith, it was other Muslim nations such as the Persians, Ottomans and Mamluks that took the brunt of his violence even though he was a Muslim himself. His appalling sacks of Baghadad Baghdad and Damascus made him "sworn enemy of Islam" from the Muslim leaders at the time, especially the Ottoman Sultan Bayezid I. Tensions escalated after [[OutlivingOnesOffspring one of Bayezid's sons, Ertuğrul, was killed by Timur's troops]] in Anatolia, with the Sultan and the Emperor trading {{Strongly Worded Letter}}s to each other, where the latter advised the former [[DontMakeMeDestroyYou to not antagonize him]]: "''Thou hast obtained some victories over the Christians of Europe; thy sword was blessed by the apostle of God; and thy obedience to the precept of the Koran, in waging war against the infidels, is the sole consideration that prevents us from destroying thy country, the frontier and bulwark of the Moslem world. Be wise in time; reflect; repent; and avert the thunder of our vengeance, which is yet suspended over thy head. Thou art no more than a pismire; why wilt thou seek to provoke the elephants? Alas! they will trample thee under their feet''".

Bayediz was [[PapaWolf livid]] and could barely hide it his next response: "''Know, O ravening dog named Timur (...) If I fly from thy arms, may my wives be thrice divorced from my bed: but if thou hast not courage to meet me in the field, mayest thou again receive thy wives after they have thrice endured the embraces of a stranger''". In other words, he called Timur a coward and threatened to capture him and have him ForcedToWatch as his RoyalHarem was raped before his eyes. [[BerserkButton Bad mistake]]. Timur marched 140,000 of his forces and 32 WarElephants to Ankara to meet his opponent in its fateful battle. With the Timurids outnumbering the Ottoman forces in the Çubuk plain, the Battle of Ankara turned into massacre since the [[CavalryBetrayal Tatars Tartars had deserted the Sultan in front of the crushing odds]], two of his sons were killed in combat and Bayezid himself was taken prisoner alongside his Christian wife Despina Hatun, a Serbian princess that was sent to his harem. Accounts diverge on how they were treated; some historians believe the warlord had treated them well, since he regarded the Sultan as a WorthyOpponent; legends claim that upon realizing Bayezid was blind while playing chess with him, Timur snickered that "I smile that Allah should have given the dominion of the world to a blind man like you and a lame man like me". Others claim that [[HumiliationConga Bayezid and his wife were humiliated by the warlord]], who trapped the Sultan inside a cage and [[ForcedToWatch forced him to watch]] [[GoGoEnslavement Despina serve Timur and his guests]] [[ShamefulStrip completely naked]], which was probably a way to get back at the offense Bayezid paid him; it's possible [[IHaveYouNowMyPretty Timur may have done more to Despina than just this]]. The fact is that Bayezid died in captivity one year later and his wife was returned shortly after to her brother's court. This was a turning point, as the Ottoman Empire suffered a massive blow as this was the only time in history a Sultan was captured in combat and, at that moment, it was very feared by the Europeans as victory against them had seemed impossible for the best coalition of Christian armies, and Timur succeeded against them almost effortlessly. With this victory, he became the effective leader of the Islamic world as his own empire stretched from Southern Turkey to the Xinjiang region in China.


Also known as '''Tamerlane''', Timur was an Turkic-Mongol warlord and one of the last great conquerors from Central Asia. Born on April 8, 1336 in the Chagatai Khanate (which was partially comprised of what is modern-day Uzbekistan), he envisioned himself to be an heir of UsefulNotes/GenghisKhan and restorer of the Mongol Empire. Its believed that around his teenage years or during his time as mercenary, he was shot with arrows in the leg and hands, losing two of his fingers and becoming crippled for life earning his "Lame" nickname. That [[HandicappedBadass did not stop him in the slightest from becoming a fearsome warlord]]. Timur was an [[UsefulNotes/{{Islam}} Muslim]] generally believed to be a Sufi who not only relied on Islamic symbols to legitimize his conquest referring to himself as TheScourgeOfGod, but used his Mongolian heritage to justify his campaigns as reclaiming their land taken by usurpers. By rallying a multi-ethnic army and slowly taking control of the surrounding areas, he [[FounderOfTheKingdom established the Timurid Empire in 1370]].

Much like his predecessor, Timur was also an [[GenghisGambit military genius]], a [[WickedCultured man of culture and patron of the arts]] that enjoyed the company of scholars. However, just like Genghis Khan, he was just as capable of appalling brutality upon his enemies. He was a very shrewd and charismatic politician -- he had to be due to the many disadvantages to legitimazion of his rule. While he claimed to be Temujin's heir, he wasn't actually descended by blood from him and could not use the title of ''khan'' (note: Timur ''was'' a Mongol and ''was'' a member of the Borjigid, the Imperial clan of Chinggis Khaan, and therefore ''was'' indeed related to him, however, the legal criteria for claiming the title of Khaan in the post-Mongol Central Asian kingdoms was that a claimant had to be directly descended ''from'' one of Chinggis Khaan's 4 sons, which disqualified Timur as, rather than being his grandson, he was in fact the Great Khaan's 1st cousin four times removed. However, as the Timurids grew in imperial power and prestige to the point of surpassing the Chinggisids, Timur's successors would later claim the title directly anyway), and instead used the title of ''amir'' (meaning "[[TheGeneralissimo general]]") and only acquired recognition after marrying a Mongol princess as his TopWife. Likewise, Timur could not style himself as Caliph, the supreme and spiritual leader of the Islamic world, as the office was already taken by the Abbasids during that time, but Timur reacted to the challenge by [[MemeticBadass creating a legend of himself]] as an "supernatural power ordained by Allah" as earlier rulers have successfully exploited the notion that military and political success were the result of God's favor. Therefore, with Timur's successful career as a conqueror, it was easy to justify [[DivineRightOfKings he was favored by God]] since no ordinary man -- specially a cripple like him -- could have such good fortune. At the time, he easily became [[TheDreaded the most feared man in Asia]] as he conquered everything on his path; it didn't matter if they were Christians (the brutal conquests of UsefulNotes/{{Georgia|Europe}} and UsefulNotes/{{Armenia}}, the Church of the East's destruction and crushing the [[UsefulNotes/TheKnightsHospitallers Knights of Rhodes]] at the Siege of Syrmna), Hindus (the invasion of the Delhi Sultanate) or even his fellow Muslims (the sacks of Baghdad, Aleppo, Damascus and Isfahan) -- it's generally believed that over ''17 million people'' were killed during his campaigns, which would amount to 5% of the world's population at that time. To name a few of his horrific atrocities, he supposedly built an [[NothingButSkulls pyramid from the skulls and bones]] of his victims in Baghdad and Isfahan, ordered each of his soldiers to behead two victims or else they would be beheaded for falling short of the quota and invaded India solely because their rulers were growing ''too tolerant of them''. Keep in mind that these things were engineered by a man who could not properly hold a sword, nor physically mount a war horse without assistance.

Although his conquests were characterized by brutality towards anyone on his path regardless of their faith, it was other Muslim nations such as the Persians, Ottomans and Mamluks that took the brunt of his violence even though he was a Muslim himself. His appalling sacks of Baghadad and Damascus made him "sworn enemy of Islam" from the Muslim leaders at the time, especially the Ottoman Sultan Bayezid I. Tensions escalated after [[OutlivingOnesOffspring one of Bayezid's sons Ertuğrul was killed by Timur's troops]] in Anatolia, with the Sultan and the Emperor trading {{Strongly Worded Letter}}s to each other, where the latter advised the former [[DontMakeMeDestroyYou to not antagonize him]]: "''Thou hast obtained some victories over the Christians of Europe; thy sword was blessed by the apostle of God; and thy obedience to the precept of the Koran, in waging war against the infidels, is the sole consideration that prevents us from destroying thy country, the frontier and bulwark of the Moslem world. Be wise in time; reflect; repent; and avert the thunder of our vengeance, which is yet suspended over thy head. Thou art no more than a pismire; why wilt thou seek to provoke the elephants? Alas! they will trample thee under their feet''".

