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* Creator/LeopoldVonSacherMasoch

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* UsefulNotes/SigmundFreud

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* Creator/RabindranathTagore

* Creator/PaulFeval, author of ''Literature/JohnDevil'', ''Literature/TheBlackCoats'', ''Literature/TheVampireCountess'', and ''Literature/VampireCity''


* Creator/PaulFeval, author of ''Literature/JohnDevil'', ''Literature/TheBlackCoats'', ''Literature/TheVampireCountess'', and ''Literature/VampireCity''''Literature/VampireCity''.
* Creator/GeorgesFeydeau, master farceur.

* Creator/JulesVerne: Father of ScienceFiction and author of ''Literature/TwentyThousandLeaguesUnderTheSea'', ''Literature/JourneyToTheCenterOfTheEarth'' and ''Literature/AroundTheWorldInEightyDays''.


* Creator/JulesVerne: Creator/JulesVerne, Father of ScienceFiction and author of ''Literature/TwentyThousandLeaguesUnderTheSea'', ''Literature/JourneyToTheCenterOfTheEarth'' and ''Literature/AroundTheWorldInEightyDays''.

* Creator/AlexandreDumas, ''père et fils'': The father wrote ''Literature/TheThreeMusketeers'', ''Literature/TheCountOfMonteCristo'' and a pile of other stuff; the son wrote ''La Dame aux Camelias''.


* Creator/AlexandreDumas, ''père et fils'': The father wrote ''père'': Wrote ''Literature/TheThreeMusketeers'', ''Literature/TheCountOfMonteCristo'' and a pile of other stuff; the son stuff.
* Creator/AlexandreDumasFils, who
wrote ''La Dame aux Camelias''.

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* Creator/JensPeterJacobsen

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* [[Creator/JaraCimrman Jára Cimrman]] an unrecognised Czech genius.
* [[Creator/KarelJaromirErben Karel Jaromír Erben]] a folklorist and a poet, the author of many fairy-tale collections and a poem collection Literature/ABouquet which focuses on women's role in the society and includes folklore/fantasy/horror themes.
* [[Creator/KarelHynekMacha Karel Hynek Mácha]] - a romantic poet, author of a poem [[ May]].


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* Creator/KateChopin

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''When adding entries, please put them in alphabetical order within the proper national section.''

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{{Authors}} who started their careers in the 19th century.

* Creator/LouisaMayAlcott: Author of ''Literature/LittleWomen'' and several other novels, which in modern works would probably be considered YoungAdult Literature.
* Creator/AmbroseBierce: Author of ''Literature/TheDevilsDictionary'' and contributor to the Franchise/CthulhuMythos.
* Creator/RobertWChambers: Author of ''Literature/TheKingInYellow'', which inspired (and was subsumed into) the Franchise/CthulhuMythos.
* Creator/JamesFenimoreCooper: The first American novelist to become a bestselling author worldwide and to influence the leading authors in Europe; father of the frontier novel and its offshoot, TheWestern (through his [[Literature/TheLeatherstockingTales Leatherstocking Tales]]), as well as of the [[SeaStories sea novel]].
* Creator/EmilyDickinson (poet)
* Creator/RalphWaldoEmerson
* Creator/NathanielHawthorne: best known for ''Literature/TheScarletLetter''
* Creator/OHenry, best known for his short fiction chock-full of [[TwistEnding twist endings]].
* Creator/HenryJames: Known for intimate, psychologically complex prose that helped lay a foundation for {{Modernism}}. Famous works include ''Literature/DaisyMiller'', ''Literature/WashingtonSquare'', ''PortraitOfALady'' and ''Literature/TheTurnOfTheScrew''.
* Creator/JackLondon: Best known for ''The Call of the Wild''.
* Creator/HermanMelville: Author of ''Literature/MobyDick'' and the short story "BartlebyTheScrivener".
* Creator/EdgarAllanPoe: Pretty much ''the'' horror story writer. Also wrote the first detective story.
* Creator/GeneStrattonPorter: Author of children's books.
* Creator/HenryDavidThoreau: Essayist and thinker, best known for ''{{Walden}}'' and CivilDisobedience.
* Creator/MarkTwain: Author and humorist. Best known for ''Literature/TheAdventuresOfTomSawyer'' and ''Literature/AdventuresOfHuckleberryFinn'', and for being endlessly quotable due to his rather... direct outlook on life. Other notable works include PuddnheadWilson and Literature/AConnecticutYankeeInKingArthursCourt
* Creator/HoratioAlgerJr: Author of ''Ragged Dick'' and many other similar stories; the TropeMaker for RagsToRiches.

