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** The classic western dragons are simply referred to as "Dragons", with the iconic fire-breathing red dragon being the Welsh species. Similar to them are the Dragonets, which can stand on their hind legs and are usually domesticated as mounts. There are also the bipedal Wyverns, the serpentine Wyrms, and the wingless Drakes, which are another group of domesticated dragons.

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** The classic western dragons are simply referred to as "Dragons", with the iconic fire-breathing red dragon being the Welsh species. Similar to them are the Dragonets, Dragonettes, which can stand on their hind legs and are usually domesticated as mounts. There are also the bipedal Wyverns, the serpentine Wyrms, and the wingless Drakes, which are another group of domesticated dragons.



** Rounding off the dragon types are the wingless, multi-limbed Basilisks, the sea serpent-inspired Sea Orcs[[note]]the word "orc" is speculated by some to have its origins in the Anglo-Saxon word "orcen", meaning "sea monster"[[/note]], and the multi-headed hydras. Cockatrices are also mentioned as a crossbreed of a rooster and a drake, while Salamanders are considered a species of Basilisk. The Tarasque is also mentioned in ''Dracopedia: The Bestiary" - where it is depicted as a turtle-like beast that eats everything in its path - to have possibly been an giant Basilisk.

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** Rounding off the dragon types are the wingless, multi-limbed Basilisks, the sea serpent-inspired Sea Orcs[[note]]the word "orc" is speculated by some to have its origins in the Anglo-Saxon word "orcen", meaning "sea monster"[[/note]], and the multi-headed hydras. hydras.
**
Cockatrices are also mentioned as a crossbreed of a rooster and a drake, Dragonette, while Salamanders are considered a species of Basilisk. The Tarasque is also mentioned in ''Dracopedia: The Bestiary" - where it is depicted as a turtle-like beast that eats everything in its path - to have possibly been an a giant Basilisk.

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* William O'Connor's ''Dracopedia'' books divides dragons into 13 groups, each containing several species.
** The classic western dragons are simply referred to as "Dragons", with the iconic fire-breathing red dragon being the Welsh species. Similar to them are the Dragonets, which can stand on their hind legs and are usually domesticated as mounts. There are also the bipedal Wyverns, the serpentine Wyrms, and the wingless Drakes, which are another group of domesticated dragons.
** Eastern dragons are divided into the scaly, serpentine Asian Dragons and the furry, wingless Arctic Dragons (the latter are stated to have been historically confused with the former).
** Amphipteres are serpentine dragons that possess wings but no limbs, while Coatls are a feathered offshoot of the group originating from the Americas. There are also the tiny Feydragons, which possess butterfly-like wings.
** Rounding off the dragon types are the wingless, multi-limbed Basilisks, the sea serpent-inspired Sea Orcs[[note]]the word "orc" is speculated by some to have its origins in the Anglo-Saxon word "orcen", meaning "sea monster"[[/note]], and the multi-headed hydras. Cockatrices are also mentioned as a crossbreed of a rooster and a drake, while Salamanders are considered a species of Basilisk. The Tarasque is also mentioned in ''Dracopedia: The Bestiary" - where it is depicted as a turtle-like beast that eats everything in its path - to have possibly been an giant Basilisk.


* Black drakes, the strongest and most majestic of drakes, are solitary hunters and the [[spoiler:second]] rarest kind. Black drakes are usually around 30 feet in length, with massive wingspans and tailends sharp and powerful enough to dismember humans and cut through stone. They are also possibly the most intelligent of drakes. Drinking black drakeblood gives bloodblessed telekinetic powers.
* [[spoiler:The White is the rarest kind of drake, so rare that only three has been known in the history of Arradsia. White drakes are even larger than blacks, and possess an incredible intelligence. Their most dangerous ability, however, is their power to dominate the minds of red, green and blue drakes, even from entire continents away. This ability also expands to certain bloodblessed. The presence of a white drake has also been known to "spoil" humans, giving them physical deformities and subjugating them to the White's will.]]