Bayediz was [[PapaWolf livid]] and could barely hide it his next response: "''Know, O ravening dog named Timur (...) If I fly from thy arms, may my wives be thrice divorced from my bed: but if thou hast not courage to meet me in the field, mayest thou again receive thy wives after they have thrice endured the embraces of a stranger''". In other words, he called Timur a coward and threatened to capture him and have him ForcedToWatch as his RoyalHarem was raped before his eyes. [[BerserkButton Bad mistake]]. Timur marched 140,000 of his forces and 32 WarElephants to Ankara to meet his opponent in its fateful battle. With the Timurids outnumbering the Ottoman forces in the Çubuk plain, the Battle of Ankara turned into massacre since the [[CavalryBetrayal Tatars had deserted the Sultan in front of the crushing odds]], two of his sons were killed in combat and Bayezid himself was taken prisoner alongside his Christian wife Despina Hatun, a Serbian princess that was sent to his harem. Accounts diverge on how they were treated; some historians believe the warlord had treated them well, since he regarded the Sultan as a WorthyOpponent; legends claim that upon realizing Bayezid was blind while playing chess with him, Timur snickered that "I smile that Allah should have given the dominion of the world to a blind man like you and a lame man like me". Others claim that [[HumiliationConga Bayezid and his wife were humiliated by the warlord]], who trapped the Sultan inside a cage and [[ForcedToWatch forced him to watch]] [[GoGoEnslavement Despina serve Timur and his guests]] [[ShamefulStrip completely naked]], which was probably an way to get back at the offense Bayezid payed him; it's possible [[IHaveYouNowMyPretty Timur may have done more to Despina than just this]]. The fact is that Bayezid died in captivity one year later and his wife was returned shortly after to her brother's court. This was a turning point, as the Ottoman Empire suffered an massive blow as this was the only time in history an Sultan was captured in combat and, at that moment, it was very feared by the Europeans as victory against them had seemed impossible for the best coalition of Christian armies, and Timur succeeded against them almost effortlessly. With this victory, he became the effective leader of the Islamic world as his own empire stretched from Southern Turkey to the Xinjiang region in China.

After this, Timur turned his attention to China and planned to invade it by striking an alliance with the Mongol Empire. However, while on route to his invasion, he died of an illness on February 1405 before even reaching the Chinese border. His successors never managed to complete the campaign and the [[VestigialEmpire Timurid Empire]] would slowly tear itself apart with partitions -- one could say the empire was only as good as Timur was alive. Nobody is sure why Timur didn't persist his conquest westward; it's possible that he had no interest in pushing towards what was uncharted territory for him and, since he was already nearing the end of his life, he probably thought about returning to Asia and complete some unfinished business in an area he was familiar with. Ironically, his Ottoman enemies would recover from their defeat at Ankara with UsefulNotes/TheFallOfConstantinople and eventually becoming a caliphate in their own right by capturing Mecca and Medina, the two holiest sites on Islam. On the flipside, one of Timur's descendants Zahir-ud-din Muhammad Babur would match his ancestor by founding the Mughal Empire in India.

One would expected that would be the end of the story, but fast-forward to UsefulNotes/WorldWarII in 1941, when Soviet scientists were sent on a expedition to Uzbekistan to search for Timur's tomb. They found it and it's said that -- allegedly -- there were two inscriptions on it: "When I rise, the world will tremble" and "Whomsoever opens my tomb shall unleash an invader more terrible than I". Well, three days afterwards UsefulNotes/AdolfHitler launched Operation Barbarossa and attacked the Soviet Union, which was considered the largest invasion of all time and made the Soviets endure the largest number of casualties than any side in the conflict. It was only after Timur's remains were reburied with full Islamic rituals that the Soviets won the Battle of Stalingrad, the bloodiest battle in history and turned the tide of the war against the Nazis. Due to the string of coincidences between these events, many superstitious folks attribute Timur's curse for changing the course of history.

Today, Timur's legacy, like that of many warlords and prolific conquerors, is very mixed. He is [[AHeroToHisHometown viewed more positively in Muslim Central Asia]] and is considered Uzbekistan's national hero, with his statue replacing Creator/KarlMarx's after the downfall of Communism. However, chances are he is viewed as an EvilOverlord by Arabs, Iranians, Turks and Indians because of the brutality of his conquests, and it's said his name became an ''expletive'' in some parts of the world. The [[DramaticIrony most ironic thing of all]] is that he was [[GermansLoveDavidHasselhoff relatively popular among Christians in Europe]], since the Ottoman Turks' ShockingDefeatLegacy brought immediate relief and gave them time to build their strength and prepare for future wars. Still, the very thought of Timur's army being even more numerous and dangerous than the Turks, not to mention the complete destruction of the Church of the East at his hands (not that the Roman Catholics were particularly upset about its loss since their particular doctrine was considered [[UsefulNotes/HeresiesAndHeretics heretical]] at any rate) was terrifying to grasp, which is why they sent missionaries to convince him to convert to Catholicism [[note]]curiously, one Spanish ambassador had mistakenly reported that Timur did this, which may explain why he was so adored by contemporary European monarchs and also further supported the "Prester John" theory regarding an legendary Christian king descended from one of the Three Wise Men that ruled over a kingdom in the FarEast lost amidst the Muslims and pagans that would help the Europeans in a crusade[[/note]]. Timur, for his part, was [[PetTheDog warm and welcoming towards the European Christians]] (the Knights of Rhodes notwithstanding[[note]]news of the sack of Syrmna did spread to Europe, but no one entertained an anti-Timurid Crusade at the time because he was the [[EnemyMine Ottomans; enemy]][[/note]] and even then, Timur viewed them as worthy enemies like Bayezid) and regarded the [[OddFriendship Catholic King Henry III of Castile]] as "[[LikeASonToMe his very own son]]", which goes a long way explaining why European poems, musics and operas were dedicated to him as the "Muslim Defender of Christendom". Generally speaking, while his bodycount is lower than Genghis Khan, who presumably killed around 40 million people and 10% of the world's population at the time, it's believed by some that his reputation of deliberate brutality was unsurpassed until the modern era and the advent of the communist and fascist regimes.

to:

Also known as '''Tamerlane''', Timur was an Turkic-Mongol warlord and one of the last great conquerors from Central Asia. Born on April 8, 1336 in the Chagatai Khanate (which was partially comprised of what is modern-day Uzbekistan), he envisioned himself to be an heir of UsefulNotes/GenghisKhan and restorer of the Mongol Empire. Its believed that around his teenage years or during his time as mercenary, he was shot with arrows in the leg and hands, losing two of his fingers and becoming crippled for life life, earning his "Lame" nickname. That [[HandicappedBadass did not stop him in the slightest from becoming a fearsome warlord]]. Timur was an a [[UsefulNotes/{{Islam}} Muslim]] generally believed to be a Sufi who not only relied on Islamic symbols to legitimize his conquest conquest, referring to himself as TheScourgeOfGod, but used his Mongolian heritage to justify his campaigns as reclaiming their land taken by usurpers. By rallying a multi-ethnic army and slowly taking control of the surrounding areas, he [[FounderOfTheKingdom established the Timurid Empire in 1370]].

Much like his predecessor, Timur was also an a [[GenghisGambit military genius]], a [[WickedCultured man of culture and patron of the arts]] that enjoyed the company of scholars. However, just like Genghis Khan, he was just as capable of appalling brutality upon his enemies. He was a very shrewd and charismatic politician -- he had to be due to the many disadvantages to legitimazion legitimization of his rule. While he claimed to be Temujin's heir, he wasn't actually descended by blood from him and could not use the title of ''khan'' (note: Timur ''was'' a Mongol and ''was'' a member of the Borjigid, the Imperial clan of Chinggis Khaan, and therefore ''was'' indeed related to him, however, the legal criteria for claiming the title of Khaan in the post-Mongol Central Asian kingdoms was that a claimant had to be directly descended ''from'' one of Chinggis Khaan's 4 sons, which disqualified Timur as, rather than being his grandson, he was in fact the Great Khaan's 1st cousin four times removed. However, as the Timurids grew in imperial power and prestige to the point of surpassing the Chinggisids, Timur's successors would later claim the title directly anyway), and instead used the title of ''amir'' (meaning "[[TheGeneralissimo general]]") and only acquired recognition after marrying a Mongol princess as his TopWife. Likewise, Timur could not style himself as Caliph, the supreme and spiritual leader of the Islamic world, as the office was already taken by the Abbasids during that time, but Timur reacted to the challenge by [[MemeticBadass creating a legend of himself]] as an "supernatural power ordained by Allah" as earlier rulers have successfully exploited the notion that military and political success were the result of God's favor. Therefore, with Timur's successful career as a conqueror, it was easy to justify that [[DivineRightOfKings he was favored by God]] since no ordinary man -- specially a cripple like him -- could have such good fortune. At the time, he easily became [[TheDreaded the most feared man in Asia]] as he conquered everything on his path; it didn't matter if they were Christians (the brutal conquests of UsefulNotes/{{Georgia|Europe}} and UsefulNotes/{{Armenia}}, the Church of the East's destruction and crushing the [[UsefulNotes/TheKnightsHospitallers Knights of Rhodes]] at the Siege of Syrmna), Hindus (the invasion of the Delhi Sultanate) or even his fellow Muslims (the sacks of Baghdad, Aleppo, Damascus and Isfahan) -- it's generally believed that over ''17 million people'' were killed during his campaigns, which would amount to 5% of the world's population at that time. To name a few of his horrific atrocities, he supposedly built an [[NothingButSkulls pyramid from the skulls and bones]] of his victims in Baghdad and Isfahan, ordered each of his soldiers to behead two victims or else they would be beheaded for falling short of the quota and invaded India solely because their rulers were growing ''too tolerant of them''. Keep in mind that these things were engineered by a man who could not properly hold a sword, nor physically mount a war horse without assistance.

