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No Pope (one of the main reasons for the split, and the biggest obstacle to reunification in the present); the church is instead led by several Patriarchs, each responsible for a different region. Cyril I is the current Patriarch of the Russian Orthodox Church, by far the largest church, but the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople (currently Bartholomew I) is considered "first among equals". (The fancy technical term for this setup is "autocephaly", literally "self-headedness" in Greek). As of 2018, the Russian Orthodox Church and Ecumenical Patriarchate are not on speaking terms because of a dispute about the autocephaly of the Ukrainian church; the other churches are split on the issue and mostly uncomfortable with the tension (which has political implications given the oppositional stance Putin's Russia has with much of Europe).

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No Pope (one of the main reasons for the split, and the biggest obstacle to reunification in the present); the church is instead led by several Patriarchs, each responsible for a different region. Cyril I is the current Patriarch of the Russian Orthodox Church, by far the largest church, but the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople (currently Bartholomew I) is considered "first among equals". (The fancy technical term for this setup is "autocephaly", literally "self-headedness" in Greek). As of 2018, the Russian Orthodox Church and Ecumenical Patriarchate are not on speaking terms because of a dispute about the autocephaly of the Ukrainian church; the other churches are split on the issue and mostly uncomfortable with the tension (which has political implications given the oppositional stance Putin's Russia has with much of Europe).
Europe)[[note]]The Russian Orthodox Church actually excommunicated the Ecumenical Patriarchate over the Ukrainian issue, but Constantinople has not returned the disfavor. Excommunicating Constantinople is not new to the Russian Orthodox, having done it at least twice in its history.[[/note]]


One of the two Churches resulting from the 11th century Great Schism of the Christian Church, the other being the Roman Catholic Church. The schism developed gradually; for several centuries before the formal break, contact had been intermittent between the Eastern and Western churches, with each pretty much running its own show. As a result, when the schism occurred, each side could honestly believe "we never changed, ''they'' left ''us''". The "Great Schism" is generally dated from when a Papal legate and the Patriarch of Constantinople excommunicated each other in 1054, but it had been a long time coming; go to [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/East-West_Schism the Other Wiki]] if you want all the gorey details.

No Pope (one of the main reasons for the split, and the biggest obstacle to reunification in the present); the church is instead led by several Patriarchs, each responsible for a different region. Cyril I is the current Patriarch of the Russian Orthodox Church, by far the largest church, but the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople (currently Bartholomew I) is considered "first among equals".[[note]]The fancy technical term for this setup is "autocephaly".[[/note]]

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One of the two Churches resulting from the 11th century Great Schism of the Christian Church, the other being the Roman Catholic Church. The schism developed gradually; for several centuries before the formal break, contact had been intermittent between the Eastern and Western churches, with each pretty much running its own show. As a result, when the schism occurred, each side could honestly believe "we never changed, ''they'' left ''us''". The "Great Schism" is generally dated from when a Papal legate and the Patriarch of Constantinople excommunicated each other in 1054, but it had been a long time coming; go to [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/East-West_Schism the Other Wiki]] if you want all the gorey gory details.

No Pope (one of the main reasons for the split, and the biggest obstacle to reunification in the present); the church is instead led by several Patriarchs, each responsible for a different region. Cyril I is the current Patriarch of the Russian Orthodox Church, by far the largest church, but the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople (currently Bartholomew I) is considered "first among equals".[[note]]The (The fancy technical term for this setup is "autocephaly".[[/note]]
"autocephaly", literally "self-headedness" in Greek). As of 2018, the Russian Orthodox Church and Ecumenical Patriarchate are not on speaking terms because of a dispute about the autocephaly of the Ukrainian church; the other churches are split on the issue and mostly uncomfortable with the tension (which has political implications given the oppositional stance Putin's Russia has with much of Europe).

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[[AC:Live-Action TV]]
* In ''Series/{{Seinfeld}}'', George Costanza once converted to Latvian Orthodoxy so he could stay with his girlfriend.


* The PSP [[VideoGameRemake remake]] of ''VideoGame/TacticsOgre'' uses titles from Orthodox Christianity when referring to the leaders of Galgastan and Bakram. "Abuna" is a title found in much African [Oriental] Orthodox churches, particularly in Ethiopia and Eritrea, and is also used to colloquially refer to a priest among Syrian and Egyptian Christians. "Hierophant" is a title that is not limited to Orthodoxy, but is commonly used in the Orthodox Church, particularly the Greek Orthodox Church. The PlayStation translation of the original game used [[ChristianityIsCatholic Catholic]] titles instead.

