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'''Definition:''' Whether the muscles on the left and right sides of the body are the same size and shape, and whether there are any over- or under-developed muscle groups throwing off the overall physique.\\

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'''Definition:''' Whether the muscles on the left and right sides of the body are the same size and shape, and whether there are any over- or under-developed muscle groups throwing off the overall balance of the physique.\\


The elephant in the room is, of course, performance enhancing drugs or [=PEDs=]. Use of synthetic testosterone in some circles may go back as far as the 1940s, and by the 60s there were also synthetic anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) such as dianabol. Over the decades whole families of new androgenic compounds have been discovered, which each have distinct effects on muscle growth, training endurance, ability to retain muscle mass at very low body fat, etc. These also come with various potential side effects both minor and serious, ranging from gynocomastia in men, to masculinizing effects on women, to increased risk of experiencing heart and kidney problems at an earlier age than the general population. The increased availability and effectiveness of steroids has been partially responsible for the increasing size of bodybuilder physiques over the decades, together with improved nutrition and exercise science. Since the 90s, human growth hormone (HGH) and insulin have also been used to increase mass beyond what can be attained with steroids alone. These have their own potential side-effects, and insulin in particular will cause sudden death if misused. Seriously, DontTryThisAtHome.\\

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The elephant in the room is, of course, performance enhancing drugs or [=PEDs=]. Use of synthetic testosterone in some circles may go back as far as the 1940s, and by the 60s there were also synthetic anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) such as dianabol. Over the decades whole families of new androgenic compounds have been discovered, which each have distinct effects on muscle growth, training endurance, ability to retain muscle mass at very low body fat, etc. These also come with various potential side effects both minor and serious, ranging from gynocomastia in men, to masculinizing effects on women, to increased risk of experiencing heart and kidney problems at an earlier age than the general population. The increased availability and effectiveness of steroids has been partially responsible for the increasing size of bodybuilder physiques over the decades, together with improved nutrition and exercise science. Since the 90s, human growth hormone (HGH) and insulin have also been used to increase mass beyond what can be attained with steroids alone. These have their own potential side-effects, and Potential side effects of HGH include insulin in particular will resistance, and enlargement or unusual appearance of certain bone structures. Insulin shots are particularly dangerous because mistiming or overdose can cause a sudden drop in blood sugar, and the onset of coma or death if misused.in a frighteningly short time. Seriously, DontTryThisAtHome.\\



The basic elements of a bodybuilder's contest prep, undertaken in the months and weeks leading up to a contest, are dieting and cardio exercise to progressively reduce body fat percentage. At the same time, athletes need to keep lifting right up to the show in order to ensure they don't lose the muscle gains they made during the off season. Prep needs to be precisely timed so that the bodybuilder's physique will "peak" on the exact day of the contest. At the very last stage, the bodybuilder will restrict their water intake and may even take diuretics in order to get as "dry" and "peeled" as possible. Being at around 5% body fat and dehydrated is a precarious state which is not physiologically sustainable for more than a day or two; the contestant's health must be carefully monitored, and it's a dangerous balancing act to get as conditioned as possible without inducing lightheadedness, muscle cramping, or even potentially life-threatening symptoms.[[note]]Some bodybuilders are known to have died just days after their last competition. Terri Harris died in August 2013, days after her pro debut during that year's Tampa Pro. Mariola Sabanovic-Suarez died in August 2019, also just days after her pro debut during that year's Tampa Pro.[[/note]] Under such extreme conditions, the appearance of a contestant's physique and conditioning can change for either better or worse between prejudging and the night show, or even right before the judge's eyes over the course of a routine.\\

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The basic elements of a bodybuilder's contest prep, undertaken in the months and weeks leading up to a contest, are dieting and cardio exercise to progressively reduce body fat percentage. At the same time, athletes need to keep lifting right up to the show in order to ensure they don't lose the muscle gains they made during the off season. Prep needs to be precisely timed so that the bodybuilder's physique will "peak" on the exact day of the contest. At the very last stage, the bodybuilder will restrict their water intake and may even take diuretics in order to get as "dry" and "peeled" as possible. Being at around 5% body fat and dehydrated is a precarious state which is not physiologically sustainable for more than a day or two; the contestant's health must be carefully monitored, and it's a dangerous balancing act to get as conditioned as possible without inducing lightheadedness, muscle cramping, or even potentially life-threatening symptoms.symptoms, especially when diuretics are involved.[[note]]Some bodybuilders are known to have died just days after their last competition. Terri Harris died in August 2013, days after her pro debut during that year's Tampa Pro. Mariola Sabanovic-Suarez died in August 2019, also just days after her pro debut during that year's Tampa Pro.[[/note]] Under such extreme conditions, the appearance of a contestant's physique and conditioning can change for either better or worse between prejudging and the night show, or even right before the judge's eyes over the course of a routine.\\