Although his conquests were characterized by brutality towards anyone on his path regardless of their faith, it was other Muslim nations such as the Persians, Ottomans and Mamluks that took the brunt of his violence even though he was a Muslim himself. His appalling sacks of Baghadad and Damascus made him "sworn enemy of Islam" from the Muslim leaders at the time, especially the Ottoman Sultan Bayezid I. Tensions escalated after [[OutlivingOnesOffspring one of Bayezid's sons Ertuğrul sons, Ertuğrul, was killed by Timur's troops]] in Anatolia, with the Sultan and the Emperor trading {{Strongly Worded Letter}}s to each other, where the latter advised the former [[DontMakeMeDestroyYou to not antagonize him]]: "''Thou hast obtained some victories over the Christians of Europe; thy sword was blessed by the apostle of God; and thy obedience to the precept of the Koran, in waging war against the infidels, is the sole consideration that prevents us from destroying thy country, the frontier and bulwark of the Moslem world. Be wise in time; reflect; repent; and avert the thunder of our vengeance, which is yet suspended over thy head. Thou art no more than a pismire; why wilt thou seek to provoke the elephants? Alas! they will trample thee under their feet''".

Bayediz was [[PapaWolf livid]] and could barely hide it his next response: "''Know, O ravening dog named Timur (...) If I fly from thy arms, may my wives be thrice divorced from my bed: but if thou hast not courage to meet me in the field, mayest thou again receive thy wives after they have thrice endured the embraces of a stranger''". In other words, he called Timur a coward and threatened to capture him and have him ForcedToWatch as his RoyalHarem was raped before his eyes. [[BerserkButton Bad mistake]]. Timur marched 140,000 of his forces and 32 WarElephants to Ankara to meet his opponent in its fateful battle. With the Timurids outnumbering the Ottoman forces in the Çubuk plain, the Battle of Ankara turned into massacre since the [[CavalryBetrayal Tatars had deserted the Sultan in front of the crushing odds]], two of his sons were killed in combat and Bayezid himself was taken prisoner alongside his Christian wife Despina Hatun, a Serbian princess that was sent to his harem. Accounts diverge on how they were treated; some historians believe the warlord had treated them well, since he regarded the Sultan as a WorthyOpponent; legends claim that upon realizing Bayezid was blind while playing chess with him, Timur snickered that "I smile that Allah should have given the dominion of the world to a blind man like you and a lame man like me". Others claim that [[HumiliationConga Bayezid and his wife were humiliated by the warlord]], who trapped the Sultan inside a cage and [[ForcedToWatch forced him to watch]] [[GoGoEnslavement Despina serve Timur and his guests]] [[ShamefulStrip completely naked]], which was probably an a way to get back at the offense Bayezid payed paid him; it's possible [[IHaveYouNowMyPretty Timur may have done more to Despina than just this]]. The fact is that Bayezid died in captivity one year later and his wife was returned shortly after to her brother's court. This was a turning point, as the Ottoman Empire suffered an a massive blow as this was the only time in history an a Sultan was captured in combat and, at that moment, it was very feared by the Europeans as victory against them had seemed impossible for the best coalition of Christian armies, and Timur succeeded against them almost effortlessly. With this victory, he became the effective leader of the Islamic world as his own empire stretched from Southern Turkey to the Xinjiang region in China.

After this, Timur turned his attention to China and planned to invade it by striking an alliance with the Mongol Empire. However, while on route to his invasion, he died of an illness on February 1405 before even reaching the Chinese border. His successors never managed to complete the campaign and the [[VestigialEmpire Timurid Empire]] would slowly tear itself apart with partitions -- one could say the empire was only as good as Timur was alive. Nobody is sure why Timur didn't persist in his conquest westward; it's possible that he had no interest in pushing towards what was uncharted territory for him and, since he was already nearing the end of his life, he probably thought about returning to Asia and complete some unfinished business in an area he was familiar with. Ironically, his Ottoman enemies would recover from their defeat at Ankara with UsefulNotes/TheFallOfConstantinople and eventually becoming a caliphate in their own right by capturing Mecca and Medina, the two holiest sites on Islam. On the flipside, one of Timur's descendants Zahir-ud-din Muhammad Babur would match his ancestor by founding the Mughal Empire in India.

One would have expected that would be the end of the story, but fast-forward to UsefulNotes/WorldWarII in 1941, when Soviet scientists were sent on a an expedition to Uzbekistan to search for Timur's tomb. They found it and it's said that -- allegedly -- there were two inscriptions on it: "When I rise, the world will tremble" and "Whomsoever opens my tomb shall unleash an invader more terrible than I". Well, three days afterwards UsefulNotes/AdolfHitler launched Operation Barbarossa and attacked the Soviet Union, which was considered the largest invasion of all time and made the Soviets endure the largest number of casualties than any side in the conflict. It was only after Timur's remains were reburied with full Islamic rituals that the Soviets won the Battle of Stalingrad, the bloodiest battle in history and turned the tide of the war against the Nazis. Due to the string of coincidences between these events, many superstitious folks attribute Timur's curse for with changing the course of history.

Today, Timur's legacy, like that of many warlords and prolific conquerors, is very mixed. He is [[AHeroToHisHometown viewed more positively in Muslim Central Asia]] and is considered Uzbekistan's national hero, with his statue replacing Creator/KarlMarx's after the downfall of Communism. However, chances are he is viewed as an EvilOverlord by Arabs, Iranians, Turks and Indians because of the brutality of his conquests, and it's said his name became an ''expletive'' in some parts of the world. The [[DramaticIrony most ironic thing of all]] is that he was [[GermansLoveDavidHasselhoff relatively popular among Christians in Europe]], since the Ottoman Turks' ShockingDefeatLegacy brought immediate relief and gave them time to build their strength and prepare for future wars. Still, the very thought of Timur's army being even more numerous and dangerous than the Turks, not to mention the complete destruction of the Church of the East at his hands (not that the Roman Catholics were particularly upset about its loss since their particular doctrine was considered [[UsefulNotes/HeresiesAndHeretics heretical]] at any rate) was terrifying to grasp, which is why they sent missionaries to convince him to convert to Catholicism [[note]]curiously, Catholicism.[[note]]Curiously, one Spanish ambassador had mistakenly reported that Timur did this, which may explain why he was so adored by contemporary European monarchs and also further supported the "Prester John" theory regarding an a legendary Christian king descended from one of the Three Wise Men that ruled over a kingdom in the FarEast lost amidst the Muslims and pagans that would help the Europeans in a crusade[[/note]]. crusade.[[/note]] Timur, for his part, was [[PetTheDog warm and welcoming towards the European Christians]] (the Knights of Rhodes notwithstanding[[note]]news notwithstanding[[note]]News of the sack of Syrmna did spread to Europe, but no one entertained an anti-Timurid Crusade at the time because he was the [[EnemyMine Ottomans; enemy]][[/note]] enemy]].[[/note]] and even then, Timur viewed them as worthy enemies like Bayezid) and regarded the [[OddFriendship Catholic King Henry III of Castile]] as "[[LikeASonToMe his very own son]]", which goes a long way in explaining why European poems, musics and operas were dedicated to him as the "Muslim Defender of Christendom". Generally speaking, while his bodycount body count is lower than Genghis Khan, who presumably killed around 40 million people and 10% of the world's population at the time, it's believed by some that his reputation of deliberate brutality was unsurpassed until the modern era and the advent of the communist and fascist regimes.