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* ** Black drakes, the strongest and most majestic of drakes, are solitary hunters and the [[spoiler:second]] rarest kind. Black drakes are usually around 30 feet in length, with massive wingspans and tailends sharp and powerful enough to dismember humans and cut through stone. They are also possibly the most intelligent of drakes. Drinking black drakeblood gives bloodblessed telekinetic powers.
* ** [[spoiler:The White is the rarest kind of drake, so rare that only three has been known in the history of Arradsia. White drakes are even larger than blacks, and possess an incredible intelligence. Their most dangerous ability, however, is their power to dominate the minds of red, green and blue drakes, even from entire continents away. This ability also expands to certain bloodblessed. The presence of a white drake has also been known to "spoil" humans, giving them physical deformities and subjugating them to the White's will.]]

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* Dragons in Anthony Ryan's Draconis Memoria series are native to the Arradsian continent (and ''only'' Arradsia. Taking them off the continent causes them to drop dead), but are more remarkable for their blood. While their blood is usually corrosive when in contact with human skin, certain select individuals (known as Bloodblessed, roughly 0.1% of the population) can safely drink the blood and gain fabulous powers from it. There are four subspecies of drake, Red, Green, Blue and Black. Drinking blood directly from the heard is [[spoiler:usually]] lethal even to bloodblessed.
** Green drakes seem to be the most common, inhabitting the jungles, praries and rivers and varying in size from 7 feet (jungle greens) to 15 feet (river greens). They can breathe fire and have heightened resistance to fire, but cannot fly. Drinking their blood heightens the physical abilities of bloodblessed to superhuman levels and stimulates the healing process. Small doses can be consumed by normal humans as a panaceum.
** Red drakes are wyverns, and can grow as large as twenty feet or larger. They live in massive swarms mainly in the Badlands and volcanic areas of the Arradsian interior, but hunt alone. Reds can breathe fire and fly, and drinking their blood gives bloodblessed a form of pyrokinesis. Their blood is also used as a substitute for coal on so-called "Bloodburner" ships.
** Blue drakes inhabit the oceans east and south of arradsia, and can grow to a massive 60 feet. They resemble giant sea serpents, and use their serpent bodies to coil around prey which they then kill with their white firebreath. Drinking the blood of blue drakes puts the bloodblessed in a state called Bluetrance, in which they can telepathically communicate over large distances and recall and share their memories with almost photographical precision.
* Black drakes, the strongest and most majestic of drakes, are solitary hunters and the [[spoiler:second]] rarest kind. Black drakes are usually around 30 feet in length, with massive wingspans and tailends sharp and powerful enough to dismember humans and cut through stone. They are also possibly the most intelligent of drakes. Drinking black drakeblood gives bloodblessed telekinetic powers.
* [[spoiler:The White is the rarest kind of drake, so rare that only three has been known in the history of Arradsia. White drakes are even larger than blacks, and possess an incredible intelligence. Their most dangerous ability, however, is their power to dominate the minds of red, green and blue drakes, even from entire continents away. This ability also expands to certain bloodblessed. The presence of a white drake has also been known to "spoil" humans, giving them physical deformities and subjugating them to the White's will.]]


* ''Literature/DragonQueen'': Dragons have feathers, which is not typical of either Eastern or Western mythology.

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* ''Literature/DragonQueen'': [[FeatheredDragons Dragons have feathers, feathers]], which is not typical of either Eastern or Western mythology.



* ''Literature/TortallUniverse'': Creator/TamoraPierce's dragons live in their own realm ([[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin Dragonland]]), are essentially immortal, can [[GiantFlyer fly]], and are both magical and intelligent. Interestingly, they don't have a huge antipathy towards humans unless provoked - they more or less consider the puny humans to be below their notice. In one book elders dragons are explicitly stated as being significantly stronger than most gods.