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* The PSP [[VideoGameRemake remake]] of ''VideoGame/TacticsOgre'' uses titles from Orthodox Christianity when referring to the leaders of Galgastan and Bakram. "Abuna" is a title found in much African [Oriental] Orthodox churches, particularly in Ethiopia and Eritrea, and is also used to colloquially refer to a priest among Syrian and Egyptian Christians. "Hierophant" is a title that is not limited to Orthodoxy, but is commonly used in the Orthodox Church, particularly the Greek Orthodox Church. The PlayStation UsefulNotes/PlayStation translation of the original game used [[ChristianityIsCatholic Catholic]] titles instead.


Ironically, it would later turn out that many of the Russian practices were actually ''older'' than the "pure" Greek liturgy Nikon was trying to impose. Due to its relative isolation, the Russian Orthodox Church retained many quirks and practices the Greek Church had long since discarded, and it was actually ''the Greeks'' who had undergone more revisions and innovations over the centuries.

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Ironically, it would later turn out that while the Russian and Greek churches had indeed naturally developed along slightly different lines, many of the Russian practices were actually ''older'' than the "pure" Greek liturgy Nikon was trying to impose. Due to its relative isolation, the Russian Orthodox Church retained many quirks and practices the Greek Church had long since discarded, and it was actually ''the Greeks'' who had undergone more revisions and innovations over the centuries.


Too little too late, unfortunately. Nikon eventually lost favour of the Tsar and was eventually deposed, but the reforms held on and continued to be promoted by the Tsardom and the church authority. Those who remained adamant in their conviction, mostly ultra-conservative and reclusive, formed communities in Siberia and other remote areas of Russia, and some of them moved then far outside it, similar to the American Mormon or Mennonite communities. Many of them still exist to this day.

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Too little too late, unfortunately. Nikon eventually lost favour of the Tsar and was eventually deposed, but largely due to his attempts to get the Orthodox Church out from under the thumb of the Tsars. Even though Nikon was condemned, his reforms held on and continued to be promoted by the Tsardom Tsar and the church authority.authorities. Those who remained adamant in their conviction, mostly ultra-conservative and reclusive, formed communities in Siberia and other remote areas of Russia, and some of them moved then far outside it, similar to the American Mormon or Mennonite communities. Many of them still exist to this day.


In hindsight, Nikon's reforms were nearsighted because of two primary reasons. One, it destroyed the centuries-old unique traditions and culture within the Russian Orthodox Church, which is regrettable because the Russians really didn't conform with the Greeks since day one; for one thing, Old Church Slavonic, its liturgical language, is already used since the Christianization of Kievan Rus'. Second, when Nikon said that the "misguided" Russians ought to follow the Greeks' "pure" rites, ''it is actually the other way around''; the rites of the Russian Orthodox Church retained many of the old quirks that got discarded by the Greeks and other Orthodox churches due to their relative isolation. Meaning that [[RussianGuySuffersMost the Russians were once again screwed up because of something that they didn't do...]]


The Old Believers are a number of Russian Orthodox Christian sects that started in the 17th century after a particularly ill-understood religious reform by Patriarch Nikon. Further information about these reforms can be found in other places, but to summarize, there are several differences that make the Russian Orthodox Church stand apart from their Greek brethren. Nikon saw these as unnecessary and obscene additions to what he considered the purity of the Greek Orthodox Church, which holds primacy by virtue of its age, so he decide to "purify" the church by removing and/or changing some rites and practices to conform with the Greeks. Understandably, many people were angered that they had to abandon the way they worship just because of a man who was [[ForeignCultureFetish a little too endearing to a foreign culture]], and indeed some groups did rebel against church authority, who promptly excommunicated them at the very least, and hunting them down at most. Nikon eventually lost favour of the Tsar and was eventually deposed, but the reforms held on and continued to be promoted by the Tsardom and the church authority. Those who remained adamant in their conviction, mostly ultra-conservative and reclusive, formed communities in Siberia and other remote areas of Russia, and some of them moved then far outside it, similar to the American Mormon or Mennonite communities. Many of them still exist to this day.

to:

The Old Believers are a number of Russian Orthodox Christian sects that started in the 17th century after a particularly ill-understood religious reform by Patriarch Nikon. Further information about these reforms can be found in other places, but to summarize, there are several differences that make the Russian Orthodox Church stand apart from their Greek brethren. Nikon saw these as unnecessary and obscene additions to what he considered the purity of the Greek Orthodox Church, which holds primacy by virtue of its age, so he decide decided to "purify" the church by removing and/or changing some rites what he saw as innovations to conform more with the Greeks.