* ''Theatre/{{Turandot}}'': He is depicted as the blind and deposed King of Tartary and [[TheHero Calaf's]] father.
* ''Tamerlane'', a fictionalized poem written by Creator/EdgarAllanPoe.
* ''Theatre/{{Tamburlaine}}'', a theater play written by Creator/ChristopherMarlowe.

to:

* ''Theatre/{{Turandot}}'': He is depicted as ''VideoGame/AgeOfEmpiresII: Definitive Edition'' features an entire campaign around his conquests, from his beginnings in Transoxiana to the blind and deposed King Battle of Tartary and [[TheHero Calaf's]] father.
* ''Tamerlane'', a fictionalized poem written by Creator/EdgarAllanPoe.
* ''Theatre/{{Tamburlaine}}'', a theater play written by Creator/ChristopherMarlowe.
Ankara.


Added DiffLines:

* ''Theatre/{{Tamburlaine}}'', a theater play written by Creator/ChristopherMarlowe.
* ''Tamerlane'', a fictionalized poem written by Creator/EdgarAllanPoe.
* ''Theatre/{{Turandot}}'': He is depicted as the blind and deposed King of Tartary and [[TheHero Calaf's]] father.


Much like his predecessor, Timur was also an [[GenghisGambit military genius]], a [[WickedCultured man of culture and patron of the arts]] that enjoyed the company of scholars. However, just like Genghis Khan, he was just as capable of appalling brutality upon his enemies. He was a very shrewd and charismatic politician -- he had to be due to the many disadvantages to legitimazion of his rule. While he claimed to be Temujin's heir, he wasn't actually descended by blood from him and could not use the title of ''khan''(note: Timur ''was'' a Mongol and ''was'' a member of the Borjigid, the Imperial clan of Chinggis Khaan, and therefore ''was'' indeed related to him, however, the legal criteria for claiming the title of Khaan in the post-Mongol Central Asian kingdoms was that a claimant had to be directly descended ''from'' one of Chinggis Khaan's 4 sons, which disqualified Timur as, rather than being his grandson, he was in fact the Great Khaan's 1st cousin four times removed. However, as the Timurids grew in imperial power and prestige to the point of surpassing the Chinggisids, Timur's successors would later claim the title directly anyway), and instead used the title of ''amir'' (meaning "[[TheGeneralissimo general]]") and only acquired recognition after marrying a Mongol princess as his TopWife. Likewise, Timur could not style himself as Caliph, the supreme and spiritual leader of the Islamic world, as the office was already taken by the Abbasids during that time, but Timur reacted to the challenge by [[MemeticBadass creating a legend of himself]] as an "supernatural power ordained by Allah" as earlier rulers have successfully exploited the notion that military and political success were the result of God's favor. Therefore, with Timur's successful career as a conqueror, it was easy to justify [[DivineRightOfKings he was favored by God]] since no ordinary man -- specially a cripple like him -- could have such good fortune. At the time, he easily became [[TheDreaded the most feared man in Asia]] as he conquered everything on his path; it didn't matter if they were Christians (the brutal conquests of UsefulNotes/{{Georgia|Europe}} and UsefulNotes/{{Armenia}}, the Church of the East's destruction and crushing the [[UsefulNotes/TheKnightsHospitallers Knights of Rhodes]] at the Siege of Syrmna), Hindus (the invasion of the Delhi Sultanate) or even his fellow Muslims (the sacks of Baghdad, Aleppo, Damascus and Isfahan) -- it's generally believed that over ''17 million people'' were killed during his campaigns, which would amount to 5% of the world's population at that time. To name a few of his horrific atrocities, he supposedly built an [[NothingButSkulls pyramid from the skulls and bones]] of his victims in Baghdad and Isfahan, ordered each of his soldiers to behead two victims or else they would be beheaded for falling short of the quota and invaded India solely because their rulers were growing ''too tolerant of them''. Keep in mind that these things were engineered by a man who could not properly hold a sword, nor physically mount a war horse without assistance.

to:

Much like his predecessor, Timur was also an [[GenghisGambit military genius]], a [[WickedCultured man of culture and patron of the arts]] that enjoyed the company of scholars. However, just like Genghis Khan, he was just as capable of appalling brutality upon his enemies. He was a very shrewd and charismatic politician -- he had to be due to the many disadvantages to legitimazion of his rule. While he claimed to be Temujin's heir, he wasn't actually descended by blood from him and could not use the title of ''khan''(note: ''khan'' (note: Timur ''was'' a Mongol and ''was'' a member of the Borjigid, the Imperial clan of Chinggis Khaan, and therefore ''was'' indeed related to him, however, the legal criteria for claiming the title of Khaan in the post-Mongol Central Asian kingdoms was that a claimant had to be directly descended ''from'' one of Chinggis Khaan's 4 sons, which disqualified Timur as, rather than being his grandson, he was in fact the Great Khaan's 1st cousin four times removed. However, as the Timurids grew in imperial power and prestige to the point of surpassing the Chinggisids, Timur's successors would later claim the title directly anyway), and instead used the title of ''amir'' (meaning "[[TheGeneralissimo general]]") and only acquired recognition after marrying a Mongol princess as his TopWife. Likewise, Timur could not style himself as Caliph, the supreme and spiritual leader of the Islamic world, as the office was already taken by the Abbasids during that time, but Timur reacted to the challenge by [[MemeticBadass creating a legend of himself]] as an "supernatural power ordained by Allah" as earlier rulers have successfully exploited the notion that military and political success were the result of God's favor. Therefore, with Timur's successful career as a conqueror, it was easy to justify [[DivineRightOfKings he was favored by God]] since no ordinary man -- specially a cripple like him -- could have such good fortune. At the time, he easily became [[TheDreaded the most feared man in Asia]] as he conquered everything on his path; it didn't matter if they were Christians (the brutal conquests of UsefulNotes/{{Georgia|Europe}} and UsefulNotes/{{Armenia}}, the Church of the East's destruction and crushing the [[UsefulNotes/TheKnightsHospitallers Knights of Rhodes]] at the Siege of Syrmna), Hindus (the invasion of the Delhi Sultanate) or even his fellow Muslims (the sacks of Baghdad, Aleppo, Damascus and Isfahan) -- it's generally believed that over ''17 million people'' were killed during his campaigns, which would amount to 5% of the world's population at that time. To name a few of his horrific atrocities, he supposedly built an [[NothingButSkulls pyramid from the skulls and bones]] of his victims in Baghdad and Isfahan, ordered each of his soldiers to behead two victims or else they would be beheaded for falling short of the quota and invaded India solely because their rulers were growing ''too tolerant of them''. Keep in mind that these things were engineered by a man who could not properly hold a sword, nor physically mount a war horse without assistance.


Also known as '''Tamerlane''', Timur was an Turkic-Mongol warlord and one of the last great conquerors from Central Asia. Born on April 8, 1336 in the Chagatai Khanate (which was partially comprised of by what is today modern-day Uzbekistan), he envisioned himself to be an heir of UsefulNotes/GenghisKhan and restorer of the Mongol Empire. Its believed that around his teenage years or during his time as mercenary, he was shot with arrows in the leg and hands, losing two of his fingers and becoming crippled for life earning his "Lame" nickname. That [[HandicappedBadass did not stop him in the slightest from becoming a fearsome warlord]]. Timur was an [[UsefulNotes/{{Islam}} Muslim]] generally believed to be a Sufi who not only relied on Islamic symbols to legitimize his conquest referring to himself as TheScourgeOfGod, but used his Mongolian heritage to justify his campaigns as reclaiming their land taken by usurpers. By rallying a multi-ethnic army and slowly taking control of the surrounding areas, he [[FounderOfTheKingdom established the Timurid Empire in 1370]].

to:

Also known as '''Tamerlane''', Timur was an Turkic-Mongol warlord and one of the last great conquerors from Central Asia. Born on April 8, 1336 in the Chagatai Khanate (which was partially comprised of by what is today modern-day Uzbekistan), he envisioned himself to be an heir of UsefulNotes/GenghisKhan and restorer of the Mongol Empire. Its believed that around his teenage years or during his time as mercenary, he was shot with arrows in the leg and hands, losing two of his fingers and becoming crippled for life earning his "Lame" nickname. That [[HandicappedBadass did not stop him in the slightest from becoming a fearsome warlord]]. Timur was an [[UsefulNotes/{{Islam}} Muslim]] generally believed to be a Sufi who not only relied on Islamic symbols to legitimize his conquest referring to himself as TheScourgeOfGod, but used his Mongolian heritage to justify his campaigns as reclaiming their land taken by usurpers. By rallying a multi-ethnic army and slowly taking control of the surrounding areas, he [[FounderOfTheKingdom established the Timurid Empire in 1370]].