Unlike strongmen, Olympic lifters, and powerlifters, bodybuilders are not concerned with the maximum weight they can lift as a goal in and of itself; they only care about whether what they're doing will properly grow and shape their muscles from a visual perspective. Standard compound lifts such as the squat, deadlift, bench press, and shoulder press are performed by bodybuilders, but they also incorporate a variety of isolation exercises which more precisely target specific muscle groups. Bodybuilders may use free weights, machines, or both. In general, bodybuilders tend to focus on volume by doing more reps at lighter weight instead of fewer reps at heavier weight. This is a reliable technique for gaining size, allows them to properly perform the eccentric movement (i.e. letting the weight down slowly instead of just dumping it), and presents less risk of injury. Some pros such as Ronnie Coleman and Dorian Yates did break with this trend by lifting heavy, and got amazing results, but they did pay for it in the form of injuries which caught up with them over time. Another technique which many bodybuilders incorporate into their overall program is partial reps and limited range of motion. For example, they might only go halfway down on a squat, or might push the barbell only three-quarters of the way up while bench pressing. This is intended to increase the amount of time the muscle spends under tension--since locking out essentially takes the load off the muscles by shifting it onto the joints--and once again, reduce wear and injury. They compensate for the limited range of motion by performing multiple exercises for each muscle group which target different stages of the movement, and by alternating this with sets using full range of motion.\\

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Unlike strongmen, Olympic lifters, and powerlifters, bodybuilders are not concerned with the maximum weight they can lift as a goal in and of itself; they only care about whether what they're doing will properly grow and shape their muscles from a visual perspective. Standard compound lifts such as the squat, deadlift, bench press, and shoulder overhead press are performed by bodybuilders, but they also incorporate a variety of isolation exercises which more precisely target specific muscle groups. Bodybuilders may use free weights, machines, or both. In general, bodybuilders tend to focus on volume by doing more reps at lighter weight instead of fewer reps at heavier weight. This is a reliable technique for gaining size, allows them to properly perform the eccentric movement (i.e. letting the weight down slowly instead of just dumping it), and presents less risk of injury. Some pros such as Ronnie Coleman and Dorian Yates did break with this trend by lifting heavy, and got amazing results, but they did pay for it in the form of injuries which caught up with them over time. Another technique which many bodybuilders incorporate into their overall program is partial reps and limited range of motion. For example, they might only go halfway down on a squat, or might push the barbell only three-quarters of the way up while bench pressing. This is intended to increase the amount of time the muscle spends under tension--since locking out essentially takes the load off the muscles by shifting it onto the joints--and once again, reduce wear and injury. They compensate for the limited range of motion by performing multiple exercises for each muscle group which target different stages of the movement, and by alternating this with sets using full range of motion.\\


* UnusualEuphemism: In IFBB competitions, judges only rank the top 15 contestants. Thus, "(joint) 16th" means "unranked" or "last". However, when the number of contestants go beyond 30, even placing 15th meant that you were in the top half of the cohort. [[note]][[/note]]

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* UnusualEuphemism: In IFBB competitions, judges only rank the top 15 contestants. Thus, "(joint) 16th" means "unranked" or "last". However, when the number of contestants go beyond 30, even placing 15th meant that you were in the top half of the cohort. [[note]][[/note]] [[note]]Anita Herbert placed 15th out of 35 contestants in Miss Bikini Olympia 2017, while Sara Choi placed 15th out of ''40'' contestants in Miss Bikini Olympia 2020.[[/note]]


** Arnold Schwarzenegger helped define the image of bodybuilding for decades to come and was very dominant in his era. In all of his Mr. Olympia competitions, he was only bested once, losing to reigning champ Sergio Olivia in 1969. He came back the next year to beat Olivia, becoming the youngest Mr. Olympia ever at ''23 years old'', a record no one has yet beaten. Arnold proceeded to win every Mr. Olympia from 1970-1975, when he beat longtime friend Franco Columbu and rival/contender Lou Ferrigno (after dropping significant weight for the film ''Stay Hungry'') before retiring. Then, five years later, he decided to come out of retirement to compete one last time after training for ''[[Film/ConanTheBarbarian1982 Conan The Barbarian]]''. This was kept a secret and none of the other competitors knew he would be competing. With only seven weeks of prep, Arnold proceeded to beat favored contender Frank Zane, and won the Olympia for a record-setting seventh time.

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** Arnold Schwarzenegger helped define the image of bodybuilding for decades to come and was very dominant in his era. In all of his Mr. Olympia competitions, he was only bested once, losing to reigning champ Sergio Olivia in 1969. He came back the next year to beat Olivia, becoming the youngest Mr. Olympia ever at ''23 years old'', a record no one has yet beaten. [[note]]The closest contender to the record was a ''woman'' (Shanique Grant, who won her first Physique Olympia in 2018 also aged 23.[[/note]] Arnold proceeded to win every Mr. Olympia from 1970-1975, when he beat longtime friend Franco Columbu and rival/contender Lou Ferrigno (after dropping significant weight for the film ''Stay Hungry'') before retiring. Then, five years later, he decided to come out of retirement to compete one last time after training for ''[[Film/ConanTheBarbarian1982 Conan The Barbarian]]''. This was kept a secret and none of the other competitors knew he would be competing. With only seven weeks of prep, Arnold proceeded to beat favored contender Frank Zane, and won the Olympia for a record-setting seventh time.