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* ''Literature/TortallUniverse'': Creator/TamoraPierce's dragons live in their own realm ([[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin Dragonland]]), are essentially immortal, can [[GiantFlyer fly]], and are both magical and intelligent. Interestingly, they don't have a huge antipathy towards humans unless provoked - -- they more or less consider the puny humans to be below their notice. In one book elders dragons are explicitly stated as being significantly stronger than most gods.


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* In the ''Literature/ChroniclesOfTheEmergedWorld'', dragons are of the classic European type -- large, winged reptiles capable of breathing fire, and highly intelligent but not sapient. They're [[DragonRider used as mounts]] by elite military forces on both sides of the war, and several types exist:
** Common dragons, the ones most often seen, are found in most lands. They are typically various shades of green, but some come in other colors such as red.
** Blue dragons live in the Land of the Sea. Besides their color, they differ from common dragons in their smaller size and elongated, serpentine bodies.
** Black dragons are ferocious creatures bred by the Tyrant and given to his top lieutenants as weapons, mounts and symbols of status.


* The lloigor of the ''Literature/CthulhuMythos'' fiction are invisible alien horrors, but can create reptilian bodies for themselves which are rumored to have inspired the dragons of myth (notably in Wales, where dragon iconography is 'rampant' in the local heraldry).

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* The lloigor of the ''Literature/CthulhuMythos'' ''Franchise/CthulhuMythos'' fiction are invisible alien horrors, but can create reptilian bodies for themselves which are rumored to have inspired the dragons of myth (notably in Wales, where dragon iconography is 'rampant' in the local heraldry).


* The [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin red dragons]] of Meredith Ann Pierce's ''Literature/TheFirebringerTrilogy'' are wingless, have jewel-encrusted hides, live deep beneath a volcanic mountain range, and spend most of their (very long) lives asleep and [[spoiler: watching the goings-on of the world through their dreams, as the main character discovers to his dismay in the third book.]] The queen and her mate (the only black dragon) are the only dragons to have wings, and a queen loses hers after her mating flight while her erstwhile consort flies off somewhere unknown, though the queen will continue to produce eggs from that one mating for the rest of her life. A male is only born every thousand years, and it's only a queen and her consort who breed; thus, all dragons are closely related sisters (or aunts and nieces depending on the generation(s) living) and [[BrotherSisterIncest a queen's consort is always her brother.]]

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* The [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin red dragons]] of Meredith Ann Pierce's ''Literature/TheFirebringerTrilogy'' are wingless, have jewel-encrusted hides, live deep beneath a volcanic mountain range, and spend most of their (very long) lives asleep and [[spoiler: watching the goings-on of the world through their dreams, as the main character discovers to his dismay in the third book.]] book]]. The queen and her mate (the only black dragon) are the only dragons to have wings, and a queen loses hers after her mating flight while her erstwhile consort flies off somewhere unknown, though although the queen will continue to produce eggs from that one mating for the rest of her life. A male is only born every thousand years, and it's only a queen and her consort who breed; thus, all dragons are closely related sisters (or aunts and nieces depending on the generation(s) living) and [[BrotherSisterIncest a queen's consort is always her brother.]]brother]].



* The dragons of ''Literature/WingsOfFire'' by [[Creator/ErinHunter Tui Sutherland]] all use the basic standard 4 legs, 2 wings model, but that's where the similarities end. There are seven different clans of dragons, each with their own distinct abilities and cultures.

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* The dragons of ''Literature/WingsOfFire'' by [[Creator/ErinHunter Tui Sutherland]] all use the basic standard 4 for legs, 2 two wings model, but that's where the similarities end. There are seven different clans of dragons, each with their own distinct abilities and cultures.

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* ''Literature/TheQueenOfIeflaria'': Like all monsters, dragons are the children of Talcia, goddess of magic. They once were intelligent and could speak, but Talcia took those gifts from them as they succumbed to greed. [[spoiler:Actually, while Talcia ''is'' upset with them, they are still intelligent and fully capable of speech. Their Emperor merely ordered them not to]].

