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* StakingTheLovedOne: During the winter Thorstein Eriksson and Gudrid spend in the Western Settlement with farmer Thorstein and his wife Sigrid, people start dying from a mysterious disease (later revealed to be the doing of the ''draugr'' Gardi). Sigrid dies, but hours later comes alive again as an undead and tries to get into the bed of the sick Thorstein Eriksson. Her husband puts her to rest again by driving an axe into her breast (''Erik the Red'').
* WhereTheHellIsSpringfield: While the discovery of the L'Anse aux Meadows site confirmed the basics of the sagas, it didn't clear up the exact location where the action took place. Grapes don't grow in northern Newfoundland, but the discovery of wood from a species of walnut tree that only grows as far north as New Brunswick is strong evidence that there were explorations much further south. There's much debate over whether L'Anse aux Meadows was one of the sites mentioned in the sagas. Birgitta Wallace, the archaeologist who oversaw the research at L'Anse aux Meadows for many years, has concluded that it was Straumsey.

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* StakingTheLovedOne: During the winter Thorstein Eriksson and Gudrid spend in the Western Settlement with farmer Thorstein and his wife Sigrid, people start dying from a mysterious disease (later revealed to be the doing of the ''draugr'' Gardi). Sigrid dies, but hours later comes alive again as an undead and tries to get into the bed of the sick Thorstein Eriksson. Her husband puts her to rest again by driving an axe into her breast (''Erik the Red'').
* WhereTheHellIsSpringfield: While the discovery of the L'Anse aux Meadows site confirmed the basics of the sagas, it didn't clear up the exact location where the action took place. Grapes don't grow in northern Newfoundland, but the discovery of wood from a species of walnut tree that only grows as far north as New Brunswick is strong evidence that there were explorations much further south. There's much debate over whether L'Anse aux Meadows was one of the sites mentioned in the sagas. Birgitta Wallace, the archaeologist who oversaw the research at L'Anse aux Meadows for many years, has concluded that it was Straumsey.
Red'').


* WhereTheHellIsSpringfield: While the discovery of the L'Anse aux Meadows site confirmed the basics of the sagas, it didn't clear up the exact location where the action took place. Grapes don't grow in northern Newfoundland, but the discovery of wood from a species of walnut tree that only grows as north as New Brunswick is strong evidence that there were explorations much further south. There's much debate over whether L'Anse aux Meadows was one of the sites mentioned in the sagas. Birgitta Wallace, the archaeologist who oversaw the research at L'Anse aux Meadows for many years, has concluded that it was Straumsey.

to:

* WhereTheHellIsSpringfield: While the discovery of the L'Anse aux Meadows site confirmed the basics of the sagas, it didn't clear up the exact location where the action took place. Grapes don't grow in northern Newfoundland, but the discovery of wood from a species of walnut tree that only grows as far north as New Brunswick is strong evidence that there were explorations much further south. There's much debate over whether L'Anse aux Meadows was one of the sites mentioned in the sagas. Birgitta Wallace, the archaeologist who oversaw the research at L'Anse aux Meadows for many years, has concluded that it was Straumsey.


* StakingTheLovedOne: During the winter Thorstein Eriksson and Gudrid spend in the Western Settlement with farmer Thorstein and his wife Sigrid, people start dying from a mysterious disease (later revealed to be the doing of the ''draugr'' Gardi). Sigrid dies, but hours later comes alive again as an undead and tries to get into the bed of the sick Thorstein Eriksson. Her husband puts her to rest again by driving an axe into her breast (''Erik the Red'').

to:

* StakingTheLovedOne: During the winter Thorstein Eriksson and Gudrid spend in the Western Settlement with farmer Thorstein and his wife Sigrid, people start dying from a mysterious disease (later revealed to be the doing of the ''draugr'' Gardi). Sigrid dies, but hours later comes alive again as an undead and tries to get into the bed of the sick Thorstein Eriksson. Her husband puts her to rest again by driving an axe into her breast (''Erik the Red'').Red'').
* WhereTheHellIsSpringfield: While the discovery of the L'Anse aux Meadows site confirmed the basics of the sagas, it didn't clear up the exact location where the action took place. Grapes don't grow in northern Newfoundland, but the discovery of wood from a species of walnut tree that only grows as north as New Brunswick is strong evidence that there were explorations much further south. There's much debate over whether L'Anse aux Meadows was one of the sites mentioned in the sagas. Birgitta Wallace, the archaeologist who oversaw the research at L'Anse aux Meadows for many years, has concluded that it was Straumsey.