** In fact, there hasn't been an Miss O. under the age of 30 since Chizevsky won in 1997 at the age of 29. [[note]] If weight classifications are counted, Iris Kyle was 27 when she won her first heavyweight title in 2001. She was 30 when she won her first overall title in 2004.[[/note]]

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** In fact, there hasn't been an Miss O. under the age of 30 since Chizevsky won in 1997 at the age of 29. [[note]] If weight classifications are counted, Iris Kyle was 27 when she won her first heavyweight title in 2001. She was 30 when she won her first overall title in 2004. If the newer categories are included, Shanique Grant won her two Physique Olympias aged 23 and 24.[[/note]]


So far, so good. So, where does the "muscle freak" part come in? Part of the answer lies in chemicals such as steroids and hormones. Just as steroids are abused by professional wrestlers, they are also abused by many bodybuilders who want to get even bigger muscles. When hormones and chemicals come into the equation, it is not hard to see how one can look physically like a "freak". Female bodybuilders are worse off in the sense that women produce less testosterone than men. If not managed properly, they can end up looking like female East German athletes, who were very masculine looking as a result of systematic doping. [[labelnote: Note]]However, using testosterone or steroids ''without'' working out will not give you big muscles. You'll still need to do some serious weight lifting. There are also some women who can get big muscles naturally.[[/labelnote]]

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So far, so good. So, where does the "muscle freak" part come in? Part of the answer lies in chemicals such as steroids and hormones. Just as steroids are abused by professional wrestlers, they are also abused by many bodybuilders who want to get even bigger muscles. When hormones and chemicals come into the equation, it is not hard to see how one can look physically like a "freak". Female bodybuilders are worse off in the sense that women produce less testosterone than men. If not managed properly, they can end up looking like female East German athletes, who were very masculine looking as a result of systematic doping. [[labelnote: Note]]However, [[note]]However, using testosterone or steroids ''without'' working out will not give you big muscles. You'll still need to do some serious weight lifting. There are also some women who can get big muscles naturally.[[/labelnote]]
[[/note]]



* The most famous is (of course) Creator/ArnoldSchwarzenegger [[labelnote:Note]]NABBA Mr Universe Amateur 1967, IFBB Mr. Universe 1969, 3 time NABBA Mr Universe Professional (1968-1970), 7-time Mr Olympia (1970-1975 and 1980)[[/labelnote]]
* Creator/LouFerrigno [[labelnote:Note]]IFBB Mr. Universe, 1973 & 1974 [[/labelnote]] as the titular Hulk in ''Series/TheIncredibleHulk1977''
* Arnie himself counts Reg Park [[labelnote:Note]]NABBA Mr Universe Amateur 1951, 2 time NABBA Mr Universe Professional (1958 and 1965)[[/labelnote]] as an early influence and lifelong mentor. Reg portrayed Hercules in five Italian SwordAndSandal films.

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* The most famous is (of course) Creator/ArnoldSchwarzenegger [[labelnote:Note]]NABBA [[note]]NABBA Mr Universe Amateur 1967, IFBB Mr. Universe 1969, 3 time NABBA Mr Universe Professional (1968-1970), 7-time Mr Olympia (1970-1975 and 1980)[[/labelnote]]
1980)[[/note]]
* Creator/LouFerrigno [[labelnote:Note]]IFBB [[note]]IFBB Mr. Universe, 1973 & 1974 [[/labelnote]] [[/note]] as the titular Hulk in ''Series/TheIncredibleHulk1977''
* Arnie himself counts Reg Park [[labelnote:Note]]NABBA [[note]]NABBA Mr Universe Amateur 1951, 2 time NABBA Mr Universe Professional (1958 and 1965)[[/labelnote]] 1965)[[/note]] as an early influence and lifelong mentor. Reg portrayed Hercules in five Italian SwordAndSandal films.



* [[Film/{{Bloodsport}} Bolo]] [[Film/DoubleImpact Yeung]] [[labelnote:Note]]Yeung had also appeared in various HongKongFilms in the 1970s and 80s.[[/labelnote]]

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* [[Film/{{Bloodsport}} Bolo]] [[Film/DoubleImpact Yeung]] [[labelnote:Note]]Yeung [[note]]Yeung had also appeared in various HongKongFilms in the 1970s and 80s.[[/labelnote]] [[/note]]



* Cory Everson[[labelnote:note]]6-time Miss Olympia, 1984-1989.[[/labelnote]] appeared as Atalanta in ''Series/HerculesTheLegendaryJourneys''. Her sister Cameo Kneuer [[labelnote:note]]A fitness competitor herself; Kneuer is Cory's maiden name[[/labelnote]] and her appeared in a VerySpecialEpisode ("drugs/steroids are bad") of ''[[Series/{{Renegade}} Renegade]]''.

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* Cory Everson[[labelnote:note]]6-time Everson[[note]]6-time Miss Olympia, 1984-1989.[[/labelnote]] [[/note]] appeared as Atalanta in ''Series/HerculesTheLegendaryJourneys''. Her sister Cameo Kneuer [[labelnote:note]]A [[note]]A fitness competitor herself; Kneuer is Cory's maiden name[[/labelnote]] name[[/note]] and her appeared in a VerySpecialEpisode ("drugs/steroids are bad") of ''[[Series/{{Renegade}} Renegade]]''.



