Follow TV Tropes

Following

History Main / PlaceboEffect

Go To



* One chapter of ''Manga/SayonaraZetsubouSensei'' has a field day with this trope, including Nozomu taking a placebo drug and breaking out in hives from the percieved side effects, StalkerWithACrush Matoi forcing Nozomu to take a fake [[LovePotion Love Pill]], only for the effect to work on ''her'' instead when she's the only one convinced that it worked, and Nozomu eventually getting fake surgery performed on him to get rid of the fake side effects from the fake drug he took at the start, and ending up convinced that he's been turned into an android.

to:

* ''Manga/SayonaraZetsubouSensei'':
**
One chapter of ''Manga/SayonaraZetsubouSensei'' has a field day with this trope, including Nozomu taking a placebo drug and breaking out in hives from the percieved side effects, StalkerWithACrush Matoi forcing Nozomu to take a fake [[LovePotion Love Pill]], only for the effect to work on ''her'' instead when she's the only one convinced that it worked, and Nozomu eventually getting fake surgery performed on him to get rid of the fake side effects from the fake drug he took at the start, and ending up convinced that he's been turned into an android.


Added DiffLines:

* ''Manga/DrStone'': Throughout the Grand Bout, Ginro is seen chewing on leaves. The leaves are an ingredient to a drink Senku concocted as a form of improvised doping, which Ginro also drank before anyone else could. Ginro is convinced that if the original drink was point, the raw ingredients should be even more so. Senku stops Chrome from telling him all the raw ingredients will do is give him the runs, citing a combination of this being Ginro's first time ever being hopped up on the caffeine he's been ingesting and his own gullibility convincing him he's invincible. Indeed, Ginro wins... and immediately runs off in a PottyEmergency from the aforementioned runs.

Added DiffLines:

* ''Manga/RanmaOneHalf'': In an early arc, when Ryouga is losing badly to Ranma, Nabiki turns the tide with some pills. She tells him that they're steroids, and will vastly increase his strength. In actual fact, they were just vitamin tablets, but Ryouga still experiences a huge burst of strength and determination after swallowing them.


* The infamous ad campaign for Advertising/HeadOn loudly exhorted the viewer, "Apply directly to forehead!" Allegedly a headache cure, the ad used ExactWords to avoid making any claims that the product would, well, actually cure headaches. Which was just as well, since the ingredients were... [[VeryFalseAdvertising inert wax]].

to:

* The infamous ad campaign for Advertising/HeadOn loudly exhorted the viewer, "Apply directly to forehead!" Allegedly a headache cure, the ad product's active ingredients were... inert wax. It would do just as much good to rub a candle on your face. The manufacturers cleverly used ExactWords to avoid making any claims that for false advertising; notice they didn't technically ''say'' the product would, well, actually cure headaches. Which was just as well, since the ingredients were... [[VeryFalseAdvertising inert wax]]. headaches.
[[/folder]]


[[/folder]]

to:

[[/folder]]* The infamous ad campaign for Advertising/HeadOn loudly exhorted the viewer, "Apply directly to forehead!" Allegedly a headache cure, the ad used ExactWords to avoid making any claims that the product would, well, actually cure headaches. Which was just as well, since the ingredients were... [[VeryFalseAdvertising inert wax]].


* Homeopathy may fool many people due to the placebo effect, despite the fact that it would have to utterly violate some of the most basic laws of physics and chemistry in order to work.

to:

* Homeopathy may fool many people due to the placebo effect, despite the fact that it would have to utterly violate some of the most basic laws of physics and chemistry in order to work. (In the words of the [[http://www.1023.org.uk/ 1023 Campaign]], "Homeopathy: There's Nothing In It".)