Also known as '''Tamerlane''', Timur was an Turkic-Mongol warlord and one of the last great conquerors from Central Asia. Born on April 8, 1336 in the Chagatai Khanate (modern day Uzbekistan), he envisioned himself to be an heir of UsefulNotes/GenghisKhan and restorer of the Mongol Empire. Its believed that around his teenage years or during his time as mercenary, he was shot with arrows in the leg and hands, losing two of his fingers and becoming crippled for life earning his "Lame" nickname. That [[HandicappedBadass did not stop him in the slightest from becoming a fearsome warlord]]. Timur was an [[UsefulNotes/{{Islam}} Muslim]] generally believed to be a Sufi who not only relied on Islamic symbols to legitimize his conquest referring to himself as TheScourgeOfGod, but used his Mongolian heritage to justify his campaigns as reclaiming their land taken by usurpers. By rallying a multi-ethnic army and slowly taking control of the surrounding areas, he [[FounderOfTheKingdom established the Timurid Empire in 1370]].

Much like his predecessor, Timur was also an [[GenghisGambit military genius]], a [[WickedCultured man of culture and patron of the arts]] that enjoyed the company of scholars. However, just like Genghis Khan, he was just as capable of appalling brutality upon his enemies. He was a very shrewd and charismatic politician -- he had to be due to the many disadvantages to legitimazion of his rule. While he claimed to be Temujin's heir, he wasn't actually descended by blood from him and could not use the title of ''khan'', and instead used the title of ''amir'' (meaning "[[TheGeneralissimo general]]") and only acquired recognition after marrying a Mongol princess as his TopWife. Likewise, Timur could not style himself as Caliph, the supreme and spiritual leader of the Islamic world, as the office was already taken by the Abbasids during that time, but Timur reacted to the challenge by [[MemeticBadass creating a legend of himself]] as an "supernatural power ordained by Allah" as earlier rulers have successfully exploited the notion that military and political success were the result of God's favor. Therefore, with Timur's successful career as a conqueror, it was easy to justify [[DivineRightOfKings he was favored by God]] since no ordinary man -- specially a cripple like him -- could have such good fortune. At the time, he easily became [[TheDreaded the most feared man in Asia]] as he conquered everything on his path; it didn't matter if they were Christians (the brutal conquests of UsefulNotes/{{Georgia|Europe}} and UsefulNotes/{{Armenia}}, the Church of the East's destruction and crushing the [[UsefulNotes/TheKnightsHospitallers Knights of Rhodes]] at the Siege of Syrmna), Hindus (the invasion of the Delhi Sultanate) or even his fellow Muslims (the sacks of Baghdad, Aleppo, Damascus and Isfahan) -- it's generally believed that over ''17 million people'' were killed during his campaigns, which would amount to 5% of the world's population at that time. To name a few of his horrific atrocities, he supposedly built an [[NothingButSkulls pyramid from the skulls and bones]] of his victims in Baghdad and Isfahan, ordered each of his soldiers to behead two victims or else they would be beheaded for falling short of the quota and invaded India solely because their rulers were growing ''too tolerant of them''. Keep in mind that these things were engineered by a man who could not properly hold a sword, nor physically mount a war horse without assistance.

to:

Also known as '''Tamerlane''', Timur was an Turkic-Mongol warlord and one of the last great conquerors from Central Asia. Born on April 8, 1336 in the Chagatai Khanate (modern day (which was partially comprised of by what is today modern-day Uzbekistan), he envisioned himself to be an heir of UsefulNotes/GenghisKhan and restorer of the Mongol Empire. Its believed that around his teenage years or during his time as mercenary, he was shot with arrows in the leg and hands, losing two of his fingers and becoming crippled for life earning his "Lame" nickname. That [[HandicappedBadass did not stop him in the slightest from becoming a fearsome warlord]]. Timur was an [[UsefulNotes/{{Islam}} Muslim]] generally believed to be a Sufi who not only relied on Islamic symbols to legitimize his conquest referring to himself as TheScourgeOfGod, but used his Mongolian heritage to justify his campaigns as reclaiming their land taken by usurpers. By rallying a multi-ethnic army and slowly taking control of the surrounding areas, he [[FounderOfTheKingdom established the Timurid Empire in 1370]].

Much like his predecessor, Timur was also an [[GenghisGambit military genius]], a [[WickedCultured man of culture and patron of the arts]] that enjoyed the company of scholars. However, just like Genghis Khan, he was just as capable of appalling brutality upon his enemies. He was a very shrewd and charismatic politician -- he had to be due to the many disadvantages to legitimazion of his rule. While he claimed to be Temujin's heir, he wasn't actually descended by blood from him and could not use the title of ''khan'', ''khan''(note: Timur ''was'' a Mongol and ''was'' a member of the Borjigid, the Imperial clan of Chinggis Khaan, and therefore ''was'' indeed related to him, however, the legal criteria for claiming the title of Khaan in the post-Mongol Central Asian kingdoms was that a claimant had to be directly descended ''from'' one of Chinggis Khaan's 4 sons, which disqualified Timur as, rather than being his grandson, he was in fact the Great Khaan's 1st cousin four times removed. However, as the Timurids grew in imperial power and prestige to the point of surpassing the Chinggisids, Timur's successors would later claim the title directly anyway), and instead used the title of ''amir'' (meaning "[[TheGeneralissimo general]]") and only acquired recognition after marrying a Mongol princess as his TopWife. Likewise, Timur could not style himself as Caliph, the supreme and spiritual leader of the Islamic world, as the office was already taken by the Abbasids during that time, but Timur reacted to the challenge by [[MemeticBadass creating a legend of himself]] as an "supernatural power ordained by Allah" as earlier rulers have successfully exploited the notion that military and political success were the result of God's favor. Therefore, with Timur's successful career as a conqueror, it was easy to justify [[DivineRightOfKings he was favored by God]] since no ordinary man -- specially a cripple like him -- could have such good fortune. At the time, he easily became [[TheDreaded the most feared man in Asia]] as he conquered everything on his path; it didn't matter if they were Christians (the brutal conquests of UsefulNotes/{{Georgia|Europe}} and UsefulNotes/{{Armenia}}, the Church of the East's destruction and crushing the [[UsefulNotes/TheKnightsHospitallers Knights of Rhodes]] at the Siege of Syrmna), Hindus (the invasion of the Delhi Sultanate) or even his fellow Muslims (the sacks of Baghdad, Aleppo, Damascus and Isfahan) -- it's generally believed that over ''17 million people'' were killed during his campaigns, which would amount to 5% of the world's population at that time. To name a few of his horrific atrocities, he supposedly built an [[NothingButSkulls pyramid from the skulls and bones]] of his victims in Baghdad and Isfahan, ordered each of his soldiers to behead two victims or else they would be beheaded for falling short of the quota and invaded India solely because their rulers were growing ''too tolerant of them''. Keep in mind that these things were engineered by a man who could not properly hold a sword, nor physically mount a war horse without assistance.