* In ''Raven Hawk'', Rachel [=McLish=] [[labelnote:Note]]2-time Miss Olympia, 1980 and 1982. Birth name: Raquel Livia Elizondo[[/labelnote]] played a Native American woman who is framed for the murder of her parents and forced to flee her reservation. Years later, she returns to exact revenge on the real killers. Rachel has also authored two books on weight training for women that made the New York Times bestseller list.
* Unusually, former Finnish bodybuilder Ritva Tuulikki [[https://www.girlswithmuscle.com/images/?name=kike+elomaa "Kike" Elomaa]] became a singer after a short bodybuilding career.[[labelnote:note]]Short, but impressive, as she was Miss Olympia 1981.[[/labelnote]] In 2011, she's even elected as a MP.

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* In ''Raven Hawk'', Rachel [=McLish=] [[labelnote:Note]]2-time [[note]]2-time Miss Olympia, 1980 and 1982. Birth name: Raquel Livia Elizondo[[/labelnote]] Elizondo[[/note]] played a Native American woman who is framed for the murder of her parents and forced to flee her reservation. Years later, she returns to exact revenge on the real killers. Rachel has also authored two books on weight training for women that made the New York Times bestseller list.
* Unusually, former Finnish bodybuilder Ritva Tuulikki [[https://www.girlswithmuscle.com/images/?name=kike+elomaa "Kike" Elomaa]] became a singer after a short bodybuilding career.[[labelnote:note]]Short, [[note]]Short, but impressive, as she was Miss Olympia 1981.[[/labelnote]] [[/note]] In 2011, she's even elected as a MP.



* [[https://www.girlswithmuscle.com/images/?name=gladys+portugues Gladys Portugues]] [[labelnote:note]]Placed 7th in Miss Olympia 1984, 8th in 1985.[[/labelnote]] is Creator/JeanClaudeVanDamme's third and also current wife (and the one he's been married to for the longest). She's also the mother of two of his children, Kristopher and Bianca.

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* [[https://www.girlswithmuscle.com/images/?name=gladys+portugues Gladys Portugues]] [[labelnote:note]]Placed [[note]]Placed 7th in Miss Olympia 1984, 8th in 1985.[[/labelnote]] [[/note]] is Creator/JeanClaudeVanDamme's third and also current wife (and the one he's been married to for the longest). She's also the mother of two of his children, Kristopher and Bianca.



** For Murray herself, out of 11 competitions over 15 years, she was never placed below the second position. Also, her appearance-to-overall-title ratio is second only to Cory. [[labelnote:note]] Murray was Miss O. 8 times, while Iris Kyle had 10 titles from 15 appearances (The 2000 Miss O., which Kyle participated in, did not have an overall champion title).[[/labelnote]]
** Adela Garcia was Miss Fitness Olympia 8 times, and won her last ''five'' titles back-to-back.[[labelnote:note]] Previously, Susie Curry had won 4 back to back titles (2000-2003). She was also the previous record holder for number of titles won.[[/labelnote]]
** Davana Medina took part in Miss Figure Olympia 3 times, and won the title every single time back-to-back, including the 2003 inaugural edition. Also, while Nicole Wilkins has won the title 4 times, Medina was the only winner with 3 wins back-to-back before Cydney Gillon. [[labelnote:note]] Besides Wilkins, only two other Miss Figure Olympia had won back to back titles (Jenny Lynn in 2006 and 2007, and Latorya Watts in 2015 and 2016). Medina's record held until 2020, and was broken by Cydney Gillon who won the category from 2017 to 2020.[[/labelnote]]

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** For Murray herself, out of 11 competitions over 15 years, she was never placed below the second position. Also, her appearance-to-overall-title ratio is second only to Cory. [[labelnote:note]] [[note]] Murray was Miss O. 8 times, while Iris Kyle had 10 titles from 15 appearances (The 2000 Miss O., which Kyle participated in, did not have an overall champion title).[[/labelnote]]
[[/note]]
** Adela Garcia was Miss Fitness Olympia 8 times, and won her last ''five'' titles back-to-back.[[labelnote:note]] [[note]] Previously, Susie Curry had won 4 back to back titles (2000-2003). She was also the previous record holder for number of titles won.[[/labelnote]]
[[/note]]
** Davana Medina took part in Miss Figure Olympia 3 times, and won the title every single time back-to-back, including the 2003 inaugural edition. Also, while Nicole Wilkins has won the title 4 times, Medina was the only winner with 3 wins back-to-back before Cydney Gillon. [[labelnote:note]] [[note]] Besides Wilkins, only two other Miss Figure Olympia had won back to back titles (Jenny Lynn in 2006 and 2007, and Latorya Watts in 2015 and 2016). Medina's record held until 2020, and was broken by Cydney Gillon who won the category from 2017 to 2020.[[/labelnote]][[/note]]



** Defied by Rachel. In Misses Olympia 1981 and 1984, she finished second, behind Elomaa and Cory respectively. In 1982, she went on to win the title [[labelnote:note]]Elomaa was third, behind Carla Dunlap, the future Miss Olympia 1983.[[/labelnote]], and retired after the loss to Cory.