* [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iridology Iridology.]] In the words of Wiki/TheOtherWiki:

to:

* [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iridology Iridology.]] Iridology,]] claiming to diagnose disease and injury by looking closely at the iris of the eye. In the words of Wiki/TheOtherWiki:



* This actually plays a role in genuine scientific research, since clinical trials for drugs usually involve a [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blinded_experiment double-blind study]], in which half of the participants are given placebos to serve as a [[UsefulNotes/TheScientificMethod control group]]. For a drug to be approved, it has to perform demonstrably better than the placebo, as presumably a drug that works no better than a placebo is itself a placebo.

to:

* This actually plays a role in genuine scientific research, since clinical trials for drugs usually involve a [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blinded_experiment double-blind study]], in which half of the participants are given placebos to serve as a [[UsefulNotes/TheScientificMethod control group]]. For a drug to be approved, it has to perform demonstrably better than the placebo, as presumably a drug (or even surgical procedure) that works no better than a placebo is itself a placebo.placebo.
** Better trials are ones that compare the new drug against the one currently considered the best to treat the condition; Doctors would generally much prefer to know that a drug is at least as good as the current, usually cheaper alternative than to know it's better than ''no treatment at all''.


The ''placebo effect'' is where a patient thinks that a 'medicine' is healing them, even though it doesn't have an actual medical effect. The most common use is in drug trials, in which a control group is given a placebo, to compare the effects in case the drug actually is only effective due to the placebo effect, or is even worse.

One difference between fiction and reality is that, unlike in fiction, real placebos often continue to have an effect even if the user finds out it's a placebo - the action of taking the "drug" is usually enough to fool the body.

The opposite is the ''nocebo effect'', in which someone believes something is hurting them or making them sick, when it's really not. This could even kill them, as YourMindMakesItReal.

to:

The ''placebo effect'' is where a patient thinks that a 'medicine' is healing them, even though it doesn't have an actual medical effect. The most common use is in drug trials, in which a control group is given a placebo, to compare the effects in case the drug actually is only effective due to the placebo effect, or is even worse.

worse. [[note]]This can have uses - particularly where it turns out the placebo and treatment arms of a trial have near-identical outcomes, which means the treatment didn't do anything to help and should not be used - but often, drug companies prefer to do comparison to placebo because they ''don't'' want to do the really ''useful'' test and compare against the currently-considered-best treatment, in case they come up short.[[/note]]

One difference between fiction and reality is that, unlike in fiction, real placebos often continue to have an effect even if the user finds out it's a placebo - the action of taking the "drug" is usually enough to fool the body.

body. [[note]]It is currently considered likely that this is not anything to do with YourMindMakesItReal, but more to do with the placebo effect being a category of miscellaneous influences, in which to gather spontaneous recoveries, regression to the mean, issues with patient self-reporting, and other statistical and medical quirks.[[/note]]

The opposite is the ''nocebo effect'', in which someone believes something is hurting them or making them sick, when it's really not. This could even kill them, as YourMindMakesItReal.
YourMindMakesItReal! Only... not, in [[RealLife reality]]. Although taking a placebo when you ''should'' be taking actual treatment might.

Added DiffLines:

* Discussed in one episode of ''Series/SabrinaTheTeenageWitch,'' where Sabrina is having a disagreement with her aunts, and the Witch Council shows her two alternate futures, one where she lives with Hilda, one where she lives with Zelda. In Zelda's future, Sabrina is scientifically-focused and dispensing an anti-aging treatment to AlphaBitch Libby (after making her beg for it, which Sabrina enjoys). Then Mr. Kraft walks in with comically exaggerated wrinkles and says "Be honest, I'm getting the placebo, aren't I?" To which future Sabrina admits he might be in "group C," which is actually receiving an ''aging'' potion.


* After Cain is wounded in a battle and loses most of his right hand in the''Literature/CiaphasCain'' series, he notes a few times that the cybernetic replacement fingers give him a steadier grip on his pistol as they don't tremble as much when he aims. His editor comments in a footnote that the trembling of a shooter's hand is mostly caused by their own heartbeat, and thus cybernetic fingers wouldn't affect it at all - but if he feels more confident in his aim, so much the better.

to:

* After Cain is wounded in a battle and loses most of his right hand in the''Literature/CiaphasCain'' the ''Literature/CiaphasCain'' series, he notes a few times that the cybernetic replacement fingers give him a steadier grip on his pistol as they don't tremble as much when he aims. His editor comments in a footnote that the trembling of a shooter's hand is mostly caused by their own heartbeat, and thus cybernetic fingers wouldn't affect it at all - but if he feels more confident in his aim, so much the better.