Much like his predecessor, Timur was also an [[GenghisGambit military genius]], a [[WickedCultured man of culture and patron of the arts]] that enjoyed the company of scholars. However, just like Genghis Khan, he was just as capable of appalling brutality upon his enemies. He was a very shrewd and charismatic politician -- he had to be due to the many disadvantages to legitimazion of his rule. While he claimed to be Temujin's heir, he wasn't actually descended by blood from him and could not use the title of ''khan'', and instead used the title of ''amir'' (meaning "[[TheGeneralissimo general]]") and only acquired recognition after marrying a Mongol princess as his TopWife. Likewise, Timur could not style himself as Caliph, the supreme and spiritual leader of the Islamic world, as the office was already taken by the Abbasids during that time, but Timur reacted to the challenge by [[MemeticBadass creating a legend of himself]] as an "supernatural power ordained by Allah" as earlier rulers have successfully exploited the notion that military and political success were the result of God's favor. Therefore, with Timur's successful career as a conqueror, it was easy to justify [[DivineRightOfKings he was favored by God]] since no ordinary man -- specially a cripple like him -- could have such good fortune. At the time, he easily became [[TheDreaded the most feared man in Asia]] as he conquered everything on his path; it didn't matter if they were Christians (the brutal conquests of UsefulNotes/{{Georgia}} and UsefulNotes/{{Armenia}}, the Church of the East's destruction and crushing the [[UsefulNotes/TheKnightsHospitallers Knights of Rhodes]] at the Siege of Syrmna), Hindus (the invasion of the Delhi Sultanate) or even his fellow Muslims (the sacks of Baghdad, Aleppo, Damascus and Isfahan) -- it's generally believed that over ''17 million people'' were killed during his campaigns, which would amount to 5% of the world's population at that time. To name a few of his horrific atrocities, he supposedly built an [[NothingButSkulls pyramid from the skulls and bones]] of his victims in Baghdad and Isfahan, ordered each of his soldiers to behead two victims or else they would be beheaded for falling short of the quota and invaded India solely because their rulers were growing ''too tolerant of them''. Keep in mind that these things were engineered by a man who could not properly hold a sword, nor physically mount a war horse without assistance.

to:

Much like his predecessor, Timur was also an [[GenghisGambit military genius]], a [[WickedCultured man of culture and patron of the arts]] that enjoyed the company of scholars. However, just like Genghis Khan, he was just as capable of appalling brutality upon his enemies. He was a very shrewd and charismatic politician -- he had to be due to the many disadvantages to legitimazion of his rule. While he claimed to be Temujin's heir, he wasn't actually descended by blood from him and could not use the title of ''khan'', and instead used the title of ''amir'' (meaning "[[TheGeneralissimo general]]") and only acquired recognition after marrying a Mongol princess as his TopWife. Likewise, Timur could not style himself as Caliph, the supreme and spiritual leader of the Islamic world, as the office was already taken by the Abbasids during that time, but Timur reacted to the challenge by [[MemeticBadass creating a legend of himself]] as an "supernatural power ordained by Allah" as earlier rulers have successfully exploited the notion that military and political success were the result of God's favor. Therefore, with Timur's successful career as a conqueror, it was easy to justify [[DivineRightOfKings he was favored by God]] since no ordinary man -- specially a cripple like him -- could have such good fortune. At the time, he easily became [[TheDreaded the most feared man in Asia]] as he conquered everything on his path; it didn't matter if they were Christians (the brutal conquests of UsefulNotes/{{Georgia}} UsefulNotes/{{Georgia|Europe}} and UsefulNotes/{{Armenia}}, the Church of the East's destruction and crushing the [[UsefulNotes/TheKnightsHospitallers Knights of Rhodes]] at the Siege of Syrmna), Hindus (the invasion of the Delhi Sultanate) or even his fellow Muslims (the sacks of Baghdad, Aleppo, Damascus and Isfahan) -- it's generally believed that over ''17 million people'' were killed during his campaigns, which would amount to 5% of the world's population at that time. To name a few of his horrific atrocities, he supposedly built an [[NothingButSkulls pyramid from the skulls and bones]] of his victims in Baghdad and Isfahan, ordered each of his soldiers to behead two victims or else they would be beheaded for falling short of the quota and invaded India solely because their rulers were growing ''too tolerant of them''. Keep in mind that these things were engineered by a man who could not properly hold a sword, nor physically mount a war horse without assistance.


Much like his predecessor, Timur was also an [[GenghisGambit military genius]], a [[WickedCultured man of culture and patron of the arts]] that enjoyed the company of scholars. However, just like Genghis Khan, he was just as capable of appalling brutality upon his enemies. He was a very shrewd and charismatic politician -- he had to be due to the many disadvantages to legitimazion of his rule. While he claimed to be Temujin's heir, he wasn't actually descended by blood to him and could not use the title of ''khan'', and instead used the title of ''amir'' (meaning "[[TheGeneralissimo general]]") and only acquired recognition after marrying a Mongol princess as his TopWife. Likewise, Timur could not style himself as Caliph, the supreme and spiritual leader of the Islamic world, as the office was already taken by the Abbasids during that time, but Timur reacted to the challenge by [[MemeticBadass creating a legend of himself]] as an "supernatural power ordained by Allah" as earlier rulers have successfully exploited the notion that military and political success were the result of God's favor. Therefore, Timur's successful career as a conqueror, it was easy to justify [[DivineRightOfKings he was favored by God]] since no ordinary man -- specially a cripple like him -- could have such good fortune. At the time, he easily became [[TheDreaded the most feared man in Asia]] as he conquered everything on his path; it didn't matter if they were Christians (the brutal conquests of UsefulNotes/{{Georgia}} and UsefulNotes/{{Armenia}}, the Church of the East's destruction and crushing the [[UsefulNotes/TheKnightsHospitallers Knights of Rhodes]] at the Siege of Syrmna), Hindus (the invasion of the Delhi Sultanate) or even his fellow Muslims (the sacks of Baghdad, Aleppo, Damascus and Isfahan) -- it's generally believed that over ''17 million people'' were killed during his campaigns, which would amount to 5% of the world's population at that time. To name a few of his horrific atrocities, he supposedly built an [[NothingButSkulls pyramid from the skulls and bones]] of his victims in Baghdad and Isfahan, ordered each of his soldiers to behead two victims or else they would be beheaded for falling short of the quota and invaded India solely because their rulers were growing ''too tolerant of them''. Keep in mind that these things were engineered by a man who could not properly hold a sword, nor physically mount a war horse without assistance.

to:

Much like his predecessor, Timur was also an [[GenghisGambit military genius]], a [[WickedCultured man of culture and patron of the arts]] that enjoyed the company of scholars. However, just like Genghis Khan, he was just as capable of appalling brutality upon his enemies. He was a very shrewd and charismatic politician -- he had to be due to the many disadvantages to legitimazion of his rule. While he claimed to be Temujin's heir, he wasn't actually descended by blood to from him and could not use the title of ''khan'', and instead used the title of ''amir'' (meaning "[[TheGeneralissimo general]]") and only acquired recognition after marrying a Mongol princess as his TopWife. Likewise, Timur could not style himself as Caliph, the supreme and spiritual leader of the Islamic world, as the office was already taken by the Abbasids during that time, but Timur reacted to the challenge by [[MemeticBadass creating a legend of himself]] as an "supernatural power ordained by Allah" as earlier rulers have successfully exploited the notion that military and political success were the result of God's favor. Therefore, with Timur's successful career as a conqueror, it was easy to justify [[DivineRightOfKings he was favored by God]] since no ordinary man -- specially a cripple like him -- could have such good fortune. At the time, he easily became [[TheDreaded the most feared man in Asia]] as he conquered everything on his path; it didn't matter if they were Christians (the brutal conquests of UsefulNotes/{{Georgia}} and UsefulNotes/{{Armenia}}, the Church of the East's destruction and crushing the [[UsefulNotes/TheKnightsHospitallers Knights of Rhodes]] at the Siege of Syrmna), Hindus (the invasion of the Delhi Sultanate) or even his fellow Muslims (the sacks of Baghdad, Aleppo, Damascus and Isfahan) -- it's generally believed that over ''17 million people'' were killed during his campaigns, which would amount to 5% of the world's population at that time. To name a few of his horrific atrocities, he supposedly built an [[NothingButSkulls pyramid from the skulls and bones]] of his victims in Baghdad and Isfahan, ordered each of his soldiers to behead two victims or else they would be beheaded for falling short of the quota and invaded India solely because their rulers were growing ''too tolerant of them''. Keep in mind that these things were engineered by a man who could not properly hold a sword, nor physically mount a war horse without assistance.