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** Defied by Rachel. In Misses Olympia 1981 and 1984, she finished second, behind Elomaa and Cory respectively. In 1982, she went on to win the title [[labelnote:note]]Elomaa [[note]]Elomaa was third, behind Carla Dunlap, the future Miss Olympia 1983.[[/labelnote]], [[/note]], and retired after the loss to Cory.



** Despite being Miss Figure Olympia 4 times, Nicole Wilkins has had her fair share of second places. She was behind Erin Stern twice (2010 and 2012) [[labelnote:note]]Interestingly, Stern was second behind Wilkins in 2011 and 2013[[/labelnote]] and behind Latorya Watts in 2015.

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** Despite being Miss Figure Olympia 4 times, Nicole Wilkins has had her fair share of second places. She was behind Erin Stern twice (2010 and 2012) [[labelnote:note]]Interestingly, [[note]]Interestingly, Stern was second behind Wilkins in 2011 and 2013[[/labelnote]] 2013[[/note]] and behind Latorya Watts in 2015.



** Defied by Adela Garcia, who was ''never'' in second place out of the 13 Fitness Olympia competitions she took part in. [[labelnote:note]]Her lowest ranking was fifth, on her debut in 2000.[[/labelnote]] However, for 2012 & 2013, Oksana Grishina placed second behind Garcia; after Garcia's retirement, Grishina was Ms. Olympia Fitness from 2014 to 2017.

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** Defied by Adela Garcia, who was ''never'' in second place out of the 13 Fitness Olympia competitions she took part in. [[labelnote:note]]Her [[note]]Her lowest ranking was fifth, on her debut in 2000.[[/labelnote]] [[/note]] However, for 2012 & 2013, Oksana Grishina placed second behind Garcia; after Garcia's retirement, Grishina was Ms. Olympia Fitness from 2014 to 2017.



-->If the top ten of the Ms. Olympia sported a row of faces that looked like the bikini division, Ms. Olympia would probably be alive and well today. [[labelnote:Note]]Ms Olympia 2015 was cancelled[[/labelnote]] By the same token, if the top ten of every bikini contest had bodybuilder faces, it would go away too.

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-->If the top ten of the Ms. Olympia sported a row of faces that looked like the bikini division, Ms. Olympia would probably be alive and well today. [[labelnote:Note]]Ms [[note]]Ms Olympia 2015 was cancelled[[/labelnote]] cancelled[[/note]] By the same token, if the top ten of every bikini contest had bodybuilder faces, it would go away too.



* DragonLady: [[https://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/originals/25/6c/dc/256cdcf0573066f2921a9a9c6ce2092d.jpg Nishiwaki]] [[http://www.brns.com/michiko/picts/luckys2.jpg Michiko]] was typecast as this while being an actress in several HongKongFilms in the 1980s and 90s. She was also a martial artist and stuntwoman [[labelnote:Note]]She was the stunt double for Creator/LucyLiu in ''Charlie's Angels'' and ''Kill Bill'' and for Creator/KellyHu in ''The Scorpion King''[[/labelnote]].

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* DragonLady: [[https://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/originals/25/6c/dc/256cdcf0573066f2921a9a9c6ce2092d.jpg Nishiwaki]] [[http://www.brns.com/michiko/picts/luckys2.jpg Michiko]] was typecast as this while being an actress in several HongKongFilms in the 1980s and 90s. She was also a martial artist and stuntwoman [[labelnote:Note]]She [[note]]She was the stunt double for Creator/LucyLiu in ''Charlie's Angels'' and ''Kill Bill'' and for Creator/KellyHu in ''The Scorpion King''[[/labelnote]].King''[[/note]].



** For Mr Olympia, the first Mr Olympia to win only one title in his career was Chris Dickerson in 1982. Every winner before him had won at least twice, and the contest began in 1965.[[labelnote:note]]Franco Columbu won the overall competition once in 1976, but he also had 3 lightweight titles in previous years.[[/labelnote]]

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** For Mr Olympia, the first Mr Olympia to win only one title in his career was Chris Dickerson in 1982. Every winner before him had won at least twice, and the contest began in 1965.[[labelnote:note]]Franco [[note]]Franco Columbu won the overall competition once in 1976, but he also had 3 lightweight titles in previous years.[[/labelnote]][[/note]]



* NamesTheSame: Before 1976, "Mr Universe" could either mean the IFBB competition, or the NABBA [[labelnote:note]]National Amateur Body-Builders' Association [[/labelnote]] one. In 1976, IFBB changed the name of its competition to "World Amateur Bodybuilding Championships".

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* NamesTheSame: Before 1976, "Mr Universe" could either mean the IFBB competition, or the NABBA [[labelnote:note]]National [[note]]National Amateur Body-Builders' Association [[/labelnote]] [[/note]] one. In 1976, IFBB changed the name of its competition to "World Amateur Bodybuilding Championships".