* Creator/JoseHernandez
* Creator/DomingoFaustinoSarmiento

* Creator/BanjoPaterson
* Creator/EthelTurner

* Creator/MachadoDeAssis

[[folder:British Isles]]
* Creator/AlfredLordTennyson
* Creator/JaneAusten
* Creator/WilliamBlake
* The Brontë sisters:
** Creator/AnneBronte
** Creator/CharlotteBronte
** Creator/EmilyBronte
* Creator/EdwardBulwerLytton
* Creator/LordByron (TropeNamer for ByronicHero)
* Creator/LewisCarroll (Wrote ''Literature/AliceInWonderland'', which probably inspired the first use of the critique [[WhatDoYouMeanItWasntMadeOnDrugs "What was he smoking?"]])
* Creator/SamuelTaylorColeridge
* Creator/WilkieCollins: Author of ''Literature/TheMoonstone'', arguably the first detective novel in English literature, and ''Literature/TheWomanInWhite''.
* Creator/MarieCorelli: Author of ''Literature/ARomanceOfTwoWorlds'', a very important novel in the origin of the UsefulNotes/NewAge movement; and ''Literature/{{Ardath}}'', a masterpiece of WorldBuilding. She also wrote a lot of GothicHorror and AuthorTract works exposing unfairness towards women, drug addiction and alcoholism, the hypocrisy of social classes and child suicide (via the evils of CramSchool education). She believed in universal health care and women's right to vote. Like her friend Creator/{{Ouida}}, she was immensely popular and controversial.
* Creator/CharlesDickens: Voluminous English writer known for ''Literature/ATaleOfTwoCities'', ''Literature/OliverTwist'', ''Literature/GreatExpectations'', etc.; a great deal of his writings shine a spotlight on the social ills of his day.
* UsefulNotes/BenjaminDisraeli (also known in his other career as a [[UsefulNotes/TheMenOfDowningStreet Prime Minister]])
* Sir Creator/ArthurConanDoyle: Creator of Literature/SherlockHolmes and Literature/ProfessorChallenger (from ''Literature/TheLostWorld1912'').
* Creator/GeorgeEliot
* Creator/ElizabethGaskell
* Creator/HRiderHaggard: Author of adventure stories including ''Literature/KingSolomonsMines'' and ''Literature/{{She}}''
* Creator/ThomasHardy: English novelist and poet.
* Creator/JosephJacobs: FairyTale collector
* Creator/MontagueRhodesJames
* Creator/JohnKeats: Romantic poet with oodles of potential who popped his clogs at 25.
* Creator/RudyardKipling: Widely prolific Indian-born author and poet, best known for ''Literature/TheJungleBook'' and a good deal of poetry.
* Creator/AndrewLang: FairyTale collector
* Creator/GeorgeMacDonald
* Creator/ArthurMachen
* Creator/WSomersetMaugham: first published in 1897.
* Creator/WilliamMorris
* Creator/AmandaMcKittrickRos
* Creator/ENesbit
* Creator/{{Ouida}}: Author of ''Literature/UnderTwoFlags'', ''Literature/ADogOfFlanders'' and forty other novels and many short stories featuring exceedingly well-dressed (and often bisexual) heroes, innocent young people, sexy villains, sensuous villainesses and TearJerker tragedies. Monumentally popular as well as controversial, and a [[PetTheDog Kindhearted Dog Lover]].
* Creator/WalterScott: Author of ''Literature/{{Ivanhoe}}'', ''Literature/RobRoy'' and a pile of 'Scottish novels'. He was the first to write historical novels in Europe.
* Creator/RobertLouisStevenson : Author of ''Literature/TreasureIsland'', ''Kidnapped'' and other novels.
* Creator/BramStoker: Author of ''Literature/{{Dracula}}''.
* Creator/MaryShelley: Author of ''Literature/{{Frankenstein}}'' and mother of ScienceFiction.
* Creator/PercyByssheShelley: Husband of Mary Shelley, friend of Creator/LordByron. Poet.
* Creator/AnthonyTrollope
* Creator/HGWells: British science fiction writer, who, along with Jules Verne, practically invented the genre. ''Literature/TheWarOfTheWorlds'' and ''Literature/TheTimeMachine'' are probably his two best known works.
* Creator/OscarWilde: Author of ''Literature/ThePictureOfDorianGray''. Known for his wit as well as his life's DownerEnding.
* Creator/WilliamWordsworth
* Creator/WilliamButlerYeats

* Creator/HansChristianAndersen: Known mostly for his fairy tales, such as "Literature/TheLittleMermaid" and the "Literature/TheUglyDuckling".

* [[Creator/HonoreDeBalzac Honoré de Balzac]], who wrote ''La Comédie Humaine''.
* Creator/AlexandreDumas, ''père et fils'': The father wrote ''Literature/TheThreeMusketeers'', ''Literature/TheCountOfMonteCristo'' and a pile of other stuff; the son wrote ''La Dame aux Camelias''.
* Creator/PaulFeval, author of ''Literature/JohnDevil'', ''Literature/TheBlackCoats'', ''Literature/TheVampireCountess'', and ''Literature/VampireCity''
* Creator/GustaveFlaubert, author of ''Literature/MadameBovary, Literature/SentimentalEducation, Salammbo''.
* Creator/VictorHugo, author of ''Literature/LesMiserables''.
* Creator/GuyDeMaupassant, a pioneer of the modern short story.
* Creator/{{Stendhal}}
* Creator/JulesVerne: Father of ScienceFiction and author of ''Literature/TwentyThousandLeaguesUnderTheSea'', ''Literature/JourneyToTheCenterOfTheEarth'' and ''Literature/AroundTheWorldInEightyDays''.

* Creator/WilhelmBusch
* Creator/TheBrothersGrimm: while best known for publishing collections of fairy tales and folk stories, the Brothers Grimm were also prominent in linguistics.
* Creator/TheodorFontane: poet, critic, and novelist, who among other things wrote ''Literature/EffiBriest'' and ''Literature/DerStechlin''.
* Creator/ETAHoffmann: Germany's most prominent author of GothicHorror and dark {{romanticism}}.
* [[Creator/KurdLasswitz Kurd Laßwitz]], an early science-fiction author; his ''Auf zwei Planeten'' told of a different kind of Martian invasion one year before ''The War of the Worlds''.
* Creator/KarlMay, famous in particular for the ''Literature/{{Winnetou}}'' novels and infamous for [[DanBrowned Dan Browning]] his fans because he let them believe his novels were factual accounts of his own adventures, although he had no first-hand experience and rather imperfect knowledge of his books' settings when he wrote them.
* Creator/FriedrichNietzsche, prolific philosopher and writer who wrote ''Literature/ThusSpokeZarathustra'' and TropeNamer for ''EternalRecurrence'', ''GodIsDead'', ''HeWhoFightsMonsters'', ''NietzscheWannabe'' and ''{{Ubermensch}}''. Quoted too many times to count.

* Creator/AsbjornsenAndMoe
* Creator/KnutHamsun
* Creator/HenrikIbsen (playwright)
* Creator/HenrikWergeland

* Creator/JosephConrad (early Modernist author whose works extend into the early twentieth century, though best known for ''Literature/HeartOfDarkness'')

* Creator/AlexanderAfanasyev: FairyTale collector.
* Creator/AntonChekhov: Playwright and short story author. Tropers will know this man best for his concept of ChekhovsGun. Famous works include ''Theatre/TheSeagull'', ''Theatre/ThreeSisters'', ''Theatre/UncleVanya'' and ''Theatre/TheCherryOrchard''.
* Creator/FyodorDostoevsky: wrote ''Literature/CrimeAndPunishment'', ''Literature/TheBrothersKaramazov'', and ''Literature/NotesFromUnderground''.
* Creator/AlexanderPushkin: Writer of ''Literature/EugeneOnegin'' and ''Boris Godunov'', the Russian answer to Creator/WilliamShakespeare.
* Creator/LeoTolstoy, author of such famed {{doorstopper}}s as ''Literature/WarAndPeace'' and ''Literature/AnnaKarenina''.
* Creator/NikolaiGogol: Ukrainian-born writer best known for ''Literature/DeadSouls'', the play ''Revizor'' (''The Government Inspector''), and fantastic short stories such as "The Nose" and "The Overcoat."

* Creator/VukKaradzic

* Creator/AugustStrindberg

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