Also known as '''Tamerlane''', Timur was an Turkic-Mongol warlord and one of the last great conquerors from Central Asia. Born on April 8, 1336 in the Chagatai Khanate (modern day Uzbekistan), he envisioned himself to be an heir of UsefulNotes/GenghisKhan and restorer of the Mongol Empire. Its believed that around his teenage years or during his time as mercenary, he was shot with arrows in the leg and hands, losing two of his fingers and becoming crippled for life earning his "Lame" nickname. That [[HandicappedBadass did not stop him in the slightest from becoming a fearsome warlord]]. Timur was an [[UsefulNotes/{{Islam}} Muslim]] generally believed to be a Sufi who not only relied on Islamic symbols to legitimize his conquest referring to himself as TheScourgeOfGod, but used his Mongolian heritage to justify his campaigns against by reclaiming their land taken by usurpers. By rallying a multi-ethnic army and slowly taking control of the surrounding areas, he [[FounderOfTheKingdom established the Timurid Empire in 1370]].

to:

Also known as '''Tamerlane''', Timur was an Turkic-Mongol warlord and one of the last great conquerors from Central Asia. Born on April 8, 1336 in the Chagatai Khanate (modern day Uzbekistan), he envisioned himself to be an heir of UsefulNotes/GenghisKhan and restorer of the Mongol Empire. Its believed that around his teenage years or during his time as mercenary, he was shot with arrows in the leg and hands, losing two of his fingers and becoming crippled for life earning his "Lame" nickname. That [[HandicappedBadass did not stop him in the slightest from becoming a fearsome warlord]]. Timur was an [[UsefulNotes/{{Islam}} Muslim]] generally believed to be a Sufi who not only relied on Islamic symbols to legitimize his conquest referring to himself as TheScourgeOfGod, but used his Mongolian heritage to justify his campaigns against by as reclaiming their land taken by usurpers. By rallying a multi-ethnic army and slowly taking control of the surrounding areas, he [[FounderOfTheKingdom established the Timurid Empire in 1370]].


Bayediz was [[PapaWolf livid]] and could barely hide it his next response: "''Know, O ravening dog named Timur (...) If I fly from thy arms, may my wives be thrice divorced from my bed: but if thou hast not courage to meet me in the field, mayest thou again receive thy wives after they have thrice endured the embraces of a stranger''". In other words, he called Timur a coward and threatened to capture him and have him ForcedToWatch as his RoyalHarem was raped before his eyes. [[BerserkButton Bad mistake]]. Timur marched 140,000 of his forces and 32 WarElephants to Ankara to meet his opponent in its fateful battle. With the Timurids outnumbering the Ottoman forces in the Çubuk plain, the Battle of Ankara turned into massacre since the [[CavalryBetrayal Tatars had deserted the Sultan in front of the crushing odds]], two of his sons were killed in combat and Bayezid himself was taken prisoner alongside his Christian wife Despina Hatun, a Serbian princess that was sent to his harem. Accounts diverge on how they were treated; some historians believe the warlord had treated them well since he regarded the Sultan as an WorthyOpponent; legends claim that upon realizing Bayezid was blind while playing chess with him, Timur snickered it "I smile that Allah should have given the dominion of the world to a blind man like you and a lame man like me". Others claim that [[HumiliationConga Bayezid and his wife were humiliated by the warlord]], who trapped the Sultan inside a cage and [[ForcedToWatch forced him to watch]] [[GoGoEnslavement Despina serve Timur and his guests]] [[ShamefulStrip completely naked]] which was probably an way to get back at the offense Bayezid payed him and its possible [[IHaveYouNowMyPretty Timur may have done more to Despina than just this]]. The fact is that Bayezid died in captivity one year later and his wife was returned shortly after to her brother's court. This was an turning point as the Ottoman Empire suffered an massive blow as this was the only time in history an Sultan was captured in combat and at that moment, it was very feared by the Europeans as victory against them had seemed impossible for the best coalition of Christian armies, and Timur succeeded against them almost effortlessly. With this victory, he became the effective leader of the Islamic world as his own empire stretched from Southern Turkey to the Xinjiang region in China.

After this, Timur would turn his attention to China and planned to invade it by striking an alliance with the Mongol Empire. However, while on route to his invasion, he died of an illness on February 1405 before even reaching the Chinese border. His successors never managed to complete the campaign and the [[VestigialEmpire Timurid Empire]] would slowly tear itself apart with partitions -- one could say the empire was only as good as Timur was alive. Nobody is sure why Timur didn't persist his conquest Westward, it's possible that he had no interest in pushing towards uncharted territory for him and since he was already nearing the end of his life, he probably thought about returning to Asia and complete some unfinished business in an area he was familiar with. Ironically, his Ottoman enemies would recover from their defeat at Ankara with UsefulNotes/TheFallOfConstantinople and eventually becoming an caliphate of their own right by capturing Mecca and Medina, the two holiest sites on Islam. On the flipside, one of Timur's descendants Zahir-ud-din Muhammad Babur would match his ancestor by founding the Mughal Empire on India.

One would expected that would be the end of the story, but fast-forward to UsefulNotes/WorldWarII in 1941, Soviet scientists were sent on a expedition to Uzbekistan to search for Timur's tomb. They found it and allegedly its said there were two inscriptions in it "When I rise, the world will tremble" and "Whomsoever opens my tomb shall unleash an invader more terrible than I". Well, three days afterwards UsefulNotes/AdolfHitler launched Operation Barbarossa and attacked the Soviet Union, which was considered the largest invasion of all time and made the Soviets endure the largest number of casualties than any side in the conflict. It was only after Timur's remains were reburied with full Islamic rituals that the Soviets won the Battle of Stalingrad, the bloodiest battle in history and turned the tide of the war against the Nazis. Due to the string of coincidences between these events, many superstitious folks attribute Timur's curse for changing the course of history.

Today, his legacy is very mixed. He is [[AHeroToHisHometown viewed more positively in Muslim Central Asia]] and is considered Uzbekistan's national hero, with his statue replacing Creator/KarlMarx's after the downfall of Communism. However, chances are he is viewed as an EvilOverlord by Arabs, Iranians, Turks and Indians because of the brutality of his conquests, and in some parts of the world, its said his name became an ''[[CurseOfTheAncients expletive]]''. The [[DramaticIrony most ironic of all]], he was [[GermansLoveDavidHasselhoff relatively popular among Christians in Europe]], since the Ottoman Turks' ShockingDefeatLegacy brought immediate relief and gave them time to build their strength and prepare for future wars. Still, the very thought of Timur's army even more numerous and dangerous than the Turks, not to mention the complete destruction of the Church of the East at his hands (not that the Roman Catholics were particularly upset about it's loss since that particular doctrine was considered [[UsefulNotes/HeresiesAndHeretics heretical]] at any rate) was terrifying to grasp, which is why they sent missionaries to convince him to convert to Catholicism [[note]] Curiously, one Spanish ambassador had mistakenly reported that Timur did this which may explain why he was so adored by contemporary European monarchs and also further supported the "Prester John" theory regarding an legendary Christian king descended from one of the Three Wise Men that ruled over a kingdom in the FarEast lost amidst the Muslims and pagans that would help the Europeans in a crusade[[/note]]. Timur, for his part, was [[PetTheDog warm and welcoming towards the European Christians]] (the Knights of Rhodes notwithstanding [[note]]News of the sack of Syrmna did spread to Europe, but no one entertained an anti-Timurid Crusade at the time because he was the [[EnemyMine Ottoman's enemy]][[/note]] and even then, Timur viewed them as worthy enemies like Bayezid) and regarded the [[OddFriendship Catholic King Henry III of Castile]] as "[[LikeASonToMe his very own son]]", which goes a long way explaining why European poems, musics and operas were dedicated to him as the "Muslim Defender of Christendom". Generally speaking, while his bodycount is lower than Genghis Khan who presumably killed around 40 million people and 10% of the world's population at the time, it's believed by some that his reputation of deliberate brutality was unsurpassed until the modern era with advent of Communism and Fascism.

to:

Bayediz was [[PapaWolf livid]] and could barely hide it his next response: "''Know, O ravening dog named Timur (...) If I fly from thy arms, may my wives be thrice divorced from my bed: but if thou hast not courage to meet me in the field, mayest thou again receive thy wives after they have thrice endured the embraces of a stranger''". In other words, he called Timur a coward and threatened to capture him and have him ForcedToWatch as his RoyalHarem was raped before his eyes. [[BerserkButton Bad mistake]]. Timur marched 140,000 of his forces and 32 WarElephants to Ankara to meet his opponent in its fateful battle. With the Timurids outnumbering the Ottoman forces in the Çubuk plain, the Battle of Ankara turned into massacre since the [[CavalryBetrayal Tatars had deserted the Sultan in front of the crushing odds]], two of his sons were killed in combat and Bayezid himself was taken prisoner alongside his Christian wife Despina Hatun, a Serbian princess that was sent to his harem. Accounts diverge on how they were treated; some historians believe the warlord had treated them well well, since he regarded the Sultan as an a WorthyOpponent; legends claim that upon realizing Bayezid was blind while playing chess with him, Timur snickered it that "I smile that Allah should have given the dominion of the world to a blind man like you and a lame man like me". Others claim that [[HumiliationConga Bayezid and his wife were humiliated by the warlord]], who trapped the Sultan inside a cage and [[ForcedToWatch forced him to watch]] [[GoGoEnslavement Despina serve Timur and his guests]] [[ShamefulStrip completely naked]] naked]], which was probably an way to get back at the offense Bayezid payed him and its him; it's possible [[IHaveYouNowMyPretty Timur may have done more to Despina than just this]]. The fact is that Bayezid died in captivity one year later and his wife was returned shortly after to her brother's court. This was an a turning point point, as the Ottoman Empire suffered an massive blow as this was the only time in history an Sultan was captured in combat and and, at that moment, it was very feared by the Europeans as victory against them had seemed impossible for the best coalition of Christian armies, and Timur succeeded against them almost effortlessly. With this victory, he became the effective leader of the Islamic world as his own empire stretched from Southern Turkey to the Xinjiang region in China.

After this, Timur would turn turned his attention to China and planned to invade it by striking an alliance with the Mongol Empire. However, while on route to his invasion, he died of an illness on February 1405 before even reaching the Chinese border. His successors never managed to complete the campaign and the [[VestigialEmpire Timurid Empire]] would slowly tear itself apart with partitions -- one could say the empire was only as good as Timur was alive. Nobody is sure why Timur didn't persist his conquest Westward, westward; it's possible that he had no interest in pushing towards what was uncharted territory for him and and, since he was already nearing the end of his life, he probably thought about returning to Asia and complete some unfinished business in an area he was familiar with. Ironically, his Ottoman enemies would recover from their defeat at Ankara with UsefulNotes/TheFallOfConstantinople and eventually becoming an a caliphate of in their own right by capturing Mecca and Medina, the two holiest sites on Islam. On the flipside, one of Timur's descendants Zahir-ud-din Muhammad Babur would match his ancestor by founding the Mughal Empire on in India.

One would expected that would be the end of the story, but fast-forward to UsefulNotes/WorldWarII in 1941, when Soviet scientists were sent on a expedition to Uzbekistan to search for Timur's tomb. They found it and it's said that -- allegedly its said -- there were two inscriptions in it on it: "When I rise, the world will tremble" and "Whomsoever opens my tomb shall unleash an invader more terrible than I". Well, three days afterwards UsefulNotes/AdolfHitler launched Operation Barbarossa and attacked the Soviet Union, which was considered the largest invasion of all time and made the Soviets endure the largest number of casualties than any side in the conflict. It was only after Timur's remains were reburied with full Islamic rituals that the Soviets won the Battle of Stalingrad, the bloodiest battle in history and turned the tide of the war against the Nazis. Due to the string of coincidences between these events, many superstitious folks attribute Timur's curse for changing the course of history.

Today, his legacy Timur's legacy, like that of many warlords and prolific conquerors, is very mixed. He is [[AHeroToHisHometown viewed more positively in Muslim Central Asia]] and is considered Uzbekistan's national hero, with his statue replacing Creator/KarlMarx's after the downfall of Communism. However, chances are he is viewed as an EvilOverlord by Arabs, Iranians, Turks and Indians because of the brutality of his conquests, and in some parts of the world, its it's said his name became an ''[[CurseOfTheAncients expletive]]''. ''expletive'' in some parts of the world. The [[DramaticIrony most ironic thing of all]], all]] is that he was [[GermansLoveDavidHasselhoff relatively popular among Christians in Europe]], since the Ottoman Turks' ShockingDefeatLegacy brought immediate relief and gave them time to build their strength and prepare for future wars. Still, the very thought of Timur's army being even more numerous and dangerous than the Turks, not to mention the complete destruction of the Church of the East at his hands (not that the Roman Catholics were particularly upset about it's its loss since that their particular doctrine was considered [[UsefulNotes/HeresiesAndHeretics heretical]] at any rate) was terrifying to grasp, which is why they sent missionaries to convince him to convert to Catholicism [[note]] Curiously, [[note]]curiously, one Spanish ambassador had mistakenly reported that Timur did this this, which may explain why he was so adored by contemporary European monarchs and also further supported the "Prester John" theory regarding an legendary Christian king descended from one of the Three Wise Men that ruled over a kingdom in the FarEast lost amidst the Muslims and pagans that would help the Europeans in a crusade[[/note]]. Timur, for his part, was [[PetTheDog warm and welcoming towards the European Christians]] (the Knights of Rhodes notwithstanding [[note]]News notwithstanding[[note]]news of the sack of Syrmna did spread to Europe, but no one entertained an anti-Timurid Crusade at the time because he was the [[EnemyMine Ottoman's Ottomans; enemy]][[/note]] and even then, Timur viewed them as worthy enemies like Bayezid) and regarded the [[OddFriendship Catholic King Henry III of Castile]] as "[[LikeASonToMe his very own son]]", which goes a long way explaining why European poems, musics and operas were dedicated to him as the "Muslim Defender of Christendom". Generally speaking, while his bodycount is lower than Genghis Khan Khan, who presumably killed around 40 million people and 10% of the world's population at the time, it's believed by some that his reputation of deliberate brutality was unsurpassed until the modern era with and the advent of Communism the communist and Fascism.fascist regimes.



* ''Tamerlane'', an fictionalized poem written by Creator/EdgarAllanPoe.

to:

* ''Tamerlane'', an a fictionalized poem written by Creator/EdgarAllanPoe.



* ''VideoGame/EternalDarkness'': The BigBad quotes an speech attributed to Timur before throwing his victims down a pit to bury them alive.

to:

* ''VideoGame/EternalDarkness'': The BigBad quotes an a speech attributed to Timur before throwing his victims down a pit to bury them alive.



* ''LetsPlay/AScotsmanInEgypt'': The Timurids are the last major antagonist in the story, planning to invade the Scottish Empire (that is to say, pretty much all of Europe) after the death of king Domnall thanks to information passed along by a turncoat. [[spoiler:Until it turns out the "turncoat" killed the actual traitor and took his place to send the Timurids false information, setting up their generals to be killed in a single strike, it turns out Domnall's death was part of the false information relayed to the Timurids... oh, and to top it off, these vast HordesFromTheEast find themselves ''outnumbered'' by the armies of Scotland.]]
* ''TabletopGame/{{Warhammer}}'': Tamurkhan the Maggoth Lord is an fantasy version of Timur as an blind, handicapped Champion of Nurgle that belonged to the barbarian tribes in the Chaos Wastes and rode [[WarElephants war mammoths]] into battle.

to:

* ''LetsPlay/AScotsmanInEgypt'': The Timurids are the last major antagonist in the story, planning to invade the Scottish Empire (that is to say, pretty much all of Europe) after the death of king King Domnall thanks to information passed along by a turncoat. [[spoiler:Until it turns out the "turncoat" killed the actual traitor and took his place to send the Timurids false information, setting up their generals to be killed in a single strike, it turns out Domnall's death was part of the false information relayed to the Timurids... oh, and to top it off, these vast HordesFromTheEast find themselves ''outnumbered'' by the armies of Scotland.]]
* ''TabletopGame/{{Warhammer}}'': Tamurkhan the Maggoth Lord is an a fantasy version of Timur as an a blind, handicapped Champion of Nurgle that belonged to the barbarian tribes in the Chaos Wastes and rode [[WarElephants war mammoths]] into battle.battle.
----

Showing 15 edit(s) of 38

Top

How well does it match the trope?

Example of:

/

Media sources:

/

Report