** For Miss Olympia, Lenda Murray. When she won in 2002, she had not won the Miss Olympia title for 6 years (and had not competed for 4). Also, when she won her last Miss O. the following year, she was 41, the second oldest (and the oldest American) Miss O. ever. [[labelnote:note]]The oldest Miss O. ever was Juliette Bergmann, who was 43 when she won in 2001. If weight classifications are counted, Bergmann won her last lightweight title at the age of 45. The next 40-year-old Miss O. would be Iris Kyle when she won in 2014. Yaxeni Oriquen-Garcia was 39 when she won in 2005.[[/labelnote]] For reference, Elomaa was 26 when she won in 1981, Rachel was 27 when she won in 1982, and Cory/ Chizevsky was 31 when she won in 1989 /1999.
** In fact, there hasn't been an Miss O. under the age of 30 since Chizevsky won in 1997 at the age of 29. [[labelnote:note]] If weight classifications are counted, Iris Kyle was 27 when she won her first heavyweight title in 2001. She was 30 when she won her first overall title in 2004.[[/labelnote]]

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** For Miss Olympia, Lenda Murray. When she won in 2002, she had not won the Miss Olympia title for 6 years (and had not competed for 4). Also, when she won her last Miss O. the following year, she was 41, the second oldest (and the oldest American) Miss O. ever. [[labelnote:note]]The [[note]]The oldest Miss O. ever was Juliette Bergmann, who was 43 when she won in 2001. If weight classifications are counted, Bergmann won her last lightweight title at the age of 45. The next 40-year-old Miss O. would be Iris Kyle when she won in 2014. Yaxeni Oriquen-Garcia was 39 when she won in 2005.[[/labelnote]] [[/note]] For reference, Elomaa was 26 when she won in 1981, Rachel was 27 when she won in 1982, and Cory/ Chizevsky was 31 when she won in 1989 /1999.
** In fact, there hasn't been an Miss O. under the age of 30 since Chizevsky won in 1997 at the age of 29. [[labelnote:note]] [[note]] If weight classifications are counted, Iris Kyle was 27 when she won her first heavyweight title in 2001. She was 30 when she won her first overall title in 2004.[[/labelnote]][[/note]]



** The muscle mass of winners has increased dramatically as the years go by. Just compare contest photos of Arnold and Cory with Ronnie Coleman [[labelnote:Note]]8-time Mr Olympia, 1998-2005[[/labelnote]] and Iris Kyle [[labelnote:Note]]10-time Miss Olympia, 2004 and 2006-2014[[/labelnote]].

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** The muscle mass of winners has increased dramatically as the years go by. Just compare contest photos of Arnold and Cory with Ronnie Coleman [[labelnote:Note]]8-time [[note]]8-time Mr Olympia, 1998-2005[[/labelnote]] 1998-2005[[/note]] and Iris Kyle [[labelnote:Note]]10-time [[note]]10-time Miss Olympia, 2004 and 2006-2014[[/labelnote]].2006-2014[[/note]].



* SpiritualSuccessor: For female bodybuilding, the "fitness", "figure" [[labelnote:Note]] also known as bodyfitness[[/labelnote]] and "bikini" competitions, which heavily de-emphasize muscle mass. [[labelnote: Note]] Fitness competitions include an aerobics/dance/gymnastics routine in addition to the usual posing. [[/labelnote]] The Fitness Olympia was first introduced in 1995, the Figure Olympia in 2003, and the Bikini Olympia in 2010.
** Similarly, physique competitions for men. Physique competitions for women were also organised. In 2014, depending on the category, there were a total of 5 Misses Olympia [[labelnote:Note]]Iris Kyle was Miss Olympia, Juliana Malacarne was Miss Physique Olympia, Oksana Grishina was Miss Fitness Olympia, Nicole Wilkins was Miss Figure Olympia and Ashley Kaltwasser was Miss Bikini Olympia[[/labelnote]].

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* SpiritualSuccessor: For female bodybuilding, the "fitness", "figure" [[labelnote:Note]] [[note]] also known as bodyfitness[[/labelnote]] bodyfitness[[/note]] and "bikini" competitions, which heavily de-emphasize muscle mass. [[labelnote: Note]] [[note]] Fitness competitions include an aerobics/dance/gymnastics routine in addition to the usual posing. [[/labelnote]] [[/note]] The Fitness Olympia was first introduced in 1995, the Figure Olympia in 2003, and the Bikini Olympia in 2010.
** Similarly, physique competitions for men. Physique competitions for women were also organised. In 2014, depending on the category, there were a total of 5 Misses Olympia [[labelnote:Note]]Iris [[note]]Iris Kyle was Miss Olympia, Juliana Malacarne was Miss Physique Olympia, Oksana Grishina was Miss Fitness Olympia, Nicole Wilkins was Miss Figure Olympia and Ashley Kaltwasser was Miss Bikini Olympia[[/labelnote]].Olympia[[/note]].



* StatuesqueStunner: Surprisngly averted by many Miss O. winners. Cory, Kim Chizevsky [[labelnote:Note]]4-time Miss Olympia, 1996-1999[[/labelnote]] and Oriquen-Garcia are 5'8, qualifying them as this. But, Kyle was 5'7 and Murray was 5'5.

