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The ''Anabasis'' ([[IHaveManyNames also called]] ''The Anabasis of Cyrus'', ''The March Up Country'', ''The March of the Ten Thousand'', and ''The Persian Expedition'') is a work by the [[AncientGreece ancient Greek]] writer Creator/{{Xenophon}}. It details the journey of 10,000 Greek mercenaries in the army of Cyrus the Younger as he seeks to overthrow his older brother, the King of Persia Artaxerxes II. They fight Artaxerxes' army at Cunaxa, defeating it, and all seems well...

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The ''Anabasis'' ([[IHaveManyNames also called]] ''The Anabasis of Cyrus'', ''The March Up Country'', ''The March of the Ten Thousand'', and ''The Persian Expedition'') is a work by the [[AncientGreece [[UsefulNotes/AncientGreece ancient Greek]] writer Creator/{{Xenophon}}. It details the journey of 10,000 Greek mercenaries in the army of Cyrus the Younger as he seeks to overthrow his older brother, the King of Persia Artaxerxes II. They fight Artaxerxes' army at Cunaxa, defeating it, and all seems well...


* NonIndicativeTitle: ''Anabasis'' means "march upcountry", a march from the coastline to the interior. The titular "anabasis" was the march ''with'' Cyrus to the battle that left the Greeks stranded--a small, and not very exciting, portion of the work. The good stuff (and the bulk of the history) is the ''katabasis'', the march from that battlefield back to the sea.

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* NonIndicativeTitle: NeverTrustATitle: ''Anabasis'' means "march upcountry", a march from the coastline to the interior. The titular "anabasis" was the march ''with'' Cyrus to the battle that left the Greeks stranded--a small, and not very exciting, portion of the work. The good stuff (and the bulk of the history) is the ''katabasis'', the march from that battlefield back to the sea.



* WordSaladTitle: Well, not ''exactly''. ''Anabasis'' in Greek means a journey from the sea to the interior, which the first bit of the book is. However, that bit is done early, and the rest is actually a ''katabasis'': a journey from the interior to the sea.


There begins the real story, as the Ten Thousand battle the elements, Persian treachery, and their own fears--encountering some interesting people along the way--as they try to [[QuestToTheWest make their way back to Greece]].

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There begins the real story, as the Ten Thousand battle the elements, Persian treachery, and their own fears--encountering some interesting people along the way--as they try to [[QuestToTheWest [[TheHomewardJourney make their way back to Greece]].


A classic of Western literature, and frequently the first full original text a student of Ancient Greek will read, on account of the exciting, action-packed plot and Xenophon's clear, energetic writing style (rather like [[Creator/GaiusJuliusCaesar Caesar]]'s ''Literature/CommentariesOnTheGallicWar'' for Latin students). Classics professors often joke (or half-joke) that ''this'' is the book that Hollywood should make a movie of. And they have--sort of: ''Film/TheWarriors'' is a SettingUpdate of the ''Anabasis'', with numerous embellishments and edits. There also exists a LowFantasy novelization, ''The Ten Thousand'', by Paul Kearney.

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A classic of Western literature, and frequently the first full original text a student of Ancient Greek will read, on account of the exciting, action-packed plot and Xenophon's clear, energetic writing style (rather like [[Creator/GaiusJuliusCaesar [[UsefulNotes/JuliusCaesar Caesar]]'s ''Literature/CommentariesOnTheGallicWar'' for Latin students). Classics professors often joke (or half-joke) that ''this'' is the book that Hollywood should make a movie of. And they have--sort of: ''Film/TheWarriors'' is a SettingUpdate of the ''Anabasis'', with numerous embellishments and edits. There also exists a LowFantasy novelization, ''The Ten Thousand'', by Paul Kearney.


* HiredGuns: The Ten Thousand, again.

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* HiredGuns: The Ten Thousand, again. Well, technically they're hired spears, but the point stands.


* NonIndicativeTitle: ''Anabasis'' means "march upcountry", a march from the coastline to the interior. The titular "anabasis" was the march ''with'' Cyrus to the battle that left the Greeks stranded--a small, and not very exciting, portion of the work. The good stuff (and the bulk of the history) is the ''katabasis'', the march from that battlefield back to the sea.



* OneSteveLimit: Averted with Socrates the Achaean general and Creator/{{Socrates}} the Athenian philosopher.


There begins the real story, as the Ten Thousand battle the elements, Persian treachery, and their own fears--encountering some interesting people along the way--as they try to make their way back to Greece.

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There begins the real story, as the Ten Thousand battle the elements, Persian treachery, and their own fears--encountering some interesting people along the way--as they try to [[QuestToTheWest make their way back to Greece.
Greece]].


* ColdBloodedTorture: After Menon was taken, the Persians tortured for alive for a ''year'' before he died, as punishment for his wickedness.

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* ColdBloodedTorture: After Menon was taken, the Persians tortured for kept him alive to torture him for a ''year'' before he died, as punishment for his wickedness.

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* KeystoneArmy: Played with. After Cyrus's death, the rest of his army scatters, but the Greek mercenaries hold fast and [[BackFromTheBrink win the day on their own]] -- [[ShaggyDogStory for all the good that ends up doing them]].

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* CainAndAbel: Cyrus and his brother, the Persian king Artaxerxes.


* BloodKnight: Clearchus really, really, ''really'' likes war. So much so that after the Peloponnesian War ended, instead of retiring in peace, he convinced Sparta to let him go to war in Thrace. After he had left, they changed their mind and told him to return. He preceded to ignore them and go to war anyways, resulting in him being sentenced to death in his home city.

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* BloodKnight: Clearchus really, really, ''really'' likes war. So much so that after the Peloponnesian War ended, instead of retiring in peace, he convinced Sparta to let him go to war in Thrace. After he had left, they changed their mind and told him to return. He preceded to ignore them and go to war anyways, resulting in him being sentenced to death in his home city. Bear in mind that the Spartans were the same people who (according, incidentally, to Xenophon, writing elsewhere) had gone to war with Elis "because they had no one else to fight at the time."

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* KickTheSonOfABitch: By modern standards, the Persians' prolonged torture of Menon is their most horrific act, but right before we learn about it Xenophon establishes Menon as such a horrible person that it doesn't seem so bad.

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* ColdBloodedTorture: After Menon was taken, the Persians tortured for alive for a ''year'' before he died, as punishment for his wickedness.


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* RousingSpeech: All over the place. Xenophon gives a particularly long one after he is elected general in place of Proxenus.

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* ThirdPersonPerson: Xenophon is both the author and a major character, but always writes about himself in the third person. [[JustifiedTrope Justified]], as the Anabasis is intended as a history, not a memoir, but it sometimes feels a little odd, especially because it is very obvious that the character of Xenophon is the author.


* TheOathBreaker: Tissaphernes, who swore to protect the Greeks, betrayed them and killed their generals. Similarly, Ariaeus swore to stick together with the Greeks, and abandoned them for Tissaphernes.



* OneSteveLimit: Averted with Socrates the Achaean general and Creator/{Socrates} the Athenian philosopher.

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* OneSteveLimit: Averted with Socrates the Achaean general and Creator/{Socrates} Creator/{{Socrates}} the Athenian philosopher.


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* TitleDrop: A few times, in the original Greek. For example, Book III begins: "What the Greeks did during ''The Anabasis of Cyrus'' up till the battle ... has been shown in the preceding book."

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