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* ''Literature/{{Eldraeverse}}'': The particular Precursor species believed to have created the eldrae, the ''trakelpanis trakóras amán'' or "Great Drakes", seem to have been partially silicon-based 500 foot tall scaly beasts with wings spanning hundreds of feet, reality-warping tech, and a bad case of solipsism, leading to the internecine wars that wiped them out.
* Krakun in the ''Literature/HayvenCelestia'' universe have a superficial resemblance to wingless western dragons, being quadrupedal reptiles twelve meters tall at the shoulder who live for 12,000 years and tend to be intensely greedy with an economy heavy on slavery. Though they don't breathe fire, just sulfur.


* Literature/OlogySeries: Dragons are, unsurprisingly, described in extensive detail in ''Dragonology''. While they are all large-bodied (usually), LongLived magical reptiles, they are quite diverse beyond that. In general, a couple of internally uniform families exist:
** Western dragons are split between three subspecies -- the common European kind (which in artwork is shown as either the usual quadrupeds or as theropod-like bipeds), which live in mountain caves and hoard gold and gems; the smaller [[OurGargoylesRock gargouilles]], adapted for life as arboreal ambush predators but equally at home perching on high buildings; and the arctic dragons, who migrate yearly between the North and South poles and [[AnIcePerson breathe ice]]. There are also knuckers, serpentine dragons with vestigial wings who inhabit wells and deep pools.

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* Literature/OlogySeries: Dragons are, unsurprisingly, described in extensive detail in ''Dragonology''. While they are all large-bodied (usually), LongLived magical reptiles, reptiles and (usually) capable of speech, they are quite diverse beyond that. In general, a couple of internally uniform families exist:
** Western dragons are split between three subspecies -- the common European kind (which in artwork is shown as either the usual quadrupeds or as theropod-like bipeds), which live in mountain caves and hoard gold and gems; the smaller [[OurGargoylesRock gargouilles]], adapted for life as arboreal ambush predators but equally at home perching on high buildings; and the arctic dragons, who migrate yearly between the North and South poles and [[AnIcePerson breathe ice]]. There are also knuckers, serpentine dragons with vestigial wings who inhabit wells and deep pools.pools, are highly poisonous, cannot speak, and resemble dragons from European folklore more than any other variety in the books.

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* The ''Literature/{{Dragonlance}}'' franchise unsurprisingly has plenty of dragons in it. Originally designed as a D&D setting, they are fairly standard modern Western-style dragons mostly similar to other D&D dragons. Helpfully ColorCodedForYourConvenience, metallic dragons are always good (although not necessarily ''[[GoodIsNotNice nice]]''), while other colours are always evil. They come in matched opposing pairs, with a good and evil version of about the same size and breath weapon - gold and red dragons being the largest of their respective sides and the only ones to breath fire, while others have a variety of different breath weapons (often two, with one being non-lethal) such as cold and lightning. Dragons are long-lived, but do eventually die of old age; there have only been about four generations, although much time was passed in hibernation. They are the oldest and most magical species and are, or at least were, favoured of the gods, with both the big good and big bad of the setting usually taking the form of dragons.


* Dragons in Creator/JohnRingo's ''Literature/CouncilWars'' series were genetically engineered by, amusingly, Disney Genegeneers in the early 21st Century. They made two different varieties, the large, sentient Greater Dragons and the smaller Wyverns that were roughly equivalent to horses in intelligence. The only reason they're able to fly at all is because of muscles and bones made from incredibly strong and light 'bioextruded carbon-nanotube'. The smaller, nonsentient ones are called wyverns, the larger, intelligent ones are dragons.