On their own, the reforms seemed fairly trivial. Several spellings were slightly changed, and minor details of worship and the liturgy were altered. However, it was the way in which these reforms were enforced that turned many against them. Old churches, considered to be built in a more Russian style, were mercilessly demolished to be rebuilt along more "Greek" lines. Icons considered to be infected with western, catholic influences were desecrated and destroyed. Any who spoke out or disagreed risked severe punishment.

Ironically, it would later turn out that many of the Russian practices were actually ''older'' than the "pure" Greek liturgy Nikon was trying to impose. Due to its relative isolation, the Russian Orthodox Church retained many quirks
and practices to conform with the Greeks. Understandably, many people were angered that they Greek Church had to abandon long since discarded, and it was actually ''the Greeks'' who had undergone more revisions and innovations over the way they worship just because of a man who was [[ForeignCultureFetish a centuries.

Too
little too endearing to a foreign culture]], and indeed some groups did rebel against church authority, who promptly excommunicated them at the very least, and hunting them down at most.late, unfortunately. Nikon eventually lost favour of the Tsar and was eventually deposed, but the reforms held on and continued to be promoted by the Tsardom and the church authority. Those who remained adamant in their conviction, mostly ultra-conservative and reclusive, formed communities in Siberia and other remote areas of Russia, and some of them moved then far outside it, similar to the American Mormon or Mennonite communities. Many of them still exist to this day.



If you're wondering what the reforms were about, they mostly consist of alterations about the procession (turn counterclockwise rather than clockwise), the number of chants performed during Alleluia (changed to three, because [[RuleOfThree three is good]]), and a bunch of other trivial things. Religion is SeriousBusiness, indeed.


* The Soviet Union was antagonistic towards Russian Orthodox Christianity, seeing it as a tool of oppression ("the opiate of the masses"). Thus Russian Orthodox priests are depicted as being against the revolution and antagonistic to the workers in Soviet films such as ''Film/{{Earth}}'' and ''Film/TheBattleshipPotemkin''.

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* The Soviet Union was antagonistic towards Russian Orthodox Christianity, seeing it as a tool of oppression ("the opiate of the masses"). Thus Russian Orthodox priests are depicted as being against the revolution and antagonistic to the workers in Soviet films such as ''Film/{{Earth}}'' and ''Film/TheBattleshipPotemkin''. However, after [[UsefulNotes/WorldWarII the Nazis invaded in 1941]], a lot of the antagonism went out the window as Stalin used every tool at his disposal to fight the invaders. Persecution of the Church after the war fluctuated; Khrushchev went for it in a big way, but Brezhnev and his successors deprioritized it.


The current Coptic Pope of Alexandria, Theodoros II, was selected on 4 November 2012 by a process involving a series of consultations among Coptic clergy and laity to narrow the field down to three candidates, after which the Pope is chosen by literally having a blindfolded child pull one of the three's name out of a hat (or some other vessel). The previous Pope, Shenouda III, died in March 2012. He had gained accolades for his campaigns for Christian unity but also caught a bit of flack (though not too much) for backing the wrong side in the early days of the Egyptian Revolution of 2011 (it was understandable--it wasn't immediately clear that the rights of Christians would be respected; Coptic revolutionaries were nevertheless understandably pissed off at their Pope for a while).

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The current Coptic Pope of Alexandria, Theodoros II, was selected on 4 November 2012 by a process involving a series of consultations among Coptic clergy and laity to narrow the field down to three candidates, after which the Pope is chosen by literally having a blindfolded child pull one of the three's name out of a hat (or some other vessel). [[note]]Technically, the President of Egypt has a role, but pinning it down is slippery. It appears the Egyptian government is consulted to ensure that the candidates are all acceptable, and thus the President might have a formal veto on the selection, but this has never been exercised. In prior eras, the various Muslim monarchs and rulers of Egypt exerted similar influence.[[/note]] The previous Pope, Shenouda III, died in March 2012. He had gained accolades for his campaigns for Christian unity but also caught a bit of flack (though not too much) for backing the wrong side in the early days of the Egyptian Revolution of 2011 (it was understandable--it wasn't immediately clear that the rights of Christians would be respected; Coptic revolutionaries were nevertheless understandably pissed off at their Pope for a while).