* MagicMusic: To perform her soothsaying ritual, the seeress Thorbjorg requires women who can sing a certain chant called "Varðlokkur" ("Warden-enticers"; a 'warden' is a guardian spirit). Gudrid is the only one present who can sing the song, and she does so. Thorbjorg is very pleased and says that the song has attracted many spirits, because Gudrid has sung so beautifully, and it are the spirits who supposedly reveal the future to Thorbjorg (''Erik the Red'').

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* MagicMusic: To perform her soothsaying ritual, the seeress Thorbjorg requires women who can sing a certain chant called "Varðlokkur" ("Warden-enticers"; a 'warden' is a guardian spirit)."Varðlokkur". Gudrid is the only one present who can sing the song, and she does so. Thorbjorg is very pleased and says that the song has attracted many spirits, because Gudrid has sung so beautifully, and it are the spirits who supposedly reveal the future to Thorbjorg (''Erik the Red'').


[[caption-width-right:350: "Leif Eriksson discovers America" (Christian Krohg 1893) ]]

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[[caption-width-right:350: [- "Leif Eriksson discovers America" (Christian Krohg 1893) -] ]]


[[caption-width-right:350:Christian Krohg: "Leif Eriksson discovers America" (1893)]]

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[[caption-width-right:350:Christian Krohg: [[caption-width-right:350: "Leif Eriksson discovers America" (1893)]]
(Christian Krohg 1893) ]]

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[[quoteright:350:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/christiankrohg_leiveriksson.jpg]]
[[caption-width-right:350:Christian Krohg: "Leif Eriksson discovers America" (1893)]]

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* ThePromisedLand: There are numerous enthusiastic descriptions of Vinland's natural resources, such as wild-grown wheat, grapes, streams with plenty of fish, no frost or snow in winter, and forests full of game for hunting and timber for building. At Leif's Huts, there is salmon "larger than they had ever seen before" (''The Greenlanders''); at Straumsey, there are "so many birds there that they could hardly walk without stepping on eggs" (''Erik the Red''). When Leif and his companions drink the dew of Vinland right after making land, they "thought they had never tasted anything as sweet" (''The Greenlanders''). ''Erik the Red'' also asserts that Leif found Vinland accidentally when he was sailing to Greenland with a mission from the king of Norway to preach Christianity there; this and the combined mention of wheat and grapes--which are used to make bread and wine, i.e. the food used in the Eucharist--suggest between the lines that maybe the discovery of Vinland was according to some divine plan. Vinland is not a perfect paradise, though: In ''Erik the Red'' Thorfinn and his party suffer famine during their first winter in Vinland because their preparations were insufficient, and the natives fight back and kill Thorvald Eriksson and Thorbrand Snorrason.


* BurnTheUndead: Thorstein Eriksson comes temporarily alive again to reveal that the true cause of the plague in Lysufjord is the ghost of the overseer Gardi, the first man to die that winter in Lysufjord, and that Gardi's corpse must be burnt to stop the epidemic.

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* BurnTheUndead: Thorstein Eriksson comes temporarily alive again to reveal that the true cause of the plague in Lysufjord is the ghost of the overseer Gardi, the first man to die that winter in Lysufjord, and that Gardi's corpse must be burnt to stop the epidemic.epidemic (''Erik the Red'').

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* BurnTheUndead: Thorstein Eriksson comes temporarily alive again to reveal that the true cause of the plague in Lysufjord is the ghost of the overseer Gardi, the first man to die that winter in Lysufjord, and that Gardi's corpse must be burnt to stop the epidemic.

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* EthnicMagician: Clearly the Skraelings are magic-users. They put a sleep spell on Thorvald and his companions (''The Greenlanders''), make Thorfinn and his party see an illusionary host which attacks them from the rear (''Erik the Red''), and sink into the earth like ghosts (''Erik the Red'').