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* Dragons in Creator/JohnRingo's ''Literature/CouncilWars'' series were genetically engineered by, amusingly, Disney Genegeneers in the early 21st Century. They made two different varieties, the large, sentient Greater Dragons and the smaller Wyverns that were roughly equivalent to horses in intelligence. The only reason they're able to fly at all is because of muscles and bones made from incredibly strong and light 'bioextruded carbon-nanotube'. The smaller, nonsentient ones are called wyverns, the larger, intelligent ones are dragons.


* In ''The Summer King Chronicles'', dragons are huge, mindlessly destructive monsters that terrorize the gryfons of the Winderost, only coming out at night. [[BrownNote Their very presence drives all creatures to mindless animal terror.]] [[spoiler:Except [[CallAPegasusAHippogriff they are not called dragons, but wyrms. "Real" dragons are Eastern dragons, who are easily the most CivilizedAnimals in the setting, have a general {{Wutai}}/{{Wuxia}} FantasyCounterpartCulture with Japanese names (Amaratsu, Hikaru, Natsumi, Ai, etc.) live for only one year, and [[BreadEggsMilkSquick enslaved the wyrms to mine gems.]]]]

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* In ''The Summer King Chronicles'', dragons are huge, mindlessly destructive monsters that terrorize the gryfons of the Winderost, only coming out at night. [[BrownNote Their very presence drives all creatures to mindless animal terror.]] [[spoiler:Except [[CallAPegasusAHippogriff they are not called dragons, but wyrms. ]] "Real" dragons are Eastern dragons, who are easily the most CivilizedAnimals in the setting, have a general {{Wutai}}/{{Wuxia}} FantasyCounterpartCulture with Japanese names (Amaratsu, Hikaru, such as Hikaru and Natsumi, Ai, etc.) live for only one year, and [[BreadEggsMilkSquick enslaved the wyrms to mine gems.]]]]


** Western dragons are split between three subspecies -- the common European kind (which in artwork is shown as either the usual quadrupeds or as theropod-like bipeds), which live in mountain caves and hoard gold and gems; the smaller gargouilles, adapted for life as arboreal ambush-hunters but equally at home perching on high buildings; and the arctic dragons, who migrate yearly between the North and South poles and [[AnIcePerson breathe ice]]. There are also knuckers, serpentine dragons with vestigial wings who inhabit wells and deep pools.

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** Western dragons are split between three subspecies -- the common European kind (which in artwork is shown as either the usual quadrupeds or as theropod-like bipeds), which live in mountain caves and hoard gold and gems; the smaller gargouilles, [[OurGargoylesRock gargouilles]], adapted for life as arboreal ambush-hunters ambush predators but equally at home perching on high buildings; and the arctic dragons, who migrate yearly between the North and South poles and [[AnIcePerson breathe ice]]. There are also knuckers, serpentine dragons with vestigial wings who inhabit wells and deep pools.


** In [[Literature/TheHistoryOfMiddleEarth the various background writings]], dragons, like the Balrogs, are described as lesser Maiar corrupted by Morgoth, warped by him into reptilian form. Nearly all the evil races and beings were similarly created by Morgoth, out of corrupted Maiar or Elves. Though unlike the Balrogs, the Dragons appear to be a self-perpetuating race (Glaurung was "the Father of Dragons", and ''Literature/TheHobbit'' makes reference to Dragons "breeding"), so while the original Dragons may have been Maiar, Smaug (as their descendant) most likely was ''not''.

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** In [[Literature/TheHistoryOfMiddleEarth the various background writings]], dragons, like the Balrogs, are described as [[FallenAngel lesser Maiar corrupted by Morgoth, Morgoth]], warped by him into reptilian form. Nearly all the evil races and beings were similarly created by Morgoth, out of corrupted Maiar or Elves. Though unlike the Balrogs, the Dragons appear to be a self-perpetuating race (Glaurung was "the Father of Dragons", and ''Literature/TheHobbit'' makes reference to Dragons "breeding"), so while the original Dragons may have been Maiar, Smaug (as their descendant) most likely was ''not''.

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