* ''[[VideoGame/CrusaderKings Crusader Kings 2]]'' have both Orthodoxy and Oriental Orthodoxy (or in-game as [[ShownTheirWork Miaphysitism]]) as for the default year of 1066[[note]]without expansion packs[[/note]] former only Byzantine Empire state's religion should already become [[RenegadeSplinterFaction its own denomination from Catholic faith]] and three/four Miaphysite kingdoms in Eastern Africa is becoming endangered by attack/converting or replaced by Islamic Caliph or Jewish Monarch.

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* ''[[VideoGame/CrusaderKings Crusader Kings 2]]'' have has both Orthodoxy and Oriental Orthodoxy (or (presented in-game as [[ShownTheirWork Miaphysitism]]) as for the default year of 1066[[note]]without expansion packs[[/note]] former only Byzantine Empire state's religion should already become [[RenegadeSplinterFaction its own denomination from Catholic faith]] and three/four Miaphysite kingdoms in Eastern Africa is becoming endangered by attack/converting or replaced by Islamic Caliph or Jewish Monarch.
Miaphysitism]]).


* ''Literature/VampireAcademy'' heavily features Orthodox Christianity as part of its lore, as it's the [[VampiresLoveJesus dominant religion of the Moroi world]], which is based in Eastern Europe.

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* ''Literature/VampireAcademy'' heavily features Orthodox Christianity as part of its lore, as it's the [[VampiresLoveJesus [[ReligiousVampire dominant religion of the Moroi world]], which is based in Eastern Europe.


The Old Believers are a number of Russian Orthodox Christian sects that started in the 17th century after a particularly ill-understood religious reform by Patriarch Nikon. Further information about these reforms can be found in other places, but to summarize, there are several differences that make the Russian Orthodox Church stand apart from their Greek brethren. Nikon saw these unnecessary and obscene additions to what he considered the purity of the Greek Orthodox Church, which holds primacy by virtue of its age, so he decide to "purify" the church by removing and/or changing some rites and practices to conform with the Greeks. Understandably, many people were angered that they had to abandon the way they worship just because of a man who was [[ForeignCultureFetish a little too endearing to a foreign culture]], and indeed some groups did rebel against church authority, who promptly excommunicated them at the very least, and hunting them down at most. Nikon eventually lost favour of the Tsar and was eventually deposed, but the reforms held on and continued to be promoted by the Tsardom and the church authority. Those who remained adamant in their conviction, mostly ultra-conservative and reclusive, formed communities in Siberia and other remote areas of Russia, and some of them moved then far outside it, similar to the American Mormon or Mennonite communities. Many of them still exist to this day.

to:

The Old Believers are a number of Russian Orthodox Christian sects that started in the 17th century after a particularly ill-understood religious reform by Patriarch Nikon. Further information about these reforms can be found in other places, but to summarize, there are several differences that make the Russian Orthodox Church stand apart from their Greek brethren. Nikon saw these as unnecessary and obscene additions to what he considered the purity of the Greek Orthodox Church, which holds primacy by virtue of its age, so he decide to "purify" the church by removing and/or changing some rites and practices to conform with the Greeks. Understandably, many people were angered that they had to abandon the way they worship just because of a man who was [[ForeignCultureFetish a little too endearing to a foreign culture]], and indeed some groups did rebel against church authority, who promptly excommunicated them at the very least, and hunting them down at most. Nikon eventually lost favour of the Tsar and was eventually deposed, but the reforms held on and continued to be promoted by the Tsardom and the church authority. Those who remained adamant in their conviction, mostly ultra-conservative and reclusive, formed communities in Siberia and other remote areas of Russia, and some of them moved then far outside it, similar to the American Mormon or Mennonite communities. Many of them still exist to this day.


* ''Literature/VampireAcademy'' heavily features Orthodox Christianity as part of its lore, as it's the dominant religion of the Moroi world, which is based in Eastern Europe.

to:

* ''Literature/VampireAcademy'' heavily features Orthodox Christianity as part of its lore, as it's the [[VampiresLoveJesus dominant religion of the Moroi world, world]], which is based in Eastern Europe.


* ''Film/JackRyanShadowRecruit'' shows a few (allegedly) Russian Orthodox Christians and churches, paying little heed to accuracy.

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* ''Film/JackRyanShadowRecruit'' shows a few (allegedly) (ostensibly) Russian Orthodox Christians and churches, paying little heed to accuracy.

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