Added DiffLines:

* After Cain is wounded in a battle and loses most of his right hand in the''Literature/CiaphasCain'' series, he notes a few times that the cybernetic replacement fingers give him a steadier grip on his pistol as they don't tremble as much when he aims. His editor comments in a footnote that the trembling of a shooter's hand is mostly caused by their own heartbeat, and thus cybernetic fingers wouldn't affect it at all - but if he feels more confident in his aim, so much the better.


* ''Series/StarTrekTheOriginalSeries'' At the end of Mudd's Women.

to:

* %%* ''Series/StarTrekTheOriginalSeries'' At the end of Mudd's Women.


Added DiffLines:

* ''Series/YediYuz'': The hypnotic "treatment" Oşa gives Pınar in "Hayatın Musikisi" is nothing but a placebo it only makes her ''feel'' confident and empowered because she ''believes'' it does.
--> '''Oşa:''' You hear it because you believe that you do. There is no song. I only made you believe that it would cure you.


* ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'': Is the episode ''Deep Space Homer'', Barney drinks a glass of champagne in celebration of him being selected to go to space over Homer. This prompts some AlcoholInducedIdiocy that gets him disqualified (and probably sent to the hospital). The scientist overseeing the tests wonders how this happened, seeing as how the champagne was non-alcoholic.

Added DiffLines:

* ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'': Is the episode ''Deep Space Homer'', Barney drinks a glass of champagne in celebration of him being selected to go to space over Homer. This prompts some AlcoholInducedIdiocy that gets him disqualified (and probably sent to the hospital). The scientist overseeing the tests wonders how this happened, seeing as how the champagne was non-alcoholic.


* In one episode of ''WesternAnimation/HeyArnold'', Helga bought an anti-love potion that successfully killed her feelings for Arnold only to learn later on that it was just grape juice.

to:

* In one episode of ''WesternAnimation/HeyArnold'', Helga bought an anti-love potion that successfully killed her feelings for Arnold only Arnold. She eventually tries to learn later on that reverse it by going back to the seller, who admits it was just grape juice.

Added DiffLines:

[[folder:Comic Books]]
*''ComicBook/{{Asterix}}'': In ''Recap/AsterixInBritain'', despite the heroes best effords, they fail to bring any magic potion to Anticlimax's village. Asterix then gets the idea to brew a potion from the herbs Getafix gave him - he doesn't know if they'll be magical, but it might encourage the village's warriors. Sure enough, the placebo effect works, the Romans are defeated, and Mykingdomforanos decides to make the concoction the national drink. The name of the plant? Tea.
[[/folder]]


* ''Webcomic/SchlockMercenary'': There's this gem during an enemy FalseFlagOperation.
-->'''Murtaugh:''' Kathtryn, ''be brilliant''. Tell me what the enemy might have to prevent captured soldiers being presented as evidence.\\
'''Kathryn:''' Okay, I just need a minute, and some quiet, please.\\

to:

* ''Webcomic/SchlockMercenary'': [[https://www.schlockmercenary.com/2015-02-09 There's this gem gem]] during an enemy FalseFlagOperation.
FalseFlagOperation:[[labelnote:*]]The team is wanting to capture a few of the enemy to be able to use their testimony as evidence that it ''was'' a FalseFlagOperation, versus a legitimate uprising.[[/labelnote]]
-->'''Murtaugh:''' Kathtryn, ''be brilliant''. Tell me what the enemy might have has planned in order to prevent captured soldiers being presented as evidence.live capture.\\
'''Kathryn:''' Okay, I'm already working on that. I just need a minute, and some quiet, please.little quiet.\\

Showing 15 edit(s) of 135

Top

How well does it match the trope?

Example of:

/

Media sources:

/

Report