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* StatuesqueStunner: Surprisngly averted by many Miss O. winners. Cory, Kim Chizevsky [[labelnote:Note]]4-time [[note]]4-time Miss Olympia, 1996-1999[[/labelnote]] 1996-1999[[/note]] and Oriquen-Garcia are 5'8, qualifying them as this. But, Kyle was 5'7 and Murray was 5'5.



* UnusualEuphemism: In IFBB competitions, judges only rank the top 15 contestants. Thus, "(joint) 16th" means "unranked" or "last".

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* UnusualEuphemism: In IFBB competitions, judges only rank the top 15 contestants. Thus, "(joint) 16th" means "unranked" or "last". However, when the number of contestants go beyond 30, even placing 15th meant that you were in the top half of the cohort. [[note]][[/note]]


** Davana Medina took part in Miss Figure Olympia 3 times, and won the title every single time back-to-back, including the 2003 inaugural edition. Also, while Nicole Wilkins has won the title 4 times, Medina was the only winner with 3 wins back-to-back before Cydney Gillon. [[labelnote:note]] Besides Wilkins, only two other Miss Figure Olympia had won back to back titles (Jenny Lynn in 2006 and 2007, and Latorya Watts in 2015 and 2016). Medina's record is safe until at least 2017, which Watts will equal if she wins in 2017; as it turned out, Cydney Gillon won the 2017 edition. She then went on to win in 2018 and 2019.[[/labelnote]]

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** Davana Medina took part in Miss Figure Olympia 3 times, and won the title every single time back-to-back, including the 2003 inaugural edition. Also, while Nicole Wilkins has won the title 4 times, Medina was the only winner with 3 wins back-to-back before Cydney Gillon. [[labelnote:note]] Besides Wilkins, only two other Miss Figure Olympia had won back to back titles (Jenny Lynn in 2006 and 2007, and Latorya Watts in 2015 and 2016). Medina's record is safe held until at least 2017, which Watts will equal if she wins in 2017; as it turned out, 2020, and was broken by Cydney Gillon who won the category from 2017 edition. She then went on to win in 2018 and 2019.2020.[[/labelnote]]


* Cory Everson[[labelnote:Note]]6-time Miss Olympia, 1984-1989.[[/labelnote]] appeared as Atalanta in ''Series/HerculesTheLegendaryJourneys''. Her sister Cameo Kneuer [[labelnote:Note]]A fitness competitor herself; Kneuer is Cory's maiden name[[/labelnote]] and her appeared in a VerySpecialEpisode ("drugs/steroids are bad") of ''[[Series/{{Renegade}} Renegade]]''.

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* Cory Everson[[labelnote:Note]]6-time Everson[[labelnote:note]]6-time Miss Olympia, 1984-1989.[[/labelnote]] appeared as Atalanta in ''Series/HerculesTheLegendaryJourneys''. Her sister Cameo Kneuer [[labelnote:Note]]A [[labelnote:note]]A fitness competitor herself; Kneuer is Cory's maiden name[[/labelnote]] and her appeared in a VerySpecialEpisode ("drugs/steroids are bad") of ''[[Series/{{Renegade}} Renegade]]''.

Added DiffLines:

** Janet Layug was second to two different Miss Bikini Olympia: Ashley Kaltwasser in 2014 & 2015 and Elisa Pecini in 2019, before winning in 2020.


* Oksana Grishina also returned to the Fitness Olympia stage in 2020, after sitting out the 2018 and 2019 editions, and placed second.

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* ** Ms Olympia 2020 also saw the return of the female bodybuilding category, which was left out from 2015 to 2019.
**
Oksana Grishina also returned to the Fitness Olympia stage in 2020, after sitting out the 2018 and 2019 editions, and placed second.


** Defied by Adela Garcia, who was ''never'' in second place out of the 13 Fitness Olympia competitions she took part in. [[labelnote:note]]Her lowest ranking was fifth, on her debut in 2000.[[/labelnote]]

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** Defied by Adela Garcia, who was ''never'' in second place out of the 13 Fitness Olympia competitions she took part in. [[labelnote:note]]Her lowest ranking was fifth, on her debut in 2000.[[/labelnote]][[/labelnote]] However, for 2012 & 2013, Oksana Grishina placed second behind Garcia; after Garcia's retirement, Grishina was Ms. Olympia Fitness from 2014 to 2017.


Added DiffLines:

* Oksana Grishina also returned to the Fitness Olympia stage in 2020, after sitting out the 2018 and 2019 editions, and placed second.


** Dexter Jackson is the winning-est male bodybuilder today, and still in the game at age 50.

to:

** Dexter Jackson is the current winning-est male bodybuilder today, bodybuilder, and still in the game at age 50.kept competing until he was 51.