* BeCarefulWhatYouWishFor: When Thorvald Eriksson and his companions discover and explore a wooded headland, Thorvald likes the spot and says that he would like to make his home there. A little later they are attacked by natives, and Thorvald gets a deadly wound from an arrow. Before he dies, he advises his companions to bury him on the headland, and remarks that his wish did indeed come true: he will stay on the headland (''The Greenlanders'').
* ForcedSleep: Shortly after killing several natives on the headland of Krossanes, Thorvald and his companions suddenly get so sleepy they cannot stay awake. A supernatural voice wakes them up just in time to escape from a host of vengeful natives. The implication is that the natives have cast a sleep spell on them (''The Greenlanders'').

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* BeCarefulWhatYouWishFor: When Thorvald Eriksson and his companions discover and explore a wooded headland, Thorvald likes the spot and says that he would like to make his home there. A little later they are attacked by natives, Skraelings, and Thorvald gets a deadly wound from an arrow. Before he dies, he advises his companions to bury him on the headland, and remarks that his wish did indeed come true: he will stay on the headland (''The Greenlanders'').
* ForcedSleep: Shortly after killing several natives Skraelings on the headland of Krossanes, Thorvald and his companions suddenly get so sleepy they cannot stay awake. A supernatural voice wakes them up just in time to escape from a host of vengeful natives.Skraelings. The implication is that the natives have cast a sleep spell on them (''The Greenlanders'').


Both sagas recount the rocky life of Erik the Red, his many feuds that lead to him being banished from UsefulNotes/{{Norway}} and from UsefulNotes/{{Iceland}}, and his bold resolve to follow a sailor's yarn about an unknown land west of Iceland. Indeed he finds and explores an uninhabited country where he carves out a new existence for himself and his family, and which he dubs Greenland because
--->"he said people would be attracted there if it had a favourable name." (''Saga of Erik the Red'')

The tale then moves on to the discovery of yet more uncharted [[UsefulNotes/NorthAmerica shores in the West]], Erik's son Leif's sojourn in a pleasant land he names Vinland, and the further voyages of Erik's children and other adventurous souls to explore the unknown parts. There follow encounters with the natives of Vinland, and an ambitious but ultimately futile attempt by Thorfinn Karlsefni and his wife Gudrid to settle in the new world.

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Both sagas recount the rocky life of Erik the Red, "the Red" Thorvaldsson, his many feuds that lead to him being banished from UsefulNotes/{{Norway}} and from UsefulNotes/{{Iceland}}, and his bold resolve to follow a sailor's yarn about an unknown land west of Iceland. Indeed he finds and explores an uninhabited country where he carves out makes a new existence home for himself and his family, and which he dubs Greenland because
--->"he
because "he said people would be attracted there if it had a favourable name." name" (''Saga of Erik the Red'')

Red'').

The tale then moves on to the discovery of yet more uncharted [[UsefulNotes/NorthAmerica shores in the West]], Erik's son Leif's sojourn in a pleasant land he names Vinland, and the further voyages of Erik's children and other adventurous souls to explore the unknown parts. There follow encounters and fighting with the natives of Vinland, called Skraelings (''skrælingjar'') by the sagas, and an ambitious but ultimately futile attempt by Thorfinn Karlsefni and his wife Gudrid to settle in the new world.

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The ''Saga of Erik the Red'' can be read online [[http://sagadb.org/eiriks_saga_rauda.en here.]]


By intention, the Vinland sagas are part family chronicles, part account of extraordinary voyages. Modern reception is chiefly driven by the wish to read them as historical sources which might direct archeologists to lost Norse settlements on the American continent. Success has been limited, as a site at L'Anse aux Meadows in [[UsefulNotes/CanadianProvincesAndTerritories
Newfoundland]] (excavated 1961-68) remains the only confirmed Norse settlement in America ever found, and it is uncertain which of the places mentioned in the Vinland sagas should be identified with L'Anse aux Meadows (if any).

to:

By intention, the Vinland sagas are part family chronicles, part account of extraordinary voyages. Modern reception is chiefly driven by the wish to read them as historical sources which might direct archeologists to lost Norse settlements on the American continent. Success has been limited, as a site at L'Anse aux Meadows in [[UsefulNotes/CanadianProvincesAndTerritories
[[UsefulNotes/CanadianProvincesAndTerritories Newfoundland]] (excavated 1961-68) remains the only confirmed Norse settlement in America ever found, and it is uncertain which of the places mentioned in the Vinland sagas should be identified with L'Anse aux Meadows (if any).

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