** Mamdouh "Big Ramy" Elsbiay finally got his turn in 2020, winning redemption under circumstances of great challenge and adversity. Heralded as The Next Big Thing in bodybuilding ever since his debut at the New York Pro in 2013, Ramy would gain a reputation for embodying EveryYearTheyFizzleOut. Everybody could see that he was the most massive and muscular bodybuilder of his time, but for year after year he would come in too big and not conditioned enough. He changed coaches every year without managing to stick to one or find a formula that worked, and while he came extremely close at the 2017 Mr. O with second place, he would slip all the way down to sixth in 2018, not be able to compete in the 2019 Olympia, and place third in the 2020 Arnold Classic when his conditioning was off yet again. By this time people were starting to write him off as someone who would never live up to the hype. Because of the COVID-19 Pandemic he had a hard time traveling to enter a show where he could qualify for the 2020 Olympia, so all he could do was keep prepping under the guidance of his coach Chad Nicholls and wait for a chance to compete. Then, just before he was going to compete in the Europa Pro in Spain, he tested positive for the virus and missed his last chance to qualify. His being able to compete at Mr. O hinged on him getting a special invitation, which he was given, prompting some bodybuilders and commentators to complain that he didn’t deserve it. With his poor track record on conditioning and all of the interruptions to his prep, nobody thought it was likely that he’d come in with good enough conditioning to place well in a contest with such a stacked lineup. He’d be facing three Mr. Olympia winners—seven-time winner Phil Heath, defending champion Brandon Curry, and 2008 champion Dexter Jackson—as well as 2019 runners up William Bonac and Hadi Choopan. Yet he was able to get to the U.S. and spend the last two weeks living with Dennis James to help with his prep, managing to get in the best condition of his career. He finally did what the judges and fans had been telling him to do for years, and it worked: with his combination of mass and conditioning he was able to beat everybody—including a slightly off Phil Heath and a very good version of Brandon—to take both the Sandow and the People's Champion award.

to:

** Mamdouh "Big Ramy" Elsbiay finally got his turn in 2020, winning redemption under circumstances of great challenge and adversity. Heralded as The Next Big Thing in bodybuilding ever since his debut at the New York Pro in 2013, Ramy would gain a reputation for embodying EveryYearTheyFizzleOut. Everybody could see that he was the most massive and muscular bodybuilder of his time, but for year after year he would come in too big and not conditioned enough. He changed coaches every year without managing to stick to one or find a formula that worked, and while he came extremely close at the 2017 Mr. O with second place, he would slip all the way down to sixth in 2018, not be able to compete in the 2019 Olympia, and place third in the 2020 Arnold Classic when his conditioning was off yet again. By this time people were starting to write him off as someone who would never live up to the hype. Because of the COVID-19 Pandemic he had a hard time traveling to enter a show where he could qualify for the 2020 Olympia, so all he could do was keep prepping under according to the guidance of his coach Chad Nicholls and wait for a chance to compete. Then, just before he was going to compete in the Europa Pro in Spain, he tested positive for the virus and missed his last chance to qualify. His being able to compete at Mr. O hinged on him getting a special invitation, which he was given, prompting some bodybuilders and commentators to complain that he didn’t deserve it. With his poor track record on conditioning and all of the interruptions to his prep, nobody thought it was likely that he’d come in with good enough conditioning to place well in a contest with such a stacked lineup. He’d be facing three Mr. Olympia winners—seven-time winner Phil Heath, defending champion Brandon Curry, and 2008 champion Dexter Jackson—as well as 2019 runners up William Bonac and Hadi Choopan. Yet Despite all this, he was able to get to arrived in the U.S. at two weeks out with his conditioning coming along better than usual, and spend the he spent those last two weeks living and training with Dennis James to help with his prep, managing to get in the best condition shape of his career. He finally did what the judges and fans had been telling him to do for years, and it worked: with his combination of mass and now that he had conditioning as well as mass he was able to beat everybody—including a slightly off Phil Heath and a very good version of Brandon—to take both the Sandow and the People's Champion award.award by a decisive margin.


Some other elements of good posing and stage presence are keeping the stomach sucked in as much as possible—including during the transitions between poses—and to remember to flex all muscle groups no matter what the pose. This is important to make one’s conditioning come across, since if you forget, for example, to flex your quads while hitting the front double bicep or front last spread, you will look like you don’t have enough separation in your thighs.[[/folder]]

to:

Some other elements of good posing and stage presence are keeping the stomach sucked in as much as possible—including during the transitions between poses—and to remember to flex all muscle groups no matter what the pose. This is important to make one’s conditioning come across, since if you forget, for example, to flex your quads while hitting the front double bicep or front last lat spread, you will look like you don’t have enough separation in your thighs.[[/folder]]


Some other elements of good posing and stage presence are keeping the stomach sucked in as much as possible—including during the transitions between poses—and to remember to flex all muscle groups no matter what the pose. This is important to make one’s conditioning come across, since if you forget, for example, to flex your quads while hitting the front double bicep, you will look like you don’t have enough separation in your thighs.[[/folder]]

to:

Some other elements of good posing and stage presence are keeping the stomach sucked in as much as possible—including during the transitions between poses—and to remember to flex all muscle groups no matter what the pose. This is important to make one’s conditioning come across, since if you forget, for example, to flex your quads while hitting the front double bicep, bicep or front last spread, you will look like you don’t have enough separation in your thighs.[[